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which is sung.
that the disorders of a depraved popu- Mason exhibits much good sense, lation almost demand a despotism, and much sound reflection, and no com. make it acceptable, and that its servi- mon degree of acquaintance with ces may always be bought to establish the principles of musical composion our public days celebrating their tion and taste. Nor do we regard it freedom, that I do not think they are as of less importance, that the wbole then preparing themselves to part with discussion is pervaded by a truly it. pp. 42–44.
Christian spirit, and an ardent de
sire to promote the interests of piety. We do hope that if our sober citi. Having briefly adverted to the zens will not be excited to decided divine institution of church music, and united exertions, by a sense of the author explains its design. religion or humanity, they will be moved by their patriotism, their love To animate and enliven the feelings of liberty, and their love of them- of devotion, is undoubtedly the office of selves.
music in the church. (To be continued.)
Through the medium of music, truth is presented to the heart in the most forcible manner; the feelings are
aroused, the affections elevated. Address on Church Music, delivered tion; and, as such, its office is to en
Music is a refined species of elocu. by request on the evening of Sat- force upon the heart the sentiment urday October 7, 1826, in the vestry of Hanover Church, and on the evening of Monday following in Probably few readers who admit the third Baptist Church, Boston. the justice of these views, will fail By LOWELL Mason. Revised Edi- to agree with Mr. Mason, that sation. Boston: Hillard, Gray, cred music“ as conducted in many Little and Wilkins. 1827. 8vo. churches at the present day falls far
short of producing its legitimate The state of church music in effects.” The cause of the evil he our country has been long viewed thus explains : by men of piety and taste, with dissatisfaction and regret. In some
The principal reason for the present instances, measures of improve to be, that its design has been forgotten,
degraded state of church music, seems ment have been put in train ; and and its cultivation as a religious exer with a degree of success. More cise neglected. It is a fact, that while generally, little has been attempted, music is regarded almost universally and little accomplished. The evils as a necessary appendage to public and which exist have been either indis- social worship, its importance as a tinctly perceived, or imperfectly devotional exercise, is in a great measestimated. Of course the means
ure overlooked. Hence it is often of their removal have been neglect- Hands of those who have no other qual.
given up, almost exclusively, into the ed; or if not wholly unemployed, ifications than mere musical talent ; have wanted judgment in their se- and who, being destitute of any feelings lection, or skill and energy in their of piety, are almost as unfit to conduct application.
the singing of the church, as they We are glad to see a subject so
would be the preaching or the praying. deeply momentous to the church, Having been furnished by nature with and the community, distinctly pre- sweet sounds, they take it up as a
an ear to appreciate the melody of sented to the public mind; and in a manner which can scarcely fail to with reference to the tasteful gratifica
mere amusement, and pursue it solely secure both attention and interest.
tion it affords them. In proportion, In the pamphlet before us, Mr. therefore, as they are enabled to de
light themselves, and to draw forth the well acquainted with the whole subject applause of others, by communicating of church music, and who is capable the same feelings to then, in the same of instructing others. He should study proportion they succeed in accomplish- Watts, if Watts be the book used, and ing the object of their exertions. - pp' indeed the whole range of lyric verse 8, 9.
and musical expression, as regularly
as a player studies Shakespeare, or the Having thus indicated the source histrionic art. His soul should swell of the evil, the author proposes the with the sentiment of the poet, and that means of its removal.
reading and that style of performance
should be adopted, which are best cal. The church must take up the sub- culated to enforce it upon the hearts ject : the influence of piety must be of others. He should be as punctual
in his attendance as the clergyman ; brought to bear upon it, the influence and to him every member of the choir of that same spirit of the gospel which should be in strict subjection. Such a is so manifest in the benevolent exertions of the present day :
laborer is worthy of his hire : and alobject of church music must be under though, like the minister he should be
influenced by nobler motives, yet it is stood ; and Christians must cultivate it as a part of religious duty.-p. 12.
proper he should receive a suitable
compensation; for much time and Christian parents should feel it their exertion he must necessarily devote duty to have their children instructed to the duties of his office.- p. 27. in such a manner as that when they grow up, and become pillars of the The duties of the choir are thus church in other respects, they inay also delineated : be so in this.-P. 29.
Let the choir meet occasionally for When the church shall take this practice, perhaps as often as twice a subject into its own hands, when chil. week until they have made consideradren shall be taught music, when ble progress; and choirs formed from choirs shall be composed of serious and materials now existing in the churches proper persons who shall cultivate mu
may find it necessary to meet even sic as a religious duty, when singing more frequently than this, for a short shall be considered as much a devotion- time. But they should meet, not so al exercise as prayer, the evils which much for the purpose of learning new have been so long existing will tunes, as for the practice of such tunes speedily be removed; and church mu
as are already known, in connexion sic will be performed in some measure with psalms or hynins, and with referas it ought to be. Christians on earth
ence to devotional effect; keeping will imitate the redeemed in heaven; constantly in view the great design of and the praises of God in the church church music, the solemnity of public below, will be a faint shadow of the worship, and the responsibility of their triumphant strains which animate the station, as leading and greatly influenheavenly choir.-P. 30.
cing the devotion of others. Nor is
there any good reason why such meetMr. Mason would not exclude ings may not be profitable and pleasfrom the public singing those who ant ; for if singing be cultivated as a are otherwise qualified, for the want devotional exercise, why may not singof decided piety; though he thinks ing meetings be as profitable as prayer it important that “in every choir meetings, both to the choir, and to the there should be a prevailing influ- congregation? A choir should always to scatter and dissipate those pious nently calculated to raise the soul feelings which the minister has been to beaven, is frequently perverted instrumental in exciting.--pp. 27, 28. into an instrument of sensualizing,
feel that the devotions of the congregaence of piety.” He adds with re
tion, so far as this exercise is concerned, ference to the qualifications and depend wholly upon them; and let them duties of the leader :
not forget what an important influencc
their performances may have upon the Every choir should have a compe- other exercises of public worship; tent leader, if possible a pious man; that, under God, they have it in their at least a man of intelligence, taste, power ordinarily to deepen impressions judgment, and influence; one who is which divine truth may have made, or
and chaining it down to earth! Though no friend to “flourish. Who has not remarked with pain, ing and fanciful interludes, foreign that the music of the sanctuary, to the subject, and unfit for the instead of exciting pious affections, church,” Mr. Mason considers the and fastening divine truth on the organ as adding much to the beauty mind, too often dissipates serious and effect of church music. And thought, and enfeebles, or banishes he justly remarks that “when in- every devout impression ? Thus the struments are employed as an ac- temple of God becomes a theatre ; companiment, they should always amuseinent usurps the place of spirbe made subordinate to the vocal itual edification, and immortal beparts, with which they should com- ings lose the benefit of those invalu. bine in a harmonious and delicate able moments on which their salvamanner.”
tion is suspended. The author's observations on Evils such as these ought no long“the nature of musical adapta. er to exist. They are the opprobrium tion,” and “on the character of of Christian worship, and of the the music best calculated to pro- Christian church. They ought to mote devotional feeling," though be removed without delay. The brief, are discriminating and judi- spirit of the age demands it. The cious.
glory of God, the soundness of his In this concise analysis of a diss worship, the honor of religion, the course of considerable length, ma- interests of the church, and of hu. ny particulars are of course omitted.
man souls, all unite to demand it. On a few points introduced into the In a cause so holy, all good men discussion, we are scarcely prepare may be expected to unite. Let the ed to decide. To the grand object “influence of piety," as our author of the Address, and to its leading suggests, " be brought to bear upor principles, we yield our unqualified the subject." Let churches awake approbation.
and act. Let them act with discreMr. Mason has deserved well of tion: and let them act with energy. the religions community. He has Let it be ceaselessly inculcated, rendered an invaluable service to and universally understood, that the the church of God. He has expo- singing of the sanctuary is a direct sed the defects and vices which mar and solemn address to the Heaven. the beauty of an important part of ly Majesty; and that in this part of divine worship, and effectually de- worship, the choir are as really the feat its design. He has done this, organ of communication between not with the captiousness of a mere the audience and the Deity, as the critic, but with the salutary severity minister is in prayer. Let it never of a friend. While he was detect- be forgotten, that without a pious ed and displayed the evil, he has heart, the service is essentially deindicated the remedy; and earnest- fective ; and that every degree of ly, though judiciously, pressed its levity in thought, in air, in manner, application.
is an outrage on piety, and not less That his complaints are but too an outrage on decorum. Let chilwell grounded, is indisputable. dren be taught sacred music with They do but echo the sentiments special reforence to their bearing a and feelings of thousands of culti- part in the praises of the sanctuary. vated minds, and pious hearts. Who Let religious persons, qualified for can deny that an exercise pre-emi- his service, be reminded that by shunning it without reason, they heart ; by which we mean, music bury an important talent which they which gives a natural expression to are bound to employ. Let singing the variety of emotions which Chriscompanies assemble frequently ; tians feel, and which breathe in the and this not merely for the purpose hymns of our best Christian poets. of exhibition, or of learning new In this essential point, some of the tunes; but of adapting tunes al- master spirits of Europe not unfreready learned to their proper sub- quently fail. For music of this dejects, and of awakening and cher. scription, neither genius, nor sciishing all those tender, sacred sen- ence, nor natural sensibility, nor all sibilities which will render their united, can furnish all the requisites. performances edifying to them. The spirit of display wbich vitiates selves and edifying to others. Let and degrades so much of our relithese meetings be rendered solenın gion, has, we fear, infected our very by prayer, and by serious remarks music. Some of the cheerful airs from the teacher, addressed direct- in our collections remind us of the ly to the conscience, and the heart. affected and extravagant joys of the The presence and aid of the minis. hypocrite, or fanatic, rather than of ter on these occasions, may be like the meek and subdued delight of the. wise incalculably important and real Christian. In the music of the useful. They furnish him a rich sanctuary, the grand desideratun is advantage for free communication simplicity. It is an essential conwith opening and forming minds, for stituent of the sublime ; nor is it a sowing the seeds of piety, and for less essential constituent of the parefining and elevating the style of thetic. Some of the compositions sacred music.
recently introduced seer fitted to Let a process of this kind be com• please for å time; but wanting simmenced ; let it be pursued with plicity, they cannot be inmortal. vigor and perseverance; and, un- They will soon pall on the ears of der the blessing of God, the happi. their very admirers. piest results may be anticipated. The musical compositions of MaMeetings for singing will assume a DAN are stamped with excellencies high rank among the means of of a high order--simplicity, fervor, grace. T'he choir will be a nurse. refinement, richness of melody, if ry for the church ; its public per- not perfection of harmony. Few formances will be marked with a authors have so great a variety of bolemnity and tenderness which will style ; few, who have written so be felt through the whole assem- much, have borrowed so little from bly; and the music of the earthly themselves. Many of his airs are sanctuary will be a lively emblem the legitimate expressions of tender and anticipation of the songs of and deep-toned piety. When there heaven.
shall be a louder and more general If much of the character and ef. demand for the music of the heart, fect of church music depends on a greater portion of the composichoirs, much likewise depends on
tions of MADAN will enrich our mu. the collections employed. On this sical collections. topic, full of interest as it is, we We cannot conclude, without corhave room only for a few hints. dially commending the Address beThat some of our modern collec- fore us to a general and attentive tions furnish many specimens of a perusal. Sincerely could we wish high style of excellence, we readily to see its spirit breathed through admit. But we apprehend there is the whole community. The plans much room for improvement still. and measures it recommends are We want more of the music of the worthy of universal adoption. In
deed, the demand thus early made culcated in his Address. He has for a second edition--an edition likewise been elected to the presiwhich is materially improved. dency of the Handel and Haydn evinces that its author has not spo. Society ; an association whose ex. ken in vain. May his voice be ertions in refining the musical taste heard, and with effect, to the remo- of the age, have been of inestima. test extremities of our continent. ble value. On such a theatre, and
Th Christian public will be with such advantages ; with facul. gratified to learn that Mr. Mason ties so well adapted to the work, has been induced to remove his and with an ardor so fully justified residence from Georgia to Boston ; by its importance, Mr. Mason we and this, for the purpose of devo- are well assured, cannot labor in ting himself to the improvement of vain. church music, on the principles in
LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE,
COLLEGIATE RECORD FOR 1827. COLLEGE. DEGREES CONFERRED.
COLLEGES. DEGREES CONFERRED. A. B. N. D. A. M.
A. M. Bowdoin, 32 23
4 Waterville, 13
5 Dartmouth, 38 19 20 Nassau Hall, 32
23 Middlebury, 15 26 9 Univ. Penn., 15
12 Univ. of Vt., 14 14
5 Dickinson, 22 Harvard, 43 22 30 Wash'ton, Pa. 11 Williams, 31
8 Hampden Sid'y, 8 Amherst, 23
7 Franklin, 19 Brown, 31
19 Ohio Univ.,
6 Wash'ton, Ct., 10
Miami Univ., 9 Yale,
79 19 33 Centre, Ky., 5 Columbia,
18 Trans'va. Univ., 22 Union, 68
23 Chapel Hill, 18 Hamilton,
Univ. of Ga.,
HONORARY DEGREES. Union.—The honorary degrees conferred by this College the present year, were the degree of A. M. on James A. Bayard of Wilmington, Del., and that of D. D. on the Rev. Francis Wayland, President of Brown University, Rev. John Ludlow, of Albany, Rev. Orin Clark, of Geneva, and the Rev. John Brown, of Cazenovia.
UNIVERSITY of PENNSYLVANIA.— The Hon. R. Peters, of the U. S. District Court, LL. D.
MIDDLEBURY.—Gordon Newell, Esq. A. M.; Waitstill R. Renne, and John Locke Chandler, M. D.; and the Rev. Reuel Keith, of the Episcopal Theological Seminary, at Alexandria, D. D.
DARTMOUTH.--Rev. Leonard Worcester, of Peecham, Vt., Hon. James W. Ripley of Fryeburg, Me., and Levi Chamberlin, Esq., of Fitzwilliam, A. M.; Hon William M. Richardson, LL. D.
UNIVERSITY OF VERMONT.-Rev. Sylvester Nash, A. M. ; Elijah Baker of Canton, N. Y., and Robert Nelson, of Montreal, M. D.
Geneva. Rev. Ezekiel G. Geer, of Ithaca, and Rev. William Nisbet of Seneca, A. M.; Rev. James Montgomery, of Philadelphia, Rev. Nathan B. Crocker, of Providence, and Rev. Henry U. Onderdonk, of Brooklyn, D. D.; Hon. John S. Richardson, of S. Carolina, LL. D.