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otherwise, in relation to every subject presented for decision. The term “ forwarded ” is only to be indorsed upon such papers as require no action from the Department or other authority.

1108.... The general routine to be observed in forwarding commųnications, or in submitting requisitions or reports, is as follows: Commanders of vessels to transmit them to the Commander of the division to which they belong ; Commanders of divisions to the Commander of the squadron to which they belong ; Commanders of squadrons to the Commander-in-Chief ; Commander-in-Chief to the Navy Department, Each of said" officers, in forwarding papers from others, to append his approval, or such remarks as he may judge necessary and proper. Fleet officers shall forward all communications through the chief of the staff. The senior marine officer of the fleet, squadron, or division will forward all reports or returns from the several vessels through the chief of the staff. Should he be in command of the guard of the vessel in which he is serving, all reports or returns relating to that vessel will be forwarded through the Commanding Officer.

1109 .... If there be no Commanders of divisions, Commanders of vessels will transmit them to the Commander of the squadron; and if there be no Commander-in-Chief other than the Commander of the squadron, he will refer such as may be necessary to the Navy Department.

1110....In case vessels of a squadron should be separated from the Commander-in-Chief, then, in the absence of their divisional Commander, the senior officer present is to be regarded in the light of a Commander of a division.

1111....In case of a vessel acting singly, and being alone, her Commanding Officer is, of his own authority, to dispose of requisitions and reports, and to be the medium of reference to the Navy Department; but if not alone, the senior officer present, whoever he may be, is to discharge those functions.

1112.-..Should the same communication be made to the Secretary of the Navy and any bureau, the person forwarding such duplicates shall state the same in his communication.

1113....When officers are separated from the Commander-in-Chief, and important or useful information is likely be delayed by trans

Correspondence. mission through the latter, reports will be sent directly to the Department and copies to the Commander-in-Chief.

1114.... The receipt of all communications, except acknowledgments, or other communications clearly requiring neither action nor reply, from the Secretary of the Navy, or from any bureau of the Department, is to be immediately acknowledged, taking care to refer to the subject to which they respectively allude.

1115.... There are established in the Navy Department the following bureaus :

1. Bureau of Yards and Docks.
2. Bureau of Equipment and Recruiting.
3. Bureau of Navigation.
4. Bureau of Ordnance.
5. Bureau of Construction and Repair.
6. Bureau of Steam Engineering.
7. Bureau of Provisions and Clothing.

8. Bureau of Medicine and Surgery. All orders, circulars, and instructions, issued by a Chief of Bureau, and relating solely to subjects with which his bureau is specially charged, are to be considered as emanating from the Secretary of the Navy, and shall have full force and effect as such. Official letters relating lely to subjects with which a bureau is intrusted, are to be addressed to the Chief of a Bureau. All other correspondence must be with the Secretary of the Navy.

1116.... All persons in the Navy are forbidden to publish, or cause or permit to be published, directly or indirectly, any official instructions, reports, or letters, or to furnish copies of the same to any person, without the permission of the Secretary of the Navy.

1117....Officers are prohibited from commenting, in their private correspondence, upon the operations or condition of the vessel or squadron to which they may be attached, or from giving any information of their destination or intended operations, lest such communications may be published to the injury of the public servicc.

1118.-..Officers must enter, in proper books, copies of all the official letters they may write, and carefully file and preserve all official docu

Correspondence ..... Approval of Requisitions, Accounts, Purchases, &c. ments. The date of the receipts and of the acknowledgments of all such documents shall be written on their face. 1119..

..... Letter-books, containing copies of all orders given, or official letters written, and the originals of all letters received on public service, at the different navy yards and at other shore stations, by the Commanding Officer thereof, must be left at those yards and stations, and carefully preserved as records. The Commanding Officers may, if they think proper, take copies for their own use of all orders or letters which they may receive or write.

1120....All reports from the Executive Officer, officers of divisions, Engineer, Surgeon, Paymaster, or any other person, made to the Commander of a vessel after battle, or any important service, shall be forwarded to the Navy Department, but such Commander will retain copies of them for future reference.

1121....Copies of all general orders and instructions issued by a Commander-in-Chief, of all official correspondence of public interest, and of all internal rules that may be issued by Commanders of vessels, shall be sent to the Navy Department.

1122 ....Commanding Officers will observe great care in forwarding reports to the Department in relation to the official conduct of those under their command, and shall in all cases, when it will not be clearly injurious to the public service, inform the officer complained of, or reported, of the nature of the representations in relation to him.

1123... No application for a revocation or modification of orders from any officer of the Navy ordered to report for duty at any place or station will be considered or replied to by the Department until such officer, if able to travel, has reported in obedience to such order.


Approval of Requisitions, Accounts, and Muster Books, Purchases and

Articles Delivered.

1124.... The approval of a requisition for money, or other articles, is to be considered as a certificate, on the part of the approving officer, that, in his opinion, the articles named in the requisitiou are necessary for the public service, and are conform able to such allowances as may

Approval of Requisitions, Accounts and Muster Books, Purchases, &c.

be established ; and the approval of such requisition by the officer whose approval will authorize the procurement or delivery of such articles, according to these regulations, or instructions from the Navy Department, is to have the force and responsibility of an order. In the procurement and expenditure of stores, Commanding and all other officers concerned are peremptorily enjoined to be governed by the allowances established by the Navy Department, and by the exercise of the most scrupulous economy, to make them last for the full time they are intended, and as much longer as practicable. Unless in a case of absolute necessity, arising from some unavoidable accident, or from a formal condemnation by survey—to be plainly set forth on the face of the requisition-or the article be of a character the quantity of which for a given time cannot possibly be well regulated—that is, tar of any kind, oil for burning, oil or other grease for lubricating, waste for wiping, emery, rivets, files, boiler-iron for patching, material for making or repairing joints about steam works, slacked lime, a disinfectant, a medicinal, or stationery for the Commander-in-Chief-no departure from said ailowances will be tolerated, either by the procurement, at the public expense, of anything which they do not embrace, or of anything which they do, in advance of the expiration of the time for which it is furnished to last. Commanding Officers will be held to a strict account for any requisitions they may approve in violation of these instructions; and for any want of proper caré or interest on their part to secure the utmost practicable economy in the use of the public property with which they are intrusted, or over which they are required and expected to exercise control, they will be held to a rigid responsibility; and to this end they will forward copies of all bills of purchases to the proper bureau of the Navy Department, accompanying them with a statement of the quantity of the respective articles put on board when the vessel was fitted out, and the date of their final expenditure.

1125.... The approval or signature of a Commanding Officer of a vessel to a muster-book or muster-roll is to be considered as his certificate of the correctness of all the entries made tberein in relation to the date of enlistment, ratings, terms, and expiration of service ; and

Approval pf Requisitions, Accounts and Muster Books, Purchases, &c. he will be particularly careful to examine all such books or rolls, that full confidence way be placed in such as are thus signed or approved.

1126.... The approval of a Commanding Officer to a quarterly muster and pay-roll, or to a transfer-roll, or account, given to or sent with men transferred, is to be considered as his certificate of the correctness of those parts which are a transcript from the general muster-book, relating to the dates of enlistment, ratings, terms, and expiration of service, but not to the correctness of those parts relating to their accounts, which are upon the responsibility of the Paymaster, and to be certified by his signature to the said transfer-rolis or accounts.

1127.... The approval of an officer to a bill fur articles purchased, or services rendered, is to be received as a certificate that the purchase or service was duly authorized ; that the articles have been received by a responsible officer of the government, or that the service has been performed ; that they conform to the contract, or are otherwise satisfactory as regards the performance of the duty, and the quality and price of the articles, but not for the correctness of the calculations determining the amounts charged. The person receipting such bills of articles is to examine and report any errors, but the person paying them is to be finally responsible for their correctness.

1128.... The approval of an officer, whose approval, by the instructions of the Treasury or Navy Department, will authorize the payment of money, is to have the force and to be given under the responsibility of an order for such payment, and is always to be accompanied by the rank of the officer and the date of the approval.

1129.... All accounts must bear the date of approval, and the sum for which the account is approved must be written in words at length. 1130...

....On a change of command on a foreiga station, the officer who relinquishes the command will take care that all bills for articles, the requisitions for which have been approved by him, are settled before he relinquishes the command; but if from any circumstances this cannot be done, the officer who approved the equisitions will be responsible for the correctness of the purchases, though the bills may be authorized to be paid by his successor. 1131..

....The Commander of a fleet or a single ship, when acting alone, shall, before leaving a port at which he may have received

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