An Introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Early Indo-European Languages
The book presupposes minimal knowledge of linguistic theory, the bases of which are presented in the first chapter. The book is, however, intended for linguists as well as historians, anthropologists and others who, while not conversant with the data, may yet be interested in pursuing Indo-European studies. An underlying premise of the book is the belief that Indo-European studies have for some time remained a closed book for many gifted scholars--linguistic and otherwise--who, with an introduction to the subject, might be able to make their own contribution to the field. The book is envisioned not only as an undergraduate- or graduate-level university text, but also as a reference work for those scholars already participating in the discipline. --Book Jacket.
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A Portion of PIE
A ProtoIndoEuropean Text
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1ST SS 2a 1ST PAL 2a ASPIR DEVOI 2b OBSTR 2c PHONOTACTICS 2d SYL 4c UNSTRESSED 6b ei/ou-CHANGES 6b INFEC 7b j/w-CHANGES 7c NASAL 8a MORA LOSS 8b W-F SEG 9c LATER UNSTR-V ablaut acc sg adjectives aorist applying synchronically ASPIR STOPS athematic conj consonant DEASP declension DELAB derivation DEVOICING DIPH diphthongs EARLY UNSTR-V endings feminine forms gen sg Gothic grammar Greek PIE GREEK STRESS Hittite i-j/u-w ALT applying instr LARYNGEALS Latin PIE lenited lrish masculine morpheme neuter nom pl nom sg fem nom sg masc nom/acc nominative singular nouns o-class obstruent obstruent consonant occur OCSlav Old Church Slavic Old Irish paradigm participle perf PIE antecedent PIE nom sg PIE rule PIE sg plural present active pron PROTHESIS Sanskrit segment sg nom sonorant subjunctive suffix syllable synchronic rule SYNCOPE UMLAUT V-CONTRACT V-SHORT verb VERNER Vn-class vowel W-F SYL word-final word-initial