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INDEX TO VOL. XXVI.
Aird's (Thomas) 'Old Bachelor in the Old Election, The
No. I. University Society
257 Expediency, the Morality of, employed by
III. University Education
An Evening at the Goat in Boots'
109 Froude's (A. J.) England from the Fall of
Arago's (François) Biographies of Distin- Generalship, The Devil's. Fuller
God is with the Patient.
809 Good Examples, The benefit of. Dr Donne 101
103 Gorrie's (Daniel) 'Orations and Lectures on
Autumn Holidays, The
Hackländer (Von F. W.) Handel und
Hamilton's (James) Sinai, the Hedjaz, and
Brock's (Rev. W.) Biographical Sketch of Hero, The Christian
Hood's (E. P.) Havelock: the Broad Stone
Charlemagne, Half an hour with
India : its History, Religion, and Govern-
Johnstone's (Augusta) 'Woman's Preachings' 113
384 Ruskin's (John) Political Economy of Art' 630
Scargill's (W. P.) “Essays and Sketches' 249
Life in the Oural
Memorials of the Jolly Dogs 178, 446, 730 Shamrock Lore
Snow's (W. Parker) Two Years' Cruise' 252
Nana Sahib, Encounters with
504 Stephenson, George, the Railway Pioneer . 85
Mother, Lady Calthrop
101, 214, 350, 615
James I. to the Lords of His Privy
Catherine Bulkeley, Abbess of God- Unprotected Females in Norway
Queen Catherine of Aragon to Dr
Orphans, A Chapter in a Life
Prize-Money, The Law of
XX., XXI., XXII., XXIII.,
Puddock's Green-A Wiltshire Story
Wilson's (Erasmus). Three Weeks' Scamper
through the German Spas'
496 Wilson (George) on the Industrial Museum
INDIAN OM ENS:
A RETROSPECT AND AN OUTLOOK.
We have a wealthy manufacturer in cottages was much admired by the our parish, who prides himself on be- commissioners?'. ing eminently practical.' He has a Well, sir, and what has that to do little spleen, good man, for he dines with me?' heavily, but this passes off inno- 'Allow me, sir. You are aware cently in such expressions as 'hum; that, thirty years ago, those mills and bug, 'nonsense, romance,' 'bosh,' that estate were in a very different 'absurdity.'
condition ?' We are building schools, and the * Ay, that they were, it's true.' other day wanted £100 to make up * That twenty years back schools the sum. Every one had subscribed were built there; that they have been except this man, whom we'll call B. regularly attended, and that the We had never dared to ask him, for greater part of his workmen and we knew the only coin we should get workwomen were brought up in those would be humbugand 'nonsense.' schools in habits of neatness, honesty, But at last in despair I made up my and sobriety? May I beg you now to mind to go to him. Of course my look at the gorgeous gin-palaces on long exordium was received with a dry your own estate, and compare the one 'humph.'
with the other.' What do the people want with Three days later, the 'eminently education, sir?' he replied. They practical' millowner sent us a cheque have no time to read and work too; for the amount. He saw how the imand what is the use of their minds provement of the people would pay, being cultivated, when they only work and he ceased to call it humbug. with their bodies ?'
When I got the cheque, I said to To expose the obvious fallacy of his A., 'Now, this is just the case of the Inargument would have been only wast- dian Government.' ing time. I immediately started on Let us, then, for the sake of discusanother tack.
sion, throw off all our finer feelings You know,' I said, 'the state of Mr with regard to the Indian Question, G's. mills ?' The worthy manufac- and look at it in Mr B.'s 'eminently turer frowned blue. Mr G. was his practical' manner. successful rival. You are aware,' I On a certain day in October-I forcontinued, 'that he is never in want get which I noticed, and fancy many of hands; that his men are regular people besides must have noticed, and punctual, orderly and honest ? that almost every London paper beYou must know, furthermore, that gan its leading article with three short they pay their rents to the day, and words, which, if not precisely the same that the condition of his estate and in each, conveyed precisely the same
Vol. XXVI.—JANUARY, 1858.
idea: 'Delhi is fallen !' 'Delhi is to look to the civil question, and see taken !' Delhi is ours !' and so on. what treatment the character of the Now this was not by way of news. people demands at our hands. for the fact was known by every soul To begin then with the military in the vast metropolis long before question. these papers were even at press. Nor First, let us sketch very briefly the was it merely an elegant way of be- rise and conduct of the native Indian ginning an important article. Then army. We shall see, in doing so, how there would have been more variety. precisely the old proverb, 'give a dog a No; it was a sigh of relief, which bad name,' has here been reversed. The not one editor could refrain from. It sepoy has always had a good name-a was the heading of the new series of peculiarly good one; and it has stuck to articles, the Finis to an old. The three him, ay, up to the very last moment, short words meant nothing less than when the whole of the Bengal army had this: 'we have written for two months mutinied save one or two regiments, prophecies, fears, apprehensions, con- whose commanding officers still kept victions, accusations, raillery-every- their old confidence in their men. thing, in short, that suited the moment. The sepoy has acquired this good All that is over-all must be expunged; name by a strange anomaly.
The we forget all we have said. The In- faithful sepoy,' 'the devoted sepoy,' dian mutiny is virtually at an end, were the terms in which he was spoand we now desire to wipe out the ken of, when there was a far better past, and look only to the future. We opening for saying the brave sepoy,' have abused and criticised. We must 'the well - disciplined sepoy. But now consult and advise. These three somehow or other this idea of fidelity words mean that we turn the fly-leaf, became connected with the name of and begin a new volume.'
sipahi, and not a score of mutinies The question then is now, 'What have been able to rend the one from shall we do with India?' We are not the other. Morrisons or Parrs. We do not ask During the last hundred years muyou to examine our new panacea. tiny has been attempted, and too often We have none to offer. But you must with success, by some one or more reendeavour to profit by that experience giments at a time, no less than fourwhich has cost such dreadfully high teen different times that is, about school wages.
once in every seven years. There You have built up a vast empire. were only four mutinies in the first You have made India the wonder of fifty years, three in the next twentya wonder-surfeited age. But in all five, and seven in the last twenty-five; this you have sadly neglected, sadly so that the spirit of mutiny has clearly sacrificed, the human material you em- been on the increase. ployed. You have worked away on The existence of a regular army in the narrow-minded, money-loving prin- India dates only from 1757, exactly ciples of Mr B. the manufacturer, one hundred years ago, in which year and refused to see hitherto that the the various irregular native forces best course with God is the best course were distributed into regiments, and for man.
soon after divided among the three I think the subject may be looked presidencies. at from three points. There is little But the principle of defending a fodoubt now that this Indian outbreak reign government by the arms of its is a mutiny, and not a rebellion. own native subjects--this principle We must therefore examine the peo- which has endured nearly two centuple from the military point of view. ries in practice, and even now seems There is little doubt that it is con- likely to outlive the fearful shock it nected more or less with religion; and has sustained; this principle, of which so the religious question will be the the world's ages have seen but one next. There is, lastly, little doubt example, and that example has this that, though this time it is only a mu- year ended in a failure more awful tiny, it may next time -- ay, and if than any failure of a principle before neglected, assuredly will—be a gene- -is of much earlier date. ral revolt; and it behoves us, therefore, In 1668 the Portuguese ceded Bom