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in it. My own temperament and nature are - Pericles, Xenophon, Themistocles, Scipio, 80 giren to boldness, not to say rashness, and Marius, Cæsar, Hannibal, Alexander, Narses ; my studies, which of late years have been the great moderns Charlemagne, Alfred, entirely with the doings of the great men at the Plantagenets, Sixtus the Fifth, Ximenes, the end of the fifteenth century and the Richelieu (I take the names just as they beginning of the sixteenth, may induce nu come into my head), Cortes, Henry the to overrate boldness. A man who has passed Fourth, Frederick of Prussia, Clive, Chatham, a great part of the last years, as I have, in Cromwell ; is not boldness the very breath of studying the despatches of Cortes, is not likely their life in such characters ? Would not to be enamored of timid counsels.

the newspapers, and the clubs, and society in But then this error, as I conceive it to be, general have had many unpleasant comments this want of boldness, is quite as visible in to make upon these men ? And would they civil as in military affairs. Carry to a states have been quelled by such comments, if they man of the present day any good plan pro- had the greatness in them which I believe viding a remedy for some great abuse, for they had ? which he is bound to find a remedy. He Ellesmere. You have banged us about will listen to you patiently, then take a sly with such a lot of great names, that I hardly glance over his shoulder at the clock (which know where I am. One thing I am certain glance, however, the deputation are meant to of, that some of your great characters would, perceive). He will say something to this occasionally, have figured in the police reports

" You are quite right; the abuse is as well as in the leading articles. But all of very great. I am sure, I grieve over it. them, in one way or other, would have afYour plan, too, is excellent. But there are forded plenty of occasion for comments. Not many objections to it. I doubt whether we less than seven of the most scurrilous amongst can be sure of its succeeding. I doubt religious papers would have lived upon the whether, in the present state of public affairs, doings of Pericles. &c., &c., I doubt whether, in the present

Milverton. But he would have gone on temper of the House of Commons, &c., &c. doing. I tell you that I see this doating But, gebtleinen (another glance at the clock, upon assured success, this love of unimpeachnot 80 furtive), if you would have the good- ability, even in our charities. They too ness to put your views in writing, they shall must be perfectly prudent, they too must be meet with all due consideration at the hands exactly wise, they too must succeed. How of Her Majesty's Government." Bows are different to the noble words, “Cast thy bread then interchanged.

"How do you do, Lord upon the waters, for thou shalt find it after —?" (this to the head of the deputation). many days.” “I hope Lady Am is going on well. I am I have made a long tirade, but it may

all 80 glad to hear it's a boy. Good morning, be expressed in few words. We are afraid gentlemen.” The deputation retires. of doing something, for fear it might be The minister knows the thing ought to be wrong, for fear it might be blamed, not

after year

his want of bold- seeing what evil there may be in doing
ness, bis anxiety to see his way, as he calls nothing.
it, his desire to be safe, prevents the thing But

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done. But

what I have just said does not apply being undertaken. And 80 we have safe to the management of the present war parmen everywhere, - safe admirals cafe ticularly, but to the conduct of all of us, to bishops.

the present generation, to the present century. Let me pause for a moment. I have not It results, too, from many good things : from quite worked out what I mean to say. It is a strong desire to have a fair character ; from the desire of being unimpeachable that dead- a great wish to do nothing wrong; from an ens men's energies, from the highest to the anxiety to go through life blamelessly. Of lowest. We hate to be commented upon by course we cannot always act with vigor when newspapers. Any man, however, who cared we are weighing nice responsibilities. deeply about his work, would be beyond and Finally (for I see I am making a long above newspapers. Call back the great men speech), though I must admit we have plenty of former ages, - David, Solomon, St. Paul, of cause for self-condemnation, we have, I St. Augustin, St. Cyprian ; the great ancients think, at the same time, every reason to be



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hopeful for this country. The good and I am delighted, my dear Milverton, to find
sound spirit which has been shown through- you so rational. It is far beyond my hopes
out all classes, the anxiety to do right wbich and expectations. (Here ELLESMERE began to
has been manifested, the calm, I might almost dance again, and the girls to laugh immoder-
say the cruel, way in which we have exposed ately.]
and analyzed our own faults and shortcom Dunsford. For goodness' sake, Ellesmere,
ings, the personal bravery which the British behave yourself. Here are some of our
have shown, the absence of all malignant excellent allies coming to the windows.
feeling towards our enemy, the heartiness of (ELLESMERE suddenly subsided into propriety of
our feeling towards our brave allies, are all demeanor.)
to me sources of the highest confidence. Ellesmere. Yes, yes ! I must behave

Those who pretend to see, and who cer- myself. We must do everything here to tainly wish to see, symptoms of decadence in make ourselves agreeable, and not ridiculous. this great people, may fancy that they per- Henceforward you shall see in me the grave ceive such things. For my own part, I never deportment of a man who has once been Her felt more happy and more proud to be an Majesty's Solicitor-General. Now this alliEnglishman than I have in the years eighteen ance, which has made us find out that hundred and fifty-four and eighteen hundred Englishmen and Frenchmen, need not be and fifty-five. (Here ELLESMERE began to hereditary enemies, is an indescribable benefit, dance what I call his war-dance, which consists is equal, in my opinion, to the discovery in ss - pirouetting," I believe they call it, but of Australia. O! I will be so decorous all which chiefly seems to be executed by one leg, the time that we are in France. They shall and is to my mind more like a succession of see what a solid fellow (solid is a favorite arerted tumbles than dancing.)

word of theirs) an English lawyer can be. Ellesmere. Hurrah ! hurrah ! a great (Here ELLESMERE walked away to his rooms event! Let the town-crier perform a fantasia with a dignity and gravity which well became on the bell, and call all good people to wit- his handsome presence. Once he turned round ness that here is a philosopher who for once to wink at us; but his march was for the most in his life, and on one subject, does not pre-part very stately. And so the contersation tend to be wiser than commonplace people. ended.]

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Full Fig. – I am afraid your correspondent, “ love of a mantle; " and that, after passing who seeks an explanation of this term, must be through a few more stages, « No. 10, full an old bachelor, or long ago he must have ob- fig.(ure) » would display to his admiring gaze served his “ better half” periodically poring a perfect realization of the term as he uses it, in over some ladies' magazine, and devouring the the beflounced, bemantled, and bebonneted beauty fashions set forth in all their gorgeous array on in all the colors of the rainbow spread out before the curious, smiling, distressingly pinkfaced and him, — full fig. to all intents and purposes. kiss-me-quick representations of the fair sex

R. W. HACKWOOD. therein depicted; at which bewitching figures, In reply as to this slang expression, I venture if he had had the curiosity and courage to take to suggest that it may allude to the primitive a nearer glance, he would most probably have dress of our first parents, and their concealment found that the full-blown countenance pro- of themselves because they were naked : fig truding from an apparatus like a foreshortened standing for “fig-leaf;” and “ full fig.” meanstrawberry-pottle bedecked with ribbons and ing such a dress as enables you to exhibit yourflowers, in present specimens, or enshrined in a self without shame. straw coal-scuttle in times gone by, was labelled The Italians have an expression," in fiocchi," “No. 1, Head Dress,” or “ Bonnet à la Some- corresponding exactly with “ in full fig.,

The body or Something. Continuing his exam- substantive focci signifies “a tassel; ination he would have found “No. 2, Demi- abito coi fiocchi ” is si a coat with tassels or tags fig:(ure)” to be the “ portrait of a lady ” with on it:" and hence, to be in fiocchi means her neck twisted in some impossible manner, be in full dresg." Can fig be a corruption of 80 as to exhibit the beauties of the back part of this?

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STYLITES. the before-figured pottle, and the front of some

Notes and Queries.


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From Chambers' Journal. It would be an easy task to demonstrate that HISTORICAL WORDS.

the greater number of the words put in the

mouth of Napoleon Bonaparte are nothing but THERE are recorded, in the history of mankind, many words with which everybody is popular fiction. But go to the farm and the

workshop; there, the cry of the sentry — " And acquainted, and in the genuineness of which if you are the Petit Caporal, you shall not everybody believes. Sometimes the whole sig

pass - and other familiar discourses between nification of a great event lies, so to say, hidden the mighty emperor and his affectionate solin them. They give vent to a common and diers, are more readily believed than the address public feeling, and therefore they are accepted at the foot of the Pyramids or the adieu of by high and low, with no more distrust than the Fontainebleau. There exist thick volumes full fact itself to which they refer.

of apocryphal Napoleon anecdotes : in this reAntiquity has transmitted to succeeding ages spect, he is inferior to none, not even to Fredmany words, both simple and sublime, worthy erick the Great of Prussia. of the deeds of the heroes of the time. In this

There is also a word commonly attributed to case, inquiry is of no avail, and we must accept the celebrated General Kleber, who succeeded all such sayings as truthful traditions. All we Bonaparte in Egypt as commander-in-chief, and are able to do is, to examine whether the words who is said, by nearly all the historians, to have attributed to Alexander, Pericles, Cincinnatus, Aattered the future dictator by exclaiming, “ You Cæsar, are worthy of these great men; and

are as great as the world.” The truth is, that if we find they could have said so, why, they the simple and heroic Kleber never uttered did say so. But, bappily or not for the time these words; for he, like his republican colof the moderns, historical criticism is there less leagues, Desaix and Alexandre Dumas, foresaw dificult; and it is really curious to inquire and feared the ambitious designs of the talented whether the words which are attributed to high Corsican. General Alexandre Dumas at least persons, especially to crowned heads, were truly the father of the illustrious romance-writer uttered by them.

always denied the statement; and it is certain No history abounds more than that of France that he, the gallant friend of Kleber, Desais, in historical sayings—in mots, as the French Augereau, and Brune, lived and died under the say; and in no other country does a single word, first empire greatly neglected. when appropriate to the circumstances, produce We come now to an anecdote of a more pleasing 80 much sensation. Yet it so happens, that character. Every history of the two French scarcely any of these famous mots are authentic; restorations of 1814 and 1815 relates that the and, strange as it may seem, it is precisely those Duc d'Artois, afterwards King Charles X., in that are received without question that are the making his entrée into Paris, pronounced the most false.

words: “ Nothing is changed in France; there Who has not read, in the appalling history of is only one Frenchman more.” Happy words the execution of Louis XVI., the beautiful sen- in the mouth of a prince returning from exile, tence put in the mouth of the Abbé Edgeworth and happy the Bourbons if they had always When the unfortunate monarch was on the point kept these words in mind ! But, here again, of receiving the deadly blow of the guillotine : we must declare that this promising sentence " Son of St. Louis, ascend to heaven!” Have was never uttered. The famous Talleyrand, of we not all, on hearing these pious and exalted cunning memory, had in the evening of that words, been touched to the heart; and did one eventful day a rather select party assembled at of us ever doubt the accuracy of the record? his hôtel, and asked the company, as a matter The priest must have said so, is the common of course : “What did the prince say?” The notion. Not only did all the important histo- general answer was: “Nothing at all.” “But,” rians of the French Revolution, M. Thiers in-exclaimed the sly diplomatist, " he must have cuded, vouch for the accuracy of that scene, said something; and addressing a well-known bat, whether in the hut or the palace, in the political writer, he continued : "B you are home of the republican or of the royalist, every- a wit; go into my closet and make a mot.body takes the

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words of the Abbé Edgeworth for B went, and came back three times; his a granted truth. And, nevertheless, the worthy wit was at fault, and his ideas did not satisfy clergyman declared publicly in writing, more the company. At last he returned a fourth than thirty years ago, that the words were a time, and pronounced with triumphant emmere invention : he never uttered them on the phasis the above-mentioned patriotic words : scaffold of the Place de la Révolution. And Nothing is changed in France; there is only yet, in spite of that public declaration, the one Frenchman more.” Talleyrand applauded: touching farewell is still repeated again and the Duc d'Artois had found his mot; and the again. For critics, it is no more an historical next day the papers made it known to the

world, saying, but the rest of the nation take it as and, as an old French author says, “In this such, and thereby give expression merely to manner history is written.”

their own feeling

company. Everybody else, he said, made | amongst you learned and philosophic men, I some silly or impertinent jest.

am kicked about like a foot-ball. I suppose Ellesmere. I have long seen that Mil- you have some fine name for that process, verton considers himself one of the few gentle- which quite takes it out of the nature of dismen left; and that the rest of us form one courtesy. wide, waste, howling wilderness of snobs. Milverton. My dear Sir John (we will

Milverton. You may sneer, Ellesmere, always give him his title for the future), one but, if asking the fewest possible questions, measures the stroke by the rebound. You making the fewest impertinent comments, are an attackative animal. If we did not and being always on the watch, lest my inti- reply sharply to you, you would imagine that macy with any one should suppress my cour- your attacks had been feeble. We, therefore, tesy towards him, constitute any part of a reply to you somewhat sharply sometimes, in gentleman, I lay claim to that part. One order to persuade you that your attacks have must speak up for one's self sometimes. Now not been feeble. We do it in a spirit of the your treatise

on Contingent Remainders highest courtesy. (Ellesmere, gentlemen, is one of those judi Ellesmere. And the deepest satire. Thank cious men who have always some great book you all for your great consideration. I supon hand, which never appears) — have I ever pose Miss Mildred is actuated by the same asked you a question about it? As you are charitable motives. I knew that in this subsilent on the subject, I suppose you to be lime company fine words would never be want worried by some Contingent Remainder which ing, whatever else might be. will not fall into the right track ; and I avoid Milverton. Ah, I assure you I am quite asking any question which might be disagree- in earnest. I do not know of any things that able.

are more abused in this world than intimacy, Ellesmere. You do not care about the friendship, relationship, companionship. I matter : you will never look at the book have written, I trust, my last essay, but when it does come — which will be shortly, if — perhaps in seven years.

Ellesmere. Thank goodness. Let the Milverton. Yes, I shall. I shall look at world say grace over that announcement. the preface, and see whether anything occurs Your essays were a little better than sermons to me to suggest for a second edition. Great - they were shorter. As, however, frail hulawyers sometimes fail to write good English. man nature always sees great merit in sufferThen I shall endeavor to ascertain what a ing, it reads serious books, and, of course, Contingent Remainder is — whether it is looks out for the least dull amongst them. animal, mineral, or vegetable ; and then I But they were dull, my dear fellow. shall put the book down - proud of it, and Milverton. Well, my great objection to prouder still of you.

them is not their dulness, though I admit Dunsford. The Duke of Wellington — that, - but that such writing tends to place

Ellesmere. Now we are going to have the writer in a dignified and seemingly virtuone of Dunsford's tremendous jumps in con- ous position, which, in my case certainly, the versation.

writer had no business whatever to occupy. Dunsford. The Duke of Wellington told Dunsford. I do not admit that. Colonel Gurwood, who in a day or two after

“He best shall paint them who has felt them wards told a gentleman, whose son, one of my pupils, told me (I like a good voucher for Who so fit to write about errors, passions, a story), that over familiarity had been the follies, as the man who has felt them, sufcause of more friendships being broken off than fered from them, transacted them? Perhaps anything else. And without any great duke the reason that men of my cloth write so ill, to back me up, I say that friends cannot be as you wits say we do, is that, in the main, too courteous to one another, and that cour they are such good men. tesy never hindered love.

Ellesmere. Well, this surpasses anything Midhurst (aside). There is not much of I have ever heard in audacity. The quiet that to binder.

way in which Dunsford has brought round Ellesmere. Then hoy do you account for this conversation to a sort of beatification of your conduct to me? When I venture the clergy is something stupendous.


write essays.

Milverton. There is a great deal of truth us lasting lessons in humanity, and do not in what he says, though.

Mildred. Butif I may interrupt, and sug- Milverton. Ellesmere is not fond, himself, gest that any of you wise, logical men-crea- of teasing, that is one comfort. But what tures ever wander from the subject, may I ask you say of animals, Ellesmere, reminds me of upon what subject we might have had one something I was going to ask you. You more " last essay"?

know how quickly and easily you lawyers Milverton. Upon teasing, my dear. make money, when you have once got to the

Ellesmere. Pray give us the heads of it, top of the tree : now, will you give the next Milverton ; especially if so doing will prevent hundred guineas you earn to the Society the thing itself being written. But I always which there is for protecting animals ? I will distrust you didactic writers. Virtuous or add five to it; and if you knew the difficulty vicious, modest or presuming, you are always with which we poor devils of authors get breaking into didaction. Confine yourself money, and the love which we have for therefore to heads, and when you come to spending it recklessly, you would not think “Serenteenthly," and "To conclude," do I am asking you to give disproportionably conclude, instead of beginning again with ap- much. parently renewed energy, and thus driving Ellesmere. Consider, my dear fellow, the your hearers' to despair.

good we do, and the evil that for the most part Milverton. Well, I should show how teas- you do. But I will give the money. That ing pervaded all societies, - boys' schools, certainly is a most creditable Society. girls' schools, private families, the men in fac- Mildred. I am quite out of my province, tories - in workshops —on cab-stands — in I know, in making any remarks to such a Boards — in Parliaments. I should endeavor learned and wise company; but is it not funto show the base cowardliness of it, the im- ny, the way in which we began by talking mense uakindness ; how, veil it as you please, about passports, and have come to a subscripit is the many against one.

tion to the Society for the Prevention of Ellesmere. Just my case ; just what I suf- Cruelty to Animals ? fer in this worshipful company.

Midhurst. There is the closest connection, Milverton. No, you are more than equal Miss Vernon, between the subjects. A more to us all, - you oppress us all. The practised cruel, ludicrous, unmeaning persecution than power of your tongue makes you into a mob this of passports I cannot imagine. against us. But, to resume. I should even Ellesmere. Taking the whole case fairly try to show how this habit of teasing some into consideration, I think we Britishers must times entered into our conduct with animals. annoy foreigners when they come to see us far I should then turn about and make some pal- more than they annoy us when we come to liation for it, and endeavor to prove, what I see them — in a passive way, I mean. Think firmly believe, that it results from dulness — what his first English Sunday must be to a that, to speak mathematically, it is a function lively Frenchman. However, our dulness bas of dulness, - and that according as a com- this advantage — it secures us against the munity is in itself gay and joyful (and truly occupation of our country for more than six good men are full of joy), and as a commu- days. A foreign enemy would be so tired of nity has the rational means of amusement, so us after the seventh, that he would retreat does teasing diminish. Were there, indeed, upon some pretext or other — “strategical," more good music in the world, there would he would call it, but anti-Sabbatical it would be much less ill-natured personal comment, be. much less teasing.

Dunsford. How can you jest, Ellesmere, Dunsford. Please write all this out for upon such subjects? And, if I might say a me, Milverton, some day.

word in answer to this gentleman [bowing to Ellesmere. I like the part about animals. Me. MIDHURST], I think, considering all the As the King of Portugal said when our great hardships and agonies that thousands of brave animal painter was introduced to him, — "I men are undergoing just at present, it is am so glad to know you, sir ; I am so fond hardly the time to be dilating upon minor of beasts." By the way, good painters give ) miseries.

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