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TENTH ANNUAL REPORT

ON THE

CONDITION AND IMPROVEMENT

OF THE

COMMON SCHOOLS

AND

OF THE

EDUCATIONAL INTERESTS

DEPARTAENT OF

PUGLIS INSTRUCTION
STATE OF WISCONSIN, Detla

2
Seeblic en e terection

For the Year 1858.

BY LYMAN C. DRAPER,

STATE SUPERINTENDENT OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION.

ATWOOD & RUBLEE, PRINTERS.

1858.

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MICHICAN DEPT. OF PUBLICISTRUCTION

JUN 20 35

OFFICE OF SUPERINTENDENT OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION,

MADISON, December 10th, 1858.

To His EXCELLENCY A. W. RANDALL,

Governor of the State of Wisconsin.

SIR : :-I herewith transmit, through you, to the Legislature, the Annual Report of this Department. I have the honor to be, with much respect,

Your obedient servant,

LYMAN C. DRAPER.

TO THE LEGISLATURE :

It is made the duty of the Superintendent of Public Instruction to report annually to the Legislature :

“ An abstract of all the Common School reports received by him from the several clerks of the County Boards of Supervisors ;

“ A statement of the condition of the Common Schools in this State ;

“Estimates and accounts of the expenditures of the school moneys ;

“Plans for the improvement and management of the Common School Fund, and for the better arrangement of the Common Schools ; and

“ All such matters relating to his office, and the Common Schools of the State, as he shall deem it expedient to communicate.

And furthermore, it is made the duty of the State Superintendent “to open such correspondence abroad as may enable him to obtain, so far as practicable, information relative to the system of Common Schools, and its improvements in other States and Countries, which he shall embody in his Annual Report to the Legislature ;” and he shall also “ annually submit to the Legislature, with his report, a statement of his travels in making official visits during the past year, and of his expenditures for that purpose."

In accordance with these provisions of law, I have the honor to present the TENTH ANNUAL REPORT from this Department.

ABSTRACT OF SCHOOL REPORTS.

Appended to this Report will be found a full abstract of all the reports received from the Clerks of the County Boards of Supervisors. But three counties remain to be heard fromBurnett, Dunn, and La Pointe.* Burnett has never been organized, and no report from it need be expected; Dunn county had the misfortune, early in November last, to have its Court House and county records destroyed by fire, and thus, doubtless, its report delayed. La Pointe county has never yet made a report since the organization of the State ; it ought to enjoy its share in the benefits of the School Fund apportionment. I have repeatedly written to the clerks of the Boards of Supervisors of both Dunn and La Pointe counties, urging them, notwithstanding their delay, still to send in their reports.

As the value of such statistics depends much upon the contrasts we make of them, I shall proceed to point out briefly some of the lessons they are calculated to teach us.

Number of Children. The whole number of children reported between the ages of four and twenty years, adding for Dunn county 421, the same as last year, is 264,078-showing an increase over last year of 22,533. Last year's increase over the year preceding was 27,659; so this year exhibits a less increase by 5,126 than its predecessor. It may astonish not a few to learn, that according to the most recent statistics at command, only the States of New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Illinois and Indiana-and in this relative order-surpass Wisconsin in their number of reported children of school age. Were the 264,078 children of this State to form in single file, allowing each a space of four feet, they would make a continuous army two hundred miles in length! What an array of children, the future hope of the State! Their educational welfare is a matter of immense importance ; and it behooves the Legislature to perform their solemn and weighty responsibilities to these children that their right education may add millions to the wealth of the State.

School Attendance.—Last year the total number of children of school age was 241,545, of which 153,613 attended school. This year, out of 264,078, there has been a reported attendance of 167,110_thus showing that last year there were 87,932 children in the State who did not attend school, and 96,968 of the same class this year. Some of these reported as non-attendants at the public schools, have attended private schools, academies and col

* La Pointe County has since reported.

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