The Origin and Evolution of Planetary Nebulae

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Cambridge University Press, 11 авг. 2007 г. - Всего страниц: 260
This authoritative volume provides a comprehensive review of the origin and evolution of planetary nebulae. It covers all the stages of their evolution, carefully synthesizes observations from across the spectrum, and clearly explains all the key physical processes at work. Particular emphasis is placed on observations from space, using the Hubble Space Telescope, the Infrared Space Observatory, and the ROSAT satellite. This book presents a thoroughly modern understanding of planetary nebulae, integrating developments in stellar physics with the dynamics of nebular evolution. It also describes exciting possibilities such as the use of planetary nebulae in determining the cosmic distance scale, the distribution of dark matter and the chemical evolution of galaxies. This book provides graduate students with an accessible introduction to planetary nebulae, and researchers with an authoritative reference. It can also be used as an advanced text on the physics of the interstellar medium.
 

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Содержание

1 History and overview
1
2 Ionization structure of planetary nebulae
9
3 Nebular line radiation
20
4 Nebular continuum radiation
40
5 The neutral gas component
53
6 The dust component
67
7 Observations of the central star of planetary nebulae
75
8 Morphologies of planetary nebulae
89
14 Protoplanetary nebulae the transition objects
151
15 Evolution to the white dwarf stage
167
16 Distances to planetary nebulae
177
17 Comparison between evolutionary models and observations
185
18 PN in the galactic context
190
19 Chemical abundances
199
20 Planetary nebulae in other galaxies
208
21 Concluding remarks
221

9 Problems and questions
101
10 Asymptotic giant branch stars progenitors of planetary nebulae
103
11 Evolution of the central stars
116
12 Formation of planetary nebulae
124
13 Dynamical evolution of planetary nebulae
134
References
223
Appendix List of symbols and abbreviations
237
Subject index
241
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Sun Kwok is a leading world authority on the subject of astrochemistry and stellar evolution. He is best known for his theory on the origin of planetary nebulae and the death of Sun-like stars. His recent research has been on the topic of the synthesis of complex organic compounds in the late stages of stellar evolution. He is the author of many books, including Cosmic Butterflies (2001), Physics and Chemistry of the Interstellar Medium (2007) and Organic Matter in the Universe (2012). He has been a guest observer on many space missions, including the Hubble Space Telescope and the Infrared Space Observatory. He currently serves as President of Commission 34 Interstellar Matter of the International Astronomical Union (IAU), as well as Vice President of IAU Commission 51 Bioastronomy. He served as chairman of the IAU Planetary Nebulae Working Group between 1994 and 2001, and as organizing committee member of the IAU Astrochemistry Working Group.

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