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by the distressing inquiry, where is our son? to what I am now. I was decoyed into Ile that was the hope of our helpless years, a tavern, and there, first, when I was at sports with our admonitions, our prayers, the tender age of fifteen, with intellectual our tears, our entreaties, and is now a com- promise as fair as ever made a parent's panion of riotous men.

heart {bound with joy, my friend, who was Following strong drink often brings on the most detested enemy I ever had, though a miserable death. It renders men totally “ but dust” now, handed me the cup, 1 unprepared for that hour. Let this be remember the light and joyous sensation remembered, while it is added—he is pecu- which bounded through my brain. I felt a Tiarly exposed to die, and to die suddenly. delicious delirium, was pleased with every You have seen that he is more liable to body around me, fell brave enough to fatal diseases than sober men. He is also march to the cannon's mouth. All this, more liable to fatal disasters.

however, passed off with the first sleep, and “There is a solemn meaning in the would never have been thought of again, caution. "Take heed, lest at any time your but for the dreadful fact that then and there heurts be overcharged with surfeiting and I got a taste of that Circean cup which has drunkenness, und so thut day come upon all but poisoned me to death, and will soon you unawares.

finish me. That was the first in a series of The subject cluims the attention of steps downward. I went home every night Parents. It is an office of natural affec- with high ideas, and when in the morning tion, to save from danger, if possible, those I rose, it soon became necessary, after a whom you love. This care is especially kind of waking, giddy doze through the confided to you, as it respects your own forenoon, to go to the side-board. This families. If you can preserve your sons alarmed my mother and sisters. They from becoming victims to strong drink, you thought it strange, and remonstrated; but will do them and the world a great kind- I despised the idea of being a tippler, and ness. The duty is worthy of all your watch- was angry because they expressed their fulness, and all your wisdom. You cannot fears, after they had seen me do it a few engage in it too soon, nor persevere in it times, that I would form the habit of drinktoo steadily.

ing. The subject eminently claims the atten- Had I been just to those fears then, I tion of the Rising Generation. Many should not be what I am now. Let the young men adopt the absurd opinion, that young man who is just acquiring the taste, free drinking denotes a liberal mind, and is not disregard these gentle admonitions. a trait of a gentleman. This opinion has They are the suggestions of guardian angels, ruined thousands, who entered upon life which, if obeyed, will open to him the with fair prospects of usefulness and re- path of peace, health, contentment, and spectability. By all the friendship which honour. If disobeyed, he is destined to the experienced bear to you, young men ! trouble, discontent, disgrace, sickness, and they warn you to beware of the sin which has death. I could go now and call for my now been condemned. As you regard your glass, treat and be treated. It was gentlecharacter, your comfort, your salvation, shun manly, and why should not I be a gentlethe company, shun the places where this sin man? I was getting up in life, and must will beset you. The moment you become be able to master a glass of brandy, gin, or familiar with it, you are undone. Chained wbatever the fashionable drink was. When down in bondage, your life will become mi- at length I began to be somewhat alarmed serable, and your name contemptible.” at this surprising progress in dissipation, I

The above long extract from a little book, resolved to abstain for a limited period. entitled, “The Importance of Sobriety, Then my ambition would kindle up, for I illustrated by the Evils of Intemperance, wished ardently to be a great man.

I stuI hope has not been tiresome to you. died earnestly for a time the science of law

The sentiments contained in the preceding and politics; but, when the allotted period extracts are awfully illustrated by the follow- expired, forward I would rush again into ing melancholy picture inserted in the Ply- the channel, like a current that, having mouth and Stonehouse Herald, of August been dammed up, breaks over the frail 15th, 1829, entitled

barriers with fresh impetuosity. THE PROGRESS OF INTEMPERANCE.

I got married,—for woman, affectionate [A person who has suffered severely from his pas.

woman, will not hear of faults in bim she sion for liquor, thus feelingly describes the pro

loves. “He will soon reform. He loves gress and effects of that destructive vice.] me too well to make me unhappy. He I was once a respectable man. I can very knows I shall not like it. He promises to well remember the first step which led me abstain."- Ah, deceived woman! Love

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may be stronger than death, but the power | Having sacrificed all that is worth having of the cup is stronger than both. What! here, it matters little what I do. I would a drinking man, a man that can drink five cross a mine that has a kindled match glasses of brandy a day with pleasure, is applied to it. I would march before an not far from that point when he will sacrifice exploding cannon to get at the bottle; I health, wealth, pride, patriotism, reputation, would sacrifice my soul for it! And all love, life, everything, for that damnable this is the result of one fatal taste! This thirst. I loved my wife as much as man is the end of the social glass! could; I was as sensitive to honour and

Such is the melancholy tale of one who reputation as any; but I tell you, I could, has drawn a picture, to which, alas! there when the habit of drinking was thoroughly are but too many originals. formed, (which was before I was aware,) have sacrificed any thing. I have often come home, and found my wife weeping in

THE VILLAGE CHURCHYARD. silence, a silence that at first used to gore

" Yet e'en these bones from insult to protect, my soul, but liquor soon hardened any

Some frail memorial still erected nigh, thing that looked like tenderness. She has With uncooth rhymes and shapeless sculpture told me the children wanted clothes, but


Implores the passing tribute of a sigh. “Curse the children,” said I, “I want my

“Their names, their years, spelt by thi' unlettered drink, and I'll have it.” One night I

Muse, stayed until two o'clock, at the tavern, The place of fame and elegy supply, playing cards, and who should come in, at

And inany a boly text around she strews,

To teach the rustic moralist to die." ihat dread hour of the night, but my wife, with her infant in her arms! This is a fact. Through whatever medium we regard My God!. If my blood did'nt run cold, death, never does it more assume its real and curdle at my heart! “Is this woman? character than in a village churchyard. is this my wife !" I exclaiined. Never The clay-cold lip, the moveless form, and before did I realize the full power of female the glazed eye, only excite a feeling of virtue. My profane companions and my

horror in the mind—the sable hearse, the self were perfectly abashed. I cursed her, nodding plumes, and funeral array, create and told her, with severe threats, to go none but mournful sensations--but the home. “No, that I will not,” said she, silent grave at once conceals all the attrirising in the dignity of injured innocence, butes of our last enemy, and mutely points though with a trepidation that shook her to an hereafter. whole frame like an aspen, and holding her Impressed with these and similar retrembling infant out to me: “This is your flections, as, on my visit to the village of child, and I will not stir one step from this L*** I strolled amid the realms of the spot, till you take it, and go home with me." dead, my attention was suddenly arrested She then turned to my companions, and by observing a stranger leaning over a upbraided them as my destroyers, in a strain tomb, apparently lost in melancholy of invective that made them cower like so thought. The grave was covered with the many discovered and disarmed assassins beautiful little flower Forget-me-not, that before the messenger of retributive justice. seemed to revel in wild luxuriance. At We separated, ashamed of each other and the head was placed a stone, on which our deeds of darkness, and almost sobered was sculptured the epitaph of the deby this strange and astounding apparition. ceased. It was sacred to the memory of I obeyed implicitly; for nothing makes a a young female, who had died at the age of man more mean-spirited than the habit of nineteen. Beneath the name and date drinking. We went home, and retired to were the simple words—“We sympathized rest; but waking up in the night with a with her.” On the other side of the stone, horrible thirst, I tottered to the bottle, and as if more recently graven, were a few drank; went to sleep again; slept till ten verses; of which, these two formed the o'clock; and, when I arose, felt dizzy and conclusionbewildered, wretched and hopeless! And " As the tierce gale and boisterous storm, so my days are passing! Give up. the Rushing across a howling waste,

Prostrate the low'ret's pensile form, practice, I will not. I cannot live without

Or nip it in the ruthless blast; it. I have now no character to lose, no

"So disappointment's cruel brenth, mind to study, no business to employ me, That swept each cherisbed hope away, no ambition to inspire, no love, excepting

Crushed lier fair fragile frame with death, for brandy, gin, whiskey, rum-any thing

And bore her to the realms of day." which will supply, while it continually in- Convinced that some heavy misfortune flames more and more this dreadful thirst. | must have been the lot of the young lady,

and excited by a feeling of commiseration, Their ideas, from the association of infancy, I was strongly inclined to inquire the cir- had assimilated and entwined around each cumstances of her death.

The stranger by other, till the minds of both seemed to this time was roused from his reverie; be but one. Their parents, from a long and, seeming to regard me as an intruder, and intimate acquaintance, beheld, with an I prepared to leave the spot. He ob- approving eye, and no obstacle seemed to served my intention, and, after mutual oppose their union. apologies, entered into an interesting con- ** The youth was of a roving disposition, versation.

and, having connexions in the navy, left He was a middle-aged man, dressed his home to wander upon the pathless entirely in black. His features, though seas. For many years nothing appeared strongly expressive of melancholy, were to damp the ardour of affection, and the pleasing, and, indeed, handsome, but distance of time and place seemed only to bearing the sun-burnt appearance of having endear them the more to each other. been often exposed to the inclemency of Theirs was not one of the sordid attachthe weather. As it may be conjectured, ments of the world, built only upon views the subject of our conversation was the of extrinsic merit. It was a mingling of young female before mentioned.

souls, an union of congenial spirits. It “ Laura M**** (as the stranger ob- sprang from that deep admiration of those served) was the daughter of good and qualities of the heart, and endowments of pious parents. Her education, therefore, the mind, which will ensure happiness. was not what is called showy, for though

“ 'Twas friendship, heightened by the mutual wish; she was in the highest degree accom- Th’enchanting hope, and sympathetic glow,

THOMSON. plished, yet her mind and heart possessed Beamed from the mutual eye.” all those sterling qualities which will al- “ But, to be brief, fortune frowned upon ways command esteem. In her person their enviable felicity. The young sailor she was elegant and graceful, and her was shipwrecked in the Mediterranean, off countenance was expressive of the greatest the coast of Tripoli, and carried almost sweetness. Her charity, and kindness of lifeless into the country as a slave. All feeling, were known to all around-known communication there ceased; and they, and appreciated; while to her dearest whose minds had been so lately revelling inmates were displayed those amiable in the anticipations of bliss, were plunged traits of sensibility which rendered her into the deepest misery. No certain indeeply beloved. In her was united every telligence of the sailor's misfortune reached excellence of the sex. Envy and detrac- Laura, but busy report invented her tragic tion passed over her unsullied name in tale. From that time her fair form silence. It will not then be wondered at, drooped, and her gentle spirit sank bethat a being, endowed with such virtues, neath its weight. Like a broken lily, she should have met with the praise she de- withered away. She died-yes, the beau. served. Her heart was the model of tiful, the lovely Laura died. Beneath this female susceptibility. I have seen her hallowed ground her crumbling frame is weep at the piteous tale of wo; I have laid; and, perhaps,” the stranger sighed, read in her melting eye the soul that “her happy spirit may be present now. sympathized with another's grief; and now We must not murmur; it was the will of her own sorrows, and her own misfortunes, Heaven, and she was a child of Heaven. have met with their sympathizing return. This little flower that blooms upon her

“She was indeed an angel,” said the grave was planted by her desire, as the stranger, with great warmth.

last token of the remembrance of that not born to struggle with the troubles of which was given to her by the long-lost this world. Her amiable qualities never sailor. destined her to be of long continuance “ But he, who had been supposed no here; and He, who had given her to us longer in the land of the living, at length as a model for imitation, took her again returned. This village, the residence of to himself.” Here the narrator paused, his Laura, and of all his happiness, was and his mind seemed for a few moments first sought. What were his agonizing absorbed in silent grief—then, recovering sensations, when he arrived at that which himself, he continued the story.

was so lately her happy abode, to enter “ The young lady," said he, "from her into a house of mourning. None answered infancy had formed an attachment to one the name of Laura, save the startling echo. a few years older than herself. He had None greeted him at his entrance-no been her playmate in childhood, and had caress, no voice—all lost in the silence of hoped to have been her companion for life. grief. Her harp, upon which she had

“She was

poured forth the soul of music, was neg-1 if not a regular part of the temple worship; lected and forsaken. Unstrung, it stood in the other, in the total silence of the New one corner of the apartment, mutely speak- Testament writers on the subject, and also, ing amid the general desolation. Ai that in the more simple and spiritual character moment a breeze from the opposite case- of Christian worship, than that of the Jews. ment, gently touching the mournful strings, But from these appeals to the Bible no seemed to sigh among its unfinished, conclusions can be drawn, forasmuch as, chords, and died away. The sailor stood when weighed together, it may be difficult in speechless agony — all his hopes to say whether of them has the prepon. withered, all his anticipations destroyed. derating weight of plausibility. Destitute

“The mournful tale was soon told, and then of the light of revelation, reason and hither he came to pour forth the feelings of analogy must supply its place; and, rehis soul upon her turfy grave. No tongue garding the subject as a question of expecan speak, no pen can describe the anguish diency, its merits must be deduced from of his bosom. That moment seemed as the adaptation or unfitness of instrumental if it would have been his last. Yet nature music for the purposes of devotion, and the had not her sympathy--she strengthened good or the mischievous effects which can him but to endure the poignancy of grief. be fairly ascertained to result from its introUpon that stone he read the cruel certainty duction. of the lovely Laura's fate-he read it, and As vocal music is universally acknowwept.

Then tearing himself from her | ledged to be a scriptural and appropriate grave, he left the village, to seek once more part of the external worship of God, our the perilous wave; resolving never to method must be, first, to inquire in what return again to that spot which had wit- the propriety of singing consists, as a part nessed the termination of all his earthly of divine worship, and secondly, whether, felicity."

or to what extent, the same fitness is pos“And has he never returned ?" I in- sessed by instrumental music. We must quired. The stranger sighed. “ Yes," first observe, that there is nothing naturally said he, “time and distance could but ill sacred in singing, any more than in playefface the memory of the departed from ing; they are both to be ranked under the his soul. It only served to add increased same art of music, or the art by which the anguish to his distress, and to heighten his sense of hearing is delighted by means of misery. He returned, and softens the ri- melodious or harmonious sounds. Now gour of his destiny in the mournful plea- the most remarkable effect of singing, (for sure of visiting her tomb morning and to the consideration of singing, we now evening; at once to cherish her remem- purposely confine ourselves,) is, the excibrance, and to preserve the blooming tation and expression of the emotions; the flowerets that deck her grave.”

emotions of joy, grief, gratitude, awe, love, Beaconsfield.

J. A. B. &c. The air of a tune may be adapted to

all the more prominent passions of the mind, and where that adaptation is striking, it does more than merely express the emotion—it awakens and deepens it.

Thus a If the universal authority of scripture could tune with a lively air would not only be be applied to the question before us, it in unison with a cheerful frame of mind; would, of course, supersede any controver- but such a disposition it would cherish. sial inquiry respecting it; but such a de- A solemn tune is calculated to produce or ciding authority, I am aware, has never deepen a feeling of seriousness and awe. been attempted to be advanced either by | Now, singing is applicable to devotional the friends or foes of the practice in ques- purposes, chiefly from its influence on the tion; no passage of holy scripture has been emotions of the mind. Right feeling is produced, in which, by fair interpretation, the very essence of devotion. To underthe use of musical instruments in public stand our obligations and duty to God, is worship is either enjoined or prohibited, indeed indispensable; but to be so far allowed or discountenanced.

affected by the former as to be inclined to Both parties, it is true, claim the tacit perform the latter is a very different thing, sanction of scripture to their respective and that which is alone truly acceptable to views : the one, in the fact, that instru- God, or influential on human conduct. mental music in divine worship is no Adoration, gratitude, penitence, &c. must, where forbidden, and that it was unques- then, not only exist in principle and sentiment, tionably used for devotional purposes by but as emotions or feelings, and whatever some eminent saints of the Jewish church, I tends to awaken, keep alive, and improve



those pious feelings, is really serviceable: adapted to answer the same purpose. this effect we attribute to singing when pro- The effects above enumerated, it must be perly performed.

remembered, we have attributed entirely Singing is most naturally indicative of to the music of singing; and I confess I joy; and hence, in divine worship it know no sound reason why the music of inseems most naturally employed as an ex- struments should not be as naturally adapted pression of praise and gratitude. Praise, in to produce the same effects, because I can its principle, is a lofty conception of the di- discover no essential difference between vine perfection and glory; in practice, it is an the sound of the human voice, and the endeavour to give expression to those sound of suitable instruments, performed views and feelings. In adoration, there is by buman breath and human hands. If much of feeling, and that too of the most such an essential difference could be proved exalted description. Now the feeling of to exist, it would also prove, that there is adoration is most significantly expressed in an essential difference between seeing with singing; and there may be infused into the the naked eye and by the assistance of air of a tune a certain kind of dignity, glasses, or between hearing with the naked which shall not only be in exact accord- ear and by the help of an instrument. ance with our emotion and employment, But singing, by means of the articulate but of that emotion it shall greatly elevate language of which it permits the use, may be the tone. Again, gratitude to God for the vehicle of sentiment as well as of emotion. favours received, we are instinctively in. This we confess is an important consideration clined to express in singing. Gratitude is in favour of vocal music; for sentiment is the connected with, or rather is productive of, ground-work of emotion. Our feelings on love and joy; and to sing a tune with a any particular subject, arise from the views lively air would not only be in perfect ac- and convictions that we entertain concerning cordance with these affections, but would it; and therefore, the clearer is the view, the be calculated to improve them. The use deeper will be the impression. The impresof vocal or instrumental music, in honour sion of adoration, for instance, depends upon of any exalted character, or in token of a solemn recognition of the divine perfecgratitude to any benefactor, seems to be a tions; and such a recognition will, doubtlesson taught by nature, as the practice is less, be greatly assisted by the opportunity common among savages. Again : of which the devotional singer bas, of using the solemnities of death, judgment, and the language of a suitable hymn. In this eternity, every pious man feels it his in- particular, instrumental music labours unterest to have a suitable impression. The der a disadvantage of an apparently forfoundation of such impression must indeed midable bulk: but it will be considerably be conviction and principle, but few things reduced by the following consideration. are better calculated to keep alive and 1. The disadvantage in question, is condeepen those impressions, than singing, or fined to the individuals who use instruhearing solemn tunes. Once more: if our ments, and who always compose a very devotion is of the penitential or supplicating small part of a congregation. 2. There kind, suitable singing will counteract our may be a mental recognition of sentiments natural apathy, and assist us to enter more when there is not a verbal one ; and 3. strongly into the spirit of that imploring Those who use instruments in public worcontrition in which true repentance consists. ship have generally the opportunity of hearIn a word, to produce impression seems ing the bymn read, or given out by some to be the principal object of singing ; person; in which case, their circumstances and that by means of its sympathetic cor- are not much more disadvantageous than respondence with our passions; and experi- that of the singer. ence has proved that serious and devout Pursuing thus the progress of impressions may be produced by it, as reasoning on this subject, we seem to be well as any other. If the warrior's courage conducted to the following conclusions; is fired by the sound of martial music; if namely, that musical instruments may be the lover's passion is augmented by music used in divine worship with propriety and in its tender strains ; if the melancholy are advantage, but that singing, is, in general cheered by the sound of melody; so, sacred preferable. This conclusion binds us to music elevates the tone and quickens the admit, that singing ought always, if posfire of the devout worshipper's feelings. sible, to prevail in this department of

Such properties, then, and such effects public worship; but it does not require we ascribe to singing, when piously the universal exclusion of instruments. performed. Our next inquiry is, whether, For circumstances may exist to render the or to what extent, instrumental music is proper use of a few suitable instruments.

131.--VOL, XT.


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