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them as follows:-“ One hundred and three services, attended by some 3,000 individuals, have been held every week. Twenty-six persons have been baptized, and forty-nine have been returned as candidates for that ordinance. Eighty-one others appear on the list as inquirers. A few of these
may be regarded as true converts, but the great majority of them are Buddhists and others who, being dissatisfied with their old religion, are searching after the truth. The number of church members is 533. There are sixteen Sunday-schools, with 471 scholars ; and 11,054 religious tracts and 140 portions of the Holy Scriptures have been circu. lated.” In addition to a general superintendence of these labours, Mr. Pigott has given considerable attention to the establishment of day-schools in all the stations. They now number forty-six, and contain 2,509 scholars. The liberal grants of the Government, with the fees of the pupils, allow this important work to be carried on at a very slight cost to the Society. The course pursued by our brethren finds an ample justification in the language of the revered missionary Daniel. Referring to mission schools thirty-two years ago, he wrote :-"I am persuaded that great, and what in the end will appear lasting, advantages result from them. This is not merely a subject of hope, but has in many cases been actually realised. Several who are members of the churches were formerly taught in our schools, and several of our most active and useful (native) missionaries received in them the commencement of their religious knowledge.” The later experience of the mission fully sustains the views expressed by the “ Apostle of Ceylon.”
The Rev. C. Carter has been diligently pressing on his new version of the Old Testament Scriptures. It has now reached at press the end of the second book of Chronicles, and in its progress receives repeated revisions from the hands of the missionary and his assistant. The Kandy Mission has lost by death the services of Philip Pulla, whose work for many years has lain among the Tamil population of the district. He was a devoted, zealous, and humble follower of the Lord, obtaining the affection and esteem of all who knew him. Much seed lies buried in this district. It has been scattered far and wide; but, as Mr. Carter writes, “ The people have many evil habits, are bound by many ties to their ancient religion, are dark, ignorant, credulous of the old, and incredulous of the new. It is, therefore, no wonder that the Gospel makes slow progress among them.” It is the missionary's hope that the blessings showered upon England may also come upon Ceylon, and that there may be found here, as the fruit of God's blessing, some vigorous and devoted disciples of Christ, who will devote their energies to Christ's service in this beautifal but godless land. However this may be, the Committee have the confidence that their brethren in Ceylon are labouring both diligently and effectively. The Governor of the Island, in an address to his Council, lately, said :—“I know of no country where missionary enterprise is doing better work than here, or where there is less of the odium theologicum." The Word of the Lord is incorruptible seed, and in due season His servants shall reap if they faint not.
The departure of Dr. Brown from Chin early in the year, and the illness of the native evangelist, in some measure interfered with the plans which had been laid down by Mr. Richard for an extensive tour in various parts of the province of Shantung. In the spring he visited, in company with his native evangelist, the chief towns of four counties, healing the sick and preaching as they went, staying a few days at each important place. Four native brethren have assisted Mr. Richard in his work; one is supported by the Society, another from local resources, and a third by a church in Holland, of which the Rev. H. Z. Kloeckers is pastor, and the fourth by the native church. One travels with Mr. Richard, one accompanies the pastor Ching, and the other two itinerate. The following is an illustration of their reception :-At Yangtien, the town was placarded, giving them and their doctrine a most unenviable character. A large number of persons assembled to drive them out of the place ; but one of the brethren has the rare ability and grace to speak with firmness, and yet with meekness. He was equal to the occasion. He inquired what was it they were so angry about, and then gave them a full account of the doctrines and practices of the Gospel. So complete was the victory, that, in a most unaccountable manner, except to those who know the power of love, the leader himself acknowledgeć his mistake, invited the evangelists to dine, and begged their forgiveness, as he did it in ignorance. In another place they were regarded as gods by the people, to use a term in frequent use in the western sense of divine.
Mr. Richard also reports that the Pastor Ching has profited much by Dr. Brown's instructions in medicine, and has been able to relieve the sicknesses of some 1,560 sufferers. He finds that his skill in medicine gives him access to persons otherwise almost inaccessible to the Gospel. The need, however, of additional European agency is greatly felt, and
Mr. Richard earnestly pleads for a colleague to strengthen his hands, and to enter on the wide fields which on every side present themselves to the heralds of the Cross.
Notwithstanding the prevalence of sickness in the Cameroons River, the Rev. J. J. Fuller reports that the families connected with the mission have been spared. Since the completion of the chapel at Mortonville the congregation has been trebled, the inquirer's class has increased to twenty, and six persons have been admitted to the fellowship of the church, some of them not without much opposition from their friends. In the services of the sanctuary, the power and presence of the Spirit of God have often been displayed. A marked increase of interest in the Gospel has been noticed among the people, especially among the chiefs and head men of the town, one of whom has joined the church. The schools are well attended, and the people are urging Mr. Fuller to establish another in a distant part of the town.
During Mr. Saker's absence Mr. Fuller has occasionally visited the Bethel station at King A’kwa's town, and given his aid to the native pastor N'Kwe.
Two persons have been baptized. On Mr. Saker's arrival with Mr. Grenfell, the state of the congregation was found far more encouraging than could have been anticipated. A hearty welcome was given to Mr. Saker and his companion, and no time was lost in making preparations for the extension of the Mission into the interior, which the Committee hope it will be in the power of Mr. Saker, should his health permit, to accomplish. Mr. Grenfell finds that the considerable knowledge of English which many of the people possess, renders it possible for him at once to enter on useful service. He has commenced a school for young men, which occupies him two hours daily, while much time is necessarily given to the acquisition of the language. The contrast between the Mission-educate people and those of the town is very striking, and he cites the following interesting fact as an illustration of the moral influence acquired by those who have given themselves to Christ :- When a palaver (or native council) is held in the town, the individual against whom the decision is given often refuses to accept the verdict, unless the native pastor or one of the deacons is in the majority. The knowledge that an adverse decision, if not endorsed by some of the Christian people, will be appealed against, renders the palaver especially attentive to their opinions. Culprits have great faith in the uprightness of the officers of the church, and feel sure that their judgment will be tempered by mercy. Such a fact speaks volumes for the power for good that the church possesses. Although the strife between the natives and the traders continues, the Mission premises are held to be neutral ground, and on Lord's Day both parties assemble in that home of peace, the house of prayer.
The new station on the Cameroons mountain is gradually acquiring the confidence of the tribes among which it is situated. Mr. Thomson's knowledge of medicine is found of great value in securing their respect While occupied in acquiring the language, Mr. Thomson has devoted much time to the instruction of the youth, by which means he has been more easily able to open communications with those around him. He can now make known to them the message of mercy in their own tongue, and although at present he describes the Bakwilli people as impervious to its value, he has no doubt that, in answer to fervent prayer, here also the kingdom of Christ shall win for itself many victories. In company with the Rev. R. Smith, he has made an attempt to penetrate the country beyond the mountain, and the Committee are not without hope that in this direction also the interior may be reached. In Victoria and Bonjongo the Society possesses an admirable basis for the projected operations in the regions beyond, and the Committee trust that their brethren will not meet with any insurmountable obstacle to the accomplishment of their long-cherished desire.
The hope expressed by the Committee in their last report that they would be able during the year to supply a colleague for their laborious missionary, the Rev. W. H. Gamble, of Trinidad, has, they are thankful to say, been fulfilled. The Rev. W. Williams, pastor of the church at Roch, near Haverfordwest, has gone to his help, and entered on the field with every token of the Divine blessing. The people among whom Mr. Gamble has laboured for eighteen years he describes as a stalwart race, fearless hunters, able woodsmen, and famous sawyers. They are free and frank in their manners, somewhat independent, and self-reliant In the early years of the Mission, superstition and many evil practices derived from their native land, prevailed amongst them, but they have given way before the light of divine truth. The churches build their own chapels and support their pastors, looking only to the missionary for the counsel and direction which he is able to give. Nine churches have been formed, and they contain 539 members, of whom forty-eight have been baptized during the year.
The Committee have not been able to obtain the services of a Calabar student, as they hoped, for the service of Christ in Hayti. They have, therefore, accepted the offer of the Rev. J. E. Gummer, of Clarendon, Jamaica, and a former student of Bristol College. He will shortly enter on this very interesting field. The Committee are, however, glad to learn that the Jamaica Missionary Society has succeeded in finding a suitable man to occupy the northern part of the island.
With respect to the Bahamas Islands the plan of the Committee to settle in Nassau a student from Jamaica to relieve the Rev. J. Davey, for service in other parts of the district, especially in San Domingo, has for the present, through various untoward circumstances, failed. But arrangements are in progress by which they hope in future years to supply the wants of the Mission without the necessity of sending out more European brethren. Mr. McDonald, Mr. Davey's assistant in Nassau, will proceed to Turk’s Islands, while Mr. Davey will give his best attention to the raising up of an indigenous ministry for the future. Meanwhile, the Committee are happy to learn from the Rev. J. Littlewood, of Inagua, and from Mr. Davey, that there has been no hindrance to the progress of the mission in the islands. Some eighty-four persons have been added to the Churches by baptism. In the early part of the year, in company with Mr. Hanna, Mr. Davey visited the Churches in his extensive district. He found most of the settlements growing in Christian knowledge, and the people diligent in their attendance on the means of grace. At Great Abaco a good Sunday-school had been gathered, and a chapel built, through the labour of an African brother, a good simple-minded man, called Moosa Bootle. The numerous Churches in San Salvador were also found to be advancing in intelligence and piety under the care of Mr. Bannister. Similar testimony reaches the Committee from Inagua, which forms the centre of a group of islands, among which Mr. Littlewood exercises his ministry, Difficulties in some instances have arisen from the intrusion of Ritualistic clergymen; but the Churches as a whole remain steadfast to the Gospel they have received, and in which they have been taught. About onefourth of the entire population of the Bahamas look to our brethren for instruction in the Word of God.