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American Independence

97 | Attachment to the government, not political bigot-

Extracts from Mr. Cary's Sermon




Considerations on the temper with which the

Government may have peace if they choose

101 To the advocates of war. Virginien Disloyalty in

war is carried on

PAGE 1. 5 | “ The Enemy" not of the people, but of the govern-



Strength of our Government


101 No danger of civil commotion


People of America not at war with Great Britain 5 Extracts from Mr. Channing's Sermon

101 Suppose the war in Europe renewed


Rumour of a negotiation for Peace

• 6 Effects already produced on the tone of our war Caius Caligula and Mr. Madison


Influence of France in the United States


party by the fall of Bonaparte

105 Ghent Negotiation

Shall we have Peace?

How Tyrants fall

105 | Indian Lands F



The President's Proclamation

109 On the second despatches from Ghent


Bonaparte will fall

The true cause of alarm

109 | Advantages of a permanent Executive 205. 209

Russian Mediation

Extract from an Oration by B. Whitwell, esq. 110 Mr. Randolph's Letter


Cup of humiliation

Remarks on the capture of the Essex 112. 117. 121 Reflections, preparatory to the disclosure of

Duty of early resistance to unconstitutional laws 17.21 On the vulgar abuse of the English

On appealing to the people against taxes

What we have a right to require of Mr. Madison, at

land Convention

· 213

Quomodo? Quando?

the peace

125 Why wish to retake Castine, &c. during the war? 213

Difference of the spirit with which the two parties Spain–English view of our war

125. 129 Virginian doctrine in 1800

** 214

defend what they consider their rights 25 Communication

127 Proceedings at Hartford-Remarks


On the belief that England will not be included in Political Orthodoxy in the South

133 The Treasury

the continental peace

25 The Navy-Mr. Madison's resignation not to be Extracts from Mr. Ward's Speech


The Integrity of the United States must be preserved


133 | The longer the war, the worse the conditions of

29. 33. 37. 41. 49. 53. 57. 61. 65 Remember the authors of our evils


225. 229

Impressment. Naturalization

Correct principles do not change with circumstan New Orleans


What sort of balance can now be established in Eu-

• ces

137 Privateering'



33 | The present object of the war

137 Prince Regent's Specch-Our Prospect


Governour Strong

37. 41 Our Country's disgrace

141 Peace!


Our punishment not completed

On the taking of Washington

142 | Paragraphs, relating to Peace and War

On the probable future state of Europe

On the cry“ defend your government.”

142 | Treaty of Peace and Amity between His

Paper Money

British colonization-a bugbear


Britannick Majesty and the United

Remarks on the recent events in Europe

President's Proclamation—Strictures


States of America


Fourth of April..

After a storrn, the air is more pure

149 Remarks on the Treaty


On the probable restoration of the Bourbons

Free Trade and Sailors' rights-Tone of Democratic

On the peculiar character of parties in this country 61

Resolutions changed


Southern Federalists—Our Generals—Third Party 69 Admiral Cochrane's Letter

149, 154

w present political state of Massachusetts 73 Principles of war


Ways and Means-End of French Despotism-Gen. Mr. Madison's Message


Question of Expedience-Politicks for Farmers 162

On the British National Character

77 The federal compact void...Patriotick Measures 165 |


Mene, Tekel

Ghent Negotiation

166 Stones from the Clouds

Our Government will give up its ground after all our British proposals for Peace-Remarks 169. 173 The Confidant 7. 15. 18. 23. 26. 34. 46. 62. 71. 94


98. 119. 122. 158. 191, 194. 230

* Low sinks Napoleon's star"_Bonaparte 81. 104 Unalienable Rights. The Reconciliation

177 French Drama

Why do the democratick party moum the fall of Tyranny, Conscription, war upon our unalienated Lord Bacon's poverty


85. 97


178 | Extracts from Abbe Delille

Destruction of life by the war-Peace no security 85 Fate of the Administration—The Convention 181 Pleasure derived from ancient literature

Letter of Louis XVIII. to Charles IV.

85 British Claims-Farmers

182 Popular opinion of literary merit capricious

The Federal Constitution-Injury and Forbearance British claims have never invaded national laws 185 | Violent attachments

-The Army

New England's Plea- Our Federalism, not for

Letters to Leinwha 11. 15. 20. 24. 27. 31. 35. 43

Tyrannies--French Epochs-Europe



186 Innovators

France-Editor's prediction of her declension, in New England Convention

186. 197. 202 | Woman


Our opposition to government caused by intolerabte

Pleasures of Reverie

Fall of Bonaparte a blessing to the United States 94

suffering, not by artiścial excitement 189 American Universities

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172 | Poem by Lord Chatham-Conscious Guilt-
Poets --Duelling
53. 36. 40. 43 Beauty


Close of Lord Nel's life
35 German Women

176 Too late I staid—The heart-sick Minstrel-
Asylum for deste Boy's
38. 42 In praise of Vanity---Cowper

Ancient Sculpt

The widowed Mother's solace
Reading to Age. A chymical curiosity. Henry

180 Romantick Love Ditty---Cheerfulness-Une
Musical Ear. Theocritus. Gray
Immateriality of the Soul

Nuit d'Eté-Summer Dawn
| Conversation--- Affectation

183 Sonnets

80. 84. 179. 216
Forwarı Chen
47 The present time---Gibbon's style

187 The Tulip and the Myrtle-A short story-
Sensibility_odern Grecians-Le Kain

Homer, Virgil, Milton, Klopstock


Mutilation the Scriptures

Mental Abstraction---Sacred Writers

188 | Hymn and Ode for Massachusetts Charita-

Religion never to be treated with levity


ble Society
Alexis, Czarewitz
Ventrilcism. Bonaparte and James IV. Mary Luxury

195 | Virtue-Patriotism-Maiden Passion

Queen of Scots
Style of Goldsmith

196 Extracts from the Corsair
Speech and social regulation of Animals

196 Providence-Modern Grecians--Eve's part.
King ar

54. 59.71

Ingenuousness of mind


ing dream
La seur
55. 59. 83. 91 On Mathematical reasoning

199 The forsaken Maid's dream
55 Scrap of Virginian History. Important Discove Oiles, by L. M. Sargent, esq.

100. 244
TiBride of Abydos_Louis XIV.-A sad disease 55

ry. New Medical Work

200 Fragment, by L. M. S. esq.-Classical Extracts 104
Acdote of Whitfield
Advantages of metaphysical studies

Ah, dear one ! while thy suffering form I see 108
hael Angelo-Raphael
Tully 206. 210. 214. 219. 223. 227.230. 234. 243

Song from afar-Religion

Bailor's letter on Sailors' rights

Criticism on Thomson---Etymologies

207 The Grecian Mother and her Infant Son
ibrary of Harvard University
New Stone Church

| The Paschal Lamb
The Inquisition

Ciceronis Omnia Opera

211 Lines on Benjamin Franklin •
Aristotle and Dr. Jolinson

Cyrillo Padovano, the noted sleep-walker 212 Extracts from Manzoli
Female Education
67 | Remarks on the Orlando Furioso of Ariosto

The Urn of him I love
S. Vincent de Paul

Female Piety--Sketches of Milton


The Village Mourner-To a literary lady-
New Greek Professorship at Cambridge
70 Joanna Southcott


The white Clover
The Works of Cicero in English
70 Interesting mark of respect to the memory of Wind gentle Evergreen

The Iron Crown-Sir Matthew Hale


The Field of Battle
On the pronunciation of the latin language
The Greek Language--Sicilian Nobility

Song for Pitt's birth-day, by Walter Scott
Origin of the nine Muses--Fennel's Vision---Condor. Lord Byron's Compositions

On Musick-Spirit of the War Horse

75 Power of Imagination, in curing diseases

| New Boots-Love and Reason-It is not
The Writer 78. 83. 86. 90. 95. 99. 102. 106. 111 | True Beneficence--Pitt's Parliamentary Eloquence 223

mine, dear Maid

114. 118. 123. 126. 131. 135. 139. 143. 147 | Trait of old times.

224 | The Tear-The Kiss

151. 156. 159. 163. 167. 171. 175. 178 182.186 Life of Horace

227. 232
To an Infant

191. 195. 199. 202. 207. 211. 226. 231.84 | Paternal Advice

Stanzas on Newstead Park

Earl Chatham's advice to his son

Commencement Ode
Natural History---Navy of Great Britain-- The Grand Burke's opinion of Louis XVIIE

Translation of Dr. Geddes's Ad umbrom Gil.
Character of Bonaparte

berti Wakefield -Elegia


Lines written after reading George Barnwell 152
84. 184, 187. 192

To C- - Curate's petition to the
Christian Charity
86. 111


Homer's Geography---Ambition---Habit


Nature and Art-The last Rose of Summer
Light Food--- Accidents of Life
90. 91

The Soldier's funeral
Exiles in Siberia---Elba

To Caroline

Account of No. LXXI. in Addison's Spectator 103 The Message elucidated

The Farewell-Greece-To Juliette,

Mathematicks---The Sublime --Seraphs
Why glistens thine eye with delight ?



Auld Donald

Extracts from Lara

172. 175
The Flash of the Sea
107 How sweet to me retiring-Song

You who would be truly wise

108 The Solace of Life

Gentle Zephyr, as you fly
“ And he said unto him... Son, thou art ever with Leipsic Fair

12 | Danaë and her child-The Humming Bird 180
Hull's Triad

The wind passeth over it, and it is gone

On Philosophical Investigation
James Dutton

Spanish Bull Fight-To Health. Imitation of
Retreat for the insane
114 Battle of the Titans

Natural Philosophy
The Pilgrim

Parting of Lovers-hge and Poverty-Char-
Letter from the Bishop of Landaff to Dr, Eliot
Hint from Euripides

acter of the Fair Sex

Effect of infidel writings
116 | Reign of Terror

The Humming Bird To the Moon–Turns of
On Poetry
- 124. 203. Through a grove as I wander'd alone

Parallel of the sexes.--Trait of Locke
127 To Myra


How sweetly pass'd the tranquil hour
Rise and progress of the British Navy. 127. 132. 136 Periphrasis

31 Friend, companion and wife---The Parasite 196
Restoration of the Greeks
130 On thee, chaste spirit of connubial love

Paraphrase--- The Fair Penitent

Patriotism---Great men's sons
131 Sonnet to an (ak

Arthur O'Connor's Diploma... The Death Watch 200
Miss Edgeworth's “ Patronage .
Remonstrance to Winter

Extracts from “ The World before the Flood” 204
Cottle's Alfred
135 Sculpture

Ode Brumalis, translated

Boston in the year 1639
135 To an early Primrose

Death of Adam

208. 212
The Immortality of the soul
135 | Taste

Dick Strype
On the evils of life
138 Love's Climax :

Moral Effusion--- Hymn by Aristotle --My ain
Histical Collections
139 If in this world of breathing harm


140 | The patriotick Irishman

Lines, addressed to Edmund Burke
Letter to Lord Byron
147. 151 Oh, it is sad when far away

Is rhyme an ornament or a defect in verse ? 155. 159 And oh ! how oft in seasons of depression

Female Literary Talents

Coincidences in history" :
155 A calm Sea Fog-Night-Mare-Female Friendship 68 Stanzas written in a haunted room

Evil consequences of Refinement
163 Epigrams

72. 88. 92 Verses on the death of the Rev. Thomas Spencer
164 Morning-Infant Sympathy-Sorrow-Com.

Translation of Moore's Greek Ode

English Horse-racing-Matrimony
167 passion

72 Pax---Lucy's Grave--- The Sailor's Orphan Boy
| 'The Delusive Anticipations of Youth
72 Care the lot of all


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cans by

nd they PROSPECTUS..

umns of his paper pleasant to readers, without their own officers, whenever.. derived distinction of party or sex. The few publications the established usages of civil..

knowlTO avoid the imputation of caprice, which in the eastern states which have assumed this It was from Hume that we

these might appear merited by my again presenting character, seem to have been either above, orrible barbarity practised on thi

kept myself before the public after having so re- below, the general taste ; calculated too exclu after the battle of Culloden. Fro cently withdrawn from an establishment, which, sively for the study or the kitchen. Is it not Fox's orations, as well as from Bis the for eight years, was honoured by their liberal possible to introduce a stranger, who may be we have been taught the enormitie patronage, I beg leave to state in my justificae welcome in the parlour ? This is my object ; and encouraged in India against th tion, that nothing would have induced me to and the contributions of the wit, and scholar inhabitants of Hindostan. relinquish the Repertory, but the absolute im- are earnestly solicited to give variety, ease, Shall America alone furnish no pat. practicability of conducting the mechanical part | elegance, and interest to a department which is ready to vindicate our nation fr of a newspaper establishment,consistently with may gratify many, and give offence to none. charge of inhumanity, by showing that the circumstances of my family.

The “ Boston Spectator" will be published well authenticated acts of injustice and b. Having made an arrangement with Messrs. every Saturday, on four large quarto pages, 1ity on our part, were the acts of individual MUNROE & Francis, which will not be liable the original form of the Port Folio ;....on hand cers, and were universally abhorred by the to that objection, nor interfere with any peri some paper, neat type, and correctly executed, I tion at large ? odical publication in this metropolis, or New- at three dollars a year....one dollar and fifty For ourselves we cannot disguise, and a England, and selected those departments, incents to be paid on receiving the first number. | would not conceal the conviction, that the ad which I trust my exertions may be most accep

JOIN PARK. ministration which has plunged this devoted table to the community, and agreeable to my Boston, January, 1814.

nation into an offensive war, have exerted nown pursuits and habits, I now offer to the

themselves to make the nation forget the enorpublick

mity and injustice of its origin, by exciting their 66 THE BOSTON SPECTATOR,


passions, and by provoking a system of retalia

tion, which would enlist their passions in a DEVOTED TO POLITICKS AND BELLES LETTRES."


contest at which their sober judgments revolted. The Editor deems it unnecessary to desigConsiderations on the present unhappy WAR, in

Ohe point nust forever be recorded against

our rulers. That the first blow was struck by. nate the character of his politicks.... it is custom

relation to a single point, The Temper with

them, and at a moment too, when our relation ary for those of his creed to avow themselves which it has been and is likely to be carried on. with Britain led her reasonably to believe that disciples of the immortal WASHINGTON,


the pacifick measures which she simultaneousthe father of the American republick. But the

Various charges have been made by our | ly adopted, the repeal of her Orders in Couno glorious circumstances unde, which he con!

h he con-' rovernment against that of Great Britain, oncil) would have precluded any pretest for hosducted our country have passed away..... Scarce- the subject of the violation of she principles of tility. jy any thing remains by which it can be recog

can be recog. | humaniiy and of modern warfare, on the part of

It cannot therefore be credited, that she had nized, but its soil.....

that nation, and its departure from those estab. before prepared a system of Indian warfare, as " Darkness, clouds, and shadows rest upon it.”

| lished usages which, by common consent, have has been suggested without evidence by our

become a part of the laws of war between all | cabinet, at a time, when the whole course of The principles of JUSTICE, TRUTH, and ) civilized nations. These charges have been her conduct proves that she expected a speeCOMMON SENSE are however perpetual ! on their part recriminated, and we have been dy and honourable reconciliation. and unchangeable. By these the Editor will | held up to the world as having wantonly viola- ! I propose to consider all the charges mutu. edulously endeavour to be directed in all his ted these sacred principles.

ally advanceri, and without prejudice or affecspeculations, perfectly convinced that there Your publication, though principally literary, i tion, to discuss their merils. can be no surer guide to genuine patriotism." | will, without doubt, be in some degree open to The first one, on our part, was that Britain had

To this he will pledge his hopes of publick rational political discussions, and it is in my employed the savages in her difence; I repeat it approbation ; that the excitement of contro. estimation important to the honour of our | in defence of her and their own territory. versy shall never betray him into an a tack on country, that this question should be fairly and I do not mean to discuss the question of the private reputation. Doctrines and measures freely discussed.

propriety of employing "our red brethren,” as · afford an ample and interesting field of discus. There can be no doubt that in this case, as Mr.Jefferson quaintly and affectedly called them. sion. Generally speaking, errour, in the ab- l in all others of a like nature, very considerable | This would compel me to slow that these stract,has few self acknowledged votaries ; but faults are chargeable on both parties. The then colonies employed them most successfully when personified, and assailed, men's passions passions of men, excited by open hostility, in- | under Sir Williain Johnston against the French marshal a thousand advocates in her cause. | flamed as in this instance by incessant efforts in 1755. Decorum, as well as interest, will restrain the on one side, to produce a deep rancour and It would compel me to shaw that the revoluEditor from a desire, in any instance, wanton- | spirit of hostility: on the other, by a belief, that tionary congress addressed, invited and employly to outrage publick opinion, in advancing his the war is a wanton violation of the principles ed the Six Nations against G. Britain in 1776. own sentiments ; but he feels a relief, in priso of justice, and a determined effort to embar I l limit myself to the present war. pect, from temptation to temporize with pre: l'ass Great Britain in her struggle for the lib. llere it cannot be overlooked, and it ought judice, by the consideration that, in this paper, erties of the world, cannot fail to produce fre. I never to be forgotten, that before and at the there will be no question of securing advertis- quent deviations from the accustomed rules of breaking out of the British war, we were in ing patronage.....a dead weight on every ingen honourable warfare..

actual hostility with all the western Indians. uous political writer, the value of whose es. It ought to be the pride, as it is the duty of I have anxiously inquired, for the honour tablishment is affected by such support.

honest and intelligent men in each country, to and character of our country, of Mr. Quincy It is not intended to make the “ Spectator" expose and censure any departures from the and many other members of congress, whether a news-paper. Every number will however | laws of humane warfare on the part of their own they knew of any jus! grlunds for the invasion. contain a retrospect or summary of the prin officers.

of the Indian territory in the autumn preceding cipal events, which may have occurred, or They alone can do justice to the subject, be-, the Brirish war. I have been uniformly assurwhich may have been announced, in this place, cause the criminations and denunciations of ed that, they not only knew of no such just during the previous week. Such a chronolog | e chi party are supposed to proceed from par- | causes, nor of any authority of Congress for: ical index; it is presumed, may be both amus- tial and prejudiced views.

such an invasion, but that they were satisfied! ing and useful.

Able historians of every nation have been, as there were none. The editor will employ his utmost exertions I it were, the umpires between contending na- Yetitis a, lamentable and disgraceful lact that to render the literary and miscellancous col: tions, and have bestowed merited censure on our troops advanced into the ludian territory,



Seiflove_Boneohabitants, burnt their townsil: It is indeed a strong government! The plundered them of their property. and on Close of Lord it as an act of prowese, inerilo- melancholy revolution, which has taken place length by fire and carnage threatened their Asylum for durable. .. ... Á I in the fate of inillions, within a short time the termination. He lived secure through all Ancient Sewhere to stoia anţi ask ourselves prostration of a whole nation's prosperity, by enormi:ies, was reelected consul; died a nat

Ware.men, and have a claim to the the giant arm of democracy in power, too une- | ural death, and was buried with the utmost Reading to an

unanitý. ? Are they entitled to their quivocally prove their exultation well founded; demonstrations of publick honour.

Xs; and the fruits of their labour, or at leasty that we are now under a govern-1 Here was a very strong government. Was Forward

..' whites have not hitherto wrested | ment of the strongest kind. When was there this, properly speaking, the exercise of the Sibit? If they have, the invasion by Har- a king, bashaw, or sultan, who ever did, or consular power ? No. Sylla was the head of

tilalls we understand it was, unprovoked, I could have done the like, without calling to a faction. He and his party had long strug. Convermost barbarous violation of the laws his aid other resources than his individual pre- gled for the ascendancy with another, scarcely Alexisnity ever committed by civilized men. rogati e, even in its fullest exercise-without | less inhuman. His friends created citizens of Ventrestern Indians inhabit a territory con- having recourse to the very means, which, in every thing, to swell their numbers. He usurp.

to Britain solemnly by our treaty of our unhappy republick, have proved so potent?) ed power, in defiance of the laws, and when an Kins They are her subjects. She is bound Search the records of history, it will be found impeachment was moved against him, he en. Epotect them. When Hull invaded their that to make a nation suffer with impunity, re gaged in a foreign war, to shun accountability. Latory, he appeared to believe that he had currence must be had to the resistles sway of This put the military power under his control. Auch right to destroy them, as Livermore popular prejudice and faction. No man, ac- which he eventually employed to glut his own 1 Angier, the unhappy convicts, thought they quainted with human nature, will deny, that a vengeance, and to gratify the blood-thirsty hai to murder the ludians at Stoneham. DOMINANT FACTION in any country, may carry tred of his murderous partizans. Hull, the amiable representative of our cab- | into practice, a system of despotism, more. After the death of Cæsar, Octavius became det, in his proclamation on entering Canada, complete and effectual than that of the most the head of a political party. He triumphed. pefore one bullet bad been fired against us, de absolute monarch,

and proscription ensued, followed by the mas. clared, that if any white man should be taken I Could the king of Great Britain, availing sacre of Rome's best citizens. Out of faction i fighting by the side of an Indian, he should re- | himself of his utmost authority, compel his grew a despotism, which at last established ceive no quarter.

subjects to experience such a scene of sudden tranquillity, by exterminating, at once, opposi. This was the first scene of the drama of privation, as we Americans h. ve felt? We

mericans hve felt? We tion and liberty. But when Augustus ceased war. Let us examine it. If it had been truc agree with Mr. Jefferson and Mr. Madison, to act as a partizan, proscriptions and violence that the Indians never give quarter, it would he could not. He has been obliged to make a soon subsided. be no justification in refusing quarter to the treaty, against his convictions of justice and During the long list of Roman emperors. whites who admitted and allowed it. But it is national policy, because his people, excited by we see no instance of the strength of govern. on record, in the volume of British outrages demagogues, were uneasy at a supposed injury ment like these They sometimes tyrannized published by our government, that the Indians to their interests, and insisted on an immediate over a few individuals, but even, in such cases, do admit of quarter. Numerous cases are sta- | peace. They soon found their error-but until generally paid for their impotent cruelty, by the ted of their receiving large sums for the run- iheir caprice was indulged, the legal deposita. forfeiture of their lives. The empire sunk into som of prisoners. They do not therefore de ry of sovereignty was not strong enough to misery, and at last perished, by the gradual stroy them. Will our friends of the adminis- hold its course. Could' Louis the Fourteenth, progress of ignorance, and vice. The most tration be pleased to justify this order of Gen. the most powerful monarch ever seated on striking instances of strength, which the gov. Hull, the very first act in this unjust and throne of France, have deluged the cities of ernment exhibited in domestick control, were dreadful war ?"

his own einpirc, in the blood of their citizens- | the series of persecutions against the ChrisThe history of Genghis Khan, Mahomet, I could he tear the husband from tho wife-the tians, in which popular fanaticism, as is usual, Attila, Tamerlane, or Buonaparte, cannot af father from the son, and doom them to tho never spared its victims. Emperours could ford a parallel, except it be the murder of the I block :-or despatch thousands in a day, by the then show their energy, for they used the only Turks at Jaffa.

guillotine ? No-but Robespierre could do mcans by which a large portion of the people So much for this commencement of the it, or whatever was called “ the government," can be distressed and ruined with impunity. system of inhumanity, twelve months before the while the representative of a ferocious, trium-! It would be tedious to trace this principle burning of Havre de Grace, and the pretended phant faction. Bonaparte can lead on three through modern history, to the present time. rape of an old woman by some French soldiers hundred thousand Frenchmen to perish in Whoever has leisure to examinc, will find. at Hampton.

Russia, in the cause of his, and the nation's that in whatever hands, power is lodged, in It is indeed dreadful to record, in the youth

never can be strong in producing distress, of our republick, such instances of ferocity. | imperial will, even he durst not order five without appealing from constitutional authority 16 What," as Mr. Fauchet observes, « must be thousand Frenchmen to be butchered in to popular fury. the old age of a country, when its youth is so France ; to rid himself even of one obnoxious! Our constitution was in its nature, a weal decrepid ?" It is not the nation which is individual of distinction, he has first to gain one. The apprehensions of its friends friends, chargeable with this inhumanity. It is an hu-l currency for some popular pretext. But “ the as it was the best we could have were just, mane, liberal, virtuous nation. The charge government' of '92, and the two following and have been too truly realized. The incesrests upon those, whom the Almighty in his years, could set up murder as a national trade, sant recurrence of elections—the right of suf. displeasure, has been pleased to suffer to be and boast, as well as our Presidents, of their | frage extended to so large a portion of populascourges of this people.

energy. If a few military despots have gone tion, of that kind which can easily be deluded

far in tyrannizing over the happiness and lives or bought, foreboded the evil which would ruin FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

of their subjects, they have either effected it, our republick-the rise and triumph of facSTRENGTH OF OUR GOVERNMENT.

by inflaming religious or political fanaticism, tion. Washington commenced the federal

and thus becoming its instrument ; or their ca- administration with an immense weight of The late chief magistrate of the United reer has been short, and death, by violence, personal influence, which, at this day, few dare States, and his successor now in office, have

has proved their government insecure and say was not employed to strengthen and secure both had the cruelty to exult, in what they af

the government. Faction, however, soon apfect to consider the strength of the federal gove

It may illustrate the fact announced by our peared, and grew stronger every year In aternment. The former admitted that doubts formidable President, and show how far we tempting to enforce certain laws, he lost much had been entertained of its practical energy,

have reason to rejoice in what gives him so of his popularity. In suppressing rebellion, he but declared that he believed it “ the strongest

much satisfaction, to review some of the prom- found that all rebels in heart were by no government on earth.” Mr. Madison congrat.

inent features of strength in government, means in arms. It will not be said by those ulates the country or himself, that, in his when, like ours, it has been employed to make who boast of the present strength of govern. hands, it appears to be still acquiring vigour.

the governed miserable. It will show us the ment, that, during Mr. Adams's administration, The reader will observe that the strength, of alarming nature of this state of our country, he did not go to the extent of constitutional which our rulers boast, is not that of the nation and teach us to expect, at least as possible, I limits, to invigortate the government, and hum.

I think not improbable, calamities still more de. 1 ble opposition. One circumstance alone, among against foreign powers ; but that in which think not improbable, calamities still more de

a thousand, will shew, that the inherent strength they, unfortunately, feel a much deeper inter. I grading and distressing than any we have yet est ; domestick control. It was in this respect, / undergone.

of the constitution was at an end. A tax was the best friends of our constitution anticipated

The last Consul of Republican Rome was levied, a light tax too, for national purposes of its imbecility, and surely, on no other account | Sylla ; and a greater tyrant has seldom scourg-defence and has not been collected to this day ! can the executive express a confidence. ed mankind. He denounced his fellow citizens, The government surely must have desired the

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