The Eunuch in Byzantine History and Society

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Routledge, 2 июн. 2009 г. - Всего страниц: 256

The existence of eunuchs was one of the defining features of the Byzantine Empire. Covering the whole span of the history of the empire, from the fourth to the fifteenth centuries AD, Shaun Tougher presents a comprehensive survey of the history and roles of eunuchs, making use of extensive comparative material, such as from China, Persia and the Ottoman Empire, as well as about castrato singers of the eighteenth century of Enlightenment Europe, and self-castrating religious devotees such as the Galli of ancient Rome, early Christians, the Skoptsy of Russia and the Hijras of India.

The various roles played by eunuchs are examined. They are not just found as servile attendants; some were powerful political players – such as Chrysaphius who plotted to assassinate Attila the Hun – and others were prominent figures in Orthodoxy as bishops and monks. Furthermore, there is offered an analysis of how society thought about eunuchs, especially their gender identity - were they perceived as men, women, or a third sex?

The broad survey of the political and social position of eunuchs in the Byzantine Empire is placed in the context of the history of the eunuch in general. An appendix listing key eunuchs of the Byzantine Empire describing their careers is included, and the text is fully illustrated.

 

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Содержание

INTRODUCTION
1
From antiquity to the twentyfirst century
7
Attitudes studies and problems
14
3 CASTRATION
26
4 THE COURT EUNUCHS OF THE LATER ROMAN EMPIRE
36
Byzantine court eunuchs seventh to eleventh centuries AD
54
6 EUNUCHS AND RELIGION
68
7 IMAGES AND IDENTITIES OF EUNUCHS
96
8 THE TWILIGHT OF THE BYZANTINE EUNUCH
119
CONCLUSION
128
List of late Roman and Byzantine emperors
131
Select prosopography of late Roman and Byzantine eunuchs
133
NOTES
172
BIBLIOGRAPHY
209
INDEX
229
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Об авторе (2009)

Shaun Tougher is Senior Lecturer in Ancient History at the University of Cardiff. He specialises in later Roman and Byzantine history. He is the author of the The Reign of Leo VI (886-912) (1997) and Julian the Apostate (2007), and the editor of Eunuchs in Antiquity and Beyond (2002)

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