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him, which he caused to be delivered to every member of the Zurich government. At first he kept his name a secret, but when called upon, he came forward in the most open manner, nobly avowed, and fully proved the points of his indictment before the whole assembly of the senate ; and had the unspeakable satisfaction to see the wicked prefect, who, conscious of his guilt, had saved himself by flight, solemnly condemned by law, his unjust property confiscated, and restoration niade to the triumphant cause of oppressed poverty and inno. cence !
January 3. Marr, si. 28. Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden,
and I will give you rest. CICERO, one of the greatest orators, statesmen, and philosophers of antiquity, was born, B. C. 107. His eloquence was undoubtedly great, and his book of of. fices has been admired by all succeeding ages as the most perfect system of heathen morality. It is to be feared, however, that more attention has been paid to his works by some than to the sacred volume. Abp. Leighton, therefore, in his theological lectures, gives this advice to his pupils, “ I exhort and beseech you never to suffer so much as one day to pass, without reading some part of the sacred records. It is not possible to express how much sweeter you will find the inspir. ed writings than Cicero, Demosthenes, Homer, Aristotle, and all the other orators, poets, and philosophers. They reason about an imaginary feliciiy, and every one in his own way adyances some precarious and uncertain thoughts upon it: but this book alone shows clearly, and with absolute certainty what it is, and points out the way that leads to the attainment of it.” This is that which prevailed with St. Augustine to study the Scriptures, and engaged his affection to them. 6 In Cicero and Plato, and other such writers (says he), I meet with many things wittily said, and things that have a moderate tendency to move the passions : but in none of them do I find these words, Come unto me, all ye that labour, and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest."
January 4. JOB XIXVI. 22. Who teacheth like him! The famous Ascham died 1568. The loss of a valu. able instructor is a matter of great grief. Ascham had been tutor in the learned languages to Queen Elizabeth, who so much lamented his death, that she declared she would rather have lost ten thousand pounds than her tutor Ascham. Christian rejoice; thy Great Teacher never dies; nor shall the knowledge he communicates ever be lost!
Antisthenes taught Rhetoric, and had among his pupils Diogenes; but when he had heard Socrates, he shut up his school, and told his pupils, “Go seek for your. selves a master, I have found one." Thus all who are convinced of their ignorance, will renounce every thing that would prevent them from sitting at the feet of Christ to learn of him.
Philip wrote to Aristotle thus, “ I inform you I have a son, I thank the gods, not so much for making me a father, as for giving me a son in an age when he can have an Aristotle for his instructor." How much more may the Christian feel grateful, not only that God has given him life and rational faculties, but that he has Christ for his teacher, for, Who teacheth like him?
January 5. EccLEs. v. 11. When goods increase, they are increased that eat
and what good is there to the owners thereof, saving the beholding of them with their eyes.
AGLAUS, the poorest man in Arcadia, was pronounced by the oracle more happy than Gyges king of Lydia.
It has been observed, that a very interesting essay might be written on the unhappiness of those who are surrounded with every earthly good ; and from whom Providence seems to have removed all the causes of un
happiness. Mr. T. Brk was considered as one of the most accomplished men of his age : of exquisite taste, perfect good breeding, and unblemished integrity and honour. Undisturbed, too, by ambition or political animosities, and at his ease with regard to fortune, he appeared to be placed at the very summit of human felicity. This happy man, so universally acceptable, and with such resources in himself, was devoured by ennui; and probably envied with good reason, the condition of one half of those laborious and discontented beings, who looked up to him with envy and admiration. He was querulous, indifferent, and internally contemptuous to the greater part of the world ; and like many other accomplished persons, upon whom the want of employment has imposed the heavy task of self-occupation, he passed his life in a languid and unsatisfactory manner ; absorbed sometimes in play and sometimes in study; and seeking in vain the wholesome exercise of a strong mind, in desultory reading or contemptible dissipation.
“ My Lady, I'd give all the world if I were in the state of that beggar," said a nobleman once, when a poor beggar put up his palsied hand to the carriage for something. He soon after destroyed himself.
A gentleman of vast fortune sent for a friend to settle some affairs; and while they were together, he walked to the window and observed a chimney-sweeper's boy with his brass plate and sack passing by. His friend was surprised to see the tears burst from his eyes, and clasping his hands, with an oath he exclaimed, “ Now would I give every shilling I am worth in the world (he had ten thousand pounds a year) to change beings with that little sweep." And well perhaps he might, if he could have been as happy as another little sweep was, who, - while ascending a chimney was heard to sing,
The sorrows of the mind
Be banishid from the place,
To make our pleasures less.
January 6. MATTHEW ii. 11. And when the wise men had opened their treasures, they presented unto him gifts, gold and frankincense, and myrrh.
A festival called the Epiphany, which signifies “ an appearance of light, a manifestation,” is kept on the 6th of January, to celebrate the manifestation of Christ to the Gentiles, and especially to the magi above-mentioned. His Majesty offers annually by proxy at the chapel royal, St. Jame's gold, frankincense, and myrrh.
In the eastern nations, when they did homage to their kings, they made them a present. Thus the subjection of the kings of Sheba to Christ is spoken of, Psalm Ixxii. 10. What the wise men presented, were intended by Providence as a seasonable relief to Joseph and Mary in their poor condition. These, says Mr. Henry, were the products of their own country. What God favours us with, we must honour him with Happy are they who are enabled not only to give their substance, but themselves to him.
The Rev. JAMES ANDREAS, a famous Lutheran diviné, died 1528, aged 62. When he found death drawing near, he made a declaration to several of his friends con. cerning his constancy in the faith which he had preached, and published for forty-four years. When his physician inquired of him how he found himself, he answered, “By nothing separated from God." Soon afterwards hearing the clock strike, he asked what hour it was? and upon being told it was six, he added, “ My hour shall soon draw near." He used many edifying expressions to those about him, and declared great thankful. ness to his gracious God and Saviour for his manifold mercies to his body and soul. At length he breathed out his soul with this sentence, Into thy hands, O Lord, I commend my spirit ! The following character is given him by Melchior Adam. “ He was (says this author)
an excellent preacher, had an easy manner of instructing the people ; and delivered the most obscure points in such a perspicuous style, that they were understood by the generality of the audience. When he exhorted them to the reformation of their lives, or remonstrated against sin, he made use of great energy of language and elevation of voice, being extremely well qualified for both by nature and art for moving the passions. And when there was occasion for it, his eloquence was forcible like thun. der, and he spoke with such vehemence, that he would perspire, even in the midst of winter. In executing the several branches of his duty, he spared no labour, and was deterred by no fatigue. He was perpetually engaged in composing some work or other, or writing letters upon various subjects to persons of all ranks who consulted him. These things he dispatched with admirable quickness and success. There was hardly a day passed but he gave advice to several persons; being always ready to gratify those who solicited his assistance. He was in great favour with some princes and men of the highest rank; his conversation being very agreeable and facetious. He had a warm zeal for the religion which he professed, and was extremely sorry whenever he heard that any person had abandoned it."
January 8. JOAN V. 40. And ye will not come to me that ye might have life.
GALILEO, a most eminent philosopher, died Jan. 8, 1564. He invented, or at least improved, the telescope, so as to make it fit for astronomical observations. Great prejudice however was entertained against him: and it is said that there was a philosopher at Florence who could not be persuaded to look through one of Galileo's telescopes, lest he should see something in the heavens that would disturb him in his belief of Aristotle's philosophy. Thus it is with many; they are afraid of examining God's word, lest they should find themselves condemned.