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PREFACE.

In preparing this reading-book, the first aim of the compiler was, to select passages suited to interest the youthful mind, and to furnish scope for effective reading. Care has also been taken that the sentiments expressed should have a practical bearing, and be of a pure and exalted tone. Pieces distinguished for force and beauty of thought have been preferred to those recommended merely by style.

A subordinate, but not less favorite design, is to furnish exercises in reading which may, likewise, serve as a study in literature. The national grouping, the biographical sketches and the chronological order, are intended to favor this object. It is believed that literature, and the history of literature, are more important branches of elementary education, and deserve a more prominent place in our schools, than most of the political histories so much in use, which are chiefly occupied with the intrigues of rulers, with wars, conquests and national convulsions. That which is moral, intellectual and spiritual, would seem to merit greater attention than the movements of brute force, and the struggles for self-aggrandizement.

It is not pretended that historical completeness has been preserved. Some worthy authors have been omitted because they were already familiarly known; and others, for the simple reason, that the limits of the book did not allow space for them.

The compiler has drawn largely upon the older classics, partly because very few of the young people of the day are supposed to be acquainted with them, and partly from a desire that they should become interested in that description of literature, and that writings celebrated for simplicity, naturalness and pathos, might serve as models for their own compositions.

Extracts are given from about one hundred and fifty authors, their dates ranging mainly within the last four hundred years. The selection from each is necessarily short. But it is thought this circumstance will give additional interest to the work, as a series of reading-lessons, especially as each passage is accompanied with an introduction to the author.

It is hoped that those who use these exercises may receive some just ideas and useful suggestions from a careful perusal of the remarks upon the art of reading. Questions, by the teacher, upon the dates and other facts relating to the authors, might prove a valuable exercise.

The volume contains many pieces suitable for declamation.

For the family, and for the general reader, as well as for the youthful student, it may be found to comprise much that is pleasing and attractive. ·

A. HALL. Brooklyn Female Academy,

August, 1850.

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I. ENGLISH LITERATURE.

Epitaph of Lady Eudora Vennome, .

Floating Legends,

A Poet's Praise of his Lady, . ..

ROBERT FABIAN, ....

The Deposition of King Vortigern, ....

SIR THOMAS MORE, :::::.......

The Utopian Idea of Pleasure, ......

HUGH LATIMER, ................

. . .. . . .. ..

Hasty Judgment, ..............

Cause and Effect, ..

• • • • • • • • • • • • 32

God wills all to live in the order ordained,

.... 33

GEORGE CAVENDISH, ..

King Henry's Visits to Wolsey's House, ..... .... 34

THOMAS Wilson,

.

.

. .. ... 37

Simplicity of Style recommended, .............

RICHARD EDWARDS, .

The Falling out of Faithful Fri

Ren

ove, . . . . 38

Floating Legends, ....

ROGER Ascham,........

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39

The Schoolmaster, . .

.... ... .. .. ..

SIR WALTER RALEIGH, ....

Letter to his

. . . .. . .. . .. . ... .. . .. . . .

EDMUND SPENSER, ..

. . . . . . . . . . . . .

Una and the Red Cross Knight, ..:..

..43

WILLIAM SHAKSPEARE, ............

Love Scene, by Night, in a Garden, ...

... 46

A Moonlight Night, with Fine Music,

... 52

Queen Mab, :..........

...53

SIR HENRY Wotton, . ,

.: 55

A Farewell to the Vanities of the World, : :

...55

...55

The Dancing of the Air.....

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56

Reasons for the Soul's Immortality, ...

BEN JONSON, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.... 58

Love, . . .. .. .. . ... ... .. .

. ... 58

Advice to a Reckless Youth,. ...

• • • • •

....61

JOSEPH HALL, .. .. ... ... .... .... .

....61

On a Red-breast coming into his Chamber.

... 62

On Hearing Music by Night, .

RICHARD BARNFIELD, . ,

. . ..

Address to the Nightingale'........

· · · · · · · ·

• ... 63

THOMAS HEYWOOD, ...

.... 64

Shipwreck by Drink, .....

LADY ELIZABETH CAREW,.......

Revenge of Injuries, ..............

Philip MassiNGER, ...........

. . . . 67

A Midnight Scene, . .. ... . .. . . . .. . . . ...

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ΡΛΟΣ

Compassion for Misfortune, .

Misiortune, ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68

Unequal Love, ..................

• ROBERT HERRICK, . :::

To Pr

To Primroses filled with Morning Dew, ....

FRANCIS QUARLES, .......

Delight in God only, .....

GEORGE HERBERT, ..........

Stanzas, . .. . . . . .. ...

- Virtue, ... . .. . .. .

Izaak Walton, ...

Thankfulness for W

ngs, ............

Sın THOMAS OVERBURY, .::

The Fair and Happy Milk-Maid, ...

.. . .. . .. . .

JAMES HOWELL, ...............

. . 79

Tales of Travellers, .......... ... ..

. . 79

THOMAS DEKKER, ...........

.. 80

Against Fine Clothes, ........

OWEN FELTHAM, :::::::::::

Limitation of Human Knowledge, .

WILLIAM CHILLINGWORTH, : ....

. .. ... ..

Against Duelling, ....

WILLIAM HABINGTON, ..

*Epistle to a Friend, .....

.. 84

EDMUND WALLER, : ........

.. 86

To his Sacharissa, ...... . . . . . . . . . . .

Old Age and Death, .....

JOHN MILTON, .....:::..

Sonnet on his own Blindness, ..

Scene from Comus, : ......

. . . . . . . . .

Address to Mirth, ........ . . . . . . . . . .

Address to Melancholy, .........

Monody on Edward King, .............

Truth, .. .... .. ... ... . .

EARL OF CLARENDON, ............::

.. 98

Escape of Charles II., after the Battle of Worcester, .

.. 98

JEREMY TAYLOR, .............

... 101

Marriage, ...................

.. 101

Jewish Apologue, :::::...

· . . ... ... .. 103

Comforting the Afflicted, ... . . . . . . . .. . .. .. .. 104

The Progress of Sin, .... ................ 105

On Prayer, .....

. .. . .. . . . ... . ..105

HENRY VAUGHAX,.....

... 106

Early Rising and Prayer, ....

:. 107

· RICHARD BAXTER, : :

. . . . .

.. 108

. .

. . . . . . .

His Change in the Estimate of

... 108.

JOHN EVELYN,. .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Fashions in Dress, .......................

ROBERT BOYLE, .......:::.·.:·:

..111

On the Sight of Roses and Tulips growing near each other, ..111

BUNYAN, . ;

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112

• • • • • • • • • ... .... 112

ISAAC BARROW, ........................ ...114

Concord and Discord, . .

... 115

JOHN TILLOTSON, ::::::::::::: .......... 116

Advantages of Truth and Sincerity, ..

. . . .. . .. .. 116

JOHN LOCKE, i. . . . . ::

:

.... 118

Preface to Essay on Human Understanding,

..118

Duty of Preserving Health, : .

. . . . . . . . . . . ..... 119

Opposition to New Doctrines, .......

...... 119

EDWARD STILLINGFLEET, ......

. . . . . . ...... 119

Immoderate Self-Love, ....

... 120

GILBERT BURNET, ...........

... 121

Character of Charles II., :...

... 121

The Czar Peter in England, . . .

... 123

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