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Around the music of my lays they thirong, | And what fair visions oft we fancy nigh
Ah, too deserving objects of my song'

By fond delusions of the swimming eye,
Live, wondrous palace, live secure of time, Or further pierce through nature's maze to find
To senses harmony, to souls sublime,

How passions drawn give passions to the mind. And just proportion all, and great design,

Oh, what a sweet confusion ! what surprise! And lively colours, and an air divine.

How quick the shifting views of pleasure rise ! « 'Tis here that, guided by the Muse's fire, While, lightly skimming, with a transient wing, And fill'd with sacred thought, her friends retire, I touch the beauties which I wish to sing. Unbent to care, and unconcern'd with noise, Is verse a sovereign regent of the soul, To taste repose and elevated joys,

And fitted all its motions to control ? Which in a deep untroubled leisure meet,

Or are they sisters, tun'd at once above, Serenely ravishing, politely sweet. [choose, And shake like unisons if either move ? From hence the charms that most engage they For, when the numbers sing an eager fight, And, as they please, the glittering objects use; | I've heard a soldier's voice express delight; While to their genius, more than art they trust, I've seen his eyes with crowding spirits shine, Yet art acknowledges their labours just.

And round bis hilt his hand unthinking twine. From hence they look, from this exalted show, When from the shore the fickle Trojan flies, To choose their subject in the world below, And in sweet measures poor Eliza dies, And where a hero well deserves a name,

I've seen the book forsake the virgin's hand, They consecrate his acts in song to Fame; And in her eyes the tears but hardly stand. Or, if a science unadorn'd they find, [mind; I've known her blush at soft Corinna's name, They smooth its look to please and teach the and in red characters confess a flame: And where a friendship's generously strong, Or wish success had more adorn'd his arms, They celebrate the knot of souls in song;

Who gave the world for Cleopatra's charms. Or, if the verses must inflame desire,

Ye sons of glory, be my first appeal, The thoughts are melted, and the words on fire: If here the power of lines these lines reveal. But, when the temples deck'd with glory stand, When some great youth has with impetuousthought And hymns of gratitude the gods demand, Read o'er achievements which another wrought, Their bosoms kindle with celestial love,

And seen his courage and his honour go And then alone they cast their eyes above. Through crowding nations in triumphant show,

“ Hail, sacred Verse! ye sacred Muses, hail! His soul, enchanted by the words he reads, Could I your pleasures with your fire reveal, Shines all impregnated with sparkling seeds, The world might then be taught to know your And courage here, and honour there, appears And court your rage, and envy my delight. (right, In brave design that soars beyond bis years, But, whilst I follow where your pointed beams And this a spear, and that a chariot lends, My course directing shoot in golden stream:s, And war and triumph he by turns attends; The bright appearance dazzles Fancy's eyes, Thus gallant pleasures are his waking dream, Avd weary'd out the fix'd attention lies;

Till some fair cause have call'd him forth to fame. Enough, my verses, have you work'd my breast, Then, form'd to life on what the poet made, I'll seek the sacred grove, and sink to rest." And breathing slaughter, and in arms array'd, No longer now the ravish'd poet sung,

He marches forward on the daring foe, His voice in easy cadence left the tongue;

And emulation acts in every blow. Nor o'er the music did his fingers fly,

Great Hector's shade in fancy stalks along, The sounds ran tingling, and they seem'd to die. From rank to rank amongst the martial throng ;

0, Bolingbroke! O favourite of the skies, While from his acts he learns a noble rage, O born to gifts by which the woblest rise,

And shines like Hector in the present age. Improv'd in arts by which the brightest please, Thus verse will raise him to the victor's bays; Intent to business, and polite for ease;

And verse, that rajs'd him ,shall resound his praise. Sublime in eloquence, where loud applause

Ye tender beauties, be my witness too, Hath styl'd thee patron of a nation's cause. (great, If song can charm, and if my song be true. 'Twas there the world perceiv'd and own'd thee With sweet experience oft a fair may find Thence Anna call'd thee to the reins of state; Her passions mov'd by passions well design'd; « Go, said the greatest queen, with Oxford go, And then she longs to meet a gentle swain, And still the tumults of the world below,

And longs to love, and to be lov'd again. Exert thy powers, and prosper; be that knows And if by chance an amorous youth appears, To more with Oxford, never should repose." With pants and blushes she the courtship hears;

She spake : the patriot overspread thy mind, And finds a tale that must with theirs agree, And all thy days to public good resign'd.

And he's Septimius, and his Acme 'she : Else might thy soul, so wonderfully wrought Thus lost in thought her melted heart she gives, For every depth and turn of curious thought, And the rais'd lover by the poet lives. To this the poet's sweet recess retreat, And thence report the pleasures of the seat,

"With such a husband such a wife, Describe the raptures which a writer knows,

With Acme and Septimius' life, When in his breast a vein of fancy glows,

is the conclusion of Cowley's beautiful imitation Describe his business while he works the mine, of Catullus. On those lives an excellent prelate Describe huis temper when he sees it sbine, has observed, that, to the honour of Cowley's mo. Orsay, when readers easy verse ir snares,

rals and good taste, by a small deviation from bis How much the writer's mind can act on theirs : original, he has converted a loose love-poem into Whence images in charming numbers set, a sober epithalamium; we have all the grace, and A sort of likeness in the soul beget,

what is more, all the warmth of Catullus, without bis indecency. N.

THE

POEMS

OF

SIR SAMUEL GARTH:

VOL. IX.

THE

LIFE OF SIR SAMUEL GARTH.

BY DR. JOHNSON.

Samuel Garth was of a good family in Yorkshire, and from some school in his own country became a student at Peter-house in Cambridge, where he resided till he became doctor of physic on July the 7th, 1691. He was examined before the college at London on March the 12th, 1691-2, and adınitted fellow June 26th, 1693. He was soon so much distinguished by his conversation and accomplishments, as to obtain very extensive practice; and, if a pamphlet of those times may be credited, had the favour and confidence of one party, as Radcliffe had of the other.

He is always mentioned as a man of benevolence; and it is just to suppose that his desire of helping the helpless disposed him to so much zeal for the Dispensary; an undertaking, of which some account, however short, is proper to be given.

Whether what Temple says be true, that physicians have had more learning than the other faculties, I will not stay to inquire ; but, I believe, every man has found in physicians great liberality and dignity of sentiment, very prompt effusion of beneficence, and willingness to exert a lucrative art where there is no hope of lucre. Agreeably to this character, the college of physicians, in July 1687, published an edict, requiring all the fellows, candidates, and licentiates, to give gratuitous advice to the neighbouring poor.

This edict was sent to the court of aldermen; and, a question being made to whom the appellation of the poor should be extended, the college answered, that it should be sufficient to bring a testimonial from the clergyman officiating in the parish where the patient resided. .

After a year's experience, the physicians found their charity frustrated by some malignant opposition, and made to a great degree vain by the high price of physic; they therefore voted in August 1688, that the laboratory of the college should be accommodated to the preparation of medicines, and another room prepared for their reception ; and that the contributors to the expense should manage the charity.

It was now expected, that the apothecaries would have undertaken the care of providing medicines; but they took another course. Thinking the whole design pernicious to their interest, they endeavoured to raise a faction against it in the college, and found some physicians mean enough to solicit their patronage, by betraying to them the counsels of the college. The greater part, however, enforced by a new edict, in 1694, the former order of 1687, and sent it to the may or and aldermen, who appointed a committee to treat with the college, and settle the mode of administering the charity.

It was desired by the aldermen, that the testimonials of churchwardens and overseers should be admitted ; and that all hired servants, and all apprentices to handicraftsmen, should be considered as poor. This likewise was granted by the college.

It was then considered who should distribute the medicines, and who should settle their prices. The physicians procured some apothecaries to undertake the dispensation; and offered that the warden and company of the apothecaries should adjust the price. This offer was rejected; and the apothecaries who had engaged to assist the charity were considered as traitors to the company, threatened with the imposition of troublesome offices, and deterred from the performance of their engagements. The apothecaries ventured upon public opposition, and presented a kind of remonstrance against the design to the committee of the city, which the physicians condescended to confute; and at least the traders seem to have prevailed among the sons of trade ; for the proposal of the college having been considered, a paper of approbation was drawo up, but postponed and forgotten.

. The physicians still persisted; and in 1696 a subscription was raised by themselves, according to an agreement prefixed to the Dispensary. The poor were, for a time, supplied with medicines ; for how long a time, I know not. The medicinal charity, like others, began with ardour, but soon remitted, and at last died gradually away.

About the time of the subscription begins the action of the Dispensary. The poem, as its subject was present and popular, co-operated with passions and prejudices then prevalent, and, with such auxiliaries to its intrinsic merit, was universally and liberally applauded. It was on the side of charity against the intrigues of interest, and of regular learning against licentious usurpation of medical authority, and was therefore . naturally favoured by those who read and can judge of poetry.

In 1697, Garth spoke that which is now called the Harveian Oration ; which the authors of the Biographia mention with more praise than the passage quoted in their notes will fully justify. Garth, speaking of the mischiefs done by quacks, has these expressions : “ Non tamen telis vulnerat ista agyrtarum colluvies, sed theriacâ quâdam magis perniciosò, non pyrio, sed pulvere nescio quo exotico certat, non globulis plumbeis, sed pilulis æque lethalibus interficit.” This was certainly thought fine by the author, and is still admired by his biographier. In October 1702, he became one of the censors of the college.

Garth, being an active and zealous \Vhig; was a member of the Kit-cat club, and, by consequence, familiarly known to all the great men of that denonination. In 1710, when the government fell into other hands, he writ to lord Godolphin, on his dismission, a short poem, which was criticised in the Examiner; and so successfully either defended or excused by Mr. Addison, thiat, for the sake of the vindication, it ought to be preserved.

At the accession of the present family his ments were acknowledged and rewarded. He was knighted with the sword of his hero, Marlborough; and was made physiciant in ordinary to the king, and physician-general to the army.

He theu undertook an edition of Ovid's Metamorphoses, translated by several hands, which he recommended by a preface; written with wore ostentation than ability; bis

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