« ПредыдущаяПродолжить »
of TWO THOUSAND FIVE HUNDRED MILLIONS, which is one hundred and, forty-seven millions, six hundred and forty thousand pounds less than Dr. Colquhoun's estimate., one traillide
The public obligations, in respect of the national debt, separate into, four divisions ; namelyillim gno-pixia bos berbauid sno brise one agrillida ruot absoq owi-kegiatan berbuangws b skuosis väggast ut 8789y to go
93059-9970 .7899995.0250 g
& dodw lo to ogreda bodonlass
Efisini2 AT 090819791st diiw born
seoa osat 090 979w ideh oslo
Bu babrul ad: -3997291 radi ni epilcueta
ya hot babi
sec9) blusos bebautau bas babies isbian divorq OT
og i ti <3d9b
JT is gnibuloni mobing
ano தா @tsving IIA -be bao tay priores ao
ni Just si i no emisl od (879agischi asbi
17990 DBE.on) bygney noisudirao u spaiduse
fa93 194 099;ta tc
aiks97125900 diy 0 000 es 1002
Is Y3799079 91T
ids busrat od FOI O 106. Ter.. 1s
in biors 20
00 000,000 al 27951101 01 o err, 0281 & 4! Zeonia
16 doa beberu od
I AISE ISTOT ods to noisous 2013 obomod blago w noiivonenissa
A 28a de toate
celor 1097 2 Bisnis 1010 en 10, ter dan
$$ I aeg, see a begitu aliseemed MOI 889 Bere
enivast * c&quhoun on the Wealth, Power, and resources of the British Empire. . *d Edit. p. 55. unst Dry For the advantage of simplicity in treating the subject, regardlis not had to the partial slevation from the principle of the Sinking Funds, which has been made in aid of the supplies for the present year (1819) :noëtqirsa,
Sitomt 20 SET
st Being a čharge of forty-seven millions eight hundred and fiftythousand nine seven pounds, fifteen shillings, and eleven pencé half-penny, not including the heavy charges of collection, in respect of a principale "sum Uf one thousand one hundred and sixty-one millions, eight hundred and three thousand two hundred and ninety-two pounds four shillings and three-pence, and annuities for lives or for terms of years, in respect of which a principal sum of debt does not appear.
The Sinking Fand, as to which the first mentioned charge of 15,620,5031. 78.55 de has arisen, is required with reference to the Funded and Unfunded Debt, only, if the debt were provided for by other means, the demand on the public, in that respect, would cease and determine.
To provide for the liquidation of the funded and unfunded debt, it is proposed, first,
All private property in the United Kingdom, including all claims on the Government, in respect of money lent and advanced, (not being the property of ex-resident Foreigners,) be declared, by the legislature, liable and subject to a contribution of fifteen per cent.
By which measure, taking The private property, at
£2,500,000,000 0 0 The Funded Debt, at
797,401,119 0 101 Allow for claims
782,401,119 0 101 The Unfunded Debt, at
51,992,095 14 29
Total £3,384,393,214, 15 1 Specific provision would be made for the Reduction of the
Principal of Debt £500,158,982 4 2
Funded £797,401,119 0 104
849,993,214 15 1
£349,234,232 10 11 brian To be provided from the following means and resources.
If a clear and decided intention were manifested by the $degislature too idiquidate the national debt, on the basiso i proposed ait igi anticipated that government stockşi of every description, would advance foo100. Sums of money, varying from
small to great, are in daily course of accumulation in the United Kingdom, as well by public bodies as by individuals, which are the constant subject of investment: in the contemplated event of the advance of all government stock to 100, a considerable proportion of such monies, would be tendered to the British Goverament, without the intervention of third parties (as in the instance of a contract for a general loan) and without the creation of a principal debt, exceeding the principal sum advanced, to be secured by transferable debentures, or otherwise, at an interest of three pounds per annum for the one hundred pounds advanced ; which would equal the produce of the same sum, if laid out in the purchase of 3 percent. stock, ať 100. It will be admitted, that the security of the British Government for the payment of the interest of money, is desirable: if that 'security be not found in the public market, it will be sought at the hand of the Government: the conditions of a loan, if money be not required, in given sums, at stated times; if accepted, at a moment of convenience to the lender, will be prescribed by the borrower, by the Government, and not by the lender; and it is as clear a8 any prospective view of the nature of the question under consideration can be, that in the event of the measures now proposed being adopted, the facilities for the payment of the portion of the public debt, not otherwise provided for, arising from new and proffered loans of money, at a moderate rate of interest, would be very considerable bi
. It is proposed, that all monies, so lent, shall be applied in discharge of the principal of the present debt; a fresh debt, will, indeed, thus, be created, but, without the obligation to continue the present Sinking Fund, and not exceeding the amount of the principal of debt, not otherwise provided for.
Other means and resources, with reference to the reduction, either of the capital of the original debt, or of the supposed newly created debt, are presented for consideration, namely:
The contribution to be made in respect of British Colonial, and Asiatic property, so far as the same can be brought under the cognisance of the British legislature by an income tax, in respect thereof or otherwise.
A contribution in respect of property to be acquired within the United Kingdom, after the date of the first general assessment, that is to say, an income tax on all clear nett income, after the deduction of expenditure of every description.
The surplus of taxes, which may be so regulated as to amount to a considerable sum, without preventing the large and liberal relief, immediately required.
The amount of stock' which may for ever remain unclaimed. The contribution of 15 per cent.
on the probable greater
amount of property, within the United Kingdom, than the sum of 2,500 millions, already mentioned.
The examination in detail, of these latter particulars will not now be deemed necessary : it must be obvious, that, in combination, they present the means of completing the liquidation of the public debt ; opinion may vary as to the expediency of exerting all those means ; opinion may vary as to the selection of the means, if the whole be not exerted; but it is not questionable, that the means suggested, would be fully equal to the purpose of liquidating the debt, not otherwise provided for, taking the amount at 350 millions.
The following are the operative means, by which it is conceived, that the contribution or levy of 15 per cent on the property actually within the kingdom, may be rendered practicable and safe; it would not be prudent, if practicable; to carry the whole into effect, as respects the levy of money, at one moment of time, and the modes to be proposed, embrace considerations, which not only guard against that inconvenience, but which, it is presumed, will exhibit the whole measure in a more advantageous point of view than may have been anticipated.
In respect of the stock-holder, annuitant for lives or for terms of years, and creditor on unfunded government securities, no more would be necessary, than the abatement of 15 per cent. from the capital stock or numerical amount of the claim of each individual, and the like reduction of annuity or interest.
In respect of persons liable and subject to assessment on landed or other property, such persons being also public creditors, the cancelling of stock or other debt, to an amount equal to the sum of their respective assessments, would satisfy the demand upon each.
In respect of persons liable and subject to an assessment on landed or other property, such persons not enjoying the facility mentioned in the preceding paragraph, the levy of the contribution must be accommodated to the respective circumstances of the several parties.
With regard to many, facilities would undoubtedly be presented, by floating balances, by monies invested in foreign funds, by monies lent on mortgage, by the early and convenient sale of property, and by other means.
But it must, necessarily, happen, that a large amount, in the aggregate, would be required from persons not possessing any other property than the immediate subject of the assessment: such persons may be classed thus :
. , Dwel
2 st Class.- Proprietors of Lands. Dwelling-Houses. Mines, and 2 Class? Manufacturers, Ship
ip Owners, Merchants, Traders,
* Farmers, and others, It is suggested se po moitas 202 10 baasb la nosoubory set
. "That the term of ten years might be allowed to the first class for the payment of the principal sum to be assessed ; interest to be payable in the mean time, on the principal unpaid, at the rate of 5 per cent. per annum, by half yearly payments ; or, if the principal sum remain unpaid after the expiration of ten years, the rate of interest to be increased to 6 per cent. until the principal be paida
( That the assessment on the latter class, should be payable by equal instalments in each of the first five following years in the
, mean time, interest to be payable on the principal sum assessed, at the like rate of 5 per cent. by half yearly
payments, discretionary powers being vested in commissioners to extend the time of payaz ment of the principal sum, but not in any case to exceed the term of ten years. It wia be objected;
boil was 1551919d) i noisosido srl
in noja10197 Viess29 916 That the discharge of the national debt would occasiou a re dundant capital.
asdt 1943,09 That the circulation of the amount of the half-yearly dividends otr stock is favourable, nay essential, to the prosperity of the
soida pildiga That the inquisition into the estate and property of every indi: vittual is objectionable, in principle, and would be inconvenient, in practice. That the advance of all government stock to 100, would give,
The ]şa bivib an advantage to the stock-holđer, more than equivalent to the sum of his contribution of 15 per cent. ; that he would derive a direct benefit, instead of bearing the burthen of the assessment, in
gug common with the landed proprietor and commercial capitalists of
That the want of the security of the Government would be severely felt, by the aged, the infirm, the minor ; by corporate and other public bodies, by charitable institutions, and by commercial capitalists.
903 BMI Cartupni ris og These objections, are, severally, of apparent weight, and it is not possible, in an imperfect state of society, to devise any com, prehensive range of action, wholly free from difficultyazt is however, conceived,
that each particular objected, will admit a satisfactory answer.
sviansi39.tp apsem Capital cannot be, directly, either increased or diminished by the liquidation of the public debt, by the means proposed the
, stock-holder, or of public annuitànt.
is 991 as such, ngta capitalistseinsbe 1.107 3:47:00In effect, a redeemable Property Tax.
bolinagar POTUISESEO si ho