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skin beneath with delightful effect. Painters certain extent their prevailing formula, or particularly affect this picturesque falling of rather the hairdressers have, of arranging the the hair, and it is wonderful how it softens hair - to wit, one great sprawling wave across the face, and gives archness to the eyes, which the forehead, with a cauliflower growth on peep out as it were between their own natural either side. To this pattern the artists would, trellis-work or jalousies. We own to a love of if they could, reduce all creation. Their opinthe soft glossy ringlets which dally and toy ion upon the graceful flow of the hair is to be with the light
on their airy curves, and dance found in that utmost effort of their science with every motion of the body. There is some- the wig — we mean the upstart sham su thing exceedingly feminine and gentle in them, styled. Was there ever such a hideous, artiwe think, which makes them more fitted for ficial, gentish-looking thing as the George-the general adoption than any other style. But Fourthian peruke — hali in storm, half in most of all to be admired for a noble, generous calm — patted down over the left temple, liku countenance, is that compromise between the a frothy cup one blows on to cool it?" – Its serere-looking "band" and the flowing ring- painfully white net parting, and its painfully let, in which the hair, in twisting coils of flossy tight little curls, haunt us. We scarcely ever silk, is allowed to fall from the forehead in a see that type now in its full original horror delicate sweep round that part of the cheek but bad is the best. It seems, at first thought, where it melts into the neck, and is then very odd that they cannot make a decent imigathered up into a single shell-like convolution tation of a head of hair. People forge old behind. The Greeks were particularly fond of letters, even to the imitation of the stains of this arrangement in their sculpture, because time and the fading of the ink; they copy a it repeated the facial outline and displayed the power until it will well-nigh entice a bee ; but head to perfection. Some naturally pretty who ever failed to discover a wig on the inwonen, following the lead of the strong- stant? Its nasty, hard scalp-line against the minded high-templed sisterhood, are in the forehead gives a positive shock to any person habit of sweeping their hair at a very ugly possessing nervous susceptibility. Surely angle off the brow, so as to show a tower of something might be done. Nothing can ever forehead and, as they suppose, produce an be expected, however, to come quite up to that overawing impression. This is a sad mistake. beautiful setting on of the hair which nature Corinna, supreme in taste as in genius and shows us ; for, as a writer in a former number beauty, knows better. The Greeks threw all of this Review says — and we may be allowed the commanding dignity into the xúpvußos-- to add, says beautifully — because the pen is or bow-like ornament. We all admire this now well known to hare been held by femiin the Diana of the British Museum. It was, nine fingers — however, used indifferently for both sexes the Apollo Belvedere is crowned in the same It is the exquisite line along the roots of the manner. The ancients were never guilty of hair — the graceful undulations of the shores of thinking a vast display of forehead beautiful the head, thus given to sight, with which we are in woman, or that it was in fact at all impos- tiner, and the color tenderer, than any other part
Here the skin is invariably found ing in appearance — they invariably set
the of the human face --- like the smooth, pure sands, hair on low, and would have stared with where the tide has just retired. * horror at the atrocious practice of shaving it at the parting, adopted by some people to give Again, art can never match even the color of height to the brow. We do not mean to lay the hair to the complexion and the temperadown any absolute rule, however, even in this ment of the individual. Did any one ever see particular ; the individuality which exists in a man with a head of hair of his own growing every person's hair, as much as in their faces, that did not suit him? On the other hand, should be allowed to assert itself, and the was there ever seen a wig that seemed a part dead level of bands should never be permitted of the man? The infinite variety of Nature in to extinguish the natural difference between managing the coiffure is unapproachable. One the tresses of brown Dolores —" blue-black, man's hair she tosses up in a sea of curls ; lustrous, thick as horsehair" -- and the Greek another's she smoothes down to the meekness islanders' hair like sea-moss, that Alciphron of a maid's ; a third's she flames up, like a speaks of. Least of all is such an abomina- conflagration ; a fourth's she seems to bave tion as “ fixature" allowable for one moment crystallized, each hair thwarting and crossing - he must have been a bold bad man indeed, its neighbor, like a mass of needles ; to a fifth who first circulated the means of solidifying she imparts that sweet and graceful flow the soft and yielding hair of woman. which F. Grant and all other feeling painters
There is much more individuality in the do their best to copy. In color and texture, treatment of gentlemen's hair, simply because again, she is equally excellent; each fleshmost of them leave it more alone, and allow Nature to take her course ; nevertheless, the * See Essays by the Authoress of Letters from lords of the earth, like the ladies, have to a the Baltio, lately collected as Reading for the Rail.
tint has its agreeing shade and character of in every particular we will not back, but here hair, which if a man departs from, he disguises it is from the printed bill :himself. What a standing protest is the sandy whisker to the glossy black peruke! The public is most respectfully informed that Again, how contradictory and withered a worn Mad. FORTUNNE, one of the most curious pheold face looks, whose shaggy white eyebrows nomenons which ever appeared in Europe, has are crowned by chestnut curling locks! It arrived in London, in the person of a young reminds us of a style of drawing in vogue with woman, 21 years of age, whose face, which is of ladies some years since, in which a bright beard as black as jet, about four inches in length.
an extraordinary whiteness, is surrounded by a colored haymaker is seen at work in a cold, The bearil is as thick and bushy as that of any blacklead pencil landscape. Of the modern beard and whisker we desire Switzerland, and has received a most brilliant
man. The young lady is a native of Geneva, in to write respectfully. A mutton chop seems education. She speaks French fluently, and will to have suggested the form of the substantial answer all the questions that may be addresseil British whisker. Out of this simple design to her. Her beard, which reaches from one eye countless varieties of forms have arisen. How to the other, perfectly encircles the face, forming have they arisen? Can any one give an ac- the most surprising contrast, but without imcount of his own whiskers" froin their birth pairing its beauty. Her bust is most finely upwards? To our mind there is nothing formed, and leaves not the least doubt as to her more mysterious than the growth of this sex. She will approach all the persons who may manly appendage. Did any far-seeing youth honor her with their presence, and give an asdeliberately design his own whisker? Was count of her origin and birth, and explain the there ever known a hobbledehoy who saw Everybody will also be allowed to touch her
motives which induced her to quit her country. “ a great future” in his silken down, and
de, beard, so as to be convinced that it is perfectly termined to train it in the way it should go ?
natural. We think not. British whiskers, in truth, have grown up like all the great institutions
The beard was certainly a most glorious of the country, noiselessly and persistently an outward expression, as the Germans would specimen, and shamed any man's that we have
ever seen. say, of the inner life of the people ; the gen Of the expression of hair — could we press eral idea allowing of infinite variety according for the nonce a quill from Esthonia – much to the individuality of the wearer. Let us might be well and edifyingly said. The take the next half-dozen men passing by the Greeks, with their usual subtilty in reading window as we write. The first has his whis- Nature, and interpreting her in their works of kers tucked into the corners of his mouth, as Art, have distinguished their gods by the though he were holding them up with his variations of this excrescence. Thus the hair teeth. The second whisker that we descry of the Phidian Jove in the Vatican, which rises has wandered into the middle of the cheek, in spouts as it were from the forehead, and and there stopped as though it did not know then falls in wavy curls, is like the mane of the where to go to, like a youth who has ventured lion, most majestic and imperial in appearance. out into the middle of a ball-room with all eyes The crisp curls of Hercules again remind us of upon him. Yonder bunch of bristles (No. 3) the short locks between the horns of the twists the contrary way under the owner's indomitable bull; whilst the hair of Neptune ear; he could not for the life of him tell why falls down wet and dank like his own seaweed. it retrograded so. That fourth citizen with The beautiful Aowing locks of Apollo, full the vast Pacific of a face bas little whiskers and free, represent perpetual youth; and the which seem to have stopped short after two gentle, vagrant, bewitching tresses of Venus inches of voyage, as though aghast at the denote most clearly her peculiar characteristics prospect of having to double such a Cape and claims as a divinity of Olympus. What Horn of a chin. We perceive coming a tre- gives the loose and wanton air to the portraits mendous pair, running over the shirt-collar in in Charles II.'s bedchamber at Hampton luxuriant profusion. Yet we see as the colonel Court? Duchess and Countess sweep along or general takes off his hat to that lady that the canvas with all the dignity that Lely could he is quite bald – those whiskers are, in fact, Aatter them with ; but on the disordered curls nothing but a tremendous landslip from the and the forehead fringed with love-locks veteran's head! Even in Europe, some skins seem to have retired into the deep shade of the alcore,
Cyprian is plainly written. Even Nell Gwyn, no power of producing hair at all. Dark, beckons us with her sweet soft redundance thick-complexioned people are frequently quite of ringlets. But too well woman knows the destitute of either beard or whisker, and Nature now and then, as if to restore the power Venus has endowed her with in this
silken lasso :balance, produces a hairy woman. A charming example was exhibiting a short time since Fair tresses man's imperial race ensnare, in town. The description she gives of herself And beauty draws us with a single hair.
In the rougher sex the temper and disposition Mr. Tennyson's first sketch is, moreover, one are more apparent from the set of the hair of the penalties of the Laureateship. The than in woman, because, as already observed, mind of the free poet, who has been privileged they allow it to follow more the arrangement to act on the pure impulse of his will, inust of nature. Curly hair bespeaks the sanguine need feel an inauspicious constraint when temperament, lank hair the phlegmatic. Poets urged to its office by the prescription of an. for the most part, we believe, have had curly external occasion — and will be perplexed hair—though our own age has exhibited some by the presence of a necessity which is not notable exceptions to the rule. Physiology that of its own inspiration. The Muse is a has not yet decided upon what the curl is spirit who will not be compelled ; and Mr. dependent, but we feel satisfied it arises from Tennyson has found his profit in waiting till a fattening of one side of the hair inore than she was ready to lend him her willing aid in the other.
the task of revision. So well do people understand the character It would require an extensive collation of as expressed by the hair and its management, passages to point out the minute corrections that it is used as a kind of index. Commer- to be found in this new edition – and much cial ideas are very exact respecting it. What remark and analysis touching the effect of chance would a gentleman with a moustache diction on the mind to measure their precise have of getting a situation in a bank? Even propriety ; — but the reader who has no wish too much whisker is looked upon with sus- to be too metaphysical may practically put picion. A clean shave is usually, as the world himself into the way of judging of the matter goes, expected in persons aspiring to any post by re-perusing the poem in its present shape, of serious trust. We confess that few mon- and consciously reinarking the different imstrosities in this line affect us more dismally pressions which it makes, though in substance than the combination of dandy favoris with it is the same poem. There are a completethe, however reduced, peruke of Brother ness and compactness, produced by what is Briefless or Brother Hardup. It is needless added and what is subtracted, that satisfy and to add that anything like hirsute luxuriance fill the imagination with a sense of harmony about a sacerdotal physiognomy is offensive to that was previously wanting. In some cases every orthodox admirer of the via media to there are a proportion and an artistic reserve all the can community, it is probable, indicated in the change of a mere epithet excepting some inveterate embroideresses of which makes all the difference in the world to red and blue altar-cloths and tall curates' the feeling. Thus, in the fifth line of the first slippers.
Ode, there was the phrase
When laurel-garlanded heroes fall. Ode on the Death of the Duke of Wellington. simplicity proper to an exordiu, and inju
The compound epithet was injurious to the By ALFRED Tennyson, Poet-Laureate. Adiciously anticipated the decorations befitting New edition. Moxon.
the body of the poem. Mr. Tennyson, thereMr. Tennyson has suffered from the severity fore, now prints the line in question and of the critics in their remarks on the first its two predecessors and successors as folhasty edition of his laureate lyric to the lows : memory of the “ Great Duke ;' and, as we had the means of informing our readers in Let us bury the Great Duke our own view of the Ode? that it was his To the noise of the mourning of a mighty nation, intention to do, he has subjected his work to Warriors carry the warrior's pall,
Mourning when their leaders fall, a thorough revision, and sought to make it And sorrow darkens hamlet and hall. more worthy at once of himself and of his subject. The poem in its amended state has In the next stanza the poet supplies an much of that finish which the writer had not omission in the first draft — that of the place time in the pressure of the immediate occasion of the hero's death : to communicate to the original draft. In this issue not only are there many passages He died on Waliner's lonely shore,
Where shall we lay the man whom we deplore ? added of great power and beauty, but such But here, in streaming London's central roar, minute corrections are introduced into single Let the sound of those he wrought for, lines as amount nearly to recomposition. All And the feet of those he fought for, this may seem strange to those who have been Echo round his bones for evermore. accustomed to look on poetry as an inspiration rather than an art; but to the better instruct - The contrast between the quiet of the one ed it will furnish a modern instance in cor- spot and the noise of the other, is full of sugroboration of the Horatian maxim, that time gested significance. The soul of the duke, and leisure are essential to the production of like that of Coriolanus, was familiar in life a perfect poem. The comparative failure of with the stir and bustle of numbers in compe
From the Atheneum.
tition --- so let it be with him in his death! | Beating from the wasted vines "Hark! the trumpets. These are the ushers Back to France her banded swarms. of Marcius; before hiin he carries noise, and This word “banded" was “ bandit” in behind him he leaves tears.". There is a the former copy. The alteration is a judifeeling finely appropriate and full of the true cious one. warlike sentiment in the lines above cited,
In the following citation, the lines in and which the two verses now introduced, and italics are additions or emendations : – distinguished in our quotations by italics, serve more fully to develop.
A people's voice ! we are a people yet, The great difficulty experienced by Mr. Though all men else their nobler dreams forget, Tennyson in this laureate Ode has evidently Thank Him who isled us here,
Confused by brainless mobs and lawless Powers ; lain in bis desire to penetrate through the His Saxon in blown seas and storming showers, martial symbols to the moral meaning of the We have a voice, with which to pay the debt duke's life. It is with manifest unwillingness of boundless reverence and regret that he touches on the political differences To those great men who fought, and kept it ours. and the battle-fields with which the duke's And kept it ours, O God, from brute control; meinory is associated. He would transcend Statesmen, guard us, guard the eye, the soul these, or else treat them as types of the spir- of Europe, keep our noble England whole, itual, and lose them in the radiance of what And save the one true seed of freedom sown they symbolized. War is alien, indeed, to Betwixt a people and their ancient throne, the prevailing sentiment of the age. Its very That sober freedom out of which there springs glories are like the fine gold” that has our loyal passion for our temperate kings ; * become dim," --- and no longer dazzle the For, saving that, ye help to save mankind popular mind as they did. Accordingly, Mr. And drill the raw world for the march of mind, Tennyson interpreted them all by the one Till crowds be sane and crowns be just ; large term “duty," in the light of which a But wink no more in sloth ful overtrust. public lesson may be learnt, and the duke's Remember him who led your hosts ; example may prove the guiding star to any Revere his warning; guard your consts; man however peacefully disposed. This, in Your cannons moulder on the seaward wall; fact, has been so generally felt, that the His voice is silent in your council-hall lesson has been dwelt on to satiety. By Mr. Forever , and whatever tempests lour Tennyson it has been made the theme of one Forever silent ; even if they broke of the most brilliant passages in bis Ode - In thunder, silent ; yet remember all which we cited in our former article. T. He spoke among you, and the Man who spoke ; that passage are now added the following Who never sold the truth to serve the hour, lines:
Nor paltered with Eternal God for power ;
Whose life was work, whose language rije Such was he ; his work is done ;
With rugged marins hewn from life ; But while the races of mankind endure, Whose eighty winters freeze with one rebuke, Let his great example stand
All great self-seekers trampling on the right; Colossal, seen of every land,
Truth-teller was our England's Alfred named ; And keep the soldier firm, the statesman pure ; Truth-lover was our English Duke ; Till in all lands and through all human story Whatever record leap to light The path of duty be the way to glory.
He never shall be shamed. Mr. Tennyson seems now, however, to have
From this section lines have been also felt that he had dwelt too exclusively on the omitted — but it is not necessary to distinmoral phases of the duke's character; and he guish the rejected. Altogether this strophe has supplied an additional number of refer- of the Ode is decidedly improved in its effect. ences to the soldier-life of the departed It has gained power by compression as well warrior. He now reminds us that
as by dilation.
We will point out another additional gem No more in soldier fashion will he greet or two -- and then conclude. They occur With lifted hand the gazer in the street ; in the last strophe ; — we have italicized the
lines. - and in the apostrophe to the shade of Nelson, he adds to the allusions to the duke's. We revere, and while we hear victories the following:
The tides of Music's golden sea
Setting toward eternity, And underneath a nearer sun,
Lifted up in heart are we, Warring on a later day,
Until we doubt not that for one so true Round affrighted Lisbon drew
There must be other nobler work to do The treble works, the vast designs
Than when he fought at Waterloo, Of his labored rampart-lines,
And sictor he must ever be. Where he greatly stood at bay,
For though the Giant Ages heave the hill Whence he issned forth anew,
And break the shore, and evermore And ever great and greater grew,
Make and break, and work their will;
Though worlds on worlds in myriad myriads roll / seem to justify, at least to the full extent; Round us, each with different powers,
that not unfrequently he has fallen under the And other forms of life than ours,
charge of obscurity and vagueness both of What know we greater than the soul?
thought and expression; that sometimes his On Gol and Godlike men we build our trust. Hush, the Dead March sounds in the people's aids his reasonings; and that now and then
ponderous learning rather encumbers than ears ;
he has misapprehended the point of an opThe dark crowd moves ; and there are sobs and tears ;
ponent's argument, or has tried to turn it The black earth yawns ; the mortal disappears; aside by what is irrelevant. But, after Ashes to ashes, dwst to dust;
every deduction is made that can be justly He is gone who seemed so great.
made on the score of such deficiencies, the,
work, he is persuaded, will coinmend itself - It will be obvious to the critical reader to literate theologians as one of the most valuthat the lines in italics serve to develop and able contributions which Germany has furillustrate the thought, and are not arbitrary nished to Biblical Criticism and Isagogie." extensions of the original matters.
A translator must be both very conscientious, The poem as it now stands has the mature and have great confidence in the merits of bis stamp of the artist upon it. There are yet a author, when he thus ventures to call attenfew things which we should have liked to see tion to his defects. The charge of obscurity is removed or amended :— we will instance the one that has been brought against Dr. Häverimperfect rhymes commencing the sixth nick even by his own countrymen, and we strophe – viz., " guest,” “priest," " rest." are therefore bound to express to Dr. AlexanThis dissonance might have been avoided by der all the more thanks for the pains he must an additional verse rhyming to “priest. have taken to present us with this translation. Standing where it does, at the cominence Another noticeable importation from Germament of the finest section of the poem, the ny is The Lord's Day, by E. W. Hengstenberg, triplet in question is offensive. It is, besides, Doctor and Professor of Theology at Berlin, the only instance of poetic license thus translated by James Martin, B.A., of Lymabused; and as it may be easily remedied, ington. The Sabbath Observance question is we hope to see the requisite line added in the one upon which enlightened English readers next edition.
must feel that it is not indifferent to know what is the opinion of our continental Protestant brethren, and especially of such a man
as Professor llengstenberg, who, now that we Tue Messrs. Clark, of Edinburgh, deter- have lost the illustrious Neander, may be remined to maintain the high reputation of garded as the chief expositor of German ortheir “ Foreign Theological Library,” have thodoxy. The present treatise is divided into just added to the series a twenty-eighth vol- three parts, in the first of which the author ume, containing A General Historico-Critical treats of " The Old Testament; its Letter and Introduction to the Old Testament, by H. A. Spirit," and in the second of “ The Sabbath Ch. Ilavernick, late Teacher of Theology of the Jews, and the Sunday of Christians ; in the University of Königsberg, translated containing - I. A history of opinions on from the German by William Lindsay Alex. the connexion between the Sabbath and Sunander, D.D. This work of Professor llävernick, day. II. Investigation of the connexion between an orthodox German divine, is one of the the Sabbath and Sunday.” Part III. conmost important that have been recently pub- tains “ Remedial Efforts examined.”
The lished on the subject of Old Testament criti- doctrine of the strict observance of the Sabcism. The second and third chapters espec- bath, as it prevails in this country and Amerially, which treat of the original languages of ica, has of late obtained many advocates in the Old Testament Scriptures, and of the his- Germany, and the year 1850 stands especially tory of the text, deserve notice, as containing marked for the zeal and energy with which much information which the mere English those advocates sought to bring the subject reader would not ind elsewliere. Indeed, the before their countrymen. “ Societies were whole is the production of a learned and ear- formed, prizes offered, a periodical started, and nest scholar. In some parts, however, it la- a large number of publications issued and put bors under the disadvantage of obscurity. Of in circulation,” all with a view to enforce the this and other drawbacks the able translator, English, or, as it is sometimes called, the Puriwhile he commends the work as a whole, tanical doctrine of the Sabbath. Professor complains in the following terms : -"It is Hengstenberg, not entirely disapproving of not, indeed, free from defects. The translator these efforts, at the same time sees a danger feels himself at liberty to acknowledge that on in such enthusiasm being carried too far, and several points Dr. Hävernick has failed to at last landing its authors in a Pharisa ic formcarry conviction to his mind ; that his conclu-alism. In this, as everything, therefore, he sions are not always such as his premises wishes to consult the Holy Scriptures, in
From the Critic.