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Hill's, however, I went; and though plain fare, no one got a leg in, and a mat was over the hole. compared to Lord Wellington's, whose table is

With great care only a few silver just now very good, and extremely improved, I spoons and knives and forks were missing, and got what I call a very good dinner.

I hear one plate. Henry tells me the servants

saw one Spanish officer with a turkey's leg stickThere is a grim humor in what follows : ing out of his pocket ; but like our aldermen,

they are given to pocket even at Madrid, and Lord Wellington looks forward very coolly to have some excuse, as they are paid little, and another winter here. He said yesterday he find everything very dear. should have twenty-five couples of fox hounds next season. The other day the commissary

This is all highly picturesque ; and we may general told him we had eaten nearly all the also observe that there is also a good picture of oxen in the country, that the cultivation of the the duke on another occasion sitting and hearlands in Portugal could not go on for want of ing with considerable coolness his own praises them, and that he scarcely knew where to turn chanted in a Spanish ditty -(three Spanish for a supply of beef, as there was this year no songs having been written in his honor) reserve store near Lisbon. Lord Wellington and calling for it himself at times." "On said, “Well, then, we must now set about eating another occasion, however, when the Spanall the sheep, and when they are gone I suppose iards insist on entertaining him and his staff we must go.”

with a concert and lemonade (but this is But above all we must give the reader a when he is en route for Vittoria) we find him flimpse of a dinner and ball given by Wel- anything but admiring this time lost in singlington literally amidst the ruins of Ciudad ing psalms to him," as he calls it. In truth Rodrigo, when, after first dining some seventy the native population appear to have had the dignitaries, he received two hundred gentle- potion, generally that everything depended

ball and supper. The individually on Wellington (" as I believe amusing expedients to cover the want of most people here do think,” interposes Mr. crockery, glass, silver, &c., and generally to Larpent); wherefore, at all the great crises veil the nakedness of the place with yellow of affairs present or expected, all the priests damasked satin and silver or crimson satin and and nuns of the peninsula are sending up gold, are capitally related by Mr. Larpent : choruses of prayers and praise for him. He and the occasion called forth an astonishing snuff's up such incense with supreme self-posactivity on the commander-in-chief's part

session. which one does not find to be at all consistent

We are far from disposed, notwithstanding, with the sleepy habits we have seen attributed to question what Mr. Larpentsays of occasional to him !

touches of vanity to be noted in him. He

ranks him in this respect as neither better The day before yesterday we had a hard day's nor worse than " every great man, present or work in the shape of gayety and amusement. past, almost without exception.' ConsiderMy lord was desired to invest General Cole with ing his situation, we are told, he is remarka

the Order of the Bath, in a suitable manner. bly neat and particular in his dress; being As he has never done anything at Ciudad Rod-well made, knowing it, and willing to set off rigo, of which he is duke, he determined upon to the best what nature has bestowed. this opportunity to give a grand fête there in cuts the skirts of his own coats shorter, to the midst of the ruins. A grand dinner, ball, make them look smarter ; and only a short

The whole went off very time since I found him discussing the cut of well, except that it was excessively cold, as a his half-boots, and suggesting alterations to few balls during the siege had knocked in several yards of the roof of the ball-room, and it was

his servant, when I went in on business." a hard frost at the time. I never had a colder Never for an instant, however, is there to be ride than going there. Lord Wellington was the remarked about Wellington the least tendency most active man of the party ; he prides himself to pomp or parade. There may be a touch of on this ; but yet I hear from those about him that vanity, but there is none of pomp or humbug, he is a little broken down by it. He staid at when he appears at the grand gathering of business at Frenada until half-past three, and the allies and sovereigos in Paris, amid a then rode full seventeen miles to Rodrigo in blaze of stars and orders, in his blue coat and two hours to dinner, dressed in all his orders, little round hat. The distinction is always &c., was in high glee, danced himself, staid made by Mr. Larpent. He thinks he even supper, and at half-past three in the morning carried to an excess his simplicity in respect went back to Frenada by moonlight, and ar- to personal attendance, though in an amusing rived here before daybreak at six, so that by instance he records at Toulouse we are left to twelve he was ready again for business, and I saw him amongst others upon a court-martial infer that a motive may at times have existed when I returned at two the next day. The for it not wholly or exclusively Spartan and whole was laid out so as to astonish the inhabit- severe. A Dutch aide-de-camp of General ants, and the defects concealed almost entirely

Clausel's goes to ask Mr. Larpent to get him one hole in the floor had a man near it to see that entreé at Wellington's hotel — that he may



and supper.




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introduce his general. He fancies they will squared to demonstration, with strict mathehave to pass through armies of aids, officers, matical accuracy. That was not Wellington's sergeants, sentinels, and Heaven knows what. way. He was a soldier of all work, com

bining in his own person whatever was suffiIt so happened there was no one but an igno- cient to preserve him from becoming dependent rant sentinel

. In trying a door or two, we all on the efficiency of subordinates. He had blundered upon Lord Wellington, who came him, almost as clear a perception in every case of self to the door ; so I introduced the astonished the method of doing the thing, as of the imClausel and walked off. My Dutch friend told me that Soult and Suchet would have had about portance of the thing to be done ; and he six aides-de-camp, &c., in the first room,

and would never admit the possibility of a misgeneral officer in waiting in the second. ' I own carriage unless the possibility of redeeming I think our great man is in the opposite extreme, it was at the same time admitted. Thus at but he does not like being watched and plagued. Badajoz, when the regular bred artillery Just after the state levée yesterday, I saw him colonels threw perpetual difficulties in his cross the crowded square in his blue coat and way, Mr. Larpent tells us he suddenly became round hat, almost unnoticed, and unknown even principal engineer himself, picking out for his to the very people who half an hour before had acting man, a young, clever, unhesitating been cheering him. In one anglo of Lord Wel- artillery captain, whom he rapidly made lington's hotel lives Madame

a Spanish major and lieutenant-colonel, "and,” Mr. beauty, married into a French family of rank, Larpent adds, “ he now conducts the whole who are the proprietors of the hotel, but who department here because he makes no diffihave been obliged to let nearly the whole, re

culties." serving this angle. I do not mean to be scandalous, but this perhaps may have decided the choice

This extraordinary aptitude for minute of the house.

details, combined with the power of directing

at the same time the grandest combinations Let us show him also in the act of receiving and manoeuvrings in inilitary science, was (what Alava seems to have thought might have what really gave Wellington his supremacy justified a little ceremony) the outward and over the greatest generals opposed to him. visible token of the general Bonapartean Mr. Larpent gave several striking anecdotes “ smash” at the battle of Vittoria.

of the promptitude with which he mastered a General Alava introduced an officer who came the new circumstances. In preparing for

difficulty by readjusting bis arrangements to to present to Lord Wellington King Joseph's the famous passage of the Adour, a want of sword — his dress sword set in steel and dia- the due quantity of wood was started as a monds, and very handsome. Where taken from, or whence obtained, I did not learn. Lord Wel- reason for delay : lington just looked at it as he took his seat at To show you how little Lord Wellington listens dinner, and, telling his man to put it by safe some- to objections, and how he rather likes to cut up where, fell to at the soup and said no more. the routine work, I may mention that Elphin

stone told him the quantity of plank necessary Sometimes a capital point of character is would take time, and make a delay. let fall unexpectedly at these dinner parties, says he, “there are all your platforms of your with very good effect. There is no arm of the batteries which have been sent out, in case of a service at which Wellington rails at all times siege. Cut them all up." “ Then when we with so little scruple as at the artillery, and proceed with the siege, what is to be done?” at the heaviness and slowness of the officers in quoth Elphinstone. “Oh, work your guns in command. “ I took care to let him feel that I the sand until you can make new ones out of the thought him very stupid,” he remarked over pine-wood near Bayonne.” So all the English " the soup” of one of these officers ; whereon battering platforms have been cut up accordGeneral Murray says (aside and sotto voce),

ingly. “ That must have been by telling him so in A still more remarkable case had occurred plain terms, I have no doubt. With the at Rodrigo. Scaling ladders became suddenly slowness of another of these slow officers he was necessary to take some advanced work before made one day so irate at an interview when the any progress could be made with the siege, conduct of some “ friend” was in question and the engineers had no scaling ladders with that Wellington cut him short by telling them. It was put as a hopeless case to Welhim that “his friend might go to hell," lington. • Well,” he said, no way disturbed, when, overhearing him mutter slowly as he "you have brought up your ammunition and left, "I'll go, sir, to the quarter-master-gen- stores, cut them all up directly, they will eral for a route,” the pacified commander-in- make excellent ladders — there, you see, each chief “ laughed well.'

side-piece is already cut.” And by the help The truth was that these artillery officers of these novel ladders the work was scaled annoyed the commander-in-chief by their un- forthwith. willingness to move out of rule and precedent, It is hardly necessary that we should add, or undertake anything which could not first be in speaking of Wellington, that there never

No, s

is any underrating of the power of an ad-| being constantly called to account ; Bonaparte versary, never any disparagement of the was quite free from all inquiry ; he was himself abilities of the men opposed to him. When in fact very much so. The other advantage it was reported, after Vittoria, that Bo- Bonaparte possessed, and which he made 80 naparte was himself to appear on the field much use of (Lord Wellington said) was his of' action, he said he should estimate his full latitude of lying ; that, if so disposed, he presence as equal to a reinforcement of said, he could not do. 40,000 Frenchmen, for that it would give a Let us remark, too, that his utter want of turn to everything; As little is there a dis- respect for persons when a matter of propriety position to conceal his own occasional blun- or duty is to be considered, is a feature in his ders — of which an instance is mentioned in character which has continual illustration in this simple way:

Mr. Larpent's volumes. The Prince Regent

was excessively anxious to hold regular perI dined yesterday at head-quarters, and sat sonal correspondence with him - and“ much next to Baron Wimpfen, the new quarter-master- hurt” at failing to establish it; but Wellinggeneral attached here to Lord Wellington. He ton would not consent. He saw a certain imis a very gentlemanlike man, and talks French well. We had much conversation together, in propriety in admitting any ground of private which Lord Wellington, who sat next to the friendship or relations apart from his necessary general, often took part. He gave us the whole communication through the ordinary minishistory of the battle of Fuentes d'Onore some terial channels. “I wrote to his ministers," time since near here, in which the French were says Wellington, “and that was enough. three to one, and in which Lord Wellington What had I to do with him? However, his said he committed a fault in extending his right late favor was a reason for my writing, and I too much to Posso de Velho ; and that if the have had a most gracious answer evidently French had taken advantage of it, there might courting further correspondence.' Which have been bad consequences, but that they let he intimated, adds Mr. Larpent, that he him recover himself, and change his front before should not comply with. their face.

In short, there was one thing Mr. Larpent In the like unaffected, manly manner he found Wellington always surprisingly deficient speaks at other times of the advantages pos, world in every line, and which is often of

in — " of which there is so much all over the sessed by himself over the generals opposed such infinite use to those who can adopt it," to him. The subjoined extract is interesting

- humbug. It is not the fashion, he says, for what it shows us of this, and also for

here at head-quarters. “ From Lord Wellingwhat it tells us, with such quiet truth of observation, of the character of Wellington's ton downwards there is mighty little. Every mind in other respects

one works hard and does his business. The

from which many substance and not the form is attended to; in undeserved imputations have arisen :

dress and many other respects I think almost You ask me if Lord Wellington has recollected too little so. The maxim of our chief

with regard? He seems to have had a is, let every one do his duty well, and never great opinion of him, but scarcely has ever men- let me hear of any difficulties about anything tioned him to me. In truth, I think Lord Wel- - and that is all he cares about." One would lington has an active, busy mind, always looking say, on the whole, that it was enough ; and to the future, and is so used to lose a useful when the difficulties happen to take preceman, that as soon as gone he seldom thinks more dence of the duty, we have seen what storms of him. He would be always, I have no doubt, and rages follow. Nor is there anything he ready to serve any one who had been about him fires up at more (to his honor be it ever menwho was gone, or the

friend of a deceased friend, tioned) than at any oppression or plunder of once out of the way. He has too much of every- the native and friendly inhabitants which it. thing and everybody always in his way to think is within human power and watchfulness to much of the absent. He said the other day, he prevent. “ He says, if officers will not obey had great advantages now over every other gen- orders, and take care that those under them eral. He could do what others dare not attempt, do so also, they must go home, for he will and he had got the confidence of all the three not command them here ; so many officers allied powers, so that what he said or ordered seem to think they have nothing to do but was, right or wrong, always thought right. fight.” Several examples recorded in the " And the same” (said he) with the troops ; volumes of his own prompt and awful punishwhen I come myself, the soldiers think what ment of the least excess in friendly towns are they have to do the most important as I am there, sad to read, but doubtless had the effect deand that all will depend on their exertions ; of sired. Here is a melancholy case : course, these are increased, in proportion, and they will do for me what perhaps no one else can The man was caught in the fact, stealing wine, inake them do.” He said he had several of the and brought forward. Lord Wellington had him advantages possessed by Bonaparte, from his shot in the most impressive manner this mornfreedom of action and power of risking, withoutling, before all the corps, aîter a solemn admoni



tion, and much parade. I am told the man ap- for one day, at dinner, Lord Fitzroy Somerset, peared absolutely dead from fear before a musket not knowing he was present, said, “ Where is was fired. He was unluckily one of the least Slender Billy to-day?" Upon which the prince culpable, for he had only taken away a bottle of put his head forward, and called out, “ Here I wine by force. But he was caught in the fact, am, Fitzroy ; what do you want?” and suffered for the sake of example, as the least guilty in reality often do, from the most guilty

Another prince

- no less than the Duke being also the most knowing.

of Angoulême came afterwards to head

quarters. But he made no mighty impression The officer from whom Wellington appears in any way, and Wellington seemed to have to have borne most in the way of thwarting been more than disposed to quiz both him or opposition of any kind was General Crau- and his gentleman in attendance, Monsieur ford. He knew his merits, and humored Damas. him. He knew also the extraordinary confidence which the men of his own division had I do not think much of the little duke ; his in him. Some capital anecdotes of Crauford figure and manners are by no means imposing, are told by Mr. Larpent.

and I think his talents are not very great. He

seems affable and good-tempered, and though not He was very clever and knowing in his pro- seemingly a being to make a kingdom for himfession, all admit, and led on his division on the self, he may do very well to govern one when day of his death in the most gallant style ; but well-established. Lord Wellington was iu his Lord Wellington never knew what he would do. manner droll towards them. As they went out, He constantly acted in his own way, contrary to we drew up on each side, and Lord Wellington orders ; and as he commanded the advanced di- put them first, they bowed and scraped right vision, at times perplexed Lord Wellington con- and left so oddly and so actively, that he followed siderably, who never could be sure where he with a face much nearer a grin than a smile.

On one occasion, near Guinaldo, he remained across a river by himself ; that is, only And as the volume is open at this point with his own division, nearly a whole day after (soon after the great battle) we will give two he was called in by Lord Wellington. He said more extracts illustrative of remarks already he knew he could defend his position. Lord

made. · Wellington, when he came back, only said, “I am glad to see you safe, Crauford.” The latter said, “Oh, I was in no danger, I assure you." We now began to see the effects of the gaps. “But I was, from your conduct,” said Lord Dead and wounded men and horses, some in the Wellington. Upon which Crauford observed, most horrible condition, were scattered all along « He is crusty to-day.”

the way we passed. These were principally Of some of the young men about him Wel- cannon-shot wounds, and were on that account

the more horrible. It was almost incredible lington appears to have been very fond — of that some could live in the state we saw them. young FitzClarence, for instance, afterwards From my black feather I was taken by some for Lord Munster; and of the young Prince of a doctor, and appealed to in the most miserable Orange (afterwards King of Holland) wbo voice and affecting manner, so that I immediately made himself popular with everybody. took out my feather, not to be supposed so unThe day before yesterday Lord Wellington of these poor creatures. Our hospital spring

feeling as to pass on without taking any notice ordered young FitzClarence to go and bring up two Portuguese companies to attack. He went. wagons were following on, and men with frames It was close by ; buc he was highly pleased with to lift up, and carry off those near the roads ;

some in the fields about crawled by degrees into the order. When he had given his instructions, the villages ; but hundreds have lain without he saw a cherry-tree, and went up to break a bough off, and eat the cherries. When Lord food or having their wounds dressed until now, Wellington lost his way the other night in the the hospital, and the scene

two days afterwards. . . I have been over

most terrible ; fog (returning to head-quarters), FitzClarence

seventeen or eighteen hundred men, without legs told Lord Wellington he was sure the road was 80-and-so, as they had passed the place where he or arms, &c., or with dreadful wounds, and, found the two Portuguese companies. How

having had nothing to eat for two or three days, do you know that?" quoth Lord Wellington. cient to dress or take care of the men, English,

the misery extreme, and not nearly hands suffi* By that cherry-tree, which I was up in just Portuguese, Spaniards, and French altogether, afterwards," was the answer. It amused Lord Wellington much ; and yesterday he called to first no provision at all for their people

. Hall

though the Spaniards and Portuguese had at him, with a very grave face, and desired him to the wounded have been scattered round all the go and get some of the cherries, as if it were an

villages in the neighborhood ; and there are important order.

still many to come in, who arrive hourly, and The Prince of Orange was very thin and are lying in all the passages and spare places -slim - which got him a nick-name:

around the hospital. It was one pass, or

valley, all the way from Vittoria here ; the road Slender Billy was his nick-name with those infamous, villages every mile, but much damaged who were intimate with him, and he knew it ;' by the French, and the people, from affluence,

reduced to misery and distress. Oh war! war !pagne went round, and after dinner Lord Wet little do you know of it in England.

lington gare “ Louis XVIII.,” which was very

cordially received with three times three, and VERY ANIMATING !

white cockades were sent for to wear at the

theatre in the evening. In the interim, howI think I never told you a little anecdote of ever, General Alava got up, and with great our General Stewart, who is brave, and always warmth gave Lord Wellington's health, as the gets his aide-de-camp, &c., into some bad blows, Liberador del Espagna! Every one jumped in consequence, if he does not get one


. up, and there was a sort of general exclamation His people about him on the 13th were all from all the foreigners — French, Spanish, Portouched, and he was nearly alone. An officer of tuguese, Germans, and all - El Liberador the name of Egerton came up, and whilst there d'Espagna ! Liberador de Portugal! Le Liba shell burst between them ; Stewart said, “A erateur de la France! Le Liberateur de l'Eushell, sir ! very animating !" and then keptrope! And this was followed, not by a regular Egertou there talking on.

three times three, but a cheering all in confusion

for nearly ten minutes ! Lord Wellington bowed, One of Mr. Larpent's personal adventures, confused, and immediately called for coffee we must not forget to say, was to get himself He must have been not a little gratified with taken prisoner by the French, who detained what had passed. We then all went to the play. him a month before the necessary exchange | The public were quite in the dark as to what had could be effected. He found among the just arrived, but Lord Wellington was received French a continual curiosity about Welling- in the stage-box (where he sat supported by ton“ as one of the great men of the age ;' Generals Picton, Frere, and Alava, &c., and also and Wellington himself laughed, but did not the maire) with no little applause, I can assure seem disposed to acquiesce," when Mr. Lar- you. At the door the people would scarcely take pent subsequently told him of the general box the French left the box themselves, and made

the money from us ; and in the opposite stage feeling of the French officers that he ought to

room for us. We had our white cockades on the die now,

as he never would have such breast. The English officers in the house stared, another year, and Fortune would prove and did not know what to make of it. Some fickle.” If they could but have seen Waterloo thought it a foolish, giddy trick. In about ten looming in the distance !

minutes Lord Wellington turned his hat outWhen at last the whole British army forced wards to the front of the box ; it was seen, and its way into France, it is curious to mark the a shout ensued immediately. The play was passionate desire for peace which is found “ Richard, oh mon Roi" fixed upon really orerywhere prevailing or professed, and with before the news came. Henri IV.was played, it the lamentation and regret (often accom- and then the new French Constitution was read panied with even curses") for Bonaparte’s aloud from one of the boxes. Ambition – while yet hardly anywhere can

With which grand finale we may close these a word of affection or respect be elicited for interesting volumes – dropping the curtain the Bourbons. Mr. Larpent is led at last to before any one has time to ask how soon it think that the people would really rather have will be before it rises again, to a performance Bonaparte continued, if they can have him entirely different from that of Richard, oh mon with the condition of peace, than the Bourbons

Roi! back. Three fourths of the population he believes would be so inclined, speaking from what he witnessed himself. "All have the

The Whole French Language, comprised in highest respect for Lord Wellington,” he adds, a series of Lessons. By T. Robertson. In three which they say they learn from the French volumes. Volume I. army, high and low." of course when once the allies are in Paris, mode of teaching French, both as respects its

The author of this work proposes to reform the the constitution proclaimed, and the Bourbons thorough acquirement and the saving of time by installed, the tiine for any further tests of the pupil ; which last will be accomplished by sincerity or good faith has passed altogether. means of 'three full-sized octavo volumes. The Nothing now is visible or audible but a huge plan of Mr. Robertson is based upon what was surface of apparent enthusiasm for the new called the Hamiltonian system -- that is, a litorder of things. Here is Mr. Larpent's eral translation of the text, which Mr. Robertson account of a dinner at Colonel Campbell's in follows by a free translation ; the words of one Toulouse, to which the news of those events lesson being thoroughly mastered before proceedin Paris was brought, and of the visit after- ing to the next. There are various other plans, wards made to the theatre.

one of which is to exercise the pupil on the most

usual words only, and those chiefly derivatives ; Just as we were sitting down to dinner and this is good. Another is to mark the proabout forty of us — General Frere and several nunciation of every word as it occurs in the Spaniards, General Picton and Baron Alten, the lesson, by a complex system of signs ; which principal French, &c., in came Cooke with the strikes us as being troublesome and inefficient. despatches. The whole was out directly, cham- | -Spectator.

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