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during the same period, commencing with 1768, and, on occasion to appear in the character of a hermit," extending to 1793, the year of his decease. The and as such represented in the frontispiece to the accuracy and extent of his observations, their variety edition of 1802, and alluded to in the annexed poem. and detail, the liveliness of their manner, and the Still further to your right, about the centre of the pleasant, unaffected style in which they are expressed, view, and near midway up the Hanger, you may have deservedly contributed to make his Natural perceive, though not very conspicuous, another History of Selborne one of the most popular books in small building, a kind of arbour on the side of the our language : so that within the last five years, hill, also alluded to in the annexed poem. Passing at least four new editions of it have been put out by still to your right towards the church, the tall, white different editors, entirely independent of each other. object in its neighbourhood,-a pole with a vane Tew books, at the same time, let the reader so com- upon it,-seems to point out “a square piece of pletely into the disposition, sentiments, habits, and ground, in the centre of the village, surrounded by character of the author, who may be there traced, houses, and vulgarly called the Plestor; in the midst step by step, wandering through the hanging woods, of which spot stood, in old times, a vast oak, with a over the chalky downs, along the deep hollow lanes, short, squat body, and huge, horizontal arms, exand beside the living rills, of his own beautiful and tending about to the extremity of the area," the delightful Selborne : and finding in “each thing delight and resort of old and young, till it was overmet,” fresh occasion for curious remark and rational turned by an amazing tempest in 1703. The name enjoyment.

Plestor is a corruption of the Saxon word Plegstow, We wish that the accompanying wood-cut gave a or Pleystow, meaning a play-place. more satisfactory view of the beauty of the scenery, |. Of the remaining objects, the most conspicuous is which will well repay the admirer of nature the the church, which consists of three aisles with a trouble of a pilgrimage. In order to which, we transept, making it almost as broad as it is long. It would apprize our readers in the language of Mr. is a plain and unadorned building, supposed by Mr. White, that,

White to be of the beginning of Henry the Seventh's The parish of Selborne lies in the extreme eastern

reign, but rebuilt upon the remnants of an older corner of the county of Hampshire, bordering on the

building; and with windows of that simple sort, county of Sussex, and not far from the county of Surry; is called lancet, some single, some double, and some in about fifty miles south-west of London, in latitude 51, and triplets, as partly represented in our view. The verses near midway between the towns of Alton and Petersfield. | quoted below would lead us to expect a “pointed .... The high part to the south-west consists of a vast

spire" to this edifice : but the engraving represents hill of chalk, rising 300 feet above the village ; and is divided into a sheep-down, the high wood, and a long

only a low, flat, embattled tower, and rising from it hanging wood, called The Ilanger. The covert of this

& long, iron rod, surmounted by a weather-cock, eminence is altogether beech, the most lovely of all forest which, however, being somewhat indistinct in the trees, whether we consider its smooth rind or bark, its engraving, has been omitted in our wood-cut, glossy foliage, or graceful pendulous boughs. The down, Close by the church, at the west end, stands the or sheep-walk, is a pleasing, park-like spot, of about one vicarage house,-an old, but roomy and convenient mile, by half that space, jutting out on the verge of the building. It faces agreeably to the morning sun, and hill country, where it begins to break down into the plains, : and commanding a very engaging view, being an assem.

| is divided from the village by a neat and cheerful blage of hill, dale, woodlands, heath, and water. The court. Behind the house is a garden, of an irregular prospect is bounded on the south-east and east, by the vast shape, but well laid out; whose terrace, Mr. White range of mountains called the Sussex-downs, by Guild adds, “commands so romantic and picturesque a down, near Guildford, and by the downs round Dorking

prospect, that the first master in landscape might and Ryegate in Surry, to the north-east; which, altogether, with the country beyond Alton and Farnham, form a noble

contemplate it with pleasure, and deem it an object and extensive outline. At the foot of this lill, one stage

well worthy of his pencil.” or step from the uplands, lies the village, which consists of The reader is now sufficiently acquainted with the one single straggling street, three-quarters of a mile in different features of Selborne, to understand the aclength, in a sheltered vale, and running parallel with the companying view : its Hanger and village, its rivulets, Hanger. At each end of the village, which runs from its beeches, its forest roads, its zigzag path, its hersouth-east and north west, arises a small rivulet: that at

mitage and bill-side arbour, its rustic play-place, its the north-west end frequently fails, but the other is a fine perennial spring, little influenced by drought or wet

church and parsonage house; not to mention the seasons, called Well-head. This breaks out of some high other appurtenances of meadows, hop-grounds, or grounds, joining to Nore-Hill, a noble chalk promontory.

chards, corn-fields, gardens, lanes, hedge-rows, and From this description may be formed a general

scattered trees and cottages, which it partakes in idea of the scenery of Selborne. We would now

common with other rural scenes. The same objects beg the reader to look at the view, whilst we endea

for the most part, are introduced by the historian of vour to particularise the objects.

his native village, into a pleasing poem, which we Look towards the end of the piece, on your left

subjoin as a companion to our view, in mutual illushand, and you may perceive a passage, going up the

tration of each other, abridging it by the omission of hill, through the wood, crossed by a succession of

some lines here and there, which are not to our lines advancing right and left alternately. This

present purpose. At the same time it should be appears to be indicated in a little poem by Mr. White,

observed, with reference to two allusions in the poem entitled, Selborne Hanger, a Winter Piece; where he

which do not enter into our view, that in the neigh

bourhood of Selborne are the ruins of a priory says,

founded by Peter de Rupibus, Bishop of Winchester, When spouting rains descend in torrent tides,

in the thirteenth century, in a vale sequestered from See the torn zigzag weep its channel'd sides.

the world, amidst woods and meadows, and watered Look a little more to your right, near the top of the by a stream or brook running down it, which vale is wooded hill, and you may perceive a small hut, with now called “the long Lithe or Lythe," a name of its gable towards you, and a round-headed door; and ancient date, and uncertain etymology and significain front of it, what, if more distinctly traced, would tion, but retained also in the name of the spot from appear to be a terrace : this hut is “a grotesque which our view was taken, and which is called by building, contrived by a young gentleman, who used contradistinction, "the short Lythe;" and that at

the distance of about two miles east of the church

SPIDERS. I. are the remains of a preceptory of the Knights EVERY one who examines the web of a common Templars, at least a farm dependent on a preceptory Spider, whether it is formed of concentric circles, or of that order; the dwelling-house being still called

supported by diverging rays, or whether it imitates “ Temple," and placed in a very particular situation any finely-woven substance, will be convinced, that upon the immediate verge of a steep, abrupt hill. she must be furnished with a peculiar set of organs to

effect these purposes; that she must have something THE INVITATION TO SELBORNE.

like a hand to work with. Amongst the small things SEE, Selborne spreads her boldest beauties round

that are wise upon earth, Solomon mentions the The varied valley, and the mountain-ground,

Spider, and the way by which he tells us she shows Wildly majestic! What is all the pride Of flats, with loads of ornament supplied ?

her wisdom, is by her prehensory powers,--she takes Unpleasing, tasteless, impotent expense,

hold with her hands. And truly what Arachne does Compared with Nature's rude magnificence.

with her hands and her spinning organs, is very Oft on some evening, sunny, soft, and still,

wonderful. The Muse shall lead thee to the beech-grown hill,

Spiders are gifted with the faculty of walking To spend in tea the cool, refreshing hour,

against gravity, even upon glass, and in a prone Where nods in air the pensile, nest-like bower ; Or where the hermit hangs the straw-clad cell,

position. According to the observations of Mr. Emerging gently from the leafy dell,

Blackwall, this is not effected by producing atmoBy Fancy planned; as once the inventive maid

spheric pressure by the adhesion of suckers, but by Met the hoar sage amid the secret shade.

a brush formed of “ slender bristles, fringed on each Romantic spot! from whence in prospect lies

side with exceeding fine hairs, gradually diminishing Whate'er of landscape charms our feasting eyes :

in length as they approach its extremity, 4 where The pointed spire, the hall, the pasture-plain,

they occur in such profusion as to form a thick brush The russet fallow, or the golden grain, The breezy lake that sheds a gleaming light,

on its inferior surface.” These brushes he first disTill all the fading picture fail the sight.

covered on a living specimen of the bird-spider, and the Hark! while below the village bells ring round, same structure, as far as his researches were carried, Echo, sweet nymph, returns the softened sound;

he found in those Spiders which can walk against But, if gusts rise, the rushing forests roar,

gravity and up glass. This is one of the modes by Like the tide tumbling on the pebbly shore.

which they take hold with their hands, and thus they Adown the vale, in lone, sequestered nook, Where skirting woods imbrown the dimpling brook,

ascend walls, and set their snares in the palace as The ruined convent lies ! Here wont to dwell

well as the cottage. Whoever examines the underThe lazy canon 'midst his cloistered cell,

side of the last joint or digit of the foot of this While Papal darkness brooded o'er the land,

animal, with a common pocket-lens, will see that it is Ere Reformation made her glorious stand:

clothed with a very thick brush, the hairs of which, Still oft at eve belated shepherd swains

under a more powerful magnifier, appear somewhat See the cowled spectre skim the folded plains. To the high Temple would my stranger go,

hooked at the apex : in some species this brush is The mountain-brow commands the woods below.

divided longitudinally, so as to form two. In Jewry first this order found a name,

But the organs that are more particularly conWhen madding Croisades set the world in flame; nected with the weaving and structure of the snares When western climes, urged on by pope and priest,

of the Spiders, are most worthy of attention. SetPoured forth their millions o'er the deluged east :

ting aside the hunters, and others that weave no Luxurious knights, ill suited to defy

snares to entrap their prey, I shall consider those I To mortal fight, Turcestan chivalry. Nor be the parsonage by the Muse forgot !

intend to notice, under the usual names of weavers, The partial bard admires his native spot;

and retiaries. Smit with its beauties, loved, as yet a child,

Before Mr. Blackwall turned his attention to the Unconscious why, its capes, grotesque and wild.

proceedings of these ingenious and industrious High on a mound the exalted gardens stand,

animals, it had not been ascertained, in what respect Beneath, deep valleys scooped by nature's hand. Now climb the steep, drop now your eye below,

their modes of spinning their webs, and the organs Where round the blooming village orchards grow;

by which they formed their respective manufactures There, like a picture, lies my lowly seat,

differed. But Mr. Blackwall, whose observations A rural, sheltered, unobserved retreat.

were principally made upon one of the weavers Me far above the rest Selbornian scenes,

which frequents the holes and cavities of walls, and The pendent forests, and the mountain greens,

similar places, observes that it spins a kind of web Strike with delight : there spreads the distant view,

of different kinds of silk, the surface of which has a That gradual fades till sunk in misty blue : Here Nature hangs her slopy woods to sight,

Rocky appearance, from the web being as it were Rills purl between, and dart a quivering light.


This web, he observes, is produced by a double P.S.-The writer of the foregoing article had not access to the original edition of White's Selborne, and was not aware that series of spines, opposed to each other, and planted the engraving, from which our wood-cut was taken, and which on a prominent ridge of the upper-side of the metahe has endeavoured to illustrate by reference to Mr. White's tarsal joint, or that usually regarded as the first joint, works, was, in fact, prefixed to the quarto edition of 1789. It

of the foot of the posterior legs on the side next has been just brought to his knowledge by his accidentally meeting with Sir William Jardine's edition, to which the view, reduced the abdomen. These spines are employed by the by Ewbank from Grimm's contemporary sketch, forms the animal as a carding apparatus, the low series combing, frontispiece. Our wood-cut, we hope, will not be depreciated on as it were, or extracting the ravelled web from the a comparison,

spinneret, and the upper series, by the insertion of

its spines between those of the other, disengaging TAE Arabians have several proverbial sayings concerning the web from them. By this curious operation, pretended false friendships. Some are taken from a pool which it is not easy to describe clearly, the adhesive which is filled by sudden hasty showers, and is extremely

part of the snare is formed; thus large flies are grateful to a thirsty traveller, but so deceitful, that when

easily caught and detained, which the animal, he returns he finds it quite exhausted. In the same manner they compare a treacherous friend to a torrent, or

emerging from its concealment, soon despatches and land-flood, which is soon raised, and as soon disappears. devours. CEAPPELOW.

The organs by which the retiary Spiders form their


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curious geometric snares have generally been described | Elms is used for many purposes, in which the wood as three claws, the two uppermost armed with parallel is exposed to the alternation of moisture and drought; teeth like a comb, and the lower one simple and it was almost the only wood used for the pipes of the often depressed; but Mr. Blackwall found, in a species | water-companies, previous to the introduction of iron related to the common garden spider, eight claws, pipes. It is also consumed in great quantities in seven of which had their lower side toothed. The common turnery, but although tolerably close grained, object of this complex apparatus of claws, simple and and working with considerable freedom ; it is very pectinated, is to enable these animals to take hold of liable to warp. any thread; to guide it; to pull it; to draw it out; | Mr. Gilpin, speaking of the appearance of the Elm, to ascertain the nature of anything insnared, whether says,it be animate or inanimate; and to suspend itself. In The Oak and the Ash have each a distinct character. fact, the Creator has made their claws not only hands

The massy form of the one dividing into abrupt, twisting, but eyes to these animals.

irregular limbs, yet compact in its foliage, and the easyBesides these, organs, scattered moveable spines,

sweep of the other, the simplicity of its branches, and the

looseness of its hanging leaves, characterize both these. or spurs, are observable upon the legs, especially the

trees with so much precision, that, at any distance at which thrce last joints, which I consider as forming the foot, the eye can distinguish the form, it may also distinguish but sometimes also upon the thighs of spiders, which, the difference. The Elm has not so distinct à character. as they can be elevated and depressed at the will of It partakes so much of the oak, that when it is rough and the animal, probably are used as a kind of finger,

old, it may easily, at a little distance, be mistaken for one;

though the oak, I mean such an oak as is strongly marked when occasions require it.

with its peculiar character, can never be mistaken for the In the multiform apparatus of these ingenious 1 Elm. This defect however, appears chiefly in the skeleton animals, as far as we understand its use, we see how of the Elm. In full foliage its character is better marked. they are fitted for their office, by contributing to No tree is better adapted to receive grand massez of light. deliver mankind from a plague of flies, which would In this respect it is superior both to the oak and the ash. otherwise annoy us beyond toleration, and corrupt | The Elm is the first tree that salutes the early our land.

Spring with its light and cheerful green, a tint which (Kirby's Bridgewater Treatise.]

contrasts agrecably with the oak, whose early leaf

has generally more of the olive cast. We see them NOTES ON FOREST TREES. No. V. sometimes in fine harmony together, about the end of

April and the beginning of May.

The great variety of form assumed by the leaf of . entre on 9517 st

the Elm induced some authors to suppose that the species were tolerably numerous, but the intermediate

distinctions between any two of the most strongly. -351 0

marked varieties were so many, that it was impossible to draw a line of separation.

In most parts of the continent the Elm is pianted allage

as with us in long avenues in the approaches to the 9813

mansions of the nobility and others, but in Italy it is applied to another use; it is the tree' of whose services they usually avail themselves for the purpose of training their grape-vines. The height of the stem of the elms intended for this purpose is limited to twelve or fifteen feet, and only as many branches are left as are necessary for the intended purpose. This employment of the Elm is extremely ancient Virgil often refers to it.

The mode of propagation resorted to in the case' of the English Elm is usually by means of suckers from the parent tree. The best description of suckers are those which are produced by trees that have bcen cut close to the ground two years previously; these are to be deprived of all the new shoots that have already sprung, and the following Summer they will produce a number of clean young shoots; plant these at about eight feet asunder in the quincunx order, thus, ::::: which will fill the ground more equally than by planting them in squares. The Elm is sometimes also propagated by layers of the young shoots produced by the old stumps.

The Wych Elm is usualiy propagated by seed, SONIST

which it yields in considerable abundance. These THE ELM.

seeds are generally ripe from the beginning to the The British Elms are of two sorts, the fine-leaved middle of June, according to the season. They Elm of England (Ulmus campestris), and the Wych must be attentively looked after as they approach to Elm of Scotland (Ulmus montana). The Elm, when maturity, for when they are fully ripe, & blast of suffered to grow in its natural form, is a lofty and wind, or heavy rain, will drive them all off the trees., graceful tree; it is much planted in the neighbour- | in a day's time, and as the seeds are very small, it hood of some of our palaces, at Hampton, Bushy will be difficult afterwards to collect any quantity. Park, Windsor, &c., formed into avenues, and yielding The best plan is, when they are nearly ripe, to a most agreeable shade; but as it is treated in many spread mats on the ground and cause the tree to of the hedge-rows near London, it has a naked and be gently shaken. awkward appearance. The timber of both the British | The seeds, when collected, are to be carefully dried


in the open air, not in the sun, and being afterwards : ICE PALACE AT MOSCOW.. mixed with dry sand, preserved from moisture This whimsical structure was one of the wonders of until the Spring. About the beginning or middle of the last century. It was a waste of ingenuity, but February, the seed is to be sown in beds, about three served as an illustration of the power of cold, and feet and a half wide, of loose rich garden earth; they | the density and novel application of ice. Seven are to be spread in the same manner as onions or years previous to the erection of this palace, an iceother garden herbs. In most cases they will be fit to castle and garrison had been built upon the river transplant by the next Spring.

Neva, in Russia; but the ice broke under the weight, At Mongewell, Oxfordshire, there is a beautiful and that of the soldiers who guarded them. A better walk planted with Elms all of a great size, one foundation was therefore selected for the ice-palace, measuring fourteen feet in girth at three feet from on the bank of the river, and the structure, curious the ground; it is seventy-nine feet in height, and as it was, was completed, and exhibited to the Russian sixty-five in the extent of its boughs. Dr. Van populace at the marriage of Prince Gallitzin. Mildert, Bishop of Durham, in his ninetieth year, The material of the palace consisted of blocks of erected an urn in the midst of their shade, to the ice cut out of the Winter covering of the Neva, memory of two of his friends, on which the following which were from two to three feet in thickness. lines were inscribed :

Being properly formed and adjusted to each other, To the Memory

water was poured between them, which soon froze, of my

and acted as rement; so that the whole edifice, with Two highly valued friends,

its furniture, may be said to have been one mass of THOMAS TYRWHITT, Esq.,

ice. Its length was 56 feet; its breadth 17 feet; and The Rev. C. M. CRACHERODE, M.A

and its height 21 feet. It was constructed accord

ing to the strictest rules of art, and was adorned In this once-favoured walk, beneath these elms, Where thicken'd foliage, to the solar ray

with a portico, columns, and statues. It consisted of Iınpervious, sheds a venerable gloom.

a single story; the front was provided with a door Oft in instructivè converse we beguiled

and fourteen windows, the frames and panes of the The fervid time, which each returuing year

latter being all formed of ice. The sides of the doors To friendship's call devoted. Such things were: and windows were painted to imitate green marble. ? But are, alas ! no more.

On each side of the principal door was a dolphin, The Tutbury Wych Elm, at the height of five feet from the mouth of which, by means of burning from the ground, measures sixteen feet nine inches naphtha, volumes of flame were emitted at night. in circumference; the trunk is twelve feet long, and Next to the dolphins were two mortars. from which the branches extend from forty to fifty feet in all many bombs were thrown, a quarter of a pound of directions.

powder being used for each charge. On each side At Pollock, in Renfrewshire, there are some very l of the mortar stood three cannons, equal to threelarge Wych Elms; the largest is eighty-eight feet in pounders, mounted upon carriages, and with wheels, height.

which were often used. In the presence of a number The Chipstead Elm is an English Elm, and stands of persons attached to the Russian court, a bullet oni a rising ground in the pleasure-grounds of Chip- was driven through a board two inches thick, at the stead Place, Kent; it is sixty feet in height, twenty distance of sixty paces, by one of these cannons; a feet in circumference at the root, and fifteen feet eight quarter of a pound being used for the charge. inches, at three and a half feet from the ground, and The palace had no ceiling: its interior consisted of contains 268 feet of timber, although it has lost some a lobby and two large apartments, which were well of its most important branches. A hollow Wych | furnished and elegantly painted, though merely formed Elm, by. Stratton Church, measures twenty-nine feet of ice. Tables, chairs, statues, looking-glasses, cansix inches at four feet above the ground.

dlesticks, watches, and other ornaments, besides teaThe largest Elm of Scotch growth is, or rather | dishes, tumblers, wine-glasses, and even plates with was, for it is now nearly destroyed, in the parish of provisions, were seen in one apartment, also formed Roxburghe, in Teviotdale; when measured in 1796 it of ice, and painted their natural colours : while in was thirty feet in girth. It is called the trysting tree, the other apartment was a state-bedstead with curfrom having been the place of rendezvous in 1547 oftains, bed, pillows, and bed-clothes, two pairs of the lairds of Cessford and Fernyhirst, and other slippers and two night-caps, of the same cold ma. Scotch gentry, when they met the protector Somerset

terial. to swear allegiance to the king of England.

Behind the cannons, the mortars, and the dolphins, stretched a low balustrade. On each side of the building was a small entrance, with pots of flowers and orange-trees, partly formed of ice and partly natural, on which birds sat. Beyond these were two icy pyramids. On the right of one of them stood an elephant which was hollow, and so contrived as to throw out flaming naphtha, whilst a person within imitated the cries of the animal. On the left of the other pyramid was seen the never-failing appurtenance to all princely dwellings in Russia, a banga, or bath, 9 (apparently formed of balks,) which is said to have been sometimes heated, and even appropriated to use,

The appearance of the ice-palace, when illuminated, is said to have been remarkably splendid. Amusing transparencies were usually suspended in the windows,

and the emission of flames by the dolphins and the 0 290 Barute

elephant, tended to excite greater surprise, by flashing

on the crystalline mass. Crowds of visiters were BLAAT, SEED POD, AND BLOSSOM OP TUE ELM TREB.

continually seen around this fantastical construction, o which remained entire from the beginning of January | ochre, with which tne men and women paint themselves, nearly till the middle of March. At the end of the mixing it with the kidney-fat of the kangaroo : it is al Tays latter month, however, the fairy fabric began to thaw,


used at their dances.

Mul-lung-bu-la,--The name of two upright rocks about and soon afterwards it was broken into pieces, and

nine feet high, springing upon the side of a bluff head on conveyed to the Imperial ice-cellar.

the margin of the lake. The blacks affirm from tradition, that they are two women who were transformed into rocks,

in consequence of their being beaten to death by a black AUSTRALIAN GRAMMAR. III.

man. Beneath the mountain on which the two pillars

stand, a seam of common coal is seen many feet thick, The following account of the strange fancies which from which Reid obtained a cargo of coals, when he misare even now prevalent among the aboriginal Aus- took the entrance of this lake for Newcastle: a wharf, the tralians, is derived from the curious work which we remains of his building, still exists at this place, called have before noticed in the Saturday Magazine. The

from thence Reid's Mistake. painful catalogue will serve to show how greatly the

Mún-nu-kán,-The name of a point, under which is a

seam of canal-coal; beneath, a thick seam of superior comabject beings in that remote region require the

mon coal joins it, and both jut into the sea between three exertions of Christians in their behalf; presenting, as and four fathoms of water. The Government mineral-surit does, a lamentable spectacle of the weakness and veyor found on examination, that the two veins were nearly wretchedness of human nature, when unblessed with nine feet in thickness, and the coal of excellent quality. a knowledge of the only true God, and of His reason

Wau-wa-rán,-The name of a hole of fresh water in the able service.

vicinity of Lake Macquarrie, between it and the mountains

westerly; said by the blacks to be bottomless and inhabited Ko-in, Tip-pa-kál, Pór-ráng,–Names of an imaginary by a monster of a fish, much larger than a shark, called male being, in appearance like a black; he is supposed to lau-wai. It frequents the contiguous swamp, and kills reside in thick brushes or jungles, and appears occasionally the Aborigines! There is another resort for these fish by day, but mostly at night. In general he precedes the near an island in Lake Macquarrie, named Bo-ro.yi-róng ; coming of the natives from distant parts, when they assem- from the cliffs of which, if stones be thrown down into the ble to celebrate certain mysteries, such as knocking out sea beneath, the tea-tree bark floats up, and then the the tooth in a mystic ring, or performing some dance. He monster is seen gradually rising from the deep; should appears painted with pipe-clay, and carries a fire-stick in any natives be at hand, he overturns the canoe, swallows his hand; but, generally, it is the doctors (a kind of magi- , alive the crew, and then swallows the canoe whole, after cians,) who alone perceive him, and to whom he says, which he descends to his resort in the depths below! “ Fear not, come and talk," At other times he comes Yi-rán--lai,—The name of a place near Newcastle, when the blacks are asleep, and takes them up as an eagle on the sea-beach, beneath a high cliff, where, it is said, if his prey, and carries them away. The shouts of the sur-any persons speak, the stones fall down from the high rounding party often occasion him to drop his burden; arched rocks above. The crumbling state of it is such as otherwise he conveys them to his fire place in the bush, to render it extremely probable, that the concussion of air where, close to the fire, he deposits his load. The person from the voice causes this effect; "which once occurred carried tries to cry out but cannot, feeling almost choked; to myself," says Mr. Threlkeld, “in company with some at daylight Ko-in disappears, and the black finds himself | blacks." conveyed safely to his own fire-side!

Kur-rur-kur-rán,-The name of a place, in which there Tip-pa-kal-le-un, Mail-kun, Bim-póin -Names of the is almost a forest of petrifactions of wood, of various sizes, wife of Koin. She is a much more terrific being than her extremely well defined ; situated in a bay at the N. W. husband, whom the blacks do not so much dread, because | extremity of Lake Macquarrie. The tradition of the Abohe does not kill them; but this female not only carries off rigines is, that formerly it was one large rock which fell the natives in a large bag-net beneath the earth, but spears from the heavens and killed a number of blacks, who were the children through the temple, and no one ever sees assembled where it descended; this being, by command of again those whom she obtains !

an immense Guana, which came down from heaven for Ko-yo--vén,-The name of another imaginary being, that purpose, in consequence of his anger at their having whose trill in the bush frequently alarms the blacks in the killed some vermin by roasting them in the fire. Those night. When he overtakes a native, he commands him to | who had killed the vermin by cracking, were previously exchange cudgels, giving his own, which is extremely speared to death by him with a long reed from Heaven ! large, and desiring the black to take a first blow at his At that remote period, the moon was supposed to be a head, which he holds down for that purpose; after which he man named Pón-to-bung: hence the moon is called he to smites and kills the person with one blow, skewers him with the present day; and the sun being formerly a woman, the cudgel, carries him off, roasts, and then eats him ! retains the feminine pronoun, she.

Kur-ri-wilbán,-The name of his wife; she has a long Mur-ro-kun,-The name of a mysterious bone, which is horn on each shoulder, growing upward, with which she obtained by the Ka-ra-kul, a doctor, or conjuror; three of pierces the Aborigines, and then shakes herself until they whom sleep on the grave of a recently-interred corpse, where are impaled on her shoulders, when she carries them to in the night, during their sleep, the dead person inserts a the deep valley, roasts and eats her victims. Ya-ho, has mysterious bone into each thigh of the three doctors, who by some means been given to the blacks as a name for this feel the puncture not more severe than that of the sting of being.

an ant! The bones remain in the flesh of the doctors, Put-ti-kán,—Another imaginary being, like a horse, without any inconvenience to them, until they wish to kill having a large mane, and a tail, sharp like a cutlass. When any person, when, by unknown means, it is said, and in ever he meets the blacks, they go towards him, and draw up. a supernatural manner they destroy their ill-fated victim their lips, to show that the tooth is knocked out, when he by the mysterious bone, causing it to enter into their bodies, will not injure them; but should the tooth be left in, he | and so occasion their death !! runs after, kills, and eats them. He does not walk, but Múr-ra-mai, -The name of a round ball, about the size bounds like a kangaroo, the noise of which on the ground of a cricket-ball, which the Aborigines carry in a small net is as the report of a gun, calling out as he advances, suspended from their girdles of opossum yarn; it is used as Pir-ro-long, Pir-ro-long!

a talisman against sickness, and is sent from tribe to tribe Pór-ro-bung, The name of a mystic ring, in which they for hundreds of miles on the sea-coast, and in the interior. dance and fall down at certain periods ; from Pór, to drop Mr. T. says, “One is now here from Moreton Bay, the down.

interior of which, a black showed me privately in my study, Yu-lung, -The name of the ring in which the tooth is betraying considerable anxiety lest any female should see knocked out. The trees are marked near the ring with the contents, women being interdicted from viewing them. rude representations of locusts, serpents, &c., chopped on After unrolling many yards of woollen cord, made from the the bark with an axe. They dance for several days, every fur of the opossum, the contents proved to be a quartz-like morning and evening, continuing the whole of the night. substance of the size of a pigeon's egg! He allowed me

Ko-pur-sa-ba,—The name of the place from which the to break it and retain a part. It is transparent like white blacks obtain the Ko-pur-ra, a yellowish earth, which they sugar-candy. The people swallow the small crystalline wet, mould up into balls, and then burn in a strong fire, particles which crumble off, as a preventive of sickness. when it changes into a brilliant red, something like red | It scratches glass, and does not effervesce with acids.

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