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dict, on the Patuxent, 47 miles east of Wash. She brought no splendid gifts to the publick

BELINDA. ington,

altars of the Muses, but loved them in retire. By far the largest proportion of those count20. 21. On their march towards Washington. | ment, and sought their favour among their | less productions, which are thrown upon the 22. In Nottingham, 17 miles S. E. of Wash- secret haunts.

publick, under the description of Novels, are ington. Commodore Barney's flotilla, in the Let not my fair and fashionable friends written only for the purpose of gratifying the Patuxent, blown up. Removal of the pub- startle at the idea of a lady of learning ; Cor- | feelings, by holding them engaged in an interlick papers from the several offices in Wash-nelia neglected nothing in favour of her book, esting story, and closing the narrative in such a ington.

which would make her more useful at home, / manner as shall leave the mind pleased with 23. British at Oden's farms and Marlborough. or which was necessary to enablo her to add the result. Some writers have aimed to give 24. British advancé. General Winder com- pear, with the nicest propriety, at a party or a this species of composition another recommenmanding our troops, falls back upon the city. | ball.. It has been already said, that she had no dation--they draw their pictures as accurately A battle takes place at Bladensburg. Gen- | taste for ornaments ; but she had a very cor- / as possible from life, with a view to inform the

eral Winder retreats to Washington. rect one in dress. In this particular, she was mind, by thus illustrating the human charac. 25. British about 6,000 strong, under Lieut. always plain, but the best judges pronounced l ter. Others again indulge the still higher aim,

Gen. Ross, take possession of Washington ! her elegant. None of her time was wasted in l of luring the reader to the perusal of moral blow up tbe Capitol and President's house planning new decorations or altering old ones : 1 essays, by interspersing them, in occasional destroy the navy yard, and munitions of war and she would get through a volume, whilst chapters through the story. This method has to a great amount. General Winder re-l others were new setting

others were new setting a cap or trimming a been adopted by some very celebrated writers, treats into Virginia.

bonnet. As her dress was simple, she saved but we have been inclined to think, with very 26. The British withdraw from Washington | also a great deal of time in putting it on. Il little success. If the narrative be conducted and proceed towards their points of embar- | have known her assist a whole :

have known her assist a whole afternoon in with talent, our curiosity and sympathies will cation-unmolested !!

dressing her cousin Livia for a ball, and pre. be warmly excited for the fate of the hero or Baltimore is making every possible prepa. pare herself, in less than half an hour, for the heroine ; not one in a thousand will have paration that circumstances will permit, for de- same party. She was neither a votary to fash- tience to read the moral chapter, but rush on fence, expecting its zeal for the war may have ion, nor transgressor of her laws. Her ap. 1 with the history. We should even venture to entitled it to the next attack.

pearance was always regulated by her sense say, these essays however cxcellent in themA town meeting is called in this town this of propriety, and this taught her equally to selves, had better be totally omitted ; and genday, to consider the report of a committee on avoid a negligence of the prevailing modes in erally do more harm than good. Thus introour present state of defence.

dress, or a studied attention to them. The duced, they give the lecture an obtrusive We regret to state that his Excellency Gov. person of Cornelia, therefore, had none of that character, and probably create a prejudice in ernour Strong was so indisposed on Wednes-glare about it, which usually attracts the no the minds of many, against this kind of reading day, as to be unable to attend Commencement. tice of the generality of men, but, when once I in any shape ; they produce a sense of disan

this notice was attracted, it was fixed; there pointment, not unlike that which we experiCOMMENCEMENT.

was a sort of charin about her, which increas- ence at finding an advertisement of Lottery For want of room, we are obliged to set cd its magick as you approached the object, | Tickets, in our publick journals, tricked out aside our notice prepared. The exercises and which, upon a near acquaintance, men of in disguise, and inserted among articles of were all respectable, and several of them were taste would not easily resist. The sentiment,

important intelligence. marked with very rare excellence. however, which she inspired, was pure and

Miss EDGEWORTH " Belinda" is constructThe Phi Beta Kappa oration, on Thursday, elevated. She was never toasted in a tavern,

ed on a plan for combining all the excellenattracted a brilliant assembly of the literary for she was not celebrated as a belle, and the i cies of this class of productions. The tale is and fashionable ; and Mr. Ticknor did ample most rude of her acquaintance would have deeply interesting, abounding to an uncommon justice to his own reputation, as an elegant felt it a sort of profanation to make use of her degree in lively incidents. The denouement classical scholar, and to the respectable literary name, at any improper time or place. She is so well concealed that it is impossible to ansociety, which had appointed him their orator. was not followed about by a train of lovers,

ticipate it to the very last pages ; a circumfor she encouraged no one to tell the secrets stance which keeps the imagination in full of bis heart, till she felt a prepossession in her

exercise throughout. Human nature is faithLITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS. own. Cornelia had this prepossession at

fully represented in most of the characters ; FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

twenty-one, and she united herself, at that age, and though the rank of some of the agents THE WRITER, No. XVII. to a man altogether worthy of her.

are foreign to our country, where we have In the cultivation of her mind she had learn. neither Lords nor Ladies, the occurrences are Pierias umbras secessus Camotnarum exquirit.

ed the appropriate duties of the female char- í not without their parallels, even in Boston. In my last essay I introduced to my read-acter ; and she always made them her pecu The work is rich in valuable sentiment, and ers two Ladies, to whom I claimed the honour liar study. If therefore her deportment was practical morality ; not detached from the body of being related : and having given the lead. amiable and becoming as a single lady, she is of the relation, but flowing in the language of ing trails in the character of one of them, with still more dignified and respectable since high- the leading personages, so as to constitute an the result of that system of education which er duties have devolved upon her. She is ever | essential part of the story. The reader canis the most favoured at the present dav, referred to as an example for her sex ; and, in not wish a more interesting plot, and on conshall now return to the other, and, in continu- the interesting relations of a wife and a moth- cluding it, will be strongly impressed with ing the story of Cornelia, give the picture of er, the example is most perfect. She consider, the example is most perfect. She conside these grand truths, that virtue is the true road

these grana trutns a person very different from that of her cous. ers home as her proper sphere of action ; here to happiness ; and that in our intercourse with in, and perhaps in the sequel, afford an oppor. she delights to shine ; her ideas of happiness the world, our passions are dangerous guides, tunity to judge, of the comparative advantages principally centre here, and whoever sces her and our safest pilots, reason and religion. of their different manners and accomplish

in the midst of her family, will be impressed ments.

with higher notions of human felicity than ." I looked upon her as one of the thoughtless, Cornelia began early to cultivate her un. they ever entertained before. The manage. good-natured people, who, as the common say. derstanding ; and in proportion as she enrich. | ment, and the education of children, she con- | ing is, do nobody any har* but themselves." ed this, she thought the less of those external siders ought always to be the most important ! « It is difficult in society,” said Mr. Perci. and showy acquirements, which catch the

concern of a parent, and the appearance, be- val, « especially for women, to do harm to idle gaze of the world, but never bring, to the haviour, and improvement of hers, are delight. themselves, without doing harm

themselves, without doing, harm

to others, bosom panting for durable pleasures, any | ful proofs that she has never neglected They may begin in frolick, but they most end real enjoyment, nor any happiness that is lasi whis charge. Her own talents have qualified in malice. They defy the world--the world ing. She considered the mind, as the pearl of her to direct and supplintend their education, in return excommunicates them the female great price ; and that all the time, laid out or and instruct them in the rudiments of literature, and instruct them in the rudiments of ļi

outlaws become desperate, and make it the spent upon her person, must be lost, when, in the principles of virtue, and honour; and Cor- | business and pride of their lives to disturb tho a few years, that person would fade and decay: 1 nefia not only shews these children as her peace of their sober neighbour's Women but that every.moment, given to the improve richest jewels, but has the merit also of hav- who have lowered themselves in the publick ment and polish of the mind, was een proyed to / ing given them their polish with her own opinion cannot rest without attempting to higher advantage, and would be repaid with hands.,

bring others to their own icvel."-Belinda, vol. unabating pleasures even in old age.

** By accident, the following inotto, for the liead of ".

II. p. 10. Wells and Lilly's edition. She did not court learning for the fame of the last Writer, was omitted. it, but for its advantages and its real pleasures. I Illa neque Lares neque Pengtes veneratur. ! (T

Letter to L



An altered and incorrect Copy of the following having appeared in the Analectic Magazine, the poem is now offered for publication in the Boston Spectator, as originally written.

Boston, September 1, 1814.


Painting the flow'ret and the stone,
With tints without his touch unknown ;
Aiding the labours of the swain ;
Granting to life its feast of grain ;-
The holiest heart was e'er bestow'd,
Might hail him on his heavenly road,
And pardon that the pagan knee
Had bent in fond idolatry. .

Sweet scene, farewell.! Although these eyes
Behold thee but through mimick dyes ;
Though ne'er my step may wander o'er
To ancient Albion's distant shore ;
Yet for this semblance sball my heart
Long bless the imitative art.

But thou whose meed it was to knot The substance of this shadowy show, At will to visit such a shrine, With the high consciousness—'twas thine ; Could'st thou-whate'er the Syren call From such an Eden fly-self driven ? Its social bower, its festive hall, Its lawns, its waters, woods, its all ;“ O how could'st thou renounce, and hope to be



BIRON.* 1813.

From scenes like these, that far and wide,
Rise and expand in sylvan pride,
Where fickle man might find in range
From hill to vale, congenial change ;
From scenes whose very hues impart
Good, and gay cheerfulness of heart,
Could e'er their reckless owner roam,
With guilt and gloom to find a home ?
To wander, like the exil'd ghost,
From heavenly fields forever lost,
Doom'd, with Elysium yet in view,
His wayward rovings to pursue,
Where tosses Doubt's tumultuous sea
Thy shatter'd wreck, Depravity!

Degenerate Gordon ! not like thee
Have prov'd thy nobler ancestry.
Nor rambling taste, nor thirst of gain,
From them had wrung their lov'd domain.
Naught lur'd them from their native hall,
But fatal honour's sternest call.
Their only signal to depart,
The beating of a loyal heart ;
That, when Culloden's crimson'd bed
Heav'd with the dying and the dead,
Follow'd its guiding beams afar, ..
Till set in blood the STUART STAR :
While heaven and earth combin'd to sign
The ruin of that royal line !

Son of the Muse--celestial guide !
Wont to inspire far purer pride
Son of the Muse, had gold the power
To win from thee thy classick bower!
Of Byron should it e'er be told,
His birthright barter'd was—for gold !

Alas! for thou hast sold yet more
Than fragile dome, or earth-born store ,
And Virtue mourns, in early day,
A brighter birthright cast away :
What time delirious passion's bowl
Dissolv'd thy priceless pearl, the soul !?

crown'd by heav'n with youth and health,
And mental hoards, and worldly wealth,
Vain the vast patrimony's aid ;-
Thy debt on high has ne'er been paid.
Thy means, perverted from the aim
That had discharg'd the loftiest. claim ;
Guilt's lawless traffick lost for thee
The treasures of futurity!
Yet might it be-thyself-thy song
Are causelessly accus'd of wrong ;
That tell.tale Fame, though still believed,
Has still as constantly deceiv'd ;
And thy free soul, unleagued with ill,
Retains its guardian Angel still,
Who, when temptation's fiends assail'd,
Has wrestled for thee, and prevail'd :-

- If so--the burning blush suffuse,
The bitterest tear bedim the Muse ;
To find it false, were cause to rue,
Unequall’d, save--to find it true!

Yet must the mind misgive thy lot,
That lingers on this pictur'd spot ;
Gazes its many beauties o'er, pv
And still returns to number more.
Musing what bliss 'twere here to find
A solace for the wearied mind.
When, long sustain’d the various parts
Of publick trust, in arms or arts,
Blessing and blest, how fitly here
Might pause from toil a British Peer! -
Be welcom’d by the well-known shade,
Where many a truant prank he play'd ;
And taste the fruit and pluck the flower,
Creations of his earlier hour.

From courts and camps, in groves like those,
Thy hero, Blenheim ! found repose.
To breathe the calm that such inspire,
Would awful Chatham's self retire.
And sacred ever be the shade,
Where, matchless Burke ! thy form was laid,
When, pond'ring all thy country's woes,
The Genius of Prescience rose,
And spread such visions to thy sight,
As check'd the spirit's hastening flight,
And stopp'd of age the coming night ;
Bidding, as erst in Ajalon,
The mental sun not yet go down !

Beside that, bright and tranquil stream
How pleasant to recline and dream!
Listening the while its gentle sound
Not even fairy ear might wound,
Nor passing Zephyr care molest
The sacred quiet of its breast,
In gay translucency complete,
"Yet mild as bright-O emblem meet!
The very heaven assign'd the just,
That haunt of beatifick trust,
Where no defilement enters e'er,
Seems scarce more fair, more calm, more clear.
Byron ! from this, and could'st thou pass ?
Perchance because its faithful glass
To thy inquiring glance has shown
Features, the contrast of its own.
Far other images might find
Access to that distemper'd mind.
The dark wave warring 'gainst the shore,
The wild cascade's eternal roar,
What scorns, or what maintains control,
Suits the stern habit of thy soul.

Where opes yon vista to disclose
Deep blushing how th' horizon glows,
'Twere sweet to watch the sun descend,
Like patriarch or like patriot's end.
The radiance of whose parting light
Gleams far athwart the grave's long night,
And glances to that distant shore,
Where suns arise, to set no more.

Or where that hill's serener brow
O'erlooks the bustling world below,
Wait till that glorious orb arise,
And ride along the nether skies.
A warrior, awful to assail,
With fiery lance and golden mail ;



. By a Member.

l'une-..“ Ye Mariners of England.""
Once more we're met together,
On Marvard's classick ground ;
Then swell the notes of mirth and love,
Exulting in the sound.
Let youthful friendships here revive,
And glow with warmer fame ;
Long as time, may they shine !
And ever be the same ;
For nought shall e'er dissolve the ties,
That hold so strong a claim.
O'er life's rough journey treading,
The joys we mingled here,
Before the world had stung our hearts,
Shall every sorrow cheer.
And every feud shall be forgot,
That once our pleasures crost,
Ne'er again they shall stain,
(in dark oblivion lost)
The tablet of a classmate's heart
Where once their waves were tost.
The early grave of Cooper,
Where Memory loves to dweil,
The spot where Reed and Williams sleep,
Must sure each discord still.
Then as our little band dissolves,
By death asunder riven,
Closer twined, as we're thinn'd,
Be every fault forgiven!
Until it meets to break wo more,
And joins again in heaven.
Come then, dear band of brothers,
Around this social board,
Throw for a while life's cares away ;
Be harmony restored !
And since we ne'er may meet again,
Fill high the sparkling bowl.
Let us taste, Reason's feast,
Aminokink the flow of soul.
Our friendships pledge in life's bright hour,

And when its temposts roll. ******potestatek tata k bok*************okatolicisto take to len talent state prestatutako bi


Derides of earth and heaven the storm,
Has ireful shafts so swift, so sure,
That mortal strength can ne'er endure ;
When that, in vengeance like a God, memua
O'er scorching realms he proudly trod,
But oftener when he glads the view,
Like as a God in bounty too.

• Since sold by his lordship, for a sum passing the Writer's recollection. See British papers of the time. * “ The pearl of the soul may be melted away."


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teen, and of the independence of the United States the politick. Great Britain has just reason, the


JAMES MADISON. whole world will acknowledge, not only to be .. By the President,

proud of the successful valour of her navy, but A PROCLAMATION.

JAMES Monroe, Secretary of State of the honour and magnanimity with which its WHEREAS, the enemy by a sudden incursion have

operations have been executed. This is but a gucceeded in invading the capital of the nation, defend. ed at the moment by troops less numerous than their


just concession, and were it possible for Mr. own, and almost entirely of the militia ;-during their Was the government of the United States Madison to disgrace any other than himself, possession of which, though for a single day only, they not yet sufficiently disgraced was British in- | by his sweeping, unqualified detraction, we wantonly destroyed the publick edifices, having no re dignation not yet sufficiently excited, that we should feel humbled by his unmerited and lation in their structure to operations of war, nor used

must needs have such a shameless and insult- fruitless attempt. We do not wish or expect at the time for military annoyance ; some of these edi.

ing proclamation as this! There seems to him to flatter his enemy ; but to throw gross fices being also costly monuments of taste and of the arts, and others depositories of the publick archives,

be no end to the humiliation we are doomed and unfounded aspersions in their teeth, when not only precious to the nation as the memorials of its to suffer-no stop to Mr. Madison's ingenuity so much depends on their magnanimity and origin and its early transactions, but interesting to all in devising means to exasperate his enemy, forbearance, is an act so outrageously unnations, as contributions to the general stock of histor- and make this detestable war, a war of exter seasonable, that the President's object cannot ical instruction and political science :

mination. We are at a loss which ought be mistaken-he wishes to enrage the officers And whereas, advantage has been taken of the loss most to be despised

e loss most to be despised the effrontery with which of that navy-he wishes them to strike with of a fort, more immediately guarding the neighbouring town of Alexandria, to place the town within the range

& the President here announces his own crimi- their utmost vengeance, that we, in turn, may of a naval force, too long, and too much in the habit of | nal conduct, or the falsehood by which he at- | be maddened with resentment. abusing its superiority, wherever it can be applied, to tempts to inflame, at once, the American “ And whereas it now appears by à direct require as the alternative of a general conflagration, an people, and British commanders.

communication from the British naval comundisturbed plunder of private property, which has « Whereas, the enemy by a sudden incuramander on the American station, to be his been executed in a manner peculiarly distressing to sion have succeeded in invading the capital of 1 avowed purpose to employ the force under the inhabitants who had, inconsiderately, cast them.

the nation-"! selves on the justice and generosity of the victor :

In what sense of the terms his direction, “ in destroying and laying waste And whereas, it now appears bý a direct communi. | can this unblushing man pretend that the visit “ such towns and districts upon the seacoast cation from the British naval commander on the Amer- of the British to Washington was a mere sur- “ as may be found assailable ;" adding to this ican station, to be his avowed purpose to employ the prize ? He had some months' warning that declaration the insulting pretext that it is in force under his direction “in destroying and laying Admiral Cochrane was certainly destined to retaliation for the wanton destruction commit waste such towns and districts upon the coast as may the Chesapeake, with an army. It was an en- , ted by the army of the United States in Upbe found assailable ;” adding to this declaration, the

tire week from the time the British squadron per Canada" insulting pretext, that it is in retaliation for a wanton destruction committed by the army of the United States entered the Potomac and Patuxent, which Here let it be remarked that ever since the in Upper Canada, when it is notorious, that no destruc- indicated their precise object, to the time the political reinlution which placed democrats at tion has been committed, which, notwithstanding t12capital was taken. Could this, considering the the head of our national affairs, it has been the multiplied outrages previously committed by the enemy, Y short distance they penetrated, be called a undeviatit policy of government, basely to was not unauthorised, and promptly shown to be so ; I sudden incursion ?

conccal every part of a French decenient and that the U. States have been as constant in their

And why was " the capital of the nation de which would tend to excite the indignation of endeavours to reclaim the enemy from such outrages,

een fended at the moment by troops less nume. | the American people, and to garble, select and by the contrast of their own example, as they have been ready to terminate, on reasonable conditions, the war

rous than the small detachment wbich the misrepresent every English paper, so as to itself :

British landed ?" Can Mr. Madison possibly ! exhibit such portions only, as, detached from And whereas, these proceedings and declared pur. be ignorant that he begins his proclamation | their connexion, would produce that effect. poses, which exhibit a deliberate disregard of the prin.

with a charge against himself which would | We are therefore confident, degrading as it ciples of humanity, and the rules of civilized warfare,

cost him his office and perhaps more, if we is, and unworthy of the chief magistrate of and which must give to the existing was a character of extended devastation and barbarism, at the very

had a tribunal that would try him. Has he the United States, that this is the case at moment of negociations for peace, invited by the ene. not over and over proclaimed to the world present. Mr. Madison was afraid to trust my himself, leave no prospect of safety to any thing that his means were abundant both for defen the whole of Admiral Cochranc's correspond. within the reach of his predatory and incendiary ope. sive and offensive warfare, and get the capitol, ence to the American publick ; if he had sup rations, but in a manly and universal determination to

the place of his residence, with « its monu- | posed it would have produced such irritation chastize and expel the invader.

ments of taste and of the arts” was entered as it is his grand object to cffect, he would Now, therefore, I, James Madison, President of the Voited States, do issue this my proclamation, exhort

and held in possession at pleasure, by less have done it, but it does not appear in his ing all the good people thereof, to unite their hearts

than three thousand troops, defended, as he proclamation. The terms of the sentence he and hands in giving effect to the ample means posses. states, by still fewer ?

has chosen to publish plainly show, that he sed for that purpose. I enjoin it on all officers, civil | “ And these almost entirely of the militia." has suppressed an important part-the condiand military, to exert themselves in executing the du- Who stripped Virginia and Maryland of the tions to which the threat is annexed. In any ties with which they are respectively charged. And

regular troops, raised by Congress, but this other man but James Madison, or one of his more especiaily, I require the officers commanding the respective military districts, to be vigilant and alert in

same James Madison, who now seems to de- clan, such an infamous deception would be inproviding for the defence thereof; for the more effect

plore the forlorn situation of the place ? Is credible--of him' we can believe any thing ual accomplishment of which, they are authorised to the President preparing the bill of his own / unworthy of an honourable statesman. Why call to the defence of exposed and threatened places, impeachment, or wantonly insulting the people should Admiral Cochrane communicate his portions of the militia most convenient thereto, wheth. he had nearly ruined ?

intentions in this manner, if they were not acer they be or be not parts of the quotas detached for the

If the publick edifices at Washington were companied by conditions ? Why were not the service of the United States under requisitions of the

precious to the nation, how will the appointed general government.

conditions published with the menace, unless On an occasion which appeals so forcibly to the

guardian of them and the nation justify hiin because Mr. Madison felt convinced they proud feelings and patriotick devotion of the American self for his flagrant breach of trast?

would have turned the responsibility of the people, none will forget what they owe to themselves ; The conduct of the enemy at Alexandria is threat's being execuied upon himself, in the what they owe to their country and the high destinies certainly incomprehensible; it is new in the publick opinion ? Indeed we are given to

annals of British warfare ; it was such as we understand there was more in the letter, but ers, in establishing the independence which is now to be maintained by their sons, with the augmented strength

did not expect from them, and such as we of this, what he deigns to commupicate, he and resources with which time and heaven have bles.

cannot yet believe will be pursued in future, | clothes in his own language. sed them.

as a system. But the vulgar reflection which «When it is notorious that no destruction In testimony whereof, I have hereupto set my hand and caused the President takes this occasion to utter, has been committed by the United States' ary

the sea! Ce the United States to be affixed to these presents. | against the general conduct of their navy is il- | my in Upper Canada? which notwithstanding Done at the City of Washington, the first day of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight :andred and four. i liberal, FALSE, and in the highest degrec im- | the mulliylied outrages previously committed

by the enemy, was not unauthorized, and are the measures which he pursued to reclaim ! On the 1st of September, an expedition of promptly shown to be so." In this short sen the enemy from outrages, which they had not about 25 sail and from 2 to 3000 troops, com. tence, there are two palpable untruths. It is perpetrated.

manded by Sir John Sherbroke, entered Pe. a fact, which we confess with regret, and only

'We shall offer but one more remark on nobscot bay, took the small fort at Castine, and because it is absolutely necessary the people this subject, and that deserves serious consid. possessed themselves of the towns of Castine of the United States should trace all their suf. | cration. Our whole warfare, from the first, I and Belfast The frigate Adams was un tha ferings to their proper source, that the inva was in its nature and prospect, a war against river at Hampden. A ship, two brigs, and sion of Canada has exhibited a species of war. | individual property, except the few brilliant | several small craft were sent up the river to fare, which the publick feeling of this country efforts of our infant marine. It was never | destroy her. Captain Morris defended her would not justify, even if the war had been suggested by our rulers that we could make | until the attempt was evidently fruitless, then considered necessary and politick. The Ca- | any impression on the navy of Great Britain, | abandoned and blew her up. Sir John Sher. nadians are as loud in their complaints for | or subdue her armies. The conquest of Can- / broke has issued a proclamation, claiming nos. 6 the burning of Newark, and the atrocities ada was threatened, and has afforded only an | session of all the country east of Penobsco committed at Queenstown, Dover, St. David's, incessant theme of ridicule-but the commerce | river, enjoining good order and a respect to Long Point and Chippewa" as wc can be for of Great Britain, the floating property of indi- | property among his troops, and inviting the ravages on the Atlantick coast. But we do vidual subjects, the plunder or destruction of inhabitants to a quiet pursuit of their several not rely on these facts, from the complaints of this, was the efficient means by which we cccupations. the enemy alone. That outrages, unusual in were to bring that nation to our terins.

On the 29th of August, the inhabitants of ordinary warfare, have been perpetrated by the We have done with this disgusting, mortify. Alexandria, unable to defend themselves were invaders of Canada, is corroborated by the offi- | ing proclamation. It is intended to do evil, | compelled to sign a capitulation, surrendering cial accounts in the archives of government and it probably will embitter the conflict in all naval and ordnance stores; all ships and by the boasts of some who were active in which we are engaged. The requisitions for their furniture ; merchandize of every describthese scenes of plunder and destruction, and defence by the President are now no virtue. tion--that which had been recently removed to more particularly by the private confessions of. The executives of the several states are left to be brought back ; and provisions to be fur. other honourable officers of the army, who use their means, and we trust in heaven that | nished for the ships at the market price. The were reluctant witnesses to conduct of which in the defence of our territory, our lives and / next day, the President issued the Proclama. they were most heartiiy ashamed. We know our property, they will use them with success. tion in our first page. this to be correct, and could mention names | The general government has wasted all its On the 1st inst. General Brisbane, with a which would silence all cavilling and Mr. | means in unjust aggressions and in exasperate | force estimated at 5000, entered the United Madison himself.

ing the foe. But we can defend our homes, States at the north-east corner of New York, Now of all the conflagrations and destruction or at least try it to a desperate extremity, and advanced along the west shore of Lake of property effected in Canada, we know of without partaking of his indelible crimes, who | Champlain, towards Plattsburg, which is little but a single instance where there has existed brought these calamities upon us. If ven more than thirty miles from the line. Their a shadow of proof that it was « unauthorized | geance is directed against us, under the vir- fleet kept near them on the lake. Our force by government and promptly shown to be so." tuous and inflexible STRONG, we must and remaining at Plattsburg is but about 1500 ; This was in the case of the village of St. Da. | will do our utmost.

General Izard with 4000 having recently left vid's, where the commanding officer, or rather

it, and by the last accounts was at Saratoga, we believe some subordinate, was lately tried | We are indeed happy to find that the poli destination unknown. Plattsburg falls dest. and dismissed the service! ticks of our last number are in perfect conso

General Brisbane has issued Brigade Oro The second falsehood in this sentence, is nance with the tone of publick opinion. The ders, enjoining upon his troops the most rigid the transposition of the order of cvents. This i general detestation of Mr. Madison and his discipline, holding every individual amenable is of the utmost importance to be observed, war is deep and fixed. The line of disunction to punishment, who shall in any way molest for on it depends the real character of trans. I is drawn on men's hearts, and will regulate de persons or property of unoffending citizens actions. Private plunder, devastations by fire, their conduct through and after this dark day of the United States, declaring that “ it is not &c. in him who aggresses, are barbarous, of trial-not a finger will be raised in support against such persons that Great Britain makes and forbidden by the rules of civilized war. |

the rules of civilized war: 1 of Mr. Madison's grounds of war, nor his hon war ; but against the government, whose folly fare ; but if truly retaliatory, they are allowa- | our, nor to aid his offensive measures against and ambition have brought the miseries of war ble. Now in justice to the English, and in the British colonies ; but every nerve will be into their country, and against the army and order to keep in view Mr. Madison's a wful exerted, if necessary, to repel plunder and de. | individuals, in support of such a government." responsibility to the American pation, let it bevastation. The cause and conduct of govern August 4th.. Col. Croghan with about 700 distinctly remembered that the first blow, by ment becomes every hour more abhorrell, as American troops attacked the British fort at land, against private property, was struck by the distress which threatens, requires and Mackinaw, at the west end of Lake Huron ; our troops in Canada ; and the first maraud commands exertion.

was repulsed and has retreated. ing at sea, by our privateers at the east ward. When the President shall be compelled by It is reported that 3000 British have landed It is notorious, to use Mr. Madison's language, | Congress to disgorge the whole of Admiral | a-Gravelly point, 20 miles from Sacket's harbour. that, in every departure from the customary Cochrane's correspondence, hopes are yet en. On the 2nd inst. the English ships at Alex rules of warfare, until the disgraceful scene at tertained that the threat whicb has been pub- andria dropped down the river. It is said that Alexandria, the British have specified in their lished will wear a qualified aspect. These obstructions have been placed in the river, several attacks, the particular outrage, which

which they cannot pass that they have been they meant to retaliate. It was the publicity ter, which preceded the taking of the capital attacked from the shores and that the British of these facts that, when the enemy began their for neither there nor at Alexandria, was thc were again landing at Patuxent. destruction on our seacoast, suppressed popular threat executed ;--and by the express lan

The value of the property destroyed at resentment among us--that feeling which, like guage of General Brisbane's orders, which / Washington is now stated at about 2.000,000. clectricity, has pervaded the whole union, since breathe a spirit of generous and magnanimous The enemy did not visit the foundery. The the ravages committed under Capt. Gordon. warfare. We believe Mr. Madison has plun- guns of the “ Independence'' are yet our own.

We have not yet forgotten the proclamations ged into new iniquity and shame, and that his The heads of department are beginning to issued on the early invasion of Canada-we efforts will recoil upon himself. But peril fall. Armstrong has resigned the duties of his remember, that though the aboriginals were as stares us in the face ; we must prepare for office, overwhelmed with universal detestation. much interested and as justifiable in defend- | the worst, still remembering, in our toils and The same fate, erelong, we trust, awaits the ing their soil and homes, as the European col- sacrifices in the loss of property and blood,

and blood. President. onists, yet QUARTER was refused the latter, in if it must be, that the act of June 1812 brought Rumour says our ministers have found their case they should be found in arms, aided by these disasters to our happy, quiet shores. | instructions too limited for the objects of their Indian allies. Is there a parallel atrocity on

negotiation, and that they have applied to our record in the history of any war? We know


government for more extensive powers. of none. We might pursue the subject to a

The inhabitants of Boston, on Satòrday lis'e lenseth exceeding our bounds, but the recollec. | BOSTON, SATURDAY, SEPT. 10, 1814. I wrive of this state for every practicable mtas.

expressed their perfect reliance on the Exec: tion of our readers will render it unnecessary. After all this, Mr. Madison has the audacity 1 DOMESTICK. Events of a very intcrest.

ure of defence, and their readiness to coope:ate ta proclaim to the United States, the Brisish, / ing and gloomy character are now pressing !

in effecting his purposes. So the world, that nothing has been done in | upon us. We shall endeavour to note the

His Excellency bas ordered a considerable

force, from the militia of the countiv, to repair Canada, which was not justifiable !! Such most important.

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to the capital. All classes are on the alert, | possible for rich men to go to heaven, yet unmusical to your Lordship's ear, the purity and our means of security are rapidly advan- | money is certainly their favoured idol, and of our motives, we are persuaded, will secure cing.

they make more sacrifices to wealth, than to us from the possibility of blame : moreover, Last report_That Belfast was evacuated, the unseen god, whom they profess to adore. so far from presuming to be infallible, our that the militia marching thither had been or- Even among the ministers of their humble and

mong the ministers of their humble and friendly expostulations claim no other merit dered to Wiscasset, the next attack being ex- self-denying religion, although I am assured than that of rapid impressions. It is neither pected at Wiscasset or Portland-and that 120 that most of them are peaceable, and contented, foaming mead, nor beverage of wormwood, vessels had been burnt in Penobscot bay. If' and happy without riches, there are some that with which our cup is overflowing ; but of, there be any truth in this last, it must be ex. are greedy of worldly gain ; and one of them, whatever ingredients the mixture may be comaggerated. The account comes in a letter since my residence here, instead of attending posed, we hope your Lordship will not find from Bristol, Maine, said to be received there to his religious duties, has employed his time the infusion unpalatable or unsalutary. by express.

in writing an angry book, and endeavouring What lofty aim, allow us to inquire, what

to sell it for a great price to increase his glorious achievement, what purpose worthy of LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS. wealth ; and, what appears more inconsistent an immortal mind, are you enuious to accomFOR TAE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

in his character as a minister of Jesus, this plish ? The advancement of human kind, do

very book, by which he hopes to raise up and you answer, toward the perfection of their naTHE WRITER, No. XVIII.

swell the amount of his own riches, uncharit iure ? A godlike anbition. Surely then the It is often entertaining, and sometimes use | ably pulls down the fame and reviles the char- | flame of soul, the fiery vigour, bestowed by ful to hear the observations and remarks which acter of his neighbour and fellow christian Heaven in munificence of love, was never are made upon our character as Americans ; « Among the other classes, the desire for rich- | meant to be wasted in throwing rainbows upon our manners, our religion, our virtues es is more constant ; they often however feel | around the crimes of a Barabbas. You de. and our vices, by strangers and foreign gen. I ashamed of this overruling propensity, and en- | ceive yourself, my Lord. To canonize the tlemen, who occasionally reside among us, deavour, by a forced display of charity, to bloody adventurer, to amuse the idle and the or cravel through our country with opportunity conceal it, and to deceive the world by erect. | frivolous, to soil the chastity and whiteness of to make such remarks, and who are qualified to ing institutions for the purposes of benevolence. | the young imagination ; or from the mart of compare and contrast our customs with those! But here they often fail, and have never, I Fancy to purvey for the insatiable appetite of of ot..er nations, and have judgment to am toid. Succeeded so well as their brother | Athenian curiosity ; efforts like these, my form an opinion of our character from our christians in England, the nation from whence Lord, are not formed to promote the wellbeprincipal concerns and habits of life. The they are descended.

| ing and perfection of the world, nor to enthrone Chinese. gentleman, who lately made a visit 6 It has generally been the boast of people their performer in the Temple of Fame. From here, lived very retired, and did not appear to professing this religion, that they take care of efforts like these, unborn millions will not imtake much interest in, either our publick, or the poor and sick, who are not able to take care bibe the enthusiasm of virtue ; nor in the private reputation : yet as he seemed to be a l of tliemselves ; and in England, particularly, it clime of immortality, remembering their di

vine and rescuing intervention, will they enalmost impossible that he should have lived tablished and supported for such purposes.

wreathe your brows with the amaranth of gratfor so many months in a country and among! There are also some, on a small plan, here:itude : such holy raptures are reserved for a people so distant and so different from his but it is thought to be much to their discred. | Bards, who illustrate in lite the divinity of own, without having some new and strange it, that they have not been able to collect do their extraction, for Bards who pour upon ideas respecting us. I could not believe, that nations sufficient to built a house to receive, / darkling man the unsullied beams of the founhe should have no curiosity to pry, in some l generally, the sick, poor, and those deprived of tain of light. measure, into our modes of thinking, our re- reason. Endeavours are now using to establish If elevating and purifying the affections ligion, our motives of action ; to be able to such a place, called a “General Hospital ;” but constitute the higher excellencies of poetry, carry home traits of our national character and although some men, of better hearts, have of- and those, o concoiro, may bo numbered give to bis countrymen some account of what i fered to pay very liberally towards it, yet the among its cardinal virtues, your productions by them must be considered a singular race most of them, even of the rich ones, love their seem not deplorably wayward merely, but disof men.

money too well to part with it merely for the cover a miserable deficiency of judgment. Impressed with an idea of this sort, and ve- sake of humanity and their religious obligations. Whenever we yield to your guidance, contemry desirous to know what opinion this Chinese Nay, it is even said, that when an old person plate the savage grandeur of your Genius, and may have formed of us, I have taken some on his death-bed had ordered a considerable follow the wild stream of its incantationspains to ascertain whether he used to write at suin to be paid out of his estate for the ben

|(and where are they, on whom the Mountain all, or had, during his stay amung us, commit-efit of this Hospital, that the heirs, or those of Adamant has not resistless attraction ?)-do ted any of his ideas or observations to paper. I who now have the management of the money, we after our disenchantment, if indeed our After much search and diligent inquiry, I have refused it; and notwithstanding they are

| disenchantment be ever effected, find our have had the good fortune to get possession rich themselves, are greedy to increase their

hearts warmed with love to God and good will of a bundle of papers left behind him, consis- gold, by sharing a part of what was meant to

to man? We appeal to your Lordship. Do ting of sketches or rough draughts of letters, be given to the poor and needy.”

you not feel, after examining the Beggar's written to his friends in Canton ; and an im

Opera, the Robbers, the glozings of Thomperfect sort of journal, or book of memoranda,

son's accursed Archimage, and the felon fea

FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOn. on which he noled down what appeared to him

tures of your Buccanier fragments, that the singular or extraordinary ; and in which are LETTER TO LORD BYRON. moral impressions you receive if not precisely, many shrewd remarks, and some satirical

My Lord,

are essentially the same ? That the immutaobservations relating to our American man

Will you indulge an individual, of whom

ble distinctions of rigbt and wrong become ners. As I never had any desire of hoarding your Lordship has been too often unmindful,

blended and obscured? That the affinities of up literary treasure, I am always ready to com- l in once more using the freedom of a friend ?

eedom of a friend ? truth and falsehood, purity and impurity, honmunicate all my knowledge, whether original While briefly reviewing the spirit of your esty a or acquired, to the publick ; and, like most peo- ' poesy, a remote or Werter cousin of mine,* far

mate? That the momentary impulses of the ple entrusted with a secret, whenever I think however from being in the fifteenth remove,

unprincipled and blasphemous, presume to be I know more ihan my neighbours, am ever un- ! has imparted much delight by a prom

has imparted much delight by a promise of paramount to the hallowed and immoveable an opportunity to make them accompanying me to our Lordship I need resolves of the pure in heart? as wise as myself. I shall therefore occasion-not describe the majesty of her mien. the Your equivocal morality, my Lord, if you ally, and as I can procure a translation of them, sweetness of her smile, or the lightning of possess qualities in any degree meriting the enrich my weekly numbers with some of the her displeasure : her enemies, indeed, re

leed. re name of morality, we cannot but disapprove. observations and remarks of this Chinese.

I proachfully insinuate, that both her smiles and in the rooi of beautilying, it would under: What I have already been able to get ren- her frowns are the wild offspring of Caprice ; 1

mire and demolish the fair fabrick of civil udered into English, will serve for the enter but such misapprehensions, be it known, arise nion. Because your hero's atrocities are tainment of this day, and afford my readers a solely from the misrule of those, who usurpavowed, will you term this statement unfair, specinien of the writing and opinions of this

untrue, and sweeping? If it do not accord stranger.

Should any remark, which we may estecm

with the letter, it unqucstionabiy accords with “ The principal aim of these people seems

the spirit of your productions. The crimes to be to get money; and although their religion

of Conrad, for example, you acknowledge but teaches them to despise riches, and their great i

[* This communication is signed “ CurssTIANITY

simply in the abstract ; while to the undistin' CRITICISM.”] propbet has expressly told them, that it is im

guishing or less discerning, you render them

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