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object ahead we are apt to promise largely, and with the best intentions too; and what an object is it to get plenty of sugar for wife and children without paying the grocer ; nay, with something to exchange with him for tea for the good woman! If the season be favourable, and the sap run well, and the bush be not too far off, the aid of the wife is not unfrequently called in, to tend fires and do the lighter part of the work. I have seen the pony saddled, and wife and baby mounted on it, and led into the woods, looking like the picture of Joseph and Mary going down into Egypt. What a primitive pastoral air runs through all the arrangements of this backwoods life! It startles one sometimes to see things that bring back the oldest scenes on record.
The process called “sugaring-off” —rather an abstruse affair—is, I believe, not considered likely to be quite perfect without the aid of female hands, and the making of a sort of candy, pulled from hand to hand scientifically, is to be done by the young folks, of course. This is a frolic, or the excuse for one; and the candy is beautiful and most delicious. It is a part which I confess a weakness for myself; and it is not without sufficient precedent; for many a gay demoi
- 19 D T IL I SREa matole." BET W C - d I the most luxurimai HETTE Cvest Trees - Maine, Da Es
t e meso is of good CEIT. HE 22 Ser is tert rich in 613, TETET IT obtained by
a z brzed ca a atzer half an
is csa, de sap-wood of the Tek, the say b e ater in the spring of The Tex. i s bezSto ascend, and bet ne tre i sare sird. It is customary to heap T id the roots or stumps of the trees, pere partizg forth their leaves so sua as teet oherwise would, for the juices of the tree begin to be elaborated as soon as the foliage is developed, and will not run.
“After obtaining a quantity of maple sap, it is poured into large iron or tinned copper kettles, and boiled down to a thick sirup; and after ascertaining that it is sufficiently concentrated to crystallize or grain, it is thrown into casks or vats, and when the sugar has formed, the molasses is drained off through a plug-hole slightly obstructed by tow. But little art is used in clarifying the sirup, and the chemist would regard the operations as very rude and clumsy; yet a very pleasant sugar, with a slightly acid taste, is made, and
the molasses is of excellent flavour, and is largely used during the summer for making sweetened water, which is a wholesome and delicious beverage.
“The sugar frequently contains oxide of iron, which it dissolves from the rusty potash kettles in which it is commonly boiled down, and hence it turns tea black. A neat manufacturer will always take care to scour out his kettles with vinegar and sand, so that the sugar may be white. He will also take care not to burn the sirup by urging the fire towards the end of the operation. If his sirup is acid, a little clear lime-water will saturate it, and the lime will principally separate with the molasses or with the scum. The sirup should be skimmed carefully during the operation. It is not worth while, perhaps, to describe the process of refining sugar; but it is perfectly easy to make maple sugar as white as the best double-refined loaf-sugar of commerce. It would, however, lose its peculiar acid flavour, which now distinguishes it from ordinary cane sugar.
“Were it generally known how productive are the groves of sugar maples, we should, I doubt not, be more careful, and not exterminate them from the forest, as is now too frequently done. It is, however, difficult to spare any forest trees in clearing a farm by fire; but groves in which they abound might be spared from the unrelenting axe of the woodman. Maple-trees may also be cultivated, and will become productive in twenty or thirty years; and it would certainly be one of our most beautiful pledges of regard for posterity to plant groups of maples in convenient situations upon our lands, and to line the road-sides with them. I am sure that such a plan, if carried into effect, would please public taste in more ways than one, and we might be in part disfranchised from dependence on the cane plantations of the West Indies.
"At six stations in Maine there were produced 36,650 lbs. This, at twelve and a half cents a pound, would be worth 4581 dollars.
“It must be also remarked, that the manufacture is carried on at a season of the year when there is little else to be done; and if properly-shaped evaporating vessels were used, a much larger quantity of sugar could be manufactured.”
A YANKEE IN A PLANTER'S HOUSE.
I PAUSED a moment at the gate for a view at the old family mansion. The northern front is not nearly so attractive as the southern. The trees which had been recently planted at my last visit, were now finely grown; and it was evident that another month would make the spacious lawn one of the most beautiful spots in the world. The house was large, painted white, and furnished with dark-green shutters. Huge chimneys were built at both ends outside the house; and, on the northern side, a broad piazza, supported by half a score of columns, extended along the whole length. An hospitable deal bench ran along the weather-boarding; and at one end of the piazza was a sort of shelf attached to the balustrade, on which a neat unpainted bucket, with shining hoops and bail of brass,