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From the Athenæum.

treasure of tranquillity which is always prom-| ised, never realized – who, instead of healing Paris after Waterloo : Notes taken at the Time the wounds which the world has made, only

and hitherto unpublished ; including a revised creates new distresses, new perplexities, and Edition of “ A Visit to Flanders and the new, sins, by his vexatious and unnatural

Field." By JAMES SIMPSON, Esq., Adrocasuistry — thoughts of fear, which inflame

cate. Blackwood. the yet smarting sore, like those stinging insects that bite and nestle in the wounds the In 1815, Mr. Simpson — who was one of vampire-bat has made in the flesh of the the first of our countrymen who hurried over sleeper. In place of the solid, intelligible to the Continent after the Battle of Waterloo, consolation needed by man, mysticism has too to visit the scene of war, and to travel through generally offered its intangible refinements France, then triumphantly thrown open to the its indefinable divine illapses — touches English tourist -- published a little volume tastes, and manifestations — which emascu- entitled “ A Visit to Flanders and the Field late, instead of bracing the soul - which of Waterloo,” which was much read at the yanish, like a dream, and leave it powerless time. Since that time he has been known to and bewildered — which would be questionable the public for his exertions and writings in fare for the taste of angels, and are but the behalf of popular education. The volume mockery of food to mortals in the body. How formerly published, it appears, “ formed a bappy would many of its votaries håve been part only of notes taken during his sojourn could they have substituted for its ethereal ex in Belgium and France.” Now, however, altations a little of that simple diet—the scrip- " looking over the hitherto unpublished tural bread of life — so kindred to that element portion, which for thirty-seven years has in which man lives. As it is, however, they reposed in a dusty corner, and finding much resemble the lamb brought into the churches which he himself had forgotten, but which on St. Agnes' day – stretched out on its narrates events and describes scenes that he cushions fringed with gold — its ears and tail thinks might be interesting, as they would decked with gay ribands – blenting to church probably be new, to his younger countryinen music — petted and adorned in a manner to — especially at the present moment, that a it most unintelligible and unsatisfying — and recent loss has recalled the public attention scening, to the ear of the satirist, to cry all to the marvels of days past -- he has ventured the while

to bring it out.”

There is no denying that such a publication Alack, and alas ! What's all this white damusk to daisies and grass! the air of an after-thought. Its great merit

is curiously out of date. It has singularly It is a poor consolation to offer men liberty in consists in the enthusiasm with which it is their dreams as a recompense for the weari- written - recalling vividly to mind the state some inactivity of their waking hours — to of feeling which must have been prevalent all give them the wings of vision in the night as over Great Britain at the time when the a compensation for Quietist inertness by day victory of Waterloo had recently intoxicated

to emancipate the fancy, on condition of the senses and bewildered the imagination of being suffered to lull the intellect into torpor. the island. Here is a spirited passage, Few would be content, in our own day, thus describing the effect which the news of the to live but half their life, and to resemble in victory produced in the author's own town this respect that enchanted forest, which by Edinburgh :day was a company of trees, but every night un army of warriors.

Such were the first tidings of the war, received Among ourselves, of late, mysticism has in England in four days, and in Scotlaud in six, appeared in opposition to scriptural religion. would have brought in as many minutes. The

which, had they then been known, electric wires In England, Mr. Newman — in America, author witnessed the effect of the news in EdinTheodure Parker and Emerson, exalt the re- burgh. It met him as he entered the outer hall ligious sentiment above the Bible - question of the courts of law, still called the Parliament the possibility of a written revelation

an- House, from having been the hall of the Scottish nounce the doctrine of disinterested love once Parliament, before the Union. The unwonted

propose to realize eternity in the words were passing from mouth to mouth – present, by rising above the meanness of fear, Wellington is defeated ! He has retreated to and the selfishness of hope — and, in the name a place called Waterloo ! The game is up! of the spirit against the letter, defend their The hero of a hundred fights quails before the

The Prussian army is own opinions as true spirituality, and assail eagles of Napoleon ! those of others as a corrupt literalism,

annihilated !" And thus and thus was Pandora's

box emptied : The life of conversation consists more in find

But Hope the charmer lingered still behind. ing wit for others, than in showing a great deal | A retreat is not necessarily a defeat, began some yourself.

one to recollect - a retreat, moreover, to a named

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place, most likely a previously chosen position, The newly-published part of the volume-
infers a stand at that place. A detachment only detailing what the author saw in his journey
has been engaged, and necessarily fell back on to Paris, and in his residence there after his
the concentrated main body. The retreat of the visit to the battle-field — contains much in-
Prussians would have exposed its flank. Well-
ington had yet to put forth his strength. The teresting matter, though little that is new.
French had never, since they first met him, visits to the Louvre, and with his remarks on

A good many pages are occupied with his
guined the smallest advantage over him ; on the
contrary, had been beaten in every action, and the paintings and sculptures which he there
that so statedly, that Napoleon was known to saw; and there is less of substantial informa-
have exclaimed pettishly to the unlucky bearer tion illustrating the immediate consequences
of the news of yet another Peninsular disaster of the battle than might have been expected.

-""Bah! Les Anglais toujours battent les Some of the Qying notes, however, are curious
Français !” “No! No !" said one more san- and valuable. In Paris he went about con-
guine reasoner of the long robe, “we shall have tinually, and saw everything with the eyes of
news of victory yet ; and, as it must be near at a young and enthusiastic stranger.
hand, one way or the other, I should be more
delighted than surprised if the castle guns should
wake us to-morrow morning.” Another barris-

From the Economist. ter, quite as patriotic, but less sanguine, would The Key to Uncle Tom's Cabin ; presenting cheerfully pay a guinea for every gun fired for a

the Original Facts and Documents upon victory, to any one who would take very easy odds. The bet was taken, the taker patriotically

which the Story is Founded, together with wishing to win, the offerer still more patriotically

Corroboratire Statements verifying the Truth wishing to lose. The business of the inorning

of the Work. By Harriet BEECHER Stowe, had scarcely proceeded two hours, when a gentle

Author of Uncle Torn's Cabin.” Clarke, inan rushed into the great hall, and, almost

Beeton, and Co., Fleet street. breathless, shouted“ Victory !" He was mobbed. The controversy in which Mrs. Beecher “ How had the news come?”. “By express Stowe is involved with her slave-owning from the Lord Provost of Edinburgh, then in countryinen and their partisans has made the London. The French completely routed, at the publication of the present work necessary. place called Waterloo, by one grand bayonet It is a collection of documents of all kinds, charge of the whole British army !" Such was the brief flourish, for a lengthened struggle of of her former book. The novel, however, was

filling a large volume, to verify the statements ten hours, which was first sounded by Fame's trumpet. The bearer of the glad tidings was infinitely more pleasing to read than the facts. soon in the court where the judges were sitting : We did not trouble ourselves as we read that the cheers of the Outer Hall were suspended only about the evidence for its truth; but the to be renewed in the Inner. Further law pro- present work is a book of facts and stateceedings were out of the question ; adjournment inents, which require to be dealt with as a was ruled ; and judges, advocates, agents, and basis of judgment. It must be closely scruofficers, were speedily in the streets, already tinized, and collateral facts taken into considcrowded by their excited and exulting towns-eration, because it calls on us not to be men. Nobody could stay at home. The schools amused with a tale, but to pronounce a verwere let ioose. Business was suspended, and a dict of guilt against a nation. It would have holiday voted by acclamation. Everybody shook been better, perhaps, for Mrs. Stowe to have hands with everybody; and as the Lord Provost's rested her case upon the general bad name of brief express, got by heart by the whole population, could not be made longer or more particular slavery. We are all willing to believe all than it was, the most restless were perforce possible horrors of that, though we may doubt obliged to wait, with what patience they might, the evidence she offers. A bad name will for the dawn of the next day. The sun of that hang a dog, and it would have been as well morning saw no "sluggard slumbering 'neath for her to rely on the bad name of slavery. his beams." The streets were crowded before It cannot be conceded to the advocates of the post arrived. The mail coach was descried slavery in the South, even if we admit, as approaching, adorned with laurels and flags, the they assert, that the black race is created guard wasing his hat ; and soon it-dashed into inferior, that this justifies the white race in the town amid cheers that made the welkin ring. reducing the black race to slavery. One conThe accounts were now official. All was con- sequence of the plan is, by the degradation of firmed ; and, as early as seven o'clock, the Castle the whites, to create a condition of society sounded

in the cars and filled the eyes -- for very inferior to that of a society composed the effect was overpowering of the excited wholly of free whites. Another consequence throng. Need we say that the nineteen guineas is, to perpetuate and extend the inferior race. were joyfully paid by the loser ? or need we add, In contact with the superior race the Negro that the winner handed them over to the fund, must, like the Indian, disappear; making speedily commenced for the wounded, and the him a slave preserves him. Were he not widows and families of the slain ?

enslaved he must, in contact with the white

man, perish. Hed he been found in America, by sympathies. With the novel of Mrs. Store as were the Indians, he would have been many would agree and would sympathize, who extirpated ; and in America he can only live will not agree with many of the deductions as the slave of the white man, whom his of her treatise. slavery injures. The free white States make a much more rapid progress in knowledge, during a pause in a rain-storm which had lasted

MYSTERIOUS Music. — One Sunday afternoon, skill, and power than the slave States. But for the continued growth of knowledge in the Genevese and I had been fiddling and talking,

for six or seven hours, and during which the free States, the slave States would be no and reading and dining together, he took occabetter than the West India Islands. Hence sion to remark upon my fondness for music, and it may be concluded that those who advocate said he could gratify it in an extraordinary way the superiority of the white race as a decree if he thought fit. I begged him to explain hiniof Providence, counteract its conséquences self. He was in no hurry to do so ; but, after when they make slaves of the blacks and some coquetting and delay, rose from his seat, preserve them, instead of allowing the white and taking a large cloak from a peg in the wall, race to plough them or eat them, as they laid it open upon the bed, and then locking the have done the Indians, out of the land, On door and closing the window-shutters, to exclude, the admitted principle that there is a differ- as he sail, even the slightest sound, seated me ence and a superiority of races, it cannot be upon the cloak, sat himself down as close to me said, as the partisans of abolition say, that as possible, and pulled the hood over both our the negroes should be placed on an equality said : “You must not speak — you must hardly

heads. Then placing his lips close to my ear he with the whites. They are not placed on an breathe. Listen !" I held my breath, and equality in the Northern States, where slavery listened curiously for the best part of a minute does not exist — they are not equal in Eng- before I was aware of any sound, and was just land and Africa — and no laws, no institu- going to break the silence, when a small, but tions, no manners, can make them equal. piercingly shrill strain seemed to traverse the To many people, accordingly, what Mrs. very innermost chambers of my brain. I was Stowe has written on the subject will appear not aware of the precise moment when it coman idle tirade. It excites ridicule in the menced, but I perceived instantly that it was States, and weakens her cause. She enlisted accompanied by another note harmonizing with our sympathies by her novel ; she will not be it, produced by different mechanical means, and as successful in captivating our reason by her a twelfth lower. The shrill treble ran dancing treatise, political, theological, and philosoph- prehensive gamut, in a kind of fantastic varia

with inconceivable rapidity up and down a comical. It is undoubtedly a great storehouse tions upon some popular air, which I could idenof facts showing the bearings of slavery. It tify; while the accompanying bass, which leaves slavery without the shadow of an ex- might be compared for continuity to the drone cuse or defence — it lays bare its horrible of a bagpipe, but which, unlike that, was cruelties and its manifold vices ; but it does not " musical as was Apollo's lute,” though limited inforın the Americans how they are to get rid apparently to five or six notes, gave the successof slavery, nor satisfy us that the whites and ive intonations with all the precision and certainty the negroes can coexist in the same space of an instrument. The longer I listened, the except in that or a similar relation. In Bar- more rapturous was the music, or, which was badoes, where the two races do exist without more probable, the more sensitive my perceptions nominal slavery, the bulk of the blacks are became, and the better was I qualified to apprethe tenants of the whites, and kept in obedi- ciate it. The notation of the treble, which at ence by white power. The alternatives are became by degrees distinct and articulate as

first hearing had seemed to glide up and down, - slavery of the inferior race, or extirpation, that of a tlageolet, to which, however, it bore no or an intermingling of blood, which, with the sort of resemblance, and the sustained notes of Africans, seems not feasible. As negroes the bass assumed a triumphant, pealing tone, have been carried to America and allowed to which thrilled me with delight. When at length increase under the protection of the white the strain suddenly ceased, and the Genevese, races, to extirpate them seems impossible, throwing off the cloak, sprang up and opened the and therefore slavery is, and, we are afraid, window-shutters, it was some time before I coulel must be, continued. At the same time there recollect where I was. He laughed at my emis no necessity to enforce that by law which barrassment, and, upon my complimenting him exists as fact; and all laws which encourage upon the beauty and delicacy of the performance or protect individual whites in the commission I had heard, asked me whether I could show

As he confessed of cruelty ought to be put down. Inequality him how to turn it to account. is not incompatible with kindness ; it implies music would have been inaudible, and that the

that, without the precautions we had taken, the it, and kindness seems better than extirpa- hum of the smallest fly would have drowned the tion.

The slaveholders must be rather en- whole, I was forced to acknowledge that I could couraged to mitigate slavery than terrified see no mode of making such a species of harmony into enforcing it. The question in the United marketable. — The Working-man's Way in States is an all-important one, not to be solved the World.

PART III.

CILAPTER X.

in Doddington. It was not merely that the

soldiers consumed' a good deal themselves, No dragoons had been seen in Doddington but the inns where they were billeted were within the memory of the oldest inhabitant, filled every night with those convivial operaunless the reminiscences of that ancient and tives who came to enjoy military company shadowy personage could extend back to Mon- and conversation ; while their wives either mouth's rebellion, when Fe m's horse stood resignedly, like mournful caryatides, had marched through. And when it is re- outside the doors, waiting for their lords and membered what a conspicuous feature her maj- masters, or else disturbed the harmony of the esty's troops, especially the mounted and meetings, by entering and forcibly carrying mustachioed portion, form in societies long off their truant spouses froin the society that habituated to their presence, it may be sup- so enthralled them. Dissenting ninisters posed that the sensation they created in this grew more energetic in their denunciations of secluded spot was immense, and only to be all pomps and vanities, especially such as paralleled by the commotion which those an- appertain to men of the sword, as their flock cient cavalry the Centaurs caused at Pirithous' diminished in number — for many of their wedding.

young female disciples had of late ceased They bad been detached to Doddington altogether to wrestle with the spirit; and from the nearest garrison town, in consequence many an anxious old lady might be seen, after of disturbances in the surrounding district. All dusk, inquiring if anybody had seen her the place was agog to see them march in. It Jenny, the said Jenny being at that tiine happened to be a very rainy day, and instead probably loitering in some shady lane, having of a splendid, dazzling spectacle, they pre- round ber waist an arm in a scarlet sleeve. sented to the sight a long row of bedraggled The officers had established their iness in figures in red cloaks, which half-covered their a large room of The Bush, the principal hotel splashed horses, and which quite concealed of Doddington. Here, at seven o'clock in the the glories of their uniform, trotting in none evening, the various individual streams of of the best order along the slippery and pud- ennui, inprecation, and desire for excitement, dled street. But two days afterwards, the that had meandered wearily through the conweather being propitious, they shone forth un- genial region during the day, were received clouded on the gaze of the inhabitants, and into one pond, thus fulfilling the great object produced a great revolution in Doddington. of that important military institution, the The town was never very important in a com- mess, where warriors, who have been all day mercial point of view, but now you would trying unsuccessfully to kill time in single absolutely have supposed that the only remu- combat -- atteinpting to ride him down nerative pursuit that people of any trade or poking at him with billiard cues, and the like profession whatsoever could engage in was leeble efforts at discomfiting him looking after the dragoons. Servant-maids abled to join forces, and full upon their enemy were discharged at a moment's warning only in a body. to be replaced by others just as love-stricken First at the dinner-hour canie Tindal, the and inattentive. The millinery business, so major, who lived in the inn. Smart, tightfar as making anything except love went, was built, and standing on the hearth-rug with at a stand-still; and the members of it went bis legs apart, as if there were a horse bedown in public estimation towards zero, ex-tween them, one could almost swear, even actly in the same proportion as they rose in when seeing him on foot, that he was a good favor with the olficers. Slander was busy rider - an accomplishment by no means so with the names of the prettiest, and even an common as might be presumed in the British ordinary countenance was no protection. Miss cavalry. Tindal was a man who liked to live Bonady, who had superintended the education in a large garrison town, with crack regiments of young ladies in the art of bonnet-making in it, among whom might be got up steeplefor full twenty years, found her time-honored chases, wherein he might distinguish himgood name in a fair way to be blasted ; for a self, with a pack or two of fox-hounds within jury of matrons had been impanelled and was reach, a well-appointed mess, and a rubber now sitting on her character. Country lov- of whist afterwards, with dollar points, and a ers, who, up to the advent of the soldiery, fellow sitting by to bet about the odd tricks. had been progressing charmingly with their These tastes, it was pretty clear, would not Dulcineas, suddenly turned green or yellow be gratified in Doddington, and the major in color, and savage in disposition, and took accordingly cursed, in a calm, deliberate to poaching, or enlisted for soldiers ; and, sort of way, the hour in which he was sent between agitation and tight-lacing, a vast there. number of children came prematurely into Enter to him Cornet Suckling, who has not the world, many of whom, of both sexes, were been long in the service, and whose upper lip reported to have been born with mustachios. looks like a fragment of the body of a young

The beer trade began to thrive wonderfully gosling. The cornet, having heard much of

are en

CCCCLXXIV.

LIVING AGE.

VOL. I.

47

the major’s steeple-chasing exploits, and be- up to-day as I was poking about an old tower ing (though a weak-minded youth) addicted in the neighborhood of the town. He bad to hero-worship, has in secret a great venera- found a large fragment of stone, with an iltion for him, and, while speaking of him in legible inscription on it, and, being a great his absence as “ Tindal,” or “old Tindal,” or antiquary, was staggering home under his " that fellow Tindal,” shows considerable prize, when I offered to carry it for him. In uneasiness as he approaches the hearth-rug; return, he afforded me such a quantity of whereon the formidable major is planted, and curious information about the antiquities of throws himself into wonderful and unnatural the place, that we became quite friendly on attitudes, in his attempts to appear at ease. the spot. First, he seats himself on the top rail of the As he spoke, Mr. Titcherly was announced, back of the chair, and, tilting it over on two and a little old gentleman entered, in an anlegs, rocks himself to and fro, in a manner tique suit of black, with shoe-buckles and a nervous to behold; then he pauses, and brown wig. Mr. Titcherly was the literary punches the pattern of the carpet with his lion of Doddington ; he was, as Bruce said, spur; then stooping his long, awkward form, of the Dryasdust fraternity, and had deroted till his elbow rests on the mantelpiece, he his long life to collecting information regardputs his splay foot on the fender, thereby up- ing the antiquities of the town, diving into setting it, and bringing all the fire-irons clat- ancient chronicles, deciphering the inscriptering down

upon Tindal's heels, who, as he tions on old tombstones, and occasionally shifts his position, damns him internally for filling up gaps very ingeniously with theories a stupid young muff. Tindal does n't like of his own. In this way he had compiled a him, and seldom says much to him, except on complete chronicle of Doddington, from the parade, where he pitches into” the unfor- earliest times down to his own, statistical, tunate cornet (who has a fretting charger, descriptive, biographical, and historical, with and does n't know how to manage him) in a plates, notes, and a voluminous appendix, for way that would render him desperate, if he which he had begun to collect materials in had spirit enough to become so.

his early youth, and had got it finished by his Presently hilarious voices are heard laugh- sixty-fifth birth-day, and of which five copies ing their way up-stairs, and after a short had been sold in thirteen years. delay, occasioned by their meeting with a Then came Bagot, bringing with him, acchambermaid on the landing-place, Lieuten- cording to previous notice to Tindal, his friend ants Wylde Oates and Harry Bruce make Seager. The latter leers at each oficer to their appearance. Without much in coin- whom he is introduced as if he had some mon, except an immense flow of spirits, these secret understanding with him, and stares at two are generally together. Both of them little Mr. Titcherly, as if he were some are sharp lads, and though their method of curious fossil; but Tindal being a sporting enjoying life is somewhat riotous, yet they do man, and as there exists a free-masonry enjoy it, and will be capital fellows by and among sporting men, he and Seager underby, when the effervescence has subsided, and stand one another at the first glance. the liquor has got mellow. In the mean time, The soup was brought in by the head-waiter they are worth a gross, either of languid, of the Bush, a man of dignified deportment irreproachable endurers of existence, or of fast and mature years - - a man who had waited men with low tastes, for they are a pair of on peers of the realm, county members, judges, gentlemanly scamps. Oates lias a Borid face, of assize, sheriffs, and the like, with perfect half-hidden in shirt-collar, in which he affects composure and considerable credit, but who to imitate his deceased parent, who was a had, within the last week, been frequently noted sporting character, and broke his neck informed that he was a muff

, an impostor, a in riding over a dining-table after dinner for precious slow old coach, with other vitapera wager, leaving to Wates, junior, a sorely ative epithets, tending greatly to stagger his diminished patrimony and a sporting reputa- self-contidence. tion — two things scarcely susceptible of si “ We won't wait for the other fellows," multaneous improvement. Bruce is handsome said Tindal, as they sat down to table. “ Fane and dark, with brown curly hair and brown seldom favors us with his company, and Sloeyes, and a face expressive of good-humor and perton 's always late. I believe he tak intelligence. They immediately communicate couple of hours to dress. Gad, sir, life is too the adventures of the day to Tindul, who lis- short for that sort of humbug, in my opintens with grim approval ; while Suckling, ion.' brightening up, hovers round the outskirts of By the Lord,” said Bagot," if I was sure the conversation, and occasionally fills up an of living to the age of what's-his-name (that interval with an interjection or an admiring old beggar, you know), I would n't spend a laugh.

minute more in that way than I do at pres- There 's a queer old boy coming to dine ent, and that's not much. And yet I know with me, major," said Bruce. “I picked him some old swells (fellow's a precious deal older

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