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his opal the first time he went among the mountains ; I was about fourteen years old, when my father, I must not be too hasty in my ambition. The next who was a lapidary, carried me to the great fair of morning, I began to retrace my steps, filling my sack Cracow, whither he went to make purchases for his as I went along, and arrived at the close of the third business. A crowd was collected before the door of day at my uncle's house. Great congratulations fol. a merchant whom we were seeking, and on inquiring | lowed the display of my riches; and my cousins the cause of the assembly, we were asked if we had looked upon me as the most wonderful youth in not heard of the wonderful opal which Schmidt, the Galicia. jewel-hunter, had found in the mountains, and which Next day I took my leave, carrying my treasures had just been bought for the king at the price of with me; but knowing that more than half of them 100,000 forins? My father was now as anxious to were worthless, I stopped on the brink of a little see the opal as anybody else, and having reached the stream, and after a rigid examination of the contents shop, the merchant took us into a back room, carry of my sack, threw more than half into the water, ing the opal with him, and telling the crowd it was making myself sure that what I had reserved was not to be seen any more that day.

worth a hundred and fifty florins at least. I went to Whilst my father and the merchant were making my master's house, and found him at work. “I their bargains, I kept the precious stone in my hand, I have brought something with me," said I, laying a admiring it, and thinking of its extraordinary valuc. handful on the table. He took up one and then I was entirely ignorant of the worth of jewels; for another; and slightly glancing at them, threw them being designed for the profession of the law, I had into a corner which he made the receptacle for rub. been put to school at an early age, and was more an bish. One handful after the other was consigned to adept at my books, than a judge of precious stones. the corner: the last handful was produced, and in it I knew, however, that the stone I held in my hand there was one specimen upon which my hopes were had been purchased by the king for 100,000 florins, chiefly grounded, and upon which I had made some a sum that baffled my utmost powers of conception. marks, when I displayed my riches to my uncle. He All the way from Cracow to Miclinitz I was occupied looked more narrowly at this, but ended by saying, with the thoughts of it, and every minute was turning “All rubbish, my boy; so get to your business.” My my head to look at the mountains, almost expecting liopes then were at an end ; and the three hours that to see the colours of the opal reflected from some intervened before bed-time, were the most unhappy sun gilt cliff.

of my life. A few days after my father returned home, he fell As I lay in bed, it occurred to me that my master sick, and died at the end of eight days, leaving his | might be mistaken, and that the jewel I had marked family but slenderly provided for. It was now out might be judged differently of by some other lapidary. of the question to think of breeding me for the law, I crept softly into my master's workshop, and lighted and I petitioned to be placed under the care of a a lamp at the expiring embers of a fire, which he had lapidary. My mother consented, and at the window been using in some of his operations. I then began of my garret, which commanded a view of the long to search among the rubbish for the stone which was chain of the Carpathian mountains, I spent much of marked, but I could nowhere find it; till at length, my time, often saying to myself, "I see no reason weary of my unsuccessful labour, I sat down before why I, as well as Schmidt, may not find an opal.” my master's table, which was strewed with the in

At the end of three years I requested leave of my struments he had used in polishing a beautiful stone master to go and see my uncle at Danavitz, deter that lay with the polished side towards me. It was mined to make this journey subservient to my first the very stone I had been seeking. I seized on it, trial of fortune; and accordingly provided myself stole back to my chamber, dressed myself, and secretly with a hammer, and such other tools as I instantly took the road to Cracow, leaving a line for thought might be useful. My uncle received me with my master, informing him, that having discovered great kindness, and by him and his family I was hin. to be a thief, I had left his service, and had liberally supplied with everything requisite; and with taken with me my own jewel, which my uncle could the good wishes of all the family, and injunctions to prove to be mine, by a mark which I had made upon return in four days, I slung my sack over my shoulder, it. I disposed of my jewel to the merchant I had and marched away to begin my career as a jewel visited with my father, for a hundred florins; and hunter.

returned home with a present for each member of my Nothing could be more buoyant than iny spirits family, and more than eighty florins in my pocket. were, as I began to ascend the mountains : I felt as There was no question as to my future trade. if all the riches they contained were one day or other The money that my jacinth fetched served to equip to be my own. This was the very chain among which me for my next expedition ; and leaving forty florins Schmidt had found his opal,—and might there not be at home, on my nineteenth birthday I set out for other jewels in the mountains worth ten times as Kostalesko, with the blessings of a mother, and the much! I soon fell to work, and continued my exer- | good wishes of three sisters, all of whom I promised tions without finding anything that in the least re to portion handsomely, as soon as I had an opal sembled a jewel, until I was obliged to stop from worth but 20,000 forins. exhaustion: this was rather disheartening, but I con Almost every day during a year, I spent more or cluded I had not yet penetrated far enough into the less of it among the mountains. Sometimes my mountains, and I felt persuaded that next day my labours were rewarded; but oftener I found nothing labours would turn to more account. I awoke before worth so much as a few groschen. Never did my day break; and long before the highest mountain- l hopes diminish, nor my toil become irksome; and if peaks were tipped with the sunbeams, I was making one blow of the hammer did not loose an opal from my way over rocks and torrents, not a bit daunted the rock, I thought a second might. by the unsuccessful labour of the day before, but At length, one day, a stone dropped into my hand, with the fullest expectation of something to verify with all the distinguishing marks of a valuable opal. my predictions of good fortune. This day I half | I cagerly proceeded to polish a part, and the varied filled my sack; not, indeed, with opals, but with l hues of the opal flashed upon my delighted eye. This stone was little inferior in size to the one I had | I turned away in the deepest dejection, and reseen at Cracow, and I felt assured it could not be paired to the shop of the merchant whom I knew. worth less than 50,000 forins.

How could you be so mad," said he, “as to stake On arriving at home, my countenance told the im- any opal against Haranzabed ? Had you come to portance of niy secret, and the opal was drawn from me first, you would have known that the king pledged its hiding-place, and presented to the wondering eyes his opal to that merchant for a loan, upon condition of the family-circle. The next week the great Cracow that he should not exhibit it openly at the fair." fair would take place, and thither I, of course, deter- I sold my horse, and instead of turning homeward mined to go.

with 50,000 forins, I had but 200, partly the price It was soon settled what was to be done with the of my horse, and partly the balance of a debt owing 50,000 forins, and I left home upon a good horse, to my father. I was still a jewel-hunter, and had bought with the remnant of the hundred florins on still my fortune to make; yet, at this very moment, the morning of the day of the great fair, with my when my hopes were nearly crushed, they began to opal in a leathern-bag, which was suspended round rise again; and the very hour that witnessed the my neck by a copper chain. Before mid-day I destruction of all my expectations, saw also born arrived at the capital, and, having put up my horse, within me, a sturdier determination than ever to walked towards the great square. I had no reason to renew them, and as firm a persuasion that they would doubt the integrity of the mercbant with whom I yet be rewarded. had formerly dealt; but before finally disposing of Providence, however, has not yet thought fit to my treasure, I wished to enjoy the triumph of pos. crown my hopes, but I have lived happily. Never sessing it, and of buzzing about the rarity and value has my hammer laid open the lustre of another opal, of my possession.

but I have always been cheered on by expectation; As went onward, my attention was fixed by my toil has never been rewarded by independence, the extraordinary richness and variety of a display but it has brought me food and raiment, and left of wares upon a long row of tables, placed beneath me something to wish for: I have never entered Cra. an awning, behind which an Eastern merchant cow again with the exulting thought that I was about was smoking. Every species of costly and rare to possess myself of 50,000 forins, but neither have merchandise lay upon the tables. But the con- | I ever quitted it with the painful reflection, that I tents of one other table eclipsed them all : it was have lost the fruit of a year's labour, and of many covered with all kinds of precious stones ranged in years' hope: I have had no portions to bestow upon rows, circles, and pyramids, but among them I saw my sisters, but they have married, and been happy no opal. “Friend," said I, “ you reign the emperor without them: no provision to settle upon my mother, of the fair : upon your tables are concentrated the but she is long ago beyond the need of it: no barony riches of all the cities of the East; and yet, there to offer Ronza, but she has never appeared to wish seems one thing wanting." “ What,” said he, with- for more than she possesses. Old age steals fast out removing his pipe, “would you desire to spenpon me, and so would it if I had possessed riches : added?” “I see," replied I, “ this beautiful pyramid, death has no greater terrors for the poor than for the composed of precious stones, with this fine pearl | rich man ; nor has he so much to disturb the serenity surmounting the whole; but for this pearl I would of his meditations. My children regret that I should substitute an opal." "I could soon make that leave them, and their regrets are sincere, because change," said the merchant, “but to my mind the when I am gone they expect no equivalent; yet had pearl brings the pyramid to a better point. There is I now even youth and vigour, I would still pursue not a jewel, young man, that ever came out of the the occupation, which I trust my children will never bowels of the earth, that I have not in my possession; desert, for one day or other thcir labours will be reand I will venture the worth of this pyramid that I warded. . Schmidt has not found the first opal, nor can show a better stone of every kind than any other myself the last; and riches may be enjoyed by him merchant in Europe." I replied, “I have not the who knows how to use them. Go on, then, my value of the pyramid to stake, but I will venture the children; do not shrink from toils which your father value of a jewel which I will produce, that you will has borne, nor despair of the success which he once not match it.” “Name its value," said the merchant, achieved, and of which the inexperience of youth “and I will take your word for it: select its worth only rubbed him of the reward. among these jewels, place your own opposite, and [Abridged from Solitary Walks through many Lands.] whoever gains shall take up both stakes. You your. self shall decide whether or not I produce a jewel

VALUE OF TIME, more valuable of its kind than yours." This I thought extremely fair, and selected a diamond which

AND IMPORTANCE OF EARLY HABITS OF DILIGENCE I judged to be worth 50,000 florins. I now pulled

AND INDUSTRY. the chain over my head, and opening the leathern ON by far the greater part of you, it is incumbent to purse, drew forth my opal. “A fine opal, indeed,” | acquire those qualities which shall fit you for action, said the merchant, “and worth more than the rather than speculation. It is not, therefore, by diamond you selected, and precisely the thing for the mere study, by the mere accumulation of knowledge, top of the pyramid. My own, you see, is too large," that you can hope for eminence. Mental discipline, added he, opening the lid of an ebony box, and laying the exercise of the faculties of the mind, the quickupon the table the very opal that Schmidt had sold ening of your apprehension, the strengthening of to the king. What were my feelings at that moment! your memory, the forming of a sound, rapid, and The object of my toil, and hopes, and promises, gone | discriminating judgment, are even of more importfrom me in an instant, and by my own folly and ance than the stores of learning. If you will con. vanity. The merchant deliberately resumed his pipe, sider these faculties as the most precious gifts of took up my opal, and displacing the pearl, crowned nature,- if you will be persuaded, as you ought to the pyramid with the opal. “Now," said he, “the be, that they are capable of constant, progressive, pyramid is faultless." He then returned his own and, therefore, almost indefinite improvement, that opal into the box, and calmly began to arrange some by arts similar to those by which magic feats of dex. of his wares.

terity and bodily strength are performed, a capacity

for the nobler feats of the mind may be acquired, knowledge, that of the use or neglect of these faculthe first, the especial object of your youth, will be to ties a solemn account must be rendered. You have establish that control over your own mind, and your the assurance of an immortality different from that own habits, that shall ensure the proper cultivation of worldly fame. By every motive which can influof this precious inheritance. Try, even for a short ence a reflecting and responsible being, “ a being of a period, the experiment of exercising such control. large discourse, looking before and after," by regard If, in the course of your study, you meet with a for your own success and happiness in this life, by difficulty, resolve on mastering it; if you cannot by the fear of future discredit, by the hope of lasting your own unaided efforts, be not ashamed to admit fame, by all these considerations do i conjure your inability, and seek for assistance. Practise the you, while you have yet time, while your minds economy of time; consider time like the faculties of are yet Aexible, to form them on the models which your mind, a precious estate, that every moment of are the nearest to perfection. By motives yet it well applied is put out to an exorbitant interest. more urgent, by higher and purer aspirations, by the I do not say, devote yourself to unremitting labour, duty of obedience to the will of God, by the awful and sacrifice all amusement, but I do say, that the account you will have to render, not merely of moral zest of amusement itself, and the successful result of actions, but of faculties intrusted to you for improveapplication, depend in a great measure on the ment,-by all these high arguments do I conjure you, economy of time. When you have lived fifty years, so "to number your days that you may apply your you will have seen many instance in which the man hearts unto wisdom;" unto that wisdom, which, who finds time for everything, for punctuality in all directing your ambition to the noble end of benethe relations of life, for the pleasure of society, for fiting mankind, and teaching you humble reliance the cultivation of literature, for every rational amuse- on the merits and on the mercy of your Redeemer, ment, is he who is the most assiduous in the active may support you " in the time of your tribulation," pursuits of his profession.

may admonish you " in the time of your wealth," Estimate also, properly, the force of habit; exer and " in the hour of death, and in the day of judg. cise a constant, an unremitting vigilance, over the ment," may comfort you with the hope of deliveracquirement of habit, in matters that are apparently ance. of entire indifference, that, perhaps, are really so, [Sir Robent PeeL's Address to the Students of Glasgow University.] independent of the habits they engender. It is by the neglect of such trifles that bad habits are acquired; that the mind, by tolerating negligence,

THE SONG OF THE BREEZE. procrastination in matters of small account, but

I'VE swept o'er the mountain, the forest and fell, frequent recurrence, matters of which the world

I've played on the rock where the wild chamois dwell,

I have tracked the desert so dreary and rude, takes no notice, becomes accustomed to the same

Through the pathless depths of its solitude; defects in matters of higher importance. If you will Through the ocean-caves of the stormy sea, make the experiment of which I have spoken, if for My spirit has wandered at midnight free; a given time you will resolve that there shall be a I have slept in the lily's fragrant bell, complete understanding of everything you read, or

I have moaned in the ear through the rosy shell; the honest admission that you do not understand

I have roamed alone by the gurgling stream,

I have danced at eve with the pale moonbeam; it; that there shall be a strict regard to the distri.

I have kissed the rose in its blushing pride; bution of time; that there shall be a constant Till my breath the dew from its lips has dried; struggle against the bondage of bad habit, a con I have stolen away, on my silken wing, stant effort which can only be made within to mas The violets' scent in the early Spring. ter the mind, to subject its various processes to

I have hung over groves where the citron grows, healthful action,—the early fruits of this experiment,

And the clustering bloom of the orange blows.

I have sped the dove on its errand home, the feeling of self-satisfaction, the consciousness of

O'er mountain and river, and sun-gilt dome. growing strength, the force of good habit, will be I have hushed the babe in its cradled rest, inducements to its continuance, more powerful than With my song, to sleep on its mother's breast. any exhortations. These are the arts, this is the I have chased the clouds in their dark career, patient and laborious process by which, in all times,

Till they hung on my wings in their shapes of fear; and in all professions, the foundations of excellence

I have rent the oak from its forest-bed,

And the flaming brand of the fire-king sped; and of fame have been laid.

I have rushed with the fierce tornado forth, I am well aware that the observations I have ad On the tempest's wing from the stormy north; dressed to you have nothing of novelty to recommend I have lashed the waves till they rose in pride, them; that the truths to which I have adverted are And the mariner's skill in their wrath defied; so obvious, that they scarcely require the aid of rea

I have borne the mandate of fate and doom, soning to enforce them. But they are truths of vital

And swept the wretch to his watery tomb.

I have shrieked the wail of the murdered dead, importance, and it too frequently happens that the

Till the guilty spirit hath shrunk with dread. ready assent which we give to them has not the

I have hymned my dirge o'er the silent grave, practical influence on our conduct which it ought to And bade the cypress more darkly wave. have. If it had, how many of us would have been There is not a spot upon land or sea, spared the painful retrospect,—that retrospect which Where thou may'st not, enthusiast, wander with me. you may avert, but which we cannot, -of opportunities

ELEANOK DICKENION. lost, time mispent, habits of indolence or negligence, become inveterate.

Distance in truth produces in idea the same effect as in Hitherto, I have referred exclusively to the con real perspective; objects are softened and rounded, and siderations of worldly advantage and worldly fame, rendered doubly graceful; the harsher and more ordinary as encouragements to early or continued exertion. I points of character are melted down; and those by which You have other incitements to labour, other rewards

| it is remembered, are the more striking outlines, that mack

sublimity, grace, or beauty. There are mists, too, in the of virtuous exertion, should the hope of praise or

mental as in the natural horizon, to conceal what is less glory be obscured. You have the express command

pleasing in distant objects; and there are happy lights to of God to improve the faculties which distinguish you stream in full glory upon those points which can profit by from the beasts that perish. You have the awful brilliant illumination.-SIR WALTER SCOTT.

NOTES ON FOREST TREES. No. VIII. from our own colonies, there would be the greatest THE WEYMOUTH PINE, (Pinus strobus, Linnæus.)

difficulty in procuring masts for our navy, and it is a singular fact that the French Government also draws a part of its supplies of masts from Canada.

Trees for masts are, however, difficult and expensive to procure, being often required ninety-nine feet long, and thirty inches cube, at fourteen feet from the but; measuring, when dressed, above thirteen loads of fifty cubic feet. Those in the neighbourhvod of navigable waters, have long ago been cut down, and they must now be looked for in the recesses of the forest, perbaps three, four, or five hundred miles from the place of shipment, and require a road to be cut through the bush for their conveyance from the locality of the tree to the nearest water-course. Even in new and hitherto untouched parts, not one tree in ten thousand is fit to convert into a mast of the smallest size for the Royal Navy.

The lumbering business in Canada is one of great hardship and endurance. The establishment of a first-rate Shanty, as it is called (Chantier, French) by the Americans and settlers, from the French Cana. dians, is a matter of great outlay. It must be com. menced by the 1st of October, for the supply of the succeeding year. The party, consisting of from thirty to sixty persons, with as many horses and oxen, with provisions and provender for six months, fix themselves in a neighbourhood previously selected; the Advance made by the merchant of Quebec, Montreal, or St. John's, (as it may be,) amounting to little short of two thousand pounds.


This beautiful species of Pine, so well known for many years past as the Weymouth Pine of our shrubberies, appears to have become naturalized with us. It is, however, a native of the northern parts of the continent and islands of America, to which alone it is peculiar, being by far the most abundant in our own provinces of Canada and New Brunswick.

Its leaves burst out from the sheath in clusters of five, and in its growth it shows a tendency to a spiral turn, particularly visible in masts of vessels. It is the most majestic of the trees of the Canadian forest, with the exception of some of the family

LEAVES AND BLOSSOM OF THE WEYMOUTH PINE. found in the “far West," in the neighbourhood of Columbia River, reported to be often 250 feet high, This timber is imported into Great Britain both in and 50 in circumference, whilst the White Pine is square timber and deals, probably in no very different rarely found to exceed 150 feet in height, and five proportion. The former being called White Pine, and in diameter at the foot. When growing in open the deals Yellow Pine, possibly to distinguish them space, it is beautifully feathered to the ground, but from the White Deals of the Baltic, which are cut in the Canadian forests is no more than an immense from the Spruce Fir, or Abies. The importance of stick, with a small quantity of brush at the head, in this tree to the commerce of this country, may be in about the same proportion as hair on the tail of an some degree estimated from the fact, that nearly elephant.

four thousand cargoes, generally of large vessels, are The age to which it attains is not known; 1500 loaded annually from Canada and New Brunswick, annular lines have been counted, each being con- nearly two-thirds of which may be considered as sidered as indicative of one year's growth. It is the composed of White Pine, either as square timber or White Pine of commerce, and from its large size, in deals. . small specific gravity, straightness of growth, freedom As a great deal has been said of a tendency in this from knots, and facility in working, the consump- timber to what is called dry rot; we shall shortly tion is immense, being equally in repute for the refer to this subject.

N.G. largest masts of our men-of-war and the smallest article of carving or interior decoration. As it resists the sun, and is not brittle, it is greatly preferred by

LONDON: the Americans for the decks of their ships; whilst in JOHN WILLIAM PARKER, WEST STRAND. this country, it is equally prized for the manufacture

he manufacture POLISHED IN WEEKLY NUMBERS, PRICE ONE PENNY, AND IN MONTULY PARTS of musical instruments; were it not for the supply

Sold by all Booksellers and Newsverders in the Kingdoms.




NO 301.


1179, 1837.


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