Изображения страниц
PDF
EPUB

said Peter, mournfully, as, steadying him « There's something in the bottom in the self by the mast, he cast a look seaward. stern-sheets ! screamed Peter. "It's him

" Row on --- let us get beside her," said self!-0 blessed Virgin, it's himself ! Harcourt.

And, with a bound, he sprung

from his own “ She's the yawl! I know her now," boat into the other. cried the man.

The next instant he had lifted the helpless And empty?"

body of the boy from the bottom of the “Washed out of her with a say, belike," boat, and, with a shout of joy, screamed said Peter, resuming his oar, and tụgging out with all his strength.

«« He's alive! - he's well! - it's only faA quarter of an hour's hard rowing tigue ! brought them close to the dismasted boat, Harcourt pressed his hands to his face, which, drifting broadside on the sea, seemed and sank upon his knees in prayer. at every instant ready to capsize.

poem,

ence."

THE MARQUIS OF LANSDOWNE AND SYMPATHY Mohammedanism” (F. Q. R. No. 23, 1833) — WITH LITERARY TALENT.

a subject on which Dr. Taylor afterwards wrote “The Marquis of Lansdowne being struck with a short a distinct work. The marquis continued Dr.

So it come,' by Frances Browne, which appeared in Taylor's friend and patron to the last; having the Athenæum, 'applied for information respecting the appointed him, as I was informed, but a short author; and on learning that she had been long beset by time before his early and lamented death, to & difficulties, placed £100 at her disposal, which was ac lucrative post on the Irish Statistical Commiscepted in the spirit in which it was offered." dian, Sept. 5.

sion -- & post for which he had given many On reading the above paragraph, I was re

proofs of fitness, not the least of which was by minded of a circumstance not less deserving Objects and Advantages of Statistical Sci

an article in the Foreign Quarterly, on the of honorable record, that occurred twenty-two years ago, on an occasion when the noble mar- munication to that Review was on Niebuhr's

(Vol. xvi. p. 205.) Dr. T.'s first comquis applied to me, then in the foreign house of Treuttel and Würtz, the publishers of the For- new edition of the Byzantine Historians, a eign Quarterly Revier for the purpose of subject selected by himself as his coup d'essai, ascertaining the author of an article in the and, in his treatment of it, affording evidence number just then published of that Review,

of such scholarship and ability, as convinced

the editor that Dr. T. would prove a most valuan article with which his lordship informed me

able contributor. he had been " so struck" his own words

JOHN MACRAY. that he was desirous of becoming acquainted

- Notes and Queries. with the writer of it. Being delighted by the occurrence of such an unexpected piece of good fortune to a young Irishman with whom I had It is well known that the albumen with which recently become acquainted, and whom I had any books have been sized, in the course of time introduced to the editor of the Review (the late (especially if they have been visited by damp) Mr. Cochrane, of the London Library) -I in- becomes altered in composition; I therefore sugformed his lordship that the article in question gest that the plan of marking books with a penwas written by a Mr. (afterwards Dr.) Cookecil be adopted, and for these reasons : After the Taylor, a literary man who had recently come writing is finished, it can be fixed with milk, and to London from Trinity College, Dublin; and will remain perfect many years in a dry place. who was then chiefly occupied in writing for the It does not disfigure the book, and both lead and booksellors. His lordship added that he had milk being on the surface, they can be erased at some works in his library, which he thought any time with a sharp knife, but the lead can would interest Mr. Taylor, whom he would be never be destroyed by fire. I have some writing glad to see any morning at Lansdowne House. in pencil by me, as distinet as when written more I lost no time in acquainting Mr. Taylor with than ten years ago. The milk should be dabbed this striking tribute to the merits of his com-on with a sponge, otherwise the lead will be rubmunication from a nobleman of such distin- bed off, and this will make the writing less clear, guished discernment of literary talent and of and give the book a dirty appearance. The plan sympathy for its gifted possessors. The article has also this advantage: notes written anywhere which attracted Lord Lansdowne's attention in can be fixed anywhere where milk is to be had, 80 remarkable a manner, was (if my memory -& desideratum for travellers. - AVON LEA. does not deceive me), “On Mohammed and Notes and Queries.

8

[ocr errors]

a

From The Spectator.

tity. Shakspere was a greater dramatist cerLEWES' LIFE OF GOETHE. *

tainly, and we think with equal certainty a Axong the literary men of the last hundred much greater poet. But Goethe wrote Were years, there is no more interesting figure than ther, and Wilhelm Meister, and the WahlverJohann Wolfgang Goethe. With the excep- wandtschaften, as well as Goetz, Egmont, and tion of Napoleon Bonaparte, there is no one, Faust. Milton could roll on in majestic wordbe he writer or actor, who stands out from thunder, and unfold to his grand music picthe mass of his contemporaries 80 promi- tures as grand ; but where are we to look in nently, and who is so sure of being more and Milton for the figures to put beside Mignon, more identified — as time rolls on, ripening Philina, Clärchen, and greatest of all, the all things that are true, and destroying all Faust-Gretchen ? Bacon was minister of a things that are false and partial — with the greater sovereign than Karl August, and of history of this period. Whatever else perishes greater state than little Saxon Weimar, and is forgotten, these two — the king of wise moralist, a noble prose-writer, the man thought and the king of deed — will be among to whom more than to any one Europe owes the everlasting heirlooms of European civiliza- her scientific method. The discovery of the tion ; the ideas to which they gave articulate maxillary bone in man, the idea of the verteform with the pen and with the sword will brate character of the skull, the elaborated be

among the conscious influences destined to theory of the metamorphosis of plants, though shape the ideas, the character, and the con- they indicate a marvellous advance on conduct of our latest posterity. Writers fond temporary notions of philosophic method, and of antithesis somewhat hastily pronounce, in are themselves important steps in the science comparing the influence of two such men, of development, must yield to the Novum that the empire of the king of speech is of a Organum and the De Augmentis. But the more permanent character than that of the wonder is, that these discoveries should have king of action ; as if the first Napoleon ceased been made by the author of Werther and to sway the world when he ceased to lead the Hermann and Dorothea. Walter Scott was armies of France—as if the changes he effected even more prolific, and in literature quite as in Europe had been really obliterated by the various ; but, to say nothing of the important treaty of Vienna! Calmer observers may re- difference that Scott's variety is only specific, member that the earth bears traces to this even enthusiastic Edinburgh would hesitate day of primæval delages, Noachian or Ethnic; in placing the quality of Scott's best works and, since Mr. Carlyle made the comparison on a level with that of Goethe's best ; and between Goethe and Napoleon, a second em- posterity will probably agree with Carlyle pire has arisen, to prove that great action in classing the two men at very different eleSoW8 a seed which may be as prolific and as vations, and, while they regard Scott as the enduring in its progeny as great speech.

man who does best to amuse the leisure-hour, Goethe interests 18 on his own account, and will assign to Goethe the nobler function of on account of the persons by whom he was occupying the most serious studies of the surrounded. He is not only the greatest highest intellects, of blending the ministry of figure in German literature, but he is the Wisdom with the grace of Art, profound recentre of the greatest group. He is not only flection and wide culture with the force of imthe Shakspere of Germany, bat the Shakspere agination and the play of humor. of the Elizabetban age of Germany; not only

Thus producing largely, in the most various the author of the greatest works, but the fields, and with consummate excellence, Goesource of the widest influence. Filling with the was as a matter of course a man of wide bis own activity the largest circle of thought, acquaintance and of vast influence. What a and cultivating to their highest power facul- group of names that is which spontaneously ties originally of extraordinary fertility, he rises to the recollection associated with his?

more than any other writer what a vast change in the literature of his that we know, excellence, variety, and quan- country is blended inseparably in the mind,

as it was in fact, with the different æras of his * The Life and Works of Goethe: with Sketches of his life! The fact becomes most impressive when fished Sources. By G. H. Lewes, Author of "The Bio- we remember what German literature means praphical History of Philosopby," &c. In two polumes. to a German or a cultivated Englishman now,

has combined,

Published by Natt.

ume.

and what it meant before Goethe's time. The share. Form and substance in poetry are only names of importance that precede his inseparable without vital injury to the poem are Klopstock and Lessing; and how small which undergoes transformation into another now is the practical influence of the former! language. But we think Goethe labors under Round Goethe's image we now see Herder, prejudices which, quite apart from ignorance Schiller, Wieland, the two Humboldts, the of the German language and the inevitable two Schlegels, Jacobi, Novalis, Jean Paul loss of beauty and force which poetry underRichter, and a crowd of others whose works goes in translation, impede his claim to be are on the shelves of every reading man's studied with affectionate attention, - prejulibrary. The Goethe literature has attained dices which affect the English reader of Gera bulk which would make its complete mas-man, as well as the reader of German literature tery a life study. Werther, Goetz, von Ber- translated into English. They are mainly lichingen, Faust, and Wilhelm Meister, were three, and may be summed up in the charge each in their turn the fruitful parents of a of want of heart, laxity of morals, indifferentpatriarchal family of imitations. The amount ism in politics. Like all lies that obtain any of activity excited by Goethe's works in the currency, there is a basis of facts, which, way of comment, criticism, and imitation, is, interpreted by a disposition to see everything it appears to us, quite without parallel, and from one particular point of view, and a must always be a prominent topic in any ade- resolution to believe a great man a little man quate literary history of the period. We be- if possible, lend color to these charges : and lieve that the catalogue of books illustrative the general public, which knows nothing else of Goethe already fills a moderate octavo vol- of Goethe, is sure when his name is mentioned

He attained the questionable advantage to recognize him as the man who went about of being made a classic when he was yet alive; in his yoạth breaking women's hearts, and and while eager visitors took pilgrimages to in his old age made love to an innocent imWeimar as to a shrine of mysterious sanctity, pulsive girl, to put her fresh feelings into and not seldom found the god silent and some-poems for which his cold nature could not times terrible, ruthless commentators raised else find material ; as the man who had illehideous discord of the critic orchestra round gitimate children by a low woman, whom his unresisting books, and tried to unflesh the he was afterwards fool enough to marry, and clearest art in Europe into metaphysical dry was served right; as the man who, when bones, and to interpret, as they call it, mag- Germany rose - a nation for the moment nificent music into formula of school or cate- against Napoleon, had no sympathy with the chism of sect.

movement, and who all his life preferred to A phenomenon of such magnitude, so wide be the servile courtier of a petty prince rather and complex in its relations when viewed even than the poet of a free people. in its literary aspect alone, was not likely to Now, so far as these prejudices have really make itself clearly understood at first glance; stood in the way of England's recognition of and while in Germany Goethe's rank as Goethe's true greatness, and have prevented facile princeps has not seriously been disputed, many from reading his works, and distorted though Schiller was, and may be for all we the judgments of many who have dipped into know still, the more popular poet - the Eng- them, the publication of this Life by Mr. lish public has scarcely yet begun to give him Lewes will be a signal service to truth and place among its household favorites of the justice. All these charges are candidly met, exotic species. His literary worth is accepted the facts on which they are founded stated rather on the testimony of acknowledged au- with honesty, and the inferences from them thorities than on experience. And this, fairly and thoroughly discussed. Mr. Lewes natural enough among people who read his is a great admirer of Goethe, as it is necesworks only in translations, is also very largely sary that a biographer should be ; but his true of English people who read German. admiration has not made him shirk facts apSo far as the excellence of his poems is un- parently to the discredit of his hero. It is of translatable --- and this would include all his that deeper kind which has faith enough in lyrics and the finest qualities of his dra- its object to refuse to allow any shade of susmatic poetry – there is no remedy for an picion to rest upon his character ; all shall be absence of appreciation which all foreign poets clear at any rate, whether it tells for him or

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small]

against him. And the result is, that, while limit appears to us wisely chosen

- he has Goethe is shown to be a man, and as a man selected judiciously and arranged skilfully; with the temperament as well as the faculties and we owe to him a very complete and satof the poet to have done much he ought not isfactory account of the life and writings of to have done and left undone much which he the greatest literary man of modern Europe. ought to have done, he is also shown to have Most persons who know of Goethe anything possessed one of the noblest and sweetest na- more than his name, know of his Strasburg tures ever given to erring man, and to have passion ; and those who know and honor him lived as ever in the eyes of the Great Task- best have had hard thoughts of him for his master who had given him his talents, and treatment of Frederika. Why he did not was by that gift calling him to discharge great marry her, has been often asked ; and never duties. Whatever other causes may here- very satisfactorily answered. Mr. Lewes disafter militate against Goethe's popularity in cusses the question with marked good sense England among persons whose judgment is and moderation, and this is his verdict : worth anything on such a question, the old " I believe, then, that the egoism of genius, misconceptions of his character and conduct which dreaded marriage as the frustration of must henceforth go into Time's waste-paper- a career, had much to do with Goethe's rebasket.

nunciation of Frederika ; not consciously, But Mr. Lewes has not written a polemical perhaps, but powerfully. Whether the alarm book, though our first thought of it has been was justifiable, is another question, and is wonnected with the vast amount of rubbish it It is mere assumption to say marriage would

not to be disposed of with an easy phrase. is calculated to render finally obsolete among have crippled his genius.' Had he loved her Rs. It is, on the contrary, an animated nar- enough to share a life with her, his experirative, that never flags in interest, and leaves ence of women might have been less extenthe reader at the end of the second volume sive, but it would assuredly have gained an longing for more ; the work of a man writing element it wanted. It would have been OD 8 subject of which he knows much more

deepened. He had experienced, and he could than he tells , and whose chief difficulty has paint (no one better), the exquisite devotion

of woman to man; but he had scarcely ever been to compress his ample materials into the felt the peculiar tenderness of man for woman, prescribed space. We have been so accus- when that tenderness takes the form of vigitomed of late to lives of inferior men written lant protecting fondness. He knew little, in many volumes by men inferior to them, that and that not until late in life, of the subtile at first it seems dificult to believe that an ade- interweaving of habit with affection, which quate life of Goethe, who lived eighty-three makes life saturated with love, and 'love it

self become dignified through the serious years, and whose actuating principle was aims of life. He knew little of the exquisite * ohne Hast

, ohne Rast,” can be compressed companionship of two souls striving in emuinto two volumes. But a thorough study of lous spirit of loving rivalry to become better, his subject

, a careful preparation extended to become wiser, teaching each ether to soar. through many years, a conscientious devotion He knew little of this ; and the kiss, Fredeto a task voluntarily undertaken, and trained rika ! he feared to press upon thy loving lips skill in anthorship, have enabled Mr. Lewes

- the life of sympathy he refused to share

with thee conreg a lively representation of the man his works."

- are wanting to the greatness of Goethe as he lived, of the society of which he Was the centre, of the general characteristics

But on the charge that Goethe sacrificed of the time, and to blend with all this picture his genius to a Court life, Mr. Lewes can of the man and his environment ample ana- acquit his client with the consent of all men lytical criticism on his principal writings, and of sense. intelligent discussion of the principles upon " As we familiarize ourselves with the dewhich poetry and prose fiction should be con- tails of this episode, there appears less and dacted. To say that more might be written less plausibility in the often iterated declaon all these subjects, is to say siinply that Mr. mation against Goethe on the charge of his Lewes has written a work of art, and not having 'sacrificed his genius to the Court."

ille

om und

nen

the

her

ally

ted

ted nto Ir.

[ocr errors]

nd

et,

ced

em

It becomes indeed a singularly foolish disthrown before the public a quarry of raw ma- play of rhetoric. Let us for a moment conterial or a bundle of separate treatises. With-sider the charge. He had to choose a career. in the space he has chosen to fill - and the That of poet was then, even more than now,

of En

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

pense to me.'

ad tir hic his

Re: veretou: "une. r ** 7 wir etiquette." LET. EVET tamu au mnes

E ne-Lurt rusinan to which # protes. * COL" CILT

Et tertind is eas. Proin to **** a cara umutit. Dhe IL TILL Tertand 118 rez. profozat to 18. i 10 tund; ip*11** V..

1s Bad is grains bien of mwiti mig U2

ni turma dwich prodces gratib festivities at the moment. Ormer untent martyrs — had it been his when tree onlar 12 # ml E JL-200 d agitate mankind by words which, mak srbergivers de VOTUTE : Jas me wanting to their inmost recesses. called but bp iulowed. ** Progo tem mem to lay down their lives in the service SEL, TIM te Sum dulci ne bi se o idea – had it been his tendency to

WILT IT T *anz necii inte upon the far-off destinies of nan, his macet nap mimi urmi and sway nen by the cereion of grand repTW.I 2003 ife in 'ier- resentative abstrietions, - then, indeed, we ary *****, DET French books might say bis pise was sloof from the motfor a mile pitees" "Time, in any les throng, and not in sailing down the , wud hare been flaimed; in return swirtir-dowing stream to sounds of mirth and for that given to Karl August, he received, music on the banks. But be was not a no as he confesses in the poem addressed to che forna, not a sim. He was a poet, whose Duke, . what the great seldom bestow riigida res bestos, hoe Fosship was of affection, leisure, confidence, garden and Natur, TX - Tu.ne. His mishouse. No one have I had to thank but him; sio2 TuS * ma İ: unit te tbat it was and much have I wanted, who, as a poet, ill. requisik i v litr., Dom understood the arts of gain. If Europe praised me, what has Europe done for me?

"The mi že

min his sag.' Nothing. Even my works have been an er Aspria itu mirs indeed bare

surrounded tin ani gra tim a greata * In 1801, writing to his mother on the sphere. li mozed here beca ray diferent

, complaints uttend against him be the sabe da ki, i sbare bed bea a nation to who judged so fall of his condition, be

appesis, itsesi of s beterogeneous mas wars they only see risi de gare up. As parties, willing enough to talk of What be gained-tberault Boi cancebad Fatherista. Bet in zowie prepared to have how be grew daty rieker, tboaga Le dazt amet 3 sation. There are ment sober its in gare up so much. He calages that the shich boek virsze aald be found : but innarrow circle of a bangber life would bare seusch as be wald not creste circumstances, ill anvrded with his ardent sad wide-svæpn we zost follow bis esample, and be content ing spirit. Had he remained at Frankfors, with what she gods provided. I do not, I be would bare been ignorant of the world, confess, see what other obere was open to But here the panorama of life was unrolled him in which

his gains could have been before him, and his experience was every way more sacred; but I do me that be built Badarged. Did not Leonardo da Vinci spend out of circumstane s Doble temple in which Duch of his time charming the Court of Mi- the altar-fame burdt with a steady bigbt. luo with his poetry and lute-playing? did he To hypothetical biographers be left the sask not also spend time in mechanical and bydro- of settling what Gocide sughat have been ; studied inbons for the state? No reproach enough for us to eatch some glimpse of what is lifted against his august name; Do one he was." Chies OUI LgLinst his being false to his genius; no one rebuse him for baring painted so little

[merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

As a specimen of the racestive partion of a: one parind. The · Last Supper ' speaks for the book we sabjoin the socount of Goetba's him. Will not Tasso. Iphigenia, Hermann daily life at Weimar, about the beginning of the Timothee, Faust, Mester, and the long this century, when he was fifty yauns did be: a freetnes warks, speak for him ?

se han owult mainly on the dissipation of "He rose at seren, sometimes earlier, of ines res because the notion that a court life ter a sound and prolonged skep: for, like aan de grote tr* norrupting his mind' Thorwaldsen, he had a talent for sitening strenostemu. No render of this biogra- only surpassed by his talent fx nataratas *. * vmod. vill fail to see the work. Till eleven be rorted without inte

ELTA I Friit be stood to the ruption. A cup of chocolate was than * 1in my vine from anything brought, and he resumed wori mil litt. At

iT aris genuine im- two he dined. This meal was ut innan

TUOREN I STE * In the womplaints against meal of the day. His aspects was iman. cerche: so the westeptionable au- Eren on the days when be empikuined of not pot fi monti e tut made by the sub- being hungry, he ate must mure than met

**{ "fari. Teing suteieatly atten- men. Puddings, sweet, and be vett

anc fac tho knc lish plac exot math thor natu wor! true So fc trans lyric matic abser

6

« ПредыдущаяПродолжить »