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Canada—the most important Colony of Great Britain: this has now been arranged for publication.

The sentiments contained in these volumes will, doubtless, accord with those of every true patriot and loyal subject of Her Majesty the Queen.


This work is a continuation of “ Canada in 1841 and in 1846,” and with that work offers to the British reader a statement of the affairs of Canada; sketches of localities; a personal narrative of the late “troubles ;" their causes and consequences; the policy pursued there ; the effects of the immense public works in progress and completed, with anecdotes of personal observations, sketches of scenery, and generally every information which the Author conceived might be of use to the traveller, the military and the political reader, and particularly respecting the French Canadians and the Upper Canada Militia, and their conduct in the war of 1812, and the disturbances of 1837 and 1838. It is, in short, a personal narrative combined with a military and political examination of the Canadas.

Nearly fourteen years have elapsed since the insurrectionary troubles in Canada, and men's minds are no longer in a state of restlessness and uncertainty regarding the objects and matters of that outbreak. Many, very many of both parties in the struggle, have since gone to their final account. Canada is now an united country, and therefore the true object of its people

should be to prove that sectional differences no longer offer pretexts for political enmities.

The Author having been an officer employed actively in Militia duties during that eventful period of Canadian history, judged it right to place an impartial account of “the Rebellion,” as it has somewhat magniloquently been styled, before the public.

Uninfluenced by party, professing only the good of the country, and the upholding of the renown of Britain, and possessed of very accurate information on the subject, he desired only that it may be considered that his work was mere matter of history, as far as that Rebellion is concerned, being fully aware that very different feelings now possess those persons who figured in the ranks of the rebel levies, and that those altered feelings would be displayed should United Canada be invaded by any foreign aggressor.

It is a pleasant thing to write a book, still more pleasant to print one, and superlatively pleasant to have it well received by one's countrymen ; but an author, however he may satisfy his own feelings, soon finds that he has merely started from the point whereat he trusted he might fairly hope, as one candidate for fame, that his efforts would be crowned with at least partial

That inexorable judge, the public, discovers many things in the course wherein the aspirant is wanting, and tells him plainly of his deficiencies without reserve and without remorse. He hears the truth, undistorted by personal vanity or by friendly commendation, and thus is enabled to rectify on a future occasion, as far as in him is, omissions, blunders, and When the Author wrote the four preceding volumes of “Canada in 1841 and 1846,” it was merely with the intention of amusing the British public, from the results of extensive journeys over the vast regions of Canada in an official capacity ; that country having then just emerged from a state of disquietude and distraction which had forcibly attracted the attention, not only of Great Britain, but of Europe and of America.



The public in both continents received those mere “Travelling Sketches” so favourably, that he determined to ransack his notes and memory once again, to open out further information, and he found very soon, on comparing the various notices of the work which had appeared from the periodical press, that there was a general desire to be made acquainted with as much of the real state of Transatlantic Britain as his opportunities could have afforded.

Duty had called him to the neglected and comparatively unknown colony of Newfoundland, and as he conceived that it was by nature part and parcel of the vast territory of Canada, and that its future interests were strongly linked with that magnificent portion of Transatlantic Britain, he imagined it would be acceptable to offer his countrypeople a plain unvarnished account of the most ancient province of British America, before he again took the field in Canada, and to this course his inclination bent him the more, as military governor of high talent and renown had just occupied that seat from which naval dominion for several centuries had promulgated maritime laws and discipline; and His Excellency Sir John Harvey, a name so well-known in Canada, had afforded him


every means of obtaining correct statistical information respecting the oldest colony of England.*

In the present work it does not appear necessary to enter into these regularly scientific and statistical details which occupy so much of the two volumes respecting Terra Nova, nor to give long and tedious chapters on the progressive history of a country whose conquest, by Wolfe, has rendered its historical facts so much more prominent and better understood than that of Newfoundland.

More recent events, with a glance at the future, and a few sketches of the earlier history; a general account of the importance of those improvements now carrying on; examinations of the character of the population, with the interests which render politics so prominent a feature of Canadian society, will therefore constitute what is now to be placed before the reader, to whom the Author trusted it might prove of utility. It is an unbiassed statement from a writer of principles strictly Conservative, and at the same time professing no extreme opinions, this, it is to be hoped, will be an additional inducement for perusal and reflection, whilst, it may possibly be hereafter of use in assisting the rising greatness of Transatlantic Britain. It helped to pass the tedious winters of Canada in arranging its pages : the Author's military exile, at least, was thus light

* Before his work could go to press, he had the singular good fortune of finding his views as expressed in the book named “ Newfoundland in 1842” corroborated, verified, and borne out in His Excellency's splendid speech upon the opening of the Legislature in January 1843,-a speech which will make Newfoundland a real and not a nominal colony of Great Britain.

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