Infrared Techniques and Electro-optics in Russia: A History 1946-2006
In 1946 at the beginning of the cold war, the USSR government organized a special Institute on Infrared Technique and Electron Optics, later renamed the Federal Scientific Center ""Orion."" On the occasion of the Orion Center's 60th anniversary, this volume chronicles the development and achievements of IR techniques, photoelectronics, and other defense technologies in the former USSR and Russia. It contains nearly 300 photographs of researchers and IR devices and systems, most published here for the first time.
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Early LowLightLevel and ElectronBeam Technologies 1930
Organizational Structure of Institute 801
Growth and Progress at the Institute
NightVision Devices and Metrological Instruments
Changes and Challenges at the Research Institute 19601970
Power Supply Development
More Organizational Changes
NightVision Goggles SmallArms Sights and Array Detectors
The Influence of Theoretical Research
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Academy of Sciences allowed amplifiers Applied Physics Institute array detector CdHgTe chief designer cooled Defense Industry Design Bureau detection detector arrays developed diodes director E. S. Ratner early electric electro-optical converters Electron and Ion electron microscope electron-beam engineering epitaxial equipment fabrication field films homing head image intensifiers InSb Insti Institute of Applied Institute of Electron institute's Ion Optics laboratory head laser laser range-finders late layers Lebedev light light-sensitive luminophor manufacturing ment Metals method microbolometer microelectronics Ministry missile Moscow n-type night-vision devices Optical Institute optoelectronics organized Orion Corporation p-n junction parameters PbSe photocathode photocells photoconductivity photodetectors photodiodes photoelectric photoresistors Plant power supplies radiation Research and Production Research Institute 801 research projects response Russian Federation samples Sapphire semiconductor materials sensitivity sensors Soviet spectral stitute Strela-1 structures substrate target technique temperature testing thermal imaging thermoelectric thermoelectric cooler tion USSR USSR State Prize V. I. Stafeev vacuum Vavilov
Стр. vii - He completed a special faculty course at the Frunze Academy in 1934 and was named commander of the second Byelorussian rifle division in 1937. Starting in May 1937 and extending into 1938, a purge decimated the ranks of Red Army officers. What role Konev played in this is unknown. But during 1938 he was awarded the Order of the Red Star, the Order of the Red Banner, and in September was put in command of the Second Separate Red Banner Army. At the Eighteenth Congress of the party the next year he...