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one a dram.
“ The brisk minor pant- “The vending of ardent spirits, ing for twenty-one,” baptizes his new. in places licensed and unlicensed." burn manhood in the strong drink to which he intends training it up: Births, out ardent spirits, in various forms
· The continued habit of dealing marriages, and burials, are all hallowed by strong drink. Anniversaries, civic and mixtures.” festivities, military displays, municipal
“A resort to ardent spirits as an elections, and even religious ceremoni- alleviation of trouble.” als, are nothing without strong drink. “ The employment of ardent spirThe political ephemera of a little noisy its to invigorate the intellect, and day, and the colossus whose footsteps restore exhausted nature under semillions wait upon,must alike be apothe
vere study.” osised in liquor. A rough-hewn states
“ The use of ardent spirits emman is toasted at, and drank at to his face in one place, while his boisterous ployed as an auxiliary to labor." adversary sits through the same mum- To complete the list, we will add mery in another. Here, in their brim. a few more. ming glasses, the adherents of some Attending market in a large town successful candidate mingle their con- has often proved an occasion of gratulations, and there, in like man. intemperance. While the seller is ner, the partisans of his defeated rival waiting for a purchaser, to relieve forget their chagrin. Even the great the tedium of idleness and deferred day of national emancipation is, with too many, only a great day of drinking, expectation, he is tempted to resort and the proud song of deliverance is to one of the many tippling shops, trouled from the lips of those, who are or soda establishments, which disbending body and soul to a viler thra). play their signs before him, and take dom than that from which their fathers a dose of the consoling cordial. Perrescued them. pp. 8-10.
haps he meets some of his acquain.
tances in similar circumstances, and “For the benefit of the young they go together and take a social especially," says Dr. Beecher," Î glass. These visits are repeated as propose to lay down a map of the occasions occur, till a habit is conway to destruction, to rear a monu. tracted which leads on to excess. ment of warning upon every spot The practice of many merchants where a way-faring man has been to treat their customers, has been ensnared and destroyed.” Under the stumbling block to others. We the title of “occasions of intemper- knew a respectable merchant in a ance,” he mentions the following : country town, who used frequently
“ The free and frequent use to observe, that “ brandy is the of ardent spirits in the family, steam of trade.” And we have as an incentive to appetite, an alle. observed decanters and glasses plaviation of lassitude, or an excite- ced on the counter in other stores, ment to cheerfulness."
to which customers had free access. “ Ardent spirits given as a mat- And in some places every consideter of hospitality.”
rable purchase must be complimentDays of public convocation.” ed with a glass of spirits, and every “ Evening resorts for conversa- bargain be confirmed in the same tion, enlivened by the cheering way. Merchants who court custom bowl."
by such means, conduct many of "Convivial associations, for the those who frequent their shops into purpose of drinking, with, or with- the path of ruin. Men will drink out gambling, and late hours." when liquor is thus presented to
“ Feeble health, and mental de. them, who would not purchase it pression."
for the purpose. “ Medical prescriptions.'
Public dinners are not unfre" Distillerics."
quently the occasion of excess, and
of the commencement of a habit as they are cxhibited in actual life, which becomes inveterate. Every believing that the originals are more one knows that it is the fashion to affecting than any representation. drink deep at these festal boards, and that the multiplication of toasts 1. One of the early indications of almost compels the guests to go be- intemperance may be found in the asyond the bounds of strict sobriety. sociations of time and place. So numerous and so varied are
In the commencement of this evil the temptations to this vice. They habit, there are many who drink to surround our path, and meet us at tary exhibition, the anniversary of our
excess only on particular days for milievery step of our progress. In ev- independence, the birth-day of Washcry form and shape, they have be. ington, Christmas, new years' day, guiled some of the unwary into the election, and others of the like nature. way of destruction ; but the most When any of these holidays arrive, and dangerous of these temptations are
they come as often almost as saint's the various forms of social drinking, days in the calendar, they bring with and the use of spirits to support the drinking, as well as a dispensation from
them, to many, the insatiable desire of fatigues of labor ; the one is en
the sin, as efficacious and quieting to couraged by generous, friendly feel
the conscience, as papal indulgencies. ing; the other, by the plea of necessity. “With her much fair speech she caused him to yield, and with There are others who feel the desire the flattering of her lips she forced of drinking stirred up within them by the him."
associations of place. They could go He, who would escape the guilt without ardent spirits, were there no
from end to end of a day's journey and wretchedness of intemperance, taverns on the road. But the very must understand the temptations to sight of these receptacles of pilgrims which he is exposed, and guard him- awakens the desire “just to step in self against them. Our course lies and take something." p. 27. among the rocks and shoals, which are covered with the bones of the In every community you may observe heedless, who have been wrecked particular persons also who can never upon them, and if we neglect our
meet without feeling the simultaneous chart we shall add to the fearful
desire of strong drink. p. 27. number of victims.
2. A disposition to multiply the cirThe cause of humanity is much
cumstances which furnish the occaindebted to Dr. B. for his exposi- sions and opportunities for drinking, tion of the signs of intemperance. may justly create alarm that the habit It is of great advantage to the pa- is begun. When you find occasions tient to know the early symptoms for drinking in all the variations of the of his disease, as seasonable reme
weather, because it is so hot or so cold dies afford the only hope of cure.
so wet or so dry and in all the dif
ferent states of the system-when you We verily believe, that the habit of
are vigorous, that you need not tiredrinking, in many, is so confirmed
and when tired, that your vigor may be as to render their case hopeless, restored, you have approached near to before they have a suspicion of dan- that state of intemperance in which ger. For the benefit of such as you will drink in all states of the may have entered on the dangerous weather, and conditions of the body, ground, we shall quote Dr B’s.
and will drink with these pretexts, and account of the signs of the incipient drink without them whenever their
In like habit ; those which indicate its frequency may not suffice.
manner if on your farm, or in your confirmation are so obvious, and
store, or workshop, or on board your common, and well understood, that vessel, you love to multiply the catches we shall leave them to be observed and occasions of drinking, in the forms
of treats for new comers—for mistakes others may think, he ought to suppose -for new articles of dress-or furni- they have cause to think, and retorn ture--until in some places a man can instantly. p. 31. scarcely wear an article of dress, or receive one of equipage or furniture, 5. When a man allows himself to which has not been “wet,” you may drink always in company so much as rely on it that all these usages, and he may think he can bear without rules, and laws, are devices to gratify awakening in others the suspicion of an inordinate and dangerous love of inebriation, he will deceive himself, strong drink. pp. 28, 29.
and no one beside. p. 31. 3. Whoever finds the desire of drinking ardent spirits returning daily selves for some cause always irritated
6. Those persons who find themat stated times, is warned to deny him when efforts are made to suppress self instantly, if he intends to escape intemperance, and moved by some in. confirmed intemperance.
It is infallible evidence that you have stinctive impulse to mahe opposition, already done violence to nature--that ought to examine instantly whether the
love of ardent spirits is not the cause the undermining process is begun-- of it. that the over-worked organ begins to
An aged country merchant, of an flag, and cry out for adventitious aid,
acute mind and sterling reputation, with an importunity which, if indulged,
once said to me, “I never knew an alwill become more deep-toned, and importunate, and irresistible, until the tempt made to suppress intemperance,
which was not opposed by some persons, power of self-denial is gone, and you from whom I should not have expect. are a ruined man. It is the vortex ed opposition; and I never failed to find, begun, which, if not checked, will be first or last, that these persons were come more capacious, and deep, and themselves implicated in the sin.” powerful, and loud, until the interests Temperate men seldom if ever oppose of time and eternity are ingulfed.
the reformation of intemperance. p.32. It is here then--beside this commencing vortex--that I would take my stand, to warn off the heedless Torecount the number of the evils navigator from destruction. To all of intemperance, and portray them who do but heave in sight, and with in their true colors, exceeds the voice that should rise above the winds
powers of human genius. The and waves, I would cry—“stand off!!" most frightful pictures are but -spread the sail, ply the oar, for death
faint representations of the oriis here-and could I command the elements--the blackness of darkness ginals. These evils in our coun. should gather over this gate-way to try are almost omnipresent; and hell--and loud thunders should utter we might as well undertake to their voices--and lurid fires should count those which are said to blaze,--and the groans of unearthly have issued from the fabled box voices should be heard--inspiring con- of Pandora. Yet something must sternation and flight in all who came be attempted to alarm, if possible, near. For this is the parting point the heedless, and those who are enbetween those who forsake danger and hide themselves, and the foolish who tering upon the paths which lead to pass on and are punished. pp. 29, 30. this land of sorrow, and guilt, and
despair. 4. Another sign of intemperance On this part of the subject our may be found in the desire of conceal- authors have done what argument ment. When a man finds himself dis- and eloquence can do. Take from posed to drink oftener, and more than Dr. B. a glowing representation of he is willing to do before his family the miseries of the drunkard himand the world, and begins to drink sli
self. ly and in secret places, be betrays a consciousness that he is disposed to drink more than to others will appear But of all the ways to hell, which safe and proper, and what he suspects the feet of deluded mortals tread, that of the intemperate is the most dreary in the hands of a giant, who never pitand terrific. ' The demand for artificial ies, and never relaxes his iron gripe. stimulus to supply the deficiencies of He may struggle, but he is in chains. healthful aliment, is like the rage of He may cry for release, but it comes thirst, and the ravenous demand of fa- not; and lost! lost! may be inscribed mine. It is famine : for the artificial upon the door posts of his dwelling. excitement has become as essential
In the meantime these paroxysms of now to strength and cheerfulness, as his dying moral nature decline, and a simple nutrition once was. But nature,
fearful apathy, the harbinger of spirittaught by habit to require what once ual death,comes on. His resolution fails, she did not need, demands gratification and his mental energy, and his vigorous now with a decision inexorable as death, enterprise ; and nervous irritation and and to most men as irresistible. The depression ensue. The social affections denial is a living death. The stomach, lose their fulness and tenderness, and the head, the heart, and arteries, and conscience loses its power, and the veins, and every muscle, and every heart its sensibility, until all that was nerve, feel the exhaustion, and the rest- once lovely and of good report, retires less, unutterable wretchedness which and leaves the wretch abandoned to the puts out the light of life, and curtains appetites of a ruined animal. In this the heavens, and carpets the earth with deplorable condition,reputation expires, sackcloth. All these varieties of sink- business falters and becomes perplexed, ing nature, call upon the wretched man and temptations to drink multiply asin. with trumpet tongue, to dispel this clination to do so increases, and the darkness, and raise the ebbing tide of power of resistance declines. And now life, by the application of the cause the vortex roars, and the struggling vicwhich produced these woes, and after
tim buffets the fiery wave with feebler a momentary alleviation will produce stroke, and warning supplication, until them again with deeper terrors, and despair flashes upon his soul, and with more urgent importunity; for the rep- an outcry that pierces the heavens, he etition, at each time renders the dark- ceases to strive, and disappears. pp. ness deeper, and the torments of self- 14--16. denial more irresistible and intolerable.
At length, the excitability of nature As these evils afflict the family flags, and stimulants of higher power, circle, they are beautifully pourand in greater quantities, are required trayed by Mr. S. to rouse the impaired energies of life, until at length the whole process of dilatory murder, and worse than purgato- tim of excess, and trace him back, step
May we not select some youthful vicrial suffering, having been passed over, by step, to these harmless indulgencies the silver cord is loosed, the golden these innocent recreations? Have we bowl is broken, the wheel at the cistern
not seen stops, and the dust returns to the earth as it was, and the spirit to God who
“ The young disease, that must subdue
at length, These sufferings, however, of animal “Grow with their growth and strengthnature, are not to be compared with the en with their strength." moral agonies which convulse the soul. It is an immortal being who sins, and
Could he repeat--alas! he cannot-suffers; and as his earthly house dis
his mind is sunk in his body's defilesolves, he is approaching the judgment ment--but could he for a moment shake seat in anticipation of a miserable eter
off his lethargy, and repeat to us the nity. He feels his captivity, and in an
story of his errors, as faithfully as he guish of spirit clanks his chains and
look's their odious consequences, he cries for help. Conscience thunders, would tell us that to the innocent enjoyremorse goads, and as the gulf opens ments of hospitality and festivity he before him, he recoils, and trembles, owes his ruin--that the warranted inand weeps, and prays, and resolves, and dulgencies of convivial life led
the way promises, and reforms, and “seeks it
to the habitual debauch, which has fiyet again,”-again resolves,and weeps, nally set upon him the seal whereby all and prays, and seeks it yet again! Wretched man, ne has placed himself tell us that he was once worthy of a
men may know the drunkard. He would
happier destiny-that he stepped on be met but there is that which, while life's pathway, rejoicing in purity and it brings all these with it, is worse than hope--that he was blessed with a frame all these together. When the husband for vigorous action, and a heart for the and father forgets the duties he once world's endearing charities—that his delighted to fulfil, and by slow degrees eye loved the beauties of nature, and becomes the creature of intemperance, his spirit adored the goodness of na- there enters into his house the sorrow ture's God. But, he would tell us, that that rends the spirit--that cannot be in an evil hour, he found he had fallen, alleviated, that will not be comforted. even before he knew he was in danger It is here, above all, where she, who -that the customs of society had first has ventured every thing, feels that erenticed hiin, and then unfitted him for ery thing is lost. Woman, silent-sufits dulies--that the wreaths they had fering, devoted woman, here bends to insidiously flung round him hardened to her direst affliction. The measure of fetters, and he could not shake them her wo, is, in truth, full, whose husband off. He would tell us that over the is a drunkard. Who shall protect her, first discovery of his fatal lapse, his when he is her insulter, her oppressor alarıned parents wept, and he mingled What shall delight her, when she his tears with theirs—that as he grew shrinks from the sight of his face, and more unguarded in his offence, they trembles at the sound of his voice? The raised the angry voice of reproof, and hearth is indeed dark, that he has made he braved it in sullen silence that as desolate. There, through the dull midhe became still more vile and brutish, night hour, her griefs are whispered to kindred and friend turned their cold herself, her bruised heart bleeds in se. eyes away from him, and his expiring cret. There, while the cruel author shame felt a guilty relief. He would of her distress is drowned in distant tell us, that at length, just not hated, revelry, she holds her solitary vigil, he has reached the lowest point of live waiting, yet dreading his return, that ing degradation—that in his hours of will only wring from her by his unkindfrenzy he is locked up in the receptacle ness, tears even more scalding than for the infamous, and in his lucid inter- those she sheds over his transgression. vals let out, a moving beacon to warn To fling a deeper gloom across the prethe virtuous.--Could he anticipate the sent, memory turns back, and broods end of his unhappy story, he might tell upon the past. Like the recollection us that yet a little while, and his short to the sun-stricken pilgrim, of the cool and wretched career will be ended spring he drank at in the morning, the that the father who hung over his cra- joys of other days come over her, as if dle, weaving bright visions of his son's only to mock her parched, and weary future greatness, will feel a dreadful spirit. She recalls the ardent lover, satisfaction as he gazes upon him in his whose graces won her from the home of coffin-that the mother who lulled him her infancy-the enraptured father, to sleep on her bosom, and joyed to who bent with such delight over his watch his waking, will not dare to mur- new-born children and she asks if this mur that the sleep has come upon him. can really be him-this sunken being, out of which on earth he will never who has now nothing for her but the awake--that the grave will be gladly sot's disgusting brutality-nothing for made ready to receive him—that as, those abashed and trembling children, “ while living,” he forfeited “fair re- but the sot's disgusting example! Can nown," so “ doubly dying," he must we wonder, that amid these agonizing
moments, the tender cords of violated “ Go down
affection should snap asunder ? that the " To the vile dust from whence he sprung, scorned and deserted wife should conUnwept, anhonoured, and unsung.” fess, “there is no killing like that
which kills the heart ?" that though it But deplorably as the frivolous usa- would have been hard for her to kiss ges of society show, in their effects up for the last time the cold lips of her dead on the young, the prospect is doubly husband, and lay his body forever in terrific, when we behold their ravages the dust, it is harder to behold him so among the more mature. The com- debasing life, that even his death would mon calamities of life may be endured. be greeted in mercy ? Had he died in Poverty, sickness, and even death, may the
light of his goodness, bequeathing