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transmitted to the Secretary, or to the sheriff of the county in which such election shall have been held. The sheriff receiving said votes shall deliver, or cause them to be delivered, to the Secre. tary, within fifteen days next after said election. The votes so returned shall be counted by the Treasurer, Secretary, and Comp. troller, within the month of April : A fair list of the persons and number of votes given for each, together with the returns of the presiding officers, shall be, by the Treasurer, Secretary, and Comptroller, made and laid before the General Assembly then next to be holden, on the first day of the session thereof; and said Assembly shall, after examination of the
whom they shall find to be legally chosen, and give him notice accordingly. If no person shall have a majority of the whole number of said votes, or if two or more shall have an equal and the greatest number of said votes, then said Assembly, on the second day of their session, by joint ballot of both houses, shall proceed, without debate, to choose a Governor from a list of the names of the two persons having the greatest number of votes, or of the names of the persons having an equal and highest number of votes so returned as aforesaid. The General Assembly shall by law prescribe the manner in which all questions concerning the election of a Governor or Lieutenant-Governor shall be determined.
3. At the annual meetings of the electors, immediately after the election of Governor, there also shall be chosen in the same manner as is herein before provided for the election of Governor, a Lieutenant-Governor, who shall continue in office for the same time, and possess the same qualifications.
4. The compensations of the Governor, Lieutenant-Governor, senators, and representatives, shall be established by law, and shall not be varied so as to take effect until after an election which shall next succeed the passage of the law establishing said compensation.
5. The Governor shall be captain-general of the militia of the State, except when called into the service of the United States.
6. He may require information, in writing, from the officers in the executive department, on any subject relating to the duties of their respective offices.
7. The Governor, in case of a disagreement between the two houses of the General Assembly respecting the time of adjournment, may adjourn them to such time as he shall think proper, not beyond the day of the next stated session.
8. He shall, from time to time, give to the General Assembly in formation of the state of the government, and recommend to their consideration such measures as he shall deem expedient.
9. He shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed.
10. The Governor shall have power to grant reprieves, after conviction, in all cases except those of impeachment, until the end of the next session of the Ĝeneral Assembly, and no longer.
11. All commissions shall be in the name and by authority of the
State of Connecticut; shall be sealed with the State seal, signed by the Governor, and attested by the Secretary.
12. Every bill which shall have passed both houses of the General Assembly, shall be presented to the Governor. If he approve, he shall sign and transmit it to the Secretary; but if not, he shall return it to the house in which it originated, with his objections, which shall be entered on the journals of the house; who shall proceed to reconsider the bill. If, after such reconsideration, that house shall again pass it, it shall be sent, with the objections, to the other house, which shall also reconsider it. If approved, it shall become a law. But, in such cases, the votes of both houses 'shall be determined by yeas and nays; and the names of the members voting for and against the bill shall be entered on the journals of each house respectively. If the bill shall not be returned by the Governor within three days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to him, the same shall be a law in like manner as if he had signed it; unless the General Assembly, by their adjournment, prevent its return, in which case it shall not be a law.
13. The Lieutenant-Governor shall, by virtue of his office, be President of the Senate, and have when in committee of the whole a right to debate, and, when the Senate is equally divided, to give the casting vote.
14. In case of the death, resignation, refusal to serve, or removal from office of the Governor, or of his impeachment, or absence from the State, the Lieutenant-Governor shall exercise the powers and authority appertaining to the office of Governor, until another be chosen at the next periodical election for Governor, and be duly qualified ; or until the Governor impeached or absent shall be acquitted or return.
15. When the government shall be administered by the Lieutenant-Governor, or he shall be unable to attend as President of the Senate, the Senate shall elect one of their members as President pro tempore. And if, during the vacancy of the office of Governor, the Lieutenant-Governor shall die, resign, refuse to serve, to be removed from office, or if he shall be impeached, or absent from the State, the President of the Senate pro tempore shall, in like manner, administer the government until he be superseded by a Governor or Lieutenant-Governor.
16. If the Lieutenant-Governor shall be required to administerthe government, and shall, while in such administration, die or resign during the recess of the General Assembly, it shall be the duty of the Secretary, for the time being, to convene the Senate for the purpose of choosing a President pro tempore.
17. A Treasurer shall annually be chosen by the electors at their meeting in April: and the votes shall be returned, counted, canvassed, and declared, in the same manner as is provided for the election of Governor and Lieutenant-Governor ; but the votes for the Treasurer shall be canvassed by the Secretary and Comptroller only
He shall receive all moneys belonging to the State, and disburse the same only as he may be directed by law. He shall pay no warrant or order for the disbursement of public money, until the same has been registered in the office of the Comptroller.
18. A Secretary shall be chosen next after the Treasurer, and in the same manner; and the votes for Secretary shall be returned to, and counted, canvassed, and declared by the Treasurer and Comptroller. He shall have the safe keeping and custody of the public records and documents, and particularly of the acts, resolutions, and orders of the General Assembly, and record the same; and perform all Buch duties as shall be prescribed by law. He shall be the keeper of the seal of the State, which shall not be altered.
19. A Comptroller of the public accounts shall be annually appointed by the General Assembly. He shall adjust and settle all public accounts and demands, except grants and orders of the General Assembly. He shall prescribe the mode of keeping and rendering all public accounts. He shall, ex officio, be one of the auditors of the accounts of the Treasurer. The General Assembly may assign to him other duties in relation to his office, and to that of the Treasurer, and shall prescribe the manner in which his duties shall be performed
20. A sheriff shall be appointed in each county, by the General Assembly, who shall hold his office for three years, removable by said Assembly, and shall become bound, with sufficient sureties, to the Treasurer of the State for the faithful discharge of the duties of his office, in such manner as shall be prescribed by law : in case the Sheriff of any county shall die or resign, the Governor may fill the vacancy occasioned thereby, until the same shall be filled by the General Assembly.
21. A statement of all receipts, payments, funds, and debts of the Statė, shall be published, from time to time, in such manner, and at such periods, as shall be prescribed by law.
ARTICLE V-Of the Judicial Department. SEC. 1. The judicial power of the State shall be vested in a Supreme Court of Errors, a Superior Court, and such inferior courts as the General Assembly shall from time to time, ordain and establish: the
powers and jurisdiction of which courts shall be defined by law. 2. There shall be appointed in each county a sufficient number of justices of the peace, with such jurisdiction in civil and criminal cases, as the General Assembly may prescribe.
3. The judges of the Supreme Court of Errors, of the Superior and inferior courts, and all justices of the peace, shall be appointed by the General Assembly, in such manner as shall by law be prescribed. The judges of the Supreme Court, and of the Superior Court, shall hold their offices during good behaviour ; but may be removed by impeachment: and the Governor shall also remove them on the address of two-thirds of the members of each house of the
General Assembly; all other judges and justices of the peace shall be appointed annually. No.judge or justice of the peace shall be capable of holding his office after he shall arrive at the age of seventy years.
ARTICLE VI.-Of the Qualifications of Electors. Sec. 1. All persons who have been, or shall hereafter, previous to the ratification of this Constitution, be admitted freemen, according to the existing laws of this State, shall be electors.
2. Every white male citizen of the United States, who shall have gained a settlement in this State, attained the age of twenty-one years, and resided in the town in which he may offer himself to be admitted to the privilege of an elector, at least six months preceding. and have a freehold estate of the yearly value of seven dollars, in this State; or having been enrolled in the militia, shall have performed military duty therein, for the term of one year next preceding the time he shall offer himself for admission, or being liable thereto, shall have been, by authority of law, excused therefrom ; or shall have paid a State tax within the year next preceding the time he shall present himself for such admission, and shall sustain a good: moral character, shall, on his taking such oath as may be prescribed by law, be an elector.
3. The privileges of an elector shall be forfeited, by a conviction of bribery, forgery, perjury, duelling, fraudulent bankruptcy, theft, or other offence, for which an infamous punishment is inflicted.
4. Every elector shall be eligible to any office in this State, except in cases provided for in this Constitution.
5. The selectmen and town clerk of the several towns shall decide on the qualifications of electors, at such times, and such manner, as may be prescribed by law.
6. Laws shall be made to support the privilege of free suffrage, prescribing the manner of regulating and conducting meetings of the electors, and prohibiting, under adequate penalties, all undue influence therein, from power, bribery, tumult, and other improper conduct.
7. In all elections of officers of the State, or members of the General Assembly, the votes of the electors shall be by ballot.
8. At all elections of officers of the State, or members of the General Assembly, the electors shall be privileged from arrest during their attendance upon, and going to and returning from, the same, on any civil process.
9. The meetings of the electors for the election of the several State officers, by law annually to be elected, and members of the General Assembly of this State, shall be holden on the first Mop. day of April in each year.
ARTICLE VII.— Of Religioso. Sec. 1. It being the duty of all men to worship the Supreme Being, the great Creator and Préserver of the Universe, and their
right to render that worship in the mode most consistent with the dictates of their consciences: no person shall, by law, be compelled to join or support, nor be classed with, or associated to, any congregation, church, or religious association. But every person now belonging to such congregation, church, or religious association, shall remain a member thereof, until he shall have separated himself therefrom, in the manner hereinafter provided. And each and every society or denomination of Christians in this State, shall have and enjoy the same and equal powers, rights, and privileges, and shall have power and authority to support and maintain the ministers or teachers of their respective denominations, and to build and repair houses for public worship, by a tax on the members of any such society only, to be laid by a major vote of the legal voters assembled at any society meeting, warned and held according to law, any
other manner. 2. If any person shall choose to separate himself from the society or denomination of Christians to which he may belong, and shall leave a written notice thereof with the clerk of such society, he shall thereupon be no longer liable for any
be incurred by said society.
ARTICLE VIII.--Of Education. Sec. i. The charter of Yale College, as modified by agreement with the corporation thereof, in pursuance of an act of the General Assembly, passed in May, 1792, is hereby confirmed.
2. The fund, called thc School Fund, shall remain a perpetual fund, the interest of which shall be inviolably appropriated to the support and encouragement of the public or common schools throughout the State, and for the equal benefit of all the people thereof. The value and amount of said fund shall, as soon as practicable, be ascertained in such manner as the General Assembly may prescribe, published, and recorded in the Comptroller's office; and no law shall ever be made authorizing said fund to be diverted to any other use than the encouragement and support of public or common schools, among the several school societies, as justice and equity shall requirc.
ARTICLE IX-Of Impeachments. Sec. 1. The House of Representatives shall have the sole power of impeaching
2. All impeachments shall be tried by the Senate. No person shall be convicted without the concurrence of two-thirds of the members present. When the Governor is impeached, the chief justice shall preside.
3. The Governor, and all other executive and judicial officers, shall be liable to impeachment; but judgment in such cases shall not extend further than to removal from office, and disqualifications to hold any office of honor, trust, or profit, under this State. The party convicted shall, nevertheless, be liable and subject to indictment, trial, and punishment, according to law.
4. Treason against the State shall consist only in levying war