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Approval of Requisitions, Accounts, Purchases, &c. ....General Muster Book

supplies, notify the persons who may have furnished the same to attend at some specified time and place with their accounts, so that none may be left without receiving his inspection and approval, should they be correct.

1132.... Purchases made for the Navy by any agent of the Nary Department, upon requisitions or orders addressed to him, are to be made, after due inquiry and comparison, by such agent on the most favorable terms for the government, and upon prices agreed upon before the purchase is made, and he shall certify the same upon the bills rendered for the articles,

1133.... Where articles are delivered by or under the direction of an agent who purchased the same, the officer who is to take charge of and receipt for them shall examine the bills rendered, and if, in his opinion, any of the articles are charged above the fair market price, he shall report the same to the officer under whose approval they were required before receipting for them, that such approving officer may institute inquiries and take such other measures as the case may require.

1134....Where inspections are required to determine the quality of articles, or their conformity with contracts or agreements, no receipte are to be given for them until the inspecting officers shall have certified their satisfaction with the articles delivered.

ARTICLE XXVIII.

General Muster Book.

1135....Every person on board any United States vessel-of-war, who receives either wages or provisions, must be entered in the general muster-book ; but, as they will not all be in the same class or situation, it will be necessary to have several lists, separated from each other on the book by convenient spaces, and a separate series of numbers for the several entries in each list. The lists required to keep the necessary distinctions are the following:

1. A list of the commissioned and warranted Navy Officers, including secretaries and clerks.

General Muster Book.... Books.

2. A list of petty officers, seamen, ordinary seamen, lands men, boys, firemen, coal-heavers, and others borne for pay and provisions.

3. A list of officers, non-commissioned officers, musicians, and privates of marines.

4. A list of supernumeraries for pay and provisions only. 5. A list of all other supernumeraries.

6. A list of prisoners of war. 1136. ....The letter “D" is to be placed against the name of every person who has been detached; the letter "T" against the name of every person who has been transferred; the letters “ Dis" against the name of every person who has been discharged alive; the letters “DD" against the name of every person who may have died, and therefore discharged dead; the letter “g” against the name of every person pronounced a straggler; and the letter “R” against the name of every person pronounced a deserter.

1137.... The entry in each list of the muster-book must be distinguished by a number in the first column, to be exclusively appropriated to it, and which must never be applied to any other entry in the same list, but to each new entry a new number must be given.

1138... The muster-book shall be kept in such form as the Navy Department shall prescribe.

ARTICLE XXIX.

Books.

1139... The receipt to the officer delivering the books allowed a vessel is to be given by her Navigating Officer.

1140....On board flag vessels they are to be kept in the apartment occupied by the Commander of a fleet, squadron, or division, under the immediate charge of his secretary, who is to receipt for them to the Navigating Officer. On board all other vessels they are to be kept in the apartment occupied by the Commanding Officer, under the im. mediate charge of his clerk, who is to receipt for them to the Navigating Officer. On board all vessels the Navigating Officer is to ascer

Travelling and other AllowancesCommencement and End of Rates of Pay.

tain quarterly, or oftener if necessary, if any of them are missing, and to report such as may be to the officer in whose apartment they were kept. This will relieve him from the responsibility of losses, and place it upon the secretary or clerk, as the case may be. At the end of the cruise the Navigating Officer is to see that the books are properly returned into store,

ARTICLE XXX.

Travelling and other AllowancesRules Concerning the Commencement and End

of Rates of Pay.

1141....No officer or other person can be paid mileage except for travel actually performed free of government transportation or expense, and in obedience to orders. To entitle an officer of the Navy, including a secretary or clerk, to travelling expenses, he must furnish the pay agent, or Paymaster of his vessel, with a certified copy of his orders and indorsements thereon, after having reported for duty. Officers and others ordered from one station to another, as members of courtsmartial, courts of inquiry, boards of examination, inspection, &c., or as witnesses, will be allowed travelling expenses, from the place whence ordered and back again, (unless other orders are given,) upon presentation to the pay agent of a certified copy of their order to that service and discharge therefrom. When enlisted men are honorably discharged, within the United States, from vessels returning from sea, they shall be entitled to three cents per mile as travelling expenses from the place of discharge to the place of enlistment if within the United States; and this allowance will be paid by the Paymaster of the vessel, with the final account of the person entitled thereto.

1142 ....The allowance for the travelling expenses of officers of the Navy within the United States is fixed by law at ten cents per mile. For travelling out of the United States the actual expenses only are allowed. Detention at any place on the route for more than one day is not considered as part of the travelling, unless certified by the officer to have been necessarily incurred in awaiting the next conveyance. The expenses must be shown by vouchers in the usual form, unless

Travelling and other AllowancesCommencement and End of Rutes of Pay. the officer certify that it was not practicable to obtain them, in which case his own certificate to a detailed statement of the actual and necessary expenses will be received as sufficient evidence. The travelling expenses of officers within the United States will be paid by the pay agent at the place to which they shall have been ordered, or by the Paymaster of the vessel to which their orders attach them. When a doubt exists as to the distance travelled, the certificate of the officer, stating the route by which he travelled, with the distance thereon, and that it was the shortest route usually travelled, will be received as evidence, where the Post Office records do not determine, and he should certify that a public conveyance was not furnished.

1143.... The actual and necessary travelling expenses of officers proceeding from the United States, under orders for foreign service, will be paid upon the production of bills and receipts, or if they shall certify that it was not practicable to obtain receipts, then upon a statement of the actual and necessary expenses, made with as much particularity as may be in their power, and certified to be correct. The travelling expenses of officers returning to the United States from foreign service under orders, or under permission granted in consequence of sickness or medical survey, will be paid upon the same evi. dence as is required by the last rule in the case of officers going abroad.

1144....Paymasters are not entitled to travelling expenses in coming to Washington to settle their accounts, unless they do so under orders from the Department.

1145.... Stewards to Paymasters and Surgeons are not allowed travelling expenses, unless by special direction of the Department.

1146.... When an officer shall be ordered to proceed with recruits from one station to another, his passage shall be agreed for and paid by the pay agent.

1147.... The act of March 3, 1835, prohibits any allowance to officers of the Navy beyond their pay, except for travelling expenses. No allowance can be made, therefore, to any such officer for expenses which he may have incurred by reason of sickness, whether for medical attendance or otherwise.

1148.. Auy fireman, coal-heaver, seaman, ordinary seaman, landsman, or boy, who re-enlists for the term of three years within three

Travelling and other AllowancesCommencement and End of Rates of Pay.

months after an honorable discharge, pursuant to the act entitled “ An act to provide a more efficient discipline of the Navy," approved March 2, 1855, and to the act approved June 7, 1864, is entitled to three months' pay according to the rating borne upon his discharge, although the re-en listment may take place immediately after such discharge. This gratuity is conferred only on enlisted men ; stewards and other persons who are appointed are not entitled, though possessing such a discharge.

1149.... Paymasters will be allowed the unavoidable loss sustained on clothing and small stores committed to their charge, not exceeding on the former one-and-a-half per cent., or on the latter two per cent., upon their presenting their own certificate of the amount of the loss, and of its having been unavoidably incurred, and a certificate of the Commander of the vessel of his belief that the Paymaster, in the preservation and issuing of the articles intrusted to him, used all the care and diligence which a prudent man would use in respect to his own property.

1150.... To entitle any person to the one-fourth additional pay granted by the act of July 17, 1862, he must either have re-enlisted to serve until the return of the vessel in which he is serving, and his discharge therefrom in the United States, or he must have been detained by the Commanding Officer under the seventeenth section of the said act. In order to sustain a charge for such additional payment, therefore, it will be necessary for the Paymaster by whom it shall have been made, to produce, upon the settlement of his account, a certificate of the Commanding Officer that the persons to whom such additional compensation shall have been allowed (mentioning their names) did actually re-enlist as aforesaid, or were detained by him under the said section of the act referred to. This additional pay, under the seventeenth section of the act of July 17, 1862, is to be allowed to all enlisted men detained after the expiration of their terms of enlistment, whether serving on foreign stations or home squadrons.

1151.... For the subsistence of prisoners on board of public vessels, who may mess in either the cabin or ward-room, one dollar per day shall be credited to the mess, and paid by the Pay

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