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Capitoline bill, and in that direction, therefore, it is now of the modern Capitol, which we shall describe hereafter. obietly ascended. “A single flight of steps, or rather an The two side buildings are the works of Michael Angelo: inclined plane," says Simond,“ brings you at once to the one of them is the Capitoline museum, and the other is the top of the mount, and to a sort of landing-place of no great palace of the Conservators. “An equestrian statue of extent, regularly built on three sides, and by corruption Marcus Aurelius found in the Forum, was also placed bere called Campidoglio. Two antique lions of basalt guard the by Michael Angelo, who is said to have admired it, and front of the stairs, and two naked colossi the top; the latter therefore it is admired,—the spirit of the animal, at least. were dug out on the banks of the Tiber, 250 years ago, and notwithstanding its many defects. The shabby little house have since been stuck up here. Each holds a clumsy standing in the hollow on the right-hand side going up to prancing horse, colossal too, and yet scarcely reaching the Campidoglio was once Michael Angelo's. waist of his gigantic master! These figures, which are of Between the figures of the two horses, the reader will very indifferent workmanship, have been called Castor and perceive in the distance, the line of a second ascent which Pollur. On a line with them, are two mutilated trophies, commences at the same point as the great one, and leads then two indifferent statues of the Cæsars, and finally two up to the modern church of Ara Celi, upon the left of the small columns. All these things symmetrically arranged, Piazza del Campidoglio. This church occupies the site

-all antique certainly, still are foreign to the situation they i of one of the temples of Jupiter, which are supposed to now occupy; one of the columns excepted, which appears have formerly stood upon the two summits of the Capitoline somewhat better entitled to its place, being the miliary hill; which of them, however, is yet a disputed question, stone, No. 1., on the Via Appia (Appian Way), formerly for antiquaries have not agreed as to which of the summits placed at the end of the first mile, and now at the beginning. is that anciently called the arr, or citadel, and which that This practical anticipation put me in mind of the idle called more especially Capitolium, from its containing the debates which took place in the year 1800, on the question, temple of Jupiter Capitolinus, and the other principal whether we were already in the nineteenth century, or still buildings. We shall speak more at length upon this sub in the eighteenth."

ject, in our next paper on Rome. The balustrade, of which our readers see a part, forms The ascent seen in page 33, is that already spoken of as one side of the square, or piazza, into which the ascent rising from the Forum, near the track of the ancient Clivus leads,- the Piazza del Campidoglio, as it is called; the Asyli: it leads to a corner of the square which the other thrce other sides are surrounded with the principal buildings I enters, but of course in an opposite direction


LONDON: Published by JOHN WILLIAM PARKER, WEST STRAND.; and sold by all Booksellers.

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guage. This mode of annoyance seems to have been THE COLONY OF THE CAPE OF GOOD HOPE. so prevalent, that it was ordered they should not be No. I.

called Zwarte stinkende honden, (black stinking dogs) :

on account of the indisposition of the government to HistorY OF THE COLONY.

extend their territory, it was not until twenty years

after their first settlement that they became possessed The Cape of Good Hope, the well-known southern promontory of Africa, was unknown to the ancients,

of any considerable portion of land. By that time unless full reliance is placed on the account given by

they had obtained power over that part of the present Herodotus, of the Phænician navigators, who, sent

colony known by the name of Cape District, the in

offensive Hottentots offering but little opposition. on a voyage of discovery by Necho, King of Egypt, are said to have sailed down the Red Sea, and re

They soon discovered the predominant passion of this

| weak and peaceable people for spirituous liquors, and that turned to Egypt by way of the Mediterranean. This

a bottle of brandy was a passport through every horde. solitary fact excepted, the southern boundary of the

| With this, and tobacco, iron, and a few paltry trinkets, they great continent of Africa was utterly unknown to the

purchased a part of the country, and of their stock in cattle, civilized world, until it was discovered by the Portu and then took the rest by force. A cask of brandy was the guese in their daring attempts to find a passage price of a whole district; and nine inches in length of an by sea to the East Indies. The first European who iron hoop the purchase of a fat ox. came in sight of the Cape, was the Portuguese navi. The boors, or Dutch farmers, although against the gator Diaz, in 1493; but the bad weather he experi wishes of the government, still continued to extend enced was so great that he was obliged to relinquish the boundaries of the colony by fresh encroachments, his enterprise, and return to Europe, naming the pushing on from one spot of good pasturage to inaccessible land the Cape of Storms; but the King another, dispossessing the natives, and committing of Portugal, John the Second, conceived better hopes the most unparalleled acts of barbarity. The consefrom its reported appearance, and bestowed upon it quence was, that the original inhabitants rapidly deits present name of the Cape of Good Hope.

creased, and when the English took possession of the In 1497, the celebrated Vasco de Gama doubled colony, that which had been a thickly-populated this celebrated Cape, and opened the way to the dis-country, was found to contain within its boundaries coveries afterwards made in the East Indies by the but 15,000 of the native Hottentots, and these in a Portuguese. For many years after, its harbour, state of abject slavery. During a series of years, Table Bay, merely served as a place of refuge to the the only alleviation of their miseries which the aborivessels of the European nations, whose enterprise led gines experienced, arose from the exertions of the them to that quarter of the globe.

Christian missionaries, who, under great disadvanIn the year 1650, the Dutch first effectually formed tages, undertook their conversion, and their instruca settlement in this spot. But thirty years previous tion in some of the arts of civilized life. to this, the captains of two ships belonging to the The country at present occupied by the colonists is East India Company of England had taken formal about 600 miles from east to west, with a mean possession of the land in the name of King James | breadth from north to south of 233 miles, containing the First. A full account of this transaction is nearly 140,000 square miles. Although it contains entered on the journals of the Company.

considerable tracts of excellent pasturage, the greater The first part of the coast which was colonized by portion of its surface is occupied by sandy and sterili the Dutch, was on the banks of the Great Fish River; plains, and ranges of naked and inaccessible moun but this was soon abandoned, on account of its bad tains; but this remark does not apply to all parts, harbourage, and De la Goa Bay, further north, was particularly to its eastern boundary, Albany District. selected in its stead. Soon afterward, the representa or to the country of the Kaffres beyond the borders, tions of Van Riebeck, a surgeon of one of the Dutch which is covered in great part with the most luxuriant ships, induced the managers to remove the colony to | vegetation. its present locality at Cape Town.

The scenery of these more favoured parts is well The limits of the colony were gradually extended described by Mr. Pringle in the following lines :by the Dutch to nearly their present dimensions, and But where the vale winds deep below they remained in undisturbed possession until it sur

The landscape hath a warmer glow: rendered to the English in 1795. It was, however, There the spekboom spreads its bowers, restored at the peace of Amiens in 1802, but again

Of light green leaves and lilac flowers ;

And the aloe rears her crimson crest, taken in 1806, and since then has remained in the

Like stately queen for gala drest; hands of the British.

And the bright-blossomed bcan-tree + shakes The history of this country, from its first coloniza

Its coral tufts above the brakes, tion almost to the present time, consists of a series Brilliant as the glancing plumes of unjust measures and cruel acts, perpetrated by the Of sugar-birds # among its blooms, settlers against the natives. The Dutch government,

With the deep-green verdure blending, in first taking possession of this coast, did so with

In the stream of light descending.

And now along the grassy meads, the simple intention of occupying it as a useful pos

Where the skipping reebok & feeds, session for the purpose of refitting their vessels engaged

Let me through the mazes rove, in the East India trade, and supplying themselves Of the light acacia grove; with water and other necessaries. As a proof that

Now while yet the honey-bee the intentions of the Dutch government were good,

Hums around the blossomed tree we find the resolutions of the council in 1651 con

And the turtles softly chide,

Wooingly, on every side; tain a public supplication to the Almighty for the

And the clucking pheasant calls diffusion of the principles of the reformed Christian

To his mate at intervals ; religion amongst the natives, then only known by the

And the duiker |l, at my tread, name of Wilde Brutaale Menschen, (wild brute men);

Sudden lifts his startled head, and for many years afterwards every effort was made • A succulent arboreous evergreen, a favourite food of the ele to cunciliate them, by fining and punishing those who phant. ill-used them, by forbidding retaliation, and endea

| + Schotia speciosa ; the seeds are eaten by the natives.

| The Nectarine, the humming-birds of Africa. rouring to preyent their being provoked by ill-lan- $ Antilope capriolus.

Antilope mergens.





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Then dives affrighted in the brake,

| in the view of Cape Town, extends from east to west Like wild duck in the reedy lake,

for the length of two miles. The bold face that rises

almost at right angles to meet this line, is supported, Where the grim satyr-faced baboon* Sits gibbering to the rising moon,

as it were, by a number of projecting buttresses, Or chides, with hoarse and angry cry,

that rise out of the plain, and fall in with the front a The herdsman as he wanders by.

little higher than midway from the base : these, and

the division of the front by two great chasms into The country under the government of the English

three parts, give to it the appearance of the ruined is divided into five great districts,-namely, Cape District, Stellenbosch District, Zwellendam District,

walls of some gigantic fortress. The Table-land at

the summit of the mountain is 3582 feet above the Graaf Reynet District, and Albany District.

level of Table Bay. The east side, which runs off at 20

35 right angles to the front, is still bolder, and has one

point, higher by several feet. The west side is rent into deep chasms, and worn away into a number of pointed masses. In advancing to the southward about four miles, the mountain descends in steps or terraces, the lowest of which communicates by gorges with the chain which extends the whole length of the peninsula. The two wings of the front, one the Devil's Mountain, and the other the Lion's Head, make in fact, with the Table, but one mountain. The depredations of time, and the force of torrents, having carried away the looser and less compact parts, have disunited their summits, but they are still joined at a very considerable elevation above their common base; the height of the first is 3315, and the latter 2160

feet. The Devil's Mountain is broken into irregular GRATIAM TOWN

points; but the upper part of the Lion's Head is a 210 215 310

solid mass of stone, rounded and fashioned like a

work of art, and resembling very much, from some Cape Town, the capital of the colony, stands on a points of view, the dome of St. Paul's, placed upon a gentle declivity sloping towards the sea. On every high cone-shaped hill. side except this, it is surrounded by lonty mountains. To those whom mere curiosity, or the more laudable

It is a regular and neat-built town, and well watered by a | desire of acquiring information, may tempt to make a visit plentiful stream which issues from the Table Mountain. to the summit of the Table Mountain, the best and readiest Many of the streets are of considerable breadth, having access will be found directly up the face next to the town. canals of water running through them, which are walled in The ascent lies through a deep chasm to the left. The and planted on each side with oaks, but others are narrow length of this ravine is about three-fourths of a mile; the and ill-pared. They are all straight, however, being laid out perpendicular cheeks at the foot more than a thousand feet in a line, and intersect each other at right angles. The high, and the angle of ascent about forty-five degrees; the houses are in general built with stone, and whitewashed; entrance into this deep chasm is grand and awful. The and the greatest number are two stories high, with flat two sides, distant at the lower part about eighty yards from roofs. The spacious squares give the town an open and each other, converge within a few feet of the portal, which airy appearance, the public market is held in one ; another opens upon the summit, forming two lines of natural peris the common resort of the farmers and graziers, with their spective. On passing this portal, a plain of very cunwagons; and a third is used as a parade for exercising the siderable extent spreads out, exhibiting a dreary waste, troops. This last lies between the town and the castle, and and an insipid tameness, after quitting the bold and has two of its sides completely built up with large and romantic scenery of the chasm; and the adventurer may, handsome houses. The castle stands a little east of the perhaps, feel strongly disposed to ask himself, if such be town. It is a pentagonal fort, surrounded with a ditch all the gratification he is to receive for having undertaken and regular outworks, and contains within its walls the so great a fatigue in the ascent. The mind, however, will Lombard-bank, the orphan-chamber, and most of the public soon be relieved, at the recollection of the great command offices of government. It also affords accommodation for given by the elevation; and the eye, leaving the immediate 1000 men with their officers, and has magazines for artil- scenery, will wander with delight round the whole circumlery, stores, and ammunition. The barracks, originally ference of the horizon. On approaching the verge of the intended for an hospital, granaries, &c., which, with its two mountain, the objects on the plain below appear dwindled wings, occupies a part of one of the sides of the great away into littleness and insignificance; the flat-roofed square, is a large and regular edifice, and has sufficient houses of Cape Town, disposed into formal clumps, appear convenience in the upper part of the building for 4000 like those paper fabrics which children are accustomed to men. The other public buildings are the Calvinist church, make with cards. The shrubbery in the sandy isthmus the Lutheran church, the court of justice, the guard-house, looks like dots, and the farms and their enclosures as so and the theatre.

many lines, or the more finished parts of a plan drawn on Behind the town, on the acclivity of Table Mountain, is paper. the government-house, and a beautiful public garden, whicb is an oblong piece of ground, containing about forty acres of

The year at the Cape is said to be divided into rich land, divided into forty-four squares by oak-hedges. two periods, called the good and the bad moonsoon; Part of it has been appropriated for the reception of scarce but it may properly be separated, as with us, into and curious native plants, and for experiments upon such four. The Spring, from the beginning of September Asiatic and European productions, as may seem most

to that of December, is the most agreeable season ; likely to benefit the colony. Over the same acclivity are also scattered a number of handsome villas, each of which

the Summer, from December to March, is the hotis surrounded by plantations and gardens.

test; the Autumn, from March to June, is variable

weather, generally fine, the latter part very pleasant ; Besides the castle, the town is defended by many

and the Winter, from June to September, though in other forts and batteries placed on different emi.

general pleasant, is frequently very stormy, rainy, nences.

and cold. The celebrated mountain called Table Mountain,

The two most powerful winds, are the north-west the north front of which forms so prominent an object and south-west. The first generally commences * The dog-faced baboon, (Simia cynocephalus)., towards the end of May, and blows occasionally till the end of August, and sometimes through the THE POPULAR SUPERSTITIONS, LEGENDS. month of September. The south-east predominates AND FICTIONS, OF THE MIDDLE AGES. for the rest of the year, and when the cloud * shows

III. itself on the mountain, blows in squalls of great violence. In the midst of one of these storms, the | NURSERY TALES OF ENGLAND AND THE CONTINENT. appearance of the heavenly bodies, as observed by

In ascribing a common origin to the popular fictions the Abbé de la Caille, is strange and terrible : “ The

of our island and the Continent, we cannot be far stars look larger, and seem to dance; the moon has

from the truth ; but since the people of England an undulating tremor, and the planets have a sort of

and the Scottish Lowlands are undoubtedly offsets beard, like comets."

and grafts from the Teutonic stock, it is probable, Graham's Town is the second town in the colony,

that our popular fables, also, are chiefly of Teutonic and the capital of the eastern frontier ; it takes its

origin. These idle stories boast a higher antiquity name from Colonel John Graham, who formerly

than romances and poems of much greater pretencommanded on the frontier. It was colonized in

sions. Our proud baronial families can trace their 1820, by three thousand seven hundred settlers, sent

line only up to Battle-Abbey-roll, whilst the yeomen out from England for that purpose. Graham's Town

and franklins of Essex, and Sussex, and Kent, the contains about two thousand inhabitants, and six hundred houses, of all descriptions, from a cottage

Spongs, and the Pungs, and the Wapshotts, and the

Eppses, bear in their names the evidence of their to a mansion, rendered pleasing by the gardens and

descent from the Saxon and Danish conquerors of pleasure-grounds with which they are intermixed.

Britain ; and even the Knights of the romances of The church, which is a plain Gothic building, is the

the Round-table in their present form, are mere most conspicuous building in the view. There are,

striplings when compared to the acquaintance of our also, several dissenting chapels, public and infant

early childhood, who troop along by the side of the schools, a gaol, a reading room, subscription libraries,

go-cart, and who help to rock the cradle. Jack, comtwo tanneries, and a printing-office, from which a

monly called the Giant-killer, and Thomas Thumb, newspaper, called the Graham's Town Gazette, is

landed in England from the very same keels and warissued. The export-trade of this place is already

ships which conveyed-Hengist and Horsa, and Ebba considerable, and rapidly increasing; in 1831, it

the Saxon, to our shores. amounted to 51,2901.

To begin with the rudest pieces of these inventions, The public market at Graham's Town, (says Mr. Steed.

the nursery tale heard by Dr. Leyden, may be man, a recent traveller,) which is held every day except Sundays, exhibits a very lively and amusing scene; here

noticed ; and which is reported by him to be “ very is to be met the farmer from the most distant extremities similar, in many respects, to the 'Grim White of the colony, with his wagon laden with curiosities, such Woman'” of Mr. Lewis, in which the spirit of a as skins of wild animals, ostrich feathers, ivory, and the child, in the form of a bird, is supposed to whistle rude, but deadly weapon of the Bushmen and Bechuanas ; l the following verse to its father here, also, is to be seen the enterprising settler, just returned from a six-months' trading journey to the interior,

Pew-wew-pew-wew, with a cargo of hides or ivory, together with the rich fur

My minnie me slew. dress or cloaks of the natives of distant regions, visited by him in his peregrinations.

Our Scottish readers will not be displeased at By the market register it appears, that between October 1831, and September 1832,

our offering them a proof of the antiquity of their 1906 wagons entered the market aden with produce. popular fictions. Dr. Leyden "recollected to have

Although many of the mountainous parts of the Cape heard a story, wherein a spirit gives the following colony are composed of granite, no mineral substances

mineral substances | injunction to a terrified ghost-seer :of any value have as yet been discovered; the chief Mader Watt! Mader Watt ! productions consisting of wool, cattle, horses, and

Tell your gib cat hides, corn, and wine. In some parts, particularly

Auld Gerniegie O'Cragend's dead. in the western extremity, many of the tropical fruits The same story is told in Denmark, as having arrive at maturity, as guavas, pomegranates, oranges ; occurred at a town called Lyng, near Soroe. Not and all the fruits cultivated in Europe come to per- | far distant from this village was a hill, called “ Brondfection in every part of the colony.

hoë," said to be inhabited by the Trold-folk-a set The numerous rivers, or rather mountain-streams, of imaginary beings somewhat between men and with which the country is intersected, are in few fiends, though most akin to the latter. Amongst instances available for the purposes of navigation, these trolds, was an old sickly fiend, peevish and The principal of these are, the Oliphant's (Elephant's) ill-tempered, who had married a young wife : this River on the west, the Great Fish River in the eastern unhappy trold often set the rest by the ears, whence part of the country, and the Sunday River; many of they nick-named him Knurre-Murre, or Rumblethe other streams are merely periodical torrents, Grumble. Now this old Knurre-Murre, on some occawhich continue to flow during the rainy season, but sion, picked a quarrel with a youngster, one of the which during the Summer leave their deep-sunk Trold-folk, who, to avoid Knurre-Murre's vengeance, beds almost completely dry; and the rivulets which was forced to fly for his life from the cairn, and take are supplied by the mountain-springs, have scarcely refuge, in the shape of a tortoiseshell cat, in the escaped from their lofty sources, before they are house of Goodman Platt, who harboured him with either absorbed or evaporated.

much hospitality, let him lie on the great wicker * A white mist, commonly called the table-cooth.

chair, and fed him twice a day with bread and milk out of a red earthenware pipkin. One evening the

goodman came home, at a late hour, full of wonNeyer let the most wary commander fancy himself secure derment :-" Goody," exclaimed he to his wife, “ as I from discovery; for rocks have eyes, and trees have ears, was passing by Brondhoë, there came out a trold, and the birds of the air have tongues, to betray the most who said to me, secret enterprise.- WASHINGTON IRVING.

Hör du Platt, DESPISE the vanities of that pride which seeks its gratif

Süg tel din kat, cation in a contempt of moral decorum.

At Kourre-Murre ist döda

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