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PREFACE,

In the four preceding volumes of this series of Readers, the Progressive Principle

, or that of advancing by easy, systematic steps, is studiously carried out. But now, when the pupil has acquired the ability to read difficult written language in a fluent and, it may be, graceful manner, it is no longer demanded. In the present volume, therefore, no attempt has been made to graduate the lessons, except in some measure as to length and style; the object, in respect to the latter particular, being to produce as great an elocutionary variety as possible.

The Lessons have been drawn chiefly from eminent authors; they embrace a large amount of matter, and extend through a wide range of subjects: are chaste in language, pure in sentiment, and such as will be likely to engage the youthful mind, imparting to it interesting facts or ideas of nature, science, morals, or literature.

The introductory treatise on the Principles of Elocution will be found to be both comprehensive and practical. No space has been occupied in useless discussion. The definitions and rules are brief, and, it is hoped, to the point. Full exercises are given to illustrate and impress every principle, while they are so arranged that they will afford easy and effective means of individual or class instruction. Some portion of these principles should be set apart for study in connection with each reading lesson; in some cases, however, it may be thought better to take up the principles one day and the reading the next; but the pupil should not be allowed to neglect them, so long as he continues at school. To become an accomplished reader requires persevering study and much practice.

Pointed letters have been occasionally introduced into the reading lessons, to indicate the correct pronunciation of certain words. The rowels marked in unaccented syllables, should be uttered very lightly, but the true sound must be preserved. If the accented syllable is struck with spirit, there will be little danger of falling into error in this respect. In digraphs or improper diphthongs, the pointed vowel is the one to be sounded. The pronunciation of many words is spelled out in the Explanatory Index.

The Explanatory Index is very full: it comprises some two thousand or more definitions, including explanations of classical allusions and

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peculiar phrases, together with brief notices of authors, places, and eminent or remarkable individuals. A colleetion of Affixes and Prefixes is likewise given,. with exercises illustrative of their significance and application.

The Orthography and Pronunciation are in agreement with the Unabridged Dictionary of Dr. Webster.

This volume, it is believed, contains a hundred pages more of valuable matter than any similar one yet published.

A vast amount of time and labor has been expended in the preparation of this Reader; and, considering the great success of its predecessors of the series, the Author cheers himself with the belief that it will be well received. Circumstances, unforeseen and entirely beyond his control, have delayed its appearance long beyond the time at which it was promised; this he deeply regrets. No one has been more disappointed than himself, and he trusts the facts in the case will be an acceptable apology to his friends and patrons.

J. E. L. NEW HAVEN, January, 1859.

Note.-It gives the Author pleasure to acknowledge his indebtedness to Prof. C. A. Goodrich, of New Haven, and the Rev. F. T. Russell, of New Britain, Conn.

KEY TO THE POINTED LETTERS.

VOWELS.
0. o long,

o short,
o brosd,
ö like long 00,

99 short.

A. à long,

å as in care, å short, ä Italian, A short do., .. brond,

a short do.. E. è long,

ě short, 6 like a

è as in err, 1. i long,

I short,
Y like e,
i as in sir,

måte, name.
påre, bear.
thåt, bånd.
ärt, fåther,
åsk, dånce.
call, warm.
wan, wander.
here, sphère.
else, tent.
there, hêir.
wére, tèrm.
ride, smile.
wish, ship.
frizo, pïque.
dirt, bird.

9 like short oo,

o like short u,
U. ü long,

ū short,
U after T,
u like sbort oo,

u like yu,
Y. y like long i,

ỹ like short i,

bone, store.
odd, shop.
fork, corn.
whö, möve.
foot, crook.
wolf, would
love, dove.
tūne. male.
sbūtif.
rode, tratb.
full, push.
ise, fgyre.
shý, pýre.
myth, hyma.

CONSONANTS.

e hard, like k,
s soft, like j,
8 soft, like 2,
, ż, like zh,

call, carry.
ģern, ģentle.
rose, am use.
osier, ażure.

X soft, like gz,
ch soft, like sh,
ch hard, like k,
th soft,

exert, exalt.
bench, chaise.
Chasm, epoch.
with, those.

and fres and

the

able

NAMES OF AUTHORS.

SOTS

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PAGE ABBOTT, J. S. C. 343 COBB, Colonel

72 ADDISON, JOSEPH

181 COLERIDGE, SAMUEL T. 70, 433 Alison, ARCHIBALD 151, 176 COLTON, Rev. CALVIN

249 Anonymous 74, 91, 94, 106, 112, Colton, Rev. WALTER

155 134, 145, 160, 163, 169, 183, Colton, C. C.

214 190, 247, 278, 350, 419, 445 Companion, Juv.

372 Anthology 339 Cooper, J. FENNIMORE

430 CROLY, Rev. George 131, 229, 316 BABCOCK, J. F.

89
Bacon, Rev. W. T. 105, 171 DENNIE, Dr. JOSEPH

200 BALDWIN

207, 259 DICKENS, CHARLES 227, 366, 397 BARBAULD, Mrs. Anna L. . 101 DRAKE, Dr. J. R.

198 BARBER, Miss E. G. 212 DRYDEN, JOUN

511 BARRETT, Mrs. E. B.

295
BARD, MILFORD
405 EASTMAN, C. E.

333
BAYARD, Miss E. J.
286 E. C. R.

128 BEECHER, Rev. HENRY W. 173, 480 | ELLIOTT, EBENEZER

88 BELL, Joun

314 EVERETT, ALEXANDER H. 73 BOKER, GEORGE H. 416 Examiner .

254 BOWRING, JOHN

411
BRACKENRIDGE, H. M. 231 FELLOWES, MARIE E.

219 Bransby, J. H.'.

382 FLAGG, Rev. 0. EDWARD 84 BROUGHAM, Lord 301 FORD, JOHN

149 Brown, Miss M. A.

483
BRYANT, W. C.
345 GAWTHROP, Hugh

65
BRYDONE, PATRICK
402 GIBBON, EDWARD

238 BULWER, Sir Edward L. 162 Giles, Rev. HENRY 79, 97, 241 BURRITT, ELIHU

413 GOLDSMITH, OLIVER 77, 142, 152 BURTON, Miss C. W. 428 GOODRICH, Prof. C. A.

514 Byrox, Lord .

257, 400

HALL, Rev. ROBERT 335, 386 Calhoun, John C.

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179 HARSHA, David A. , 223, 310 CAMPBELL, THOMAS 158, 192, 221 HEADLEY, J. T.

123, 462 CATLIN

347 HEMANS, Mrs. F. D. 93, 174, 195, 363 CHAMBERS, 193, 203, 293, 439 HILLHOUSE, JAMES A.

96 CHALMERS, Rev. Tuomas . 263 Hill, Sir John

67 CHATHAM, Lord. 297 HOFFMAN, CHARLES F.

90 CHANNING, Rev. W. E. 468 HOOKER, Dr. WORTHINGTON 234, 305

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PAGZ
Hood, THOMAS
389, 443 PRENTICE, G. D.

460

Howitt, WILLIAM

78 PRINGLE, THOMAS

243

Hoyt, Rev. R.
370 PROCTOR, B. W.

452

HUMBOLDT, BARON

148 PUNshox, Rev. W. M.

217

HUNTINGDON, Rev. E. B. 69

ROGERS, SAMUEL

282

IRVING, WASHINGTON
187 ROLLIN, CHARLES

126

JANVRIN, MARY W.

308 SCHILLER, J. C. F.

236

JEFFREY, Lord

360 Scott, Sir WALTER 139, 154, 392,
JEWSBURY, Miss M. J.

168

395, 465, 490

JONES, J. A. .

354 SHAKSPEARE, WILLIAM

119, 290

SHELLEY, P. B.

341

LANDON, Miss L. E.

107 SHIRAS, C. P.

110

LANDOR, W. S..

325 SIGOURNEY, Mrs. Lydia H. 109,

LEGGETT, WILLIAM .

457

143, 408, 455

LONGFELLOW, Henry W. 102, 337, SMITH, HORACE

185, 324

478 SOUTHEY, ROBERT

178, 215

Mackay, Rev. CHARLES 98, 122, SOUTHEY, Mrs. C. A.

140, 328, 380 SPARKS, Rev. JARED
MACAULAY, T. B. 205, 500 SPURGEON, Rev. C. H.

103
Mann, HORACE

321 STOWELL, Rev. Hugh 81, 220

MARCH, M.

507 STREET, A. B.

449

Massey, GERALD

312 SWAIN, CHARLES

85, 269

MAUNDER, SAMUEL 271, 284
McCash, Rev. JAMES

275 | TAYLOR, Miss JANE 239, 273, 303

McNeil, ROLLIN

437 TENNYSON, ALFRED

M'CORD, Mrs. L. S.

146, 374

252, 319 THOREAU, H. D.

267

MILMAN, HENRY H.

76 Thomson, JAMES

497

MILTON, JOHN

384 Translation

125

MOIR, D. M.

83 TODD, Rev. John

National Intelligencer

TUCKERMAN, HENRY T.

132 TUPPER, M. F.

233

NORTON, Mrs. S. E. 116, 165

NORTON, Miss J. J.

137 WARDLAW, Rev. Dr.

157

PAULDING, J. K.

WEISHAMPEL, Jr., John F. 66, 299

117 Westminster Review

352

PERCIVAL, Dr. JAMES G.

Percival's Col.

68 WHEWELL, Rev. W.

424

PIERPONT, Rev. Jous

486 Willis, NATHANIEL P. 80, 209,

188, 202

Poe, E. A.

245, 288, 356

POLLOK, ROBERT

421, 471 Wilson, Prof. John

261

113 Wirt, WILLIAM 86, 129, 377, 435

PRAED, W. M.
225 WINTHROP, R. C.

115
PRATT, S. J.
474 WOODSWORTH

330
Prescott, W. H. 135, 280 WORDSWORTH, WILLIAM 358, 503

.

197
493

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CONTENTS.

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PRINCIPLES OF ELOCUTION

PAGE

PAGE

Proper Positions

13 1 Inflection

31

Holding the Book

13 | Practice on the Inflections

32

Respiration

13 Practice on the Simple Slide 32

Exercise

13 Practice on the Double Slide 32

Articulation

14 Practice on the Triple Slide 32

Elementary Sounds

14 Practice on the Extreme Slide 33

Classification

14 Application of the Rising Inflec-

Phonetic Method

14

tion

33

Vocals

14 Exercise

33

Subvocals

15 Application of the Falling Inflec-

Aspirates

15 tion

35

Grammatical Distinctions

15 Exercise

Exercise on Vocals

15 Application of both Inflections 37

Diphthongal Elements

16 Exercise

37

Modifications

16 Exceptional Cases

38

Exercise on Subvocals

16 Exercise

38

Esercise on Aspirates

17 Monotono

39

Organic Method

17 Exercise

39

Organic Exercise

17 Emphasis

39

Labials

18 Empbasis of Sense-Application 40

Formation of Sounds

18 Exercise

40

Dentals

-

Palatals

18 Exercise

42

Linguals

19 Wenk Emphasis-Application

-

43

Cognate Elements

19 Exercise

44

Consonant Combinations-Initial 19 Circumfler-Application

44

Consonant Combinations-Final 20 | Exercise

44

Two Letters

20 Modulation or Expression

4E

Three Letters.

21 Quality-Orotund Quality

45

Words in ed-e silent

22 Pectoral Quality-Pure Tono 46

D following an Aspirate

22. Harsh and Aspirated Quality 47

Three Letters-D as T-81 with Force

47

Consonante

22 Pitch

49

I witb Consonants

22 Stress

52

Four Letters

23 Time

55

Five Letters

24 General Rules for Expression 57

Exercises on Difficult Combina- Exercises in Transition

58

tions in Sentence

24 On Reading Poetry

60

Unaccented Syllables

25 Piece analysed for Emotion and

Usage of certain Words

28 Expression

62

Rhetorical Pause-Rules

29 Additional Examples in Expres-

Exercise to illustrate each Rule 29

sion

64

Examples fully marked

30

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18 Emphasis of Force Application 42

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