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bathing afforded more relief than any other method of treatment, The practice certainly appears very singular; it is really
Miscere quadrata rotundis : but from careful experience there is no appeal.
We cannot avoid observing that there is a strange mixture of matter and manner in this work. The practical part is simple and plain : but it is overwhelmed with a quantity of theoretical declamation, very little connected with the subject, which almost appears to be the production of a different author.-From the extent and duration of Dr. MʻLean's personal experience, however, this book will continue to be considered as authority on several questions relating to this epidemic.
Per! Art. 37. Advice to the Commanders and Officers of his Majesty's Fleet
serving in the West-Indies, on the Preservation of the Health of Seamen. By Leonard Gillespie, M. D. Surgeon to the Naval Hospital, Fort Royal, Martinico. 8vo. 15. Cuthell. 1798.
This sensible tract contains many observations which merit the attention of our naval commanders. It is written with great brevity, and therefore does not admit any analysis : but we shall extract a note, which contains a new and important fact concerning the origin of fever.
• There is great reason to suppose that the generation of a shipfever took place on board his Majesty's ship Avergavenny, on her passage to the West Indies, in the spring of 1796, which affected almost every person on board, in a greater or less degree, from the putrefaction of a large quantity of potatoes which had been put on board, for the use of a regiment embarked in that ship.'
The writer's general instructions seem to be the result of personal experience, and we recommend them to those who have it in their power to enforce them.
D! Art. 38. Hints on the Ventilation of Army Hospitals and Barrack
Rooms ; also on Regimental Practice : on Matrimony, (as it regards the private Soldier,) and on Regimental Education, (as proposed by ingenious Authors,) submitted with Deference to the Officers and Surgeons of the British Army. By W. H. Williams, Surgeon to the Eastern Regiment of Norfolk Militia." 12mo. 25. Longman..
This pamphlet offers a project for a new ventilator, which cannot be understood without the copper-plate print, and which does not appear to possess any great superiority over former contrivances of a similar kind. The other parts of the work contain some particu. Jars that may be of use to regimental surgeons: but we do not perceive that any great accession of knowlege is likely to accrue from it, to general readers. Art. 39. Medicina Praxeos Compendium; Symptomata, Causas, Diag. · nosin, Prognosin, et medendi rationem, exhibens. Auctore, Edvardo Goodman Clarke, M, D. 12mo. pp. 214. 55. sewed. Johnson, &c. 1799.
The arrangement of diseases, and the enumeration of symptoms, are here chiefly taken from Dr. Cullen's Nosology, The additions of
the Causes, Prognostics, Diagnosis, and method of cure, render this pamphlet a complete Manual of Practice, which may prove instrụctive to students; and it may even be found a tolerable text-book for practitioners in general. We have often wished to see a work of this nature" undertaken, on a larger scale, in imitation of Dr. Home's Principia Medicine; a production which only requires some revisal and enlargement, to resume the high station which it held, not many years ago, among medical productions.
** Fer." LAW. Art. 40. The Laws respecting Wills, Testaments and Codicils, and . · Executors, Administrators, and Guardians, laid down in a plain
and easy manner; in which all technical Terms of Law are familiariy explained; and in which the Statute of Wills, and such Parts of the Statute of Frauds and Perjuries, as relate to the Subject of Di. vines, are particularly considered and expounded ; with Remarks and Directions for the use of those who are desirous of making their own Wills. Also the methods of Descent and Distribution of Property, where no Will is made, as collected from the several Reports and other Books of Authority up to the present Time, Containing likewise a Complete Abstract of the Legacy Act, an Account of the Expence of proving a Will, and of obtaining Let. ters of Administration : the Stamps on which Discharges for Legacies and distributive Shares are to be written, &c. &c. With an Appendix of Precedents, comprising a great Variety of the most approved Forms of Wills, Testaments, Codicils, &c. relative to every Description of Property. The Third Edition, corrected and much enlarged. By the Authcr of the Laws respecting Land. lords and Tenants. 8vo. 29. 6d. Clarke and Son. 1799.
After having laboured through a title-page so comprehensive and full of promise, how will the reader smile at being informed that the entire work, with its full apparatus of Preface, Table of Contents, Appendix, and Index, does not consist of one hundred and forty pages ? This circumstance will probably remind him, as it did us, of the adage which was so common in our school-boy days: “ It is easy to promise, but it is hard to perform.”-What Mr. Bird's abilities may be for a due performance of so magnificent a promise, we cannot say, as he has confined himself to limits much too circumscribed for even a few of the many topics which he has introduced. This we hiated to him on a former occasion, in our article concerning his first edition, in our 18th volume, N. S. p. 222 ; and we are sorry at now being obliged to repeat the observation. Art. 41. The Laws respecting Parish Matters, containing the several
Offices and Duties of Church-Wardens, Overseers of the Poor, Constables, Watchmen, and other Parish Officers. The Laws concerning Rates and Assessments, Settlements and Removals of the Poor, and of the Poor in general, The Laws relating to Re. pairs of Highways, Weights and Measures, &c. The whole laid down in a plain and easy Manner, in which all technical Terms of Law are familiarly explained, as collected and digested from the several Reports and other Books of Authority up to the present Rev. AUG. 1799.
Time ; also an Appendix of Precedents, comprising a great Variety of the most approved Forms of all such Instruments as most fre. quently occur in the Management of Parish Affairs.' The Second Edition, improved and much enlarged. By the Author of the Laws of Landlord and Tenant, Law of Wills, Laws of Masters and Servants, &c. 8vo. pp. 144. 25. 6. Clarke and Son. 1799.
If Mr. Bird be not entitled to much praise as a book-maker, he should surely obtain a patent for title-pages; for that numerous class of readers, who never extend their inquiries farther, cannot fail of encouraging his labours.
S.R. Art. 42. The Security of Englishmen's Lives, or the Trust, Power,
and Duty of the Grand Juries of England, explained according to the Fundamentals of the English Government, and the Declarations of the same made in Parliament by many Statutes. First published in the Year 1601. To which is presixed a Sketch of the Hiss tory of Juries, by a Barrister. 8vo. pp. 120. 25. 6d. West. 1798.
This tract was originally published in the year 1681 in 12 mo., again in 1632 in 4to., and, besides haviag been re-printed in Lord Somers's Tracts, appeared in 8vo. in the years 1715 and 1766.-It was written in the reign of Charles II., and has been attributed to Lord Shaftesbury, Lord Essex, and, with greater probability, to Lord Somers, whose exertions were so uniforınly beneficial to the Constitution. The present edition, the work liaving become scarce, is recommended not only by its own intrinsic merit, but by severał, sensible and pertinent observations.
D: Art. 43. Term Reports in the Court of King's Bench, from Michaeimas
Term 31st George 111. to Trinity Term 32d George III. both inclusive. By Charles Durnford and Edward Hyde East of the Temple, Esqrs. Barristers at Law. Vol. IV. a new Edition, corrected, with additional References. Royal 8vo. 198. Boards. Butterworth. 1799.
We have only to announce to our readers the appearance of this work in its present commodious size, as we brave on a former occasion discussed the merits of the performance.
DO Art. 44. Observations on the present State and Influence of the Poor
Lau's'; founded on Experience; and a Plan proposed for the Con. sideration of Parliament; by which the Affairs of the Poor may in future be better regulated; their Morals and Habits of Industry greatly improved ; and a considerable Reduction in the Poor Rates effected. By Robert Saunders, Esq. 8vo. pp. 190. 35. 6d. Boards. Sewell. 1799.
The great attention, which has been paid of late years to the con. cerns of the Poor, reflects much credit on the humanity of the age;
and many of the publications which we have noticed, on this inte. • Testing and important topic, are as honourable to the character of their
a'r hors for the abilities which they shew, as for the benevolence of the molives in which they originated. Mr. Saunders, having acted for the period of two years as overseer of a populous parish, possessed opportunities of knowlege and means of information which belong to sev udisiuuals; and the good sense and practical remarks, to be
found in his book, prove that 'he availed hiinself of the advantages of his situation. His work contains a state of the poor at Lewisham, in Kent, the parish of which Mr. S. was overseer. He proceeds to give a cursory review of the sentiments of different authors on the poor laws; and here he evinces an intimate acquaintance with what had been previously written, and gives high and merited praise to the exertions of Mr. Gilbert, Sir William Young, and Mr. Ruggles, in their attempts to rescue so large a part of the community from the hardships and difficulties under which they labour, and to render more extensively useful the liberal contributions which are n. nually made. A plan for the future government and control of all that concerns the management of the poor concludes this well-written treatise.—Mr. S. considers most of the present evils attending the system, as arising from the nature of the office of overseer, which involves in it a medley of important and degrading duties ; the former demanding the assistance of the liberal and independent classes of society, and the latter absolutely precluding their interference.-He advises a separation of the duties of collector and overseer, and the placing the funds in the hands of a treasurer.--All that he urges on this subject is founded on good sense and experience, and we recom. mend the production to the attention of those who are entrusted with so important a concern as the regulation of the poor.
S.R. Art. 45. A Treatise on the Law of Bills of Exchange, Checks on
Bankers, Promissory Notes, Bankers' Cash Notes, and Bank Notes: By Joseph Chitty, Esq. of the Middle Temple. Svo. pp. 300. 6s. Boards. Brooke. 1799.
The great and extensive advantages, resulting to this country from the influence of commerce, have induced our Courts to afford it all the encouragement in their power; and the custom of merchants has been recognized and supported from the fourteenth century.-The assignable quality of a bill of exchange, and of a promissory. note, forms an exception to the old common law on the subject of Choses in Action ; which, even in the present day, cannot be so com. pletely assigned as to be sued-for in a Court of Law, in the name of the assignee ; and this exception is admitted for the benefit of commercial transactions. The decisions on the subject of these transferable instruments are very numerous, and not easily reconciled with each other; and though there are various treatises on this branch of our law, we do not think that there is any one so complete as to sue persede the necessity of farther discussion.
The author of the present publication has divided his work into two parts; in the first of which he considers the Right which may be acquired by a bill, check, or note; and in the second he explains the Remedies by which a payment of them may be inforced.-He has also subjoined an Appendix of Forms of Déclarations, &c. with Annotations, and a List of the Notary's Fees of Office, together with the Statutes relative to small Notes and Bills.-Much useful information will be found collected in this work, and arranged in a systematic and methodical manner. lia
Art. 46. The Lord Thanet's Case considered, as to the Question
“ Whether the Judgment be Specific or Arbitrary?” With the fullest Reports of the Cases on the Subject. By W. Firth, of Lincoln's Inn, Esq. Barrister at Law. 8vo. 15.' Butterworth.
The subject of this tract has occasioned much discussion, and has produced, (as we understand) a difference of opinion among the great law-officers by whom the prosecution, in which it originated, was instituted. - A criminal information was filed by the Attorney-Ge. neral against the Earl of Thanet, Mr. Fergusson, and three other gentlemen, for a riot and assault, at common-law, committed by ihem at Maidstone, in the Court held under a special commission. This information consisted of five counts; in the first three the defendants were charged with a riot and assault in open Court, and in the last two with a riot only.-- The Jury returned a general verdict of guilt against Lord 'Thanet and Mr. Fergusson, and acquitted the other gentlemen.-- When judgment was prayed against the defendants in the Court of King's Bench, the Chief Justice expressed a doubt whether the punishment to be named was specific, or discretionary in the Court : and he requested the assistance of the Bar on the question. The counsel not being then prepared to argue the point of law, it was ordered to stand over to a future day. In the interval, the Attorney-General entered a Noli Prosequi as to the first three counts, on which the question arose, and which thus never re. ceived a decision ; and he prayed judgment on those counts which charged the defendants only with a riot in Court.
Mr. Firth contends that, on the whole record of conviction, the judgment of the Court was discretionary; and that the offence charged in the information did not subject the defendants to the spe. cific judgment of the loss of the right hand, the forfeiture during life of their lands and tenements, the confiscation of their goods and chattels, and imprisonment for life, or during the king's pleasure.-. The author argues against this latter most severe punishment being incurred, on account of the omission of the precise word " strike” in the information filed against the defendants ; so that they never could be said to be guilty of the offence of striking in the King's superior Courts of Justice, to which offence that particular judgment belongs.The words in the information, charging the defendants with an assault, are “ beat, bruise, wound, and ill-treat ;" which, though appa-rently synonimous to “ strike," do not convey the precise meaning of that word; and even if they did, they would not, as Mr. F. asserts, (with great appearance of reason,) justify the omission, nor supply the place, of that term; which, he contends, is as necessary in such a prosecution, it being the very gist of the offence, as the word mur. dravit in an indictment of murder, burglariter in burglary, rapuit in rape at common law, maybemiavit in mayhem, or (which is nearer the present case) sirike in a prosecution for striking in a church, on the Katute of Edward VI.- The cases here collected appear to support the author's position, since all of them, in which this specific judgment was passed, contain the word in question.
The pamphlet is written, with good sense, and with considerable information on the subject which it undertakes to illustrate.