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Line and Staff Officers, with their relative Rank.

31.... The state-rooms opening into the wardroom country will be occupied, on the port side, by the Staff Officers, as follows: the forward room shall be occupied by the Senior Engineer, in charge of the engines, and if there be no such officer on board, then by the Paymaster, or Assistant Paymaster in charge of the Pay Department; the next room by the Surgeon, or Assistant, in charge of the Medical Department; the next room by the Marine Officer in charge of the guard; and all the rooms abaft this by Staff Officers, in the order of their rank. In flag-ships the Engineer, Paymaster, and Surgeon, in charge of their respective departments, shall occupy rooms conformable to the above rule, and all other officers entitled to rooms on the port side, according to their rank. All other rooms, not assigned by the Department, shall be occupied as the Commander-in-Chief may direct.

32....Officers duly appointed to act in a grade superior to their own shall, while so acting, be entitled to exercise command and to take precedence according to the date of their appointments.

33.... No Staff Officer is to exercise command except in the corps or department to which he belongs, or to have, in consequence of his relative rank, any additional right to quarters, other than those assigned him by regulations.

34....When, from any circumstance whatever, the Commander-inChief of a fleet or squadron is rendered incapable of exercising command, the Line Officer of the fleet or squadron next in rank or seniority is to discharge his duties.

35.... If the Commander-in-Chief of a fleet or squadron be killed in battle, the Line Officer on duty on board the flag-ship highest in rank or seniority, whether detailed as an aid of any kind to the Com. mander-in-Chief or otherwise, is to succeed him provisionally, and until the officer of the fleet or squadron next in rank or seniority to the Commander-in-Chief announces that he has taken command. It shall be the duty of any officer thus succeeding provisionally the Commanderin-Chief to inform the officer of the fleet or squadron next in seniority to the Commander-in-Chief, as soon as practicable, of the death of the latter. The flag of the deceased Commander-in-Chief is to be kept hoisted in its place until the enemy be out of sight or captured.

36....In case the Commander of a vessel should be rendered inca.

Line and Staff Officers, with their relative Rank.

pable of exercising command, or should die, the Executive Officer is always to succeed him in command until further orders, even although there may be officers on board, as passengers, higher in rank or seniority than himself; but in all cases where a Rear-Admiral, or a Commodore entitled to a broad pendant, appointed to a command or to perform any duty, is embarked on board a vessel of the Navy, as a passenger, by due authority, her Commander, if of lower grade or junior in rank, is to be amenable to his orders.

37.... Officers embarked as passengers on board a vessel-of-war, shall not be assigned to duty on board that vessel unless the exigencies of the service shall make such assignment necessary, of which necessity the Commanding Officer shall be the judge. When passengers shall be thus assigned to duty they shall have the same claim to command and quarters as if originally attached to said vessel.

38....No officer can put himself on duty by virtue of his commission or warrant alone.

39.... Every person other than the Commanding and Executive Officers of a vessel, whatsoever may be his rank, shall regard the officer of the deck as the representative of the Commanding Officer, and shall recognize his authority as such in all matters pertaining to the management and police of the vessel which fall under his supervision.

40.... In the event of a riot, or quarrel between persons belonging to the Navy, it shall be the duty of the senior Line Officer present to suppress such disturbance, and if necessary to arrest those engaged in it, even though they be his seniors, or superiors in rank. And all persons belonging to the Navy who may be present shall render prompt assistance and obedience to the officer thus engaged in the restoration of order. Should there be no Line Officer present, the senior Staff Officer will exercise the same authority, and be entitled to the same obedience.

41....Officers of the Line and Staff of the Marine Corps shall be regarded as belonging, respectively, to the classes of Line and Staff Officers of the Navy, and will take precedence according to their Army rank and as prescribed by the act approved July 16, 1862. Whenever Officers of the Line of the Navy and of the Marine Corps shall have the same assimilated rank and date, the Line Officer of the Marine Corps

Line and Staff Officers, with their relative Rank.... Petty Officers.

sball take precedence next after the Line Officer of the Navy, and before all Staff Officers who may hold the same relation. Staff Officers of the Marine Corps shall take precedence of all Staff Officers of the Navy of the same assimilated rank and date.

42....Officers of the Marine Corps are not to exercise command, either afloat or at a Naval Station, over others not of their own corps, unless specially authorized by the Commander of the vessel or station for a particular purpose, or when on guard, or in the performance of police duties. But when serving on shore with a mixed detachment composed of sailors and marines, the Marine Officer will exercise command according to his relative rank and date of commission.


Petly Officers.

43.... The Petty Officers of the Navy shall be divided into two classes-Petty Officers of the Line, and Petty Officers of the Staff.

44.... The class of Petty Officers of the Line, and the order of rank, and of succession to command, shall be as follows:

1. Boatswain's Mates.
2. Gunner's Mates.
3. Signal Quartermaster.
4. Cockswain to Commander-in-Chief.
5. Captains of Forecastle.
6. Quartermasters.
7. Cockswains.
8. Captains of Main-top.
9. Captains of Fore-top.
10. Captains of Mizzen-top.
11. Captains of Afterguard.
12. Quarter-Gunners.
13. 2d Captains of Forecastle.
14. 2d Captains of Main-top.
15. 2d Captains of Fore-top.
16. 2d Captains of Mizzen-top.

Petty Officers. 45....All other Petty Officers, except the Master-at-Arms, shall be called Petty Officers of the Staff, and shall take precedence and have assimilated rank as follows :

1. Yeomen.
2. Surgeon's Stewards.
3. Paymaster's Stewards.

To rank next after the Masters4. Masters of the Band.

5. Schoolmasters.
6. Ship’s writers.
7. Carpenter's Mates.

To rank next after Gunner's 8. Armorers.

9. Sailmaker's Mates.
10. Painters.
11. Coopers.

To rank next after Captain of 12. Armorer's Mates.

13. Ship’s Corporals.
14. Captains of Hold.

To rauk next after Quarter15. Ship's Cooks.

Gunners. 16. Bakers. 46.... The Master-at-Arms will be the Chief Petty Officer of the ship in which he shall serve. All orders from him in regard to the police of the vessel, the preservation of order, and obedience to regulations, must be obeyed by all petty officers and others of the crew. But he shall have no right to succession in command, and shall exercise no authority in matters not specified above.

47. Petty Officers of the Staff are not to exercise command except in the department to which they belong, or over those placed immediately under their control.

48...,Precedence among petty officers of the same rate shall.be established by the Commanding Officer of the vessel in which they shall


49 ....Orderly Sergeants of guards of Marines, on board vessels of the Navy, shall rank next after Masters-at-Arms; all other sergeants with Gunner's Mates ; and all corporals with Quarter-Gunners.

50... Non-commissioned Officers of Marines are not to exercise mil

Petty Offieers.... Military Honors, Ceremonies, and Salutes.

itary authority or command over others not of the corps to which they belong, unless specially authorized by the Commander of the vessel for a particular purpose, or when on guard or police duties.

51.... When serving afloat, Petty Officers of the Navy shall take precedence of Non-commissioned Officers of Marines, holding the same relative rank; but when serving as troops on shore, the Non-commissioned Officers shall take precedence of Petty Officers of the same relative rank.



Military Honors, Ceremonies, and Salutes.

52.... When the President of the United States shall visit å vessel of the Navy, he shall be received as follows: The yards shall be manned at the moment when the bow oars of the boat in which he is embarked shall be tossed ; the men on the yards of the fore and main masts facing aft, and on those of the mizzen-mast, forward ; all the officers of the vessel shall be arranged in line upon the quarterdeck, according to seniority, in full uniform. The full marine guard shall be paraded. The President shall be received at the gangway by the Admiral, Commodore, or Commanding Officer, and such other officers as he may designate to assist in the reception. When the President shall reach the deck, the flag or pendant usually worn shall be struck, and the American ensign displayed at the main. All officers and men on deck, the guard excepted, shall uncover their heads, the guard shall present arms, the drums shall give three ruffles, the band shall play the national air, and a salute of twenty-one guns shall be

the men on the yards shall lie in and lie down at the last gun. The same ceremonies shall be observed when the President leaves the vessel ; the yards shall be manned as he crosses the gangway; at the last gun of the salute the men on the yards shall lie in and lie down, and the ensign at the main shall be struck. If other vessels of the Navy be present, they shall man their yards at the momeut the ensign is displayed at the masthead of the one visited, and shall also fire a salute of twenty-one guns, unless otherwise directed by the senior


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