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hero, loud over all challenged who held the door. "Sigeferth is my name," said he. "I am a prince of the Secgans, an exile of wide renown. Many evils have I come through, many stern battles, and still here for thee is appointed whichsoever of the twain thyself wilt seek at my hands."

Then at the rampart was the din of mortal conflict. In the hands of the brave must needs burst in sunder the bossy shield, the guard of the limbs 6-the floor resounded—until in the warfare, first of all mortals, Garulf went down, Guthlaf's son, and around him many a goodly man. Over the corpses of the slain wandered the raven, swart, dark-hued; the flash of swords shone like as all Finnsburg were aflame. Never have I heard in the warring of men of sixty warriors better acquitting themselves in nobler fashion, nor 9 yielding better requital for sweet mead than his young retainers paid to Hnaef.

Five days they fought 10 in such fashion that no one of them, of the retainers, fell, but they held the door. Then a wounded hero turned him away, declared that his corselet was shattered, useless his mail-shirt, and his helmet pierced besides. The keeper of the folk questioned him then how the warriors survived their wounds, or which of the two young men.

Cetera desunt.

1 Perhaps "birds of battle," but possibly "birds of morn roused in untimely fashion.

2 Some render "wolf." It may be so. I follow what seems the greater probability.

3 waðol may be a noun in apposition with mona, meaning " full moon."

I tend to that belief, but have translated in the more usual fashion, since the matter is all uncertain.

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The text is doubtful. Some emend linda, some handa-" Grasp your shields," or "Stir your hands;" but in any case the idea is that of setting hand to shield.

Garulf might also be the object. I take him as subject because his name stands first.

ban-helm has been emended but needlessly. It is in apposition to bord and means also " shield."

? Some translate eorð-buendra as “ dwellers of the land, natives, Frisians,” but I see no reason for it.

This passage is doubtful, and the text corrupt. No really satisfactory emendation has been proposed.

The text is corrupt in this place. Some read swanas for the recorded reading swa noc, rendering it “ swains," but this seems to me improbable. I have omitted the words.

10 Probably two half lines are lost after "fought," but the sense does not suffer.

I have left unmentioned other emendations and interpretations adopted.

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INDEX

Addison, 8, 196, 223, 226, 241, 267, Athenaid, 11, 246, 249
272

Augustine, 163
Admiral Hosier's Ghost, 245

Augustus, 166
Æneid, 1, 15, 99, 204, 231, 290

Aurengzebe, 229
Æschylus, 13
Æsthetic as Science of Expression, 25 Bach, 217
Agincourt, Ballad of, 181

Bacon, Francis, 149, 311
Agincourt, Battle of, 181

Bacon, Roger, I
Ainslie, Douglas, 25

Bagehot, 176, 203, 206
Alastor, 289

Baillie, Joanna, 288
Albion's England, 174, 176

Bale, John, 173
Albo, 104

Barbour, 29, 138-143
Alexander, 4

Barons' Wars, 183, 184
Alexander, 113, 114, 116, 140 Bathos, or the Art of Sinking in
Alfred, King, 97

Poetry, 259
Alfred, 241

Batracho-myo-Machia, 255, 256
Almanzor and Almahide, 230. Battle of Otterbourne, 287
Alonzo of Ercilla, 9

Battle of the Frogs and Mice, 255-257
Amazon Queen, 230

Battle of the Summer Isles, 258
Anacrisis,

Baxter, 193
Ancient Danish Ballads (Prior's), 30 Bede, 92
Ancient Greek Historians (Bury's), Beethoven, 218
125

Beginnings of Poetry, 33, 34, 35
Ancient Mariner, 278

Benoît de Sainte-More, 115
Andreas, 92, 96, 332

Bentley, 276
Angelo, Michael, 209, 281

Beowulf, 13, 15, 17, 21, 24, 26-28,
Anne, Queen, 226, 270

39, 47-77, 80, 84, 86, 89, 90, 92, 95,
Antimachus, 126

98-100 104, 106, 110, 111, 127,
Anyte, 19

136, 166, 204, 325, 327
Apollonius Rhodius, 152

Beppo, 278
Apology for Actors, 174

Berni, 302
Appreciations (Pater's), 174

Beves of Hamtoun, III
Arabian Nights, 110, 214

Biographia Literaria, 176, 213
Araucana, 9

Blackburn, Prof., 92
Archesilaus Prytanoeus, 171 Blackmore, II, 150, 241-245, 248,
Aretina, 228

250, 260, 325
Argonautica, 75, 120

Blair, 5, 30
Ariosto, 6, 17, 101, 103, 146, 148, Blake, 193, 304

151, 152, 161, 162, 166, 182, 195, Boadicea, 246
196, 204, 301

Boccaccio, 117, 120, 304
Aristophanes, 304

Bodel, Jean, 105
Aristotle, 1, 3, 4, 10, 21, 23, 59, 110, Bodley, 171
116, 123, 146, 149

Boiardo, 117
Arnold, M., 45, 78, 176, 251, 278- Boileau, 8, 230, 257, 270

280, 287, 291, 320, 322-324, 326 Bolton, 172
Artamène, 228, 238

Book Old English Ballads, 33
Arthur, King, 108-114, 132-135, Bosanquet, Prof., 327
164, 194

Bossu, Le, 2

Bothie of Tober-na-Vuolich, 278 Churton Collins, Prof., 274
Bower, Abbot, 44

Cibber, 275
Boyle, Earl of Orrery, 228, 230, 239 Cider, 258
Bradley, Prof., 328

Civil Wars, History of the (Daniel's),
Britannia, 185

179
Brooke, Rev. Stopford, 94

Claudian, 19
Brunanburh, 49, 56

Clough, 278
Brunetière, M., 180, 215, 271, 281 Codex Exoniensis, 78
Brown, Mr. A. C. L., 134

Coleridge, 16, 150, 176, 188, 189, 213,
Brown, Mr. J. T. T., 140

217, 219, 271, 288, 289
Browne, 150, 171

Colombe's Birthday, 188
Browning, 188, 236, 252, 271, 278, Comparative Literature (Posnett’s), 29
280, 281, 327

Congreve, 229
Brus, 29, 138-145

Contention of the Two Famous
Brut, 126-135

Houses, 173
Bunyan, 226

Conversations with Drummond (Jon-
Burleigh, Lord, 166

son's), 182
Burns, 223

Cook, Prof., 92
Bury, Prof., 125

Copernicus, 196
Butcher, Prof., 122

Corneille, 3
Butler, 260-270

Corpus rerum Anglicarum, 136
Byrhtnoth, 85-89

Cotton, 53, 171, 260
Byron, 150-160, 260, 268, 271, 278, Courthope, Prof., 44

280, 288, 289, 295-310, 314, 325, Cowden Clarke, 267
328

Cowley, 6, 7, II, 150, 224-226, 229,

231, 234, 235
Caedmon, 92-95

Cowper, 195, 260, 267
Caius Cestius, 181

Crabbe, 240
Camden, 150, 185

Creation (Blackmore's), 241
Camoens, 9, 162

Croce, Benedetto, 25, 279
Campbell, 238, 247, 251

Crowne, 229, 239
Carey, 260

Cuchullin, 20, 24
Carlyle, 257, 258, 280, 282, 299, 300 Curse of Kehama, 290, 291, 293
Caroline Poets (Saintsbury's), 236

Cursor Mundi, 137
Castelvetro, 4

Cymbeline, 132
Castle of Indolence, 159

Cynewulf, 78, 92-97
Caylus, 155, 156
Cervantes, 161, 261

Daniel, 92-95
Chadwick (The Heroic Age), 40, 46, Daniel, 19, 170, 171, 174, 176-181,
52

187, 188
Chalkchill, 239, 240, 248

Dante, 24, 149, 154, 163, 176, 177,
Chamberlayne, 224, 225, 229, 234- 196, 207, 209, 214
240, 248

Dares Phrygius, 114-115
Chambers (Widsith), 79

Dark Ages (Ker's), 39
Chansons de Geste, 103-106, 108, 113, Davenant, 2, 6, 7, 8, 10, 179, 224,
147

225, 229-234, 237, 238
Charlemagne, 105, 114, 116

Davideis, II, 224, 225, 231
Charles I., 238

De Bellis Parisiacae, 104
Charles V., 167

Defence of Rhyme, 19, 20
Chase, Prof., 231

Delia, 180
Chatterton, 283, 315, 316

Denham, 229
Chaucer, 107, 113-121, 127, 128, 144, Dennis, 241-244

148, 152, 157, 209, 222, 236, 247, Deor, Lament of, 49, 78-81
258, 260, 287, 304, 316

De Quincey, 50, 197, 203, 276, 292
Child, Prof., 45

De Rebus Getecis, 50
Childe Harold, 296-301, 310

Diana of the Crossways, 155
Chronicles (Holinshed's), 170 Dictys Cretensis, 114-115
Church, Dean, 158

Diogenes, 171

Dionysius, 125

(Foscolo, Ugo, 147
Dispensary, 258, 259

Four Ages of Poetry (Peacock's), 124
Disraeli, Isaac, 234

Freeman, Prof., 85
Dixon, Canon, 314

Frere, 302
Donatello, 281

Froissart, 107
Don Juan, 302-307, 328

Fuller, 181
Donne, 188
Don Quixote, 261

Garth, 258, 259
Dowden, Prof., 246, 289

Gebir, 278
Drake, 182

Genesis, 90-95, 331
Drayton, 150, 170, 171, 174, 176, Geoffrey of Monmouth, 128
177, 180-188

Georgics, 259
Dryden, 3, 6, 10, 12, 21, 23, 150, 180, Germania, 50

194, 210, 223, 224-228, 229, 241, Gest of Robyn Hood, 43
243, 247, 258, 274, 288

Gibbon, 9, 124
Dunciad, 273-277

Gierusalem Liberata, 7, 99
Dürer, 261

Giraldi, 3

Girvan, Mr. R., 331
Earthly Paradise, 278, 319, 321, 322 Glover, 11, 241-251, 325
Eginhard, 105

Goethe, 203, 295, 299, 300, 306, 320,
Eleanor of Poitou, 102

326
Elene, 92, 95

Gomberville, 228
Elizabeth, Queen, 166, 168, 177, 226 Gondibert, 2, 11, 150, 224, 231-234
Ellwood, Thomas, 219

Gorboduc, 132
Ekkehard, 104

Gosse, Mr. E., 239
Emerson, 188, 248

Gossip on Romance (Stevenson's),
Endymion, 236

112, 113
English and Scottish Ballads, 32 Green, J. R., 193
English Bards and Scotch Reviewers, Greene, 171
260

Greig, 35
English Heroic Play (Chase's), 231 Gregory of Tours, 53
Ennius, 19, 127

Gregory, Pope, 132, 163
Enoch Arden, 278

Grey of Wilton, Lord, 167
Epic and Romance (Ker's), 89, 102 Griffin, Mr. N. E., 114.
Epigoniad, 11, 249

Grinvile, Tragedy of Sir Richard, 170
Epistle to Reynolds, 171, 179 Grundtvig, 53
Essex, Earl of, 166

Guido da Colonna, 115
Ettmiiller, 54

Gummere, Prof., 33, 34, 78
Euphorion, 312

Guy of Warwick, III
Euripides, 174, 196
Evelyn's Diary, 227

Hadubrand and Hildebrand, 78
Eve of St. Agnes, 278

Halliwell, 173
Every Man in his Humour, 179

Handel, 217
Exeter Book, 78-80, 92

Handlynge Synne, 136
Exodus, 92-95, 331

Hamlet, 77

Hardie, Prof., 108
Faerie Queene, 148-169, 196, 264, Havelok, 111, 125
311, 326

Hayley, II, 242
Fielding, 245, 278

Haystack in the Floods, 315
Finnsburh, 48, 83-85, 89, 332, 333 Hazlitt, 270, 273, 290
Fitzgeoffrey, 182

Hecatæus, 124
Fitzgerald, 309

Hegel, 14, 111, 327
Flecknoe, 274

Henriade, 4
Fletcher, Giles and Phineas, 150 Henry of Navarre, 167
Folk-Song of Buchan (Greig's), 35 Henry II., 102, 184
Fontenelle, 233

Henry IV., 210
Fordun, Canon, 44

Henry VIII., 173
Forteguerri, 146

Herder, 32

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Hermippus, 171

Ker, Prof., 39, 89, 102
Herodotus, 122, 124, 125

King Alfred, 11
Heroic Age (Chadwick's), 40, 52 King Alisaunder, 116
Heroical Epistles, 171, 184, 185 King Arthur, II, 241, 245
Hesiod, 19

King Arthur's Tomb, 315
Hill, Aaron, 11

King Horn, II, 125
History of English Prosody (Saints- King Johan, 173
bury's), 55

Knight's Tale, 117, 148
Hobbes, 5, 22, 231, 234

Kuhn, 45
Hogg, 289

Kynaston, 239
Holinshed, 170
Homer, 1, 2, 5, 6-8, 12-17, 20, 23, 24, Lady of the Lake, 285

27, 47, 51, 52, 57, 61, 67, 70, 74, Lalla Rookh, 278
77, 89, 98, 99, 106, 110, 115, 123- Lamb, 150
126, 136, 146, 150, 152, 155, 163, Lament of Deor, 49
171, 174, 176, 177, 196, 204, 205, Landor, 150, 200-203, 209, 211, 219,
207, 213, 216, 223, 239, 242, 243, 223, 278, 323
246, 249, 255, 256, 281-283, 285, Langland, 149
295, 322, 327

Laocoon, 155
Homeric Spirit in Walter Scott, 284 La Sechia Rapita, 257
Horace, I

L'Astree, 228
House of Fame, 115

Latin Poetry (Prof. Tyrrell's), 103,104
Howard, 9, 244

Layamon, 125-136
Hudibras, 254, 260-270

Lay of the Last Minstrel, 285
Hume, 148, 249-256

Lectures on Classical Subjects (Prof.
Hunt, Leigh, 156, 278

Hardie's), 108
Hurd, Bishop, 6, 150, 165

Lectures on Rhetoric (Blair's), 30
Hygeberht, 54

Lee, Vernon, 165, 169, 312
Hypercritica, 172

Leicester, Lord, 167
Hyperion, 325

Leir, 132

Le Lutrin, 257
Idea, the Shepherd's Garland, 182 Leofric, 78
Idylls of the King, 110, 278, 310-315 Leoline and Sydanis, 239
Iliad, 1-3, 9, 13, 26, 42, 47, 52, 68, Leonidas, 11, 242, 243, 246-248, 320
104, 123, 213, 231, 255, 281, 283, Leopardi, 320

Lessing, 155
Imaginary Conversations (Landor's), Locke, 150, 241

Lockhart, 292
Isabella, 280

Longinus, 1, 5, 23, 177, 216, 326

London (Glover's), 245, (Johnson's),
Jamie Telfer, 287

288
Jason, 316-319, 321

Long Poem in Wordsworth's Age,
Jebb, Prof., 14

(Prof. Bradley's), 328
Jerusalem Delivered, 99

Louis XIV., 228
Johnson, Dr., 168, 193, 204, 208, Lovers of Gudrun, 321

223, 224, 227, 241, 243, 245, 260, Lowell, 185, 200, 207, 217, 322
265, 266, 270, 288, 319

Lucan, 3, 4, 171, 246
Jonson, Ben, 7, 10, 148, 150, 173, Lusiada, 9, 162
179, 182, 183, 231, 260

Lyttleton, Lord, 246
Jordanes, 50
Judith, 92, 95

Mabie, Mr. H. W., 33
Juliana, 92, 95

Mabinogion, 45
Juvenal, 304

MacCarthy, 215

MacFlecknoe, 258, 274
Kames, Lord, 2, 6, 8, 18

Mackail, Prof., 319, 321
Katharine Jaffray, 32

Mackenzie, Sir George, 228
Keats, 150, 168, 176, 189, 236, 266, Madden, Sir F., 127
271, 280, 288, 310, 315, 325

Madoc, 290

322, 326

202

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