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The Death of the Rev. R. J. Ellis.

TITH deep sorrow we announce the death, at the early age of

forty-five, of one of the strongest, and most gifted, and most devoted of our missionaries in India.

Mr. Ellis went out to India in 1860 with the first Mrs. Ellis. They were stationed at Soory, where Mr. Ellis devoted himself with great success to the study of the Bengali language, and afterwards also of the Santali language, for, towards the close of his stay at Soory, he had resolved to labour among that interesting tribe. His wife's state of health being very unsatisfactory, she, with her two little girls, sailed for England early in 1864, in the same ship which took away Dr. Duff finally—at least, it is likely to prove finally—from the shores of India. Not long before reaching St. Helena, Mrs. Ellis died, from some cause apparently unconnected with her previous complaint. Dr. Duff showed her much kindness. The two children were taken on to Scotland, and are still at Edinburgh with their maternal relations.

About the time Mrs. Ellis left for Europe it was necessary that Mr. Ellis should for a time occupy the then vacant station of Allahabad. During his sojourn there he acquired the Hindi and Urdu languages. It was there he made the acquaintance of the young lady whom he married in 1865, and who now survives him. On returning to Bengal he removed, first to Jessore, and afterwards for a season to Barisal ; but, in 1868, he was once more stationed at Jessore, and continued there for seven years. Towards the close of 1875 he removed to Calcutta, taking up his residence at Intally. During his sojourn at Calcutta he was much engaged in vernacular literary work, especially in the preparation of the Mussulman Bengali edition of the gospels by Matthew and John. The printing of the second issue of the former was almost finished when he left, and will be completed under the care of the Rev. Mr. Rouse.

Dr. Wenger, who furnishes the above facts, touchingly adds :

“It seems strange to me that the young and vigorous should be promoted to glory, and the aged and feeble ones left behind. But the Lord's counsel is best.”

Rev. Albert Williams says :“We have lost an earnest, hardworking, talented, strong, brother

His zeal, earnestness, thoroughness, and Scotch honesty and pertinacity had perhaps a certain ruggedness about them which might ropel those who did not know how deeply and tenderly affectionate he was. He has left a gap by his departure which, looking below, we know not how to fill up. Our hope soars upward, where we have a very present help in trouble.”

Mr. Rouse says

“He had a thorough knowledge of Bengali, and was a powerful preacher in it, whether to Hindus or Mohammedans. His heart was set on his work, he was indefatigable in it, and he has died “in harness." We cannot yet realise that he is gone. We thought that after sixteen years labour in the plains in India, it might be necessary for him soon to seek a change in Europe; but it never entered into our minds that he would die. And now he has gone. Who will go next? And who will take the standard from our fallen brother's hand, and carry it into the midst of the foe? Perhaps the places of some of the rest of us will have to be filled up soon. Who among the young men of England will come and stand by us while we live, and take our place when we, too, die?” :

Missionary Notes. The power and influence of the Brahmins is visibly declining; the extravagance of the system, self-immolation, self-torture, naked and repulsive asceticism-have disappeared, or are disappearing ; pilgrimages are yearly less frequent, endowments are rarer ; caste rules are relaxed, people are less prepared to make sacrifices of any kind for their belief. The Hindu is beginning to forget his religion; he has never formally deposed it, but it is hunted out of sight by the whole routine of the life which we have introduced.

The progress of the gospel in India is shown by the fact that the number of Evangelical Christians who use the Tamil language is now 125,000.

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Contributions.

From 19th July to 18th August, 1877. ANNUAL SUBSCRIPTIONS. Tritton, Mr Joseph

LEGACY. (monthly) ...............

Brown, the late Mrs Alexander, MrG. W.... 26 5

Emily of Regent's-pk. Allen, Mrs W.8.,Cheadle 10 001

DONATIONS.

per Messrs Storey and Bacon, Mr J. P. ......... 1000 0 Arnold, Rev G. E., for

Cowland ....................448 19 Carter, MrT. C............ 0 10 0 10 6 6 Norway ....................

5 00 Dunnett, Mr W........

...... 10 0 Tughes, Mr Hugh ...... 5 0 0 Jacob, Mr E. W., C.

LONDON AND MIDDLESEX. M. J. S. ...

0 13 01 Martin, Mr W. B..... ...

Under 10s. ..............

Arthur-street, CamberSeager, Mr W. ............

0

0 10

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well Gate ............... 5 0

0

Talston Junction Sunday-
Liverpool, Myrtle-street

SCOTLAND.
school ..................... 20 18 10 | for Mr Smith, Delhi... 10 00
Hawley-road, St. Paul's

Do., for Mr Thomson's

| Glasgow Auxiliary for Chapel ..................... 3 8 0 Hospital and Schools,

support of an Eran. Peniel Tabernacle, Chalk

Africa ..................

... 10 0 0 gelist at Naples ...... 4000 Farm

3 8 10 Do., Ricbmond Ch... 10 0 8 Preston-street School ... 1 7 6 Manchester, on account,

IRELAND. Stockwell

per Mr Bickham.

Belfast. Gt. VictorisWalworth-road, on acct. 40 00 "Treasurer ............. 50 0 0 street Sunday-school 1 7 6 Wood Green Sun.-sch... 2 941

Carrickfergus.....

3 12 6

Rome.......

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NORFOLK.
CAMBRIDGESHIRE.

CHANNEL ISLANDS.
Norwich, Surrey-road,
Cambridge, Zion Chapel 10 8 0 for Mrs. Wall's work.

Guernsey, Castel ....... 7 4 4 ... 20 0 0 St. Saviour's ............... 403 St. Martin's

6 1 5 DEVONSHIRE,

Yarmouth, United Plymouth, George-street 8 10 01

Meeting ......

..... 7 13 il
Jersey ...........

.. 4 90 Do., Mutley Chapel... 4 0 0 Do. Tabernacle......... 5 16 0

Do. St. George's Park 32 19 7
Gorleston .............

2 2 9 CHINA FAMINE RELIEF
DORSETSHIRE.
Martham.....................

6 198 FUND. Weymouth ...... ... 8 4 8

55 11 11
M. E. M.....

...... 100 Less expenses ........... 0 19 11

Wilson, Mrs .........

..... 800

Sheffield, Methodist New
Essex.

54 12 10 Connexion Sunday

school, for Orphans... 0 101 Loughton .................. 4 2 0

Under 10s...

03 0 NORTHAMPTONSHIRE. GLOUCESTERSHIRE,

SPECIAL CONTRIBUTIONS Aldwinkle ...

FOR SCHOOLS AT SPANISH Eastcombe ..... 2 0 0 Moulton ......

............ 6 2 9

TOWN, JAMAICA, Eastington, Nupend Ch. 6 8 9 Roade

... 8 4 6 Nailsworth ...........

... 3 1 6 West Haddon ........... 4 5 0 Brewin, Mr W.. .......... 10 0 0 Uley ............

.. 3 9 0 Wotton-under-Edge ... 24 11 0

SHROPSHIRE.

SPECIAL CONTRIBUTIONS
HAMPSHIRE.
Aston-on-Clun, Craven

FOR PURCHASE OF ROOM

Arms Sunday-school. 1 0 6 FOR MRS. WALL'S WORK, Southampton, Portland

ROME. Ch., for N P ............ 0 13 6

SURREY.

Per Mrs. Uunderhill.
Balham, Ramsden-road 9 9 2 Barran, Miss... ...... 100
KENT.

West Croydon
............ 4 2 0 Barran, Miss L

0 10 0 Chatham,Zion Chapel...

( 7

0 4

Do. for “ West Croy4

Brock, Rev. W....

don School," Delhi 2 10 0 Greenwich, South-street i 8 8

Johnston, Mr.

0 10 0 Osborn, Mr....

100 Town, Mr W..

5 0 0 YORKSHIRE. LANCASHIRE. Liverpool, Myrtle-street 75 0 0 Bingley ................... 5 13 8

SPECIAL CONTRIBUTIOX3 Do., for Sutcliffe Mt.

FOR MISSION BUILDINGS Sch., Jamaica ....... 7 10 0

AT NAPLES. Do., for Mr Hutchins,

SOUTH WALES. Jamaica ............... 10 0 0

Berwick-on-TFeed per Do., for Calabar In

Cardiff, Bethany ......... 13 2 4 Mr A. J. Dodds ...... 800 stitution, Jamaica.. 10 001

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TO SUBSCRIBERS. It is requested that all remittances of Contributions be made to Mr. ALFRED HENRY BAYNES, Mission House, 19, Castle Street, Holborn, London, E.C.; or to the Rev. CLEMENT BAILHACHE; also that if any portion of these gifts is designed for a specific object, full particulars of the place and purpose may be given. Cheques should be crossed Messrs. BARCLAY, BEVAN, TRITTON, & Co., and Post-office Orders made payable at the General Post Office,

THE MISSIONARY HERALD.

Africa for Christ.

“HE SHALL HAVE DOMINION ALSO FROM SEA TO SEA, AND FROM THE RIVER

UNTO THE ENDS OF THE EARTH.

AT length the great problem of African geography has been solved; and A the Lualaba and the Congo are found to be one and the same river.

In the last number of TAE HERALD we expressed the conviction that ere long this all-important question would be set finally at rest, and the surmises of Livingstone, Schweinfurth, Cameron, and others, become certainties.

Mr. Stanley has now made his way continuously from Nyangwè on the Lualaba—the farthest point of Livingstone's researches and of Cameron's acquaintance with that mighty river—down through the very heart of the Continent, to the West Coast, and bringing the great stream along with him all the road through, has demonstrated by actual accomplishment of the voyage that the Lualaba and the Congo are one ; and that there exists a most magnificent water-way from Tanganyika to the Atlantic, on which for full 1,400 miles vessels of considerable burden may sail without a break.

It has been well said that, “Henceforth to Mr. Stanley will belong the ineffaceable and unique honour of having reached the western from the eastern coast of Africa by a water-road, which proves the Lualaba to be the upper channel of the mighty ‘Ikutu ya Congo,' thus connecting the far-off inland seas of Bangwoolo and Moerotogether with the Luapula and · Webb’s Lualaba'-in one magnificent catena of lakes and lacustrine streams, whose source westward of Nyassa, as the crow flies, is nearly twenty degrees of longitude distant from its embouchure on the Atlantic Ocean in the well-known Congo mouth; while its whole course must extend through five or six thousand miles of winding banks.

“We know now, thanks to this unexampled voyage, that the prodigious flood which pours into the Atlantic at Point Padron and Kabinda has risen close to the Zambezi fountains ; and that in future days the inland argosios of regenerated Africa may almost cross the Continent by water from ocean to ocean. It is true we hear also of no less than thirty odd rapids and cataracts besides the already well-known 'Yellala Falls,' beyond which Tuckey, in 1816, saw a little of the stream. But from E. longitude twenty-six degrees to E. longitude seventeen degrees we learn that the mighty river has an uninterrupted course of 1,400 miles, with many magnificent affluents, the broken portion lying mainly in the mountain belt, through which it breaks its way to pass into the Atlantic. Thus, for the first time since the history of man was written, the mysterious veil is drawn aside from the entire channel of the Congo, and we see it a grander and vaster water-way than even the Nile.”

Mr. Stanley's despatch is dated Embomma, Congo River, West Coast of Africa, August 10th, 1877, just twelve months since the date of his leaving Ujiji, to cross the great Tanganyika, on his way to Nyangwe, for the purpose of tracking the mysterious tide flowing by that distant settlement.

From the brief accounts that have reached us of this memorable journey, it is clear that it has been attended with heavy privations, losses, and sorrows, and that it has been unfortunately darkened by violence and death,

"Mr. Stanley's warmest admirers must acknowledge that he lacks the commanding moral power which carried David Livingstone across Africa without firing a shot or striking a blow;" and without passing any judgment until further and more exact information is in our hands, we cannot but give expression to a keen regret that the line of Mr. Stanley's course through the country has been so often marked by bloodshed and death, associating, as it cannot fail to do, in the minds of the natives through whose territories he has passed, the advent of the white man with violence and slaughter, and so rendering future exploration still more difficult.

In this respect both David Livingstone and Bishop Steere stand out in happy contrast to Mr. Stanley ; for both declare from personal experience of prolonged African travel, that, as a protection against the natives, “ arms are only a cause of insecurity.”

It is due, however, to this intrepid traveller to remember that he assures us that powder and shot were only used when patience and endurance had been tried to their utmost.

We are now able, by the kindness of Sir Rutherford Alcock, K.C.B., President of the Royal Geographical Society, to furnish our readers with s reduced copy of Lieut. Grandy's map (referred to in the last number of the Herald), showing his route to San Salvador and Makouta, by way of Ambrize, Queballa, and Bembe, and his return journey to Embomma, by way of Quanza, Banzi Noki, and Lucango.

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