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lated to influence his heart and conduct ment, to dispose to adoration, and prompt open to his view. In that death be dis
to obedience, the mind of every true becovers a manifestation of the wisdom of liever. God. How admirably has he adapted his The vast superiority of this system over means to the circumstances of his creatures every other, affords, to my mind, the most and the purposes of his government. In undeniable proof that the atonement, so that death he discovers an expression of the essential to its constitution, was absolutely goodness of God. Such, it is seen, was necessary. his regard for mankind, that he was willing As the name of Jesus Christ, then, is the to make the greatest possible sacrifice, in only name given among men, whereby we order that they might receive the greatest must be saved, let it be our wisdom here possible blessings. While a believer pro- with all our hearts to embrace him, that it perly considers this fact, how can he remain may be our happiness hereafter to behold insensible of his obligations, or unmoved to his face in glory, and mingle with the grateful obedience by so much kindness ? spirits of just men made perfect, to swell În that death he discovers a display of the the grateful chorus, Worthy is the Lamb justice of God. So important and inde- that was slain, and hath redeemed us to feasible, it appears, are its rights, that mercy God by his blood, to receive riches, and could not be extended to sinners without wisdom, and strength, and honour, and the death of a suitable substitute. Is it glory, and blessing, for ever and ever. possible for a person, under the impression Amen.
J. R. of such a view of divine justice, to disregard Bradford, Sept. 19th, 1829. its imperative demands, and to live in opposition to its precepts? He dares not
God expose himself to the consequences.
THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN SPECULATIVE has threatened that tribulation and anguish
AND EXPERIMENTAL RELIGION. shall fall upon every soul of man that doeth RELIGION is a subject with which every evil, and in the death of Christ the believer human being is connected, and in which discovers a striking pledge of the veracity he is deeply interested. While it regards of God. He sees that his perfection must in no small degree his temporal welfare, it engage him to execute every purpose de- has reference more immediately and speclared to mankind. Aware that there récifically to that which is eternal. It is by maineth no more sacrifice for sin, and that religion he can look for pardon, peace, and therefore the gospel dispensation is the last happiness, obtained by a sacrifice which and the only expedient of mercy, he knows speaketh better things than that of Abel, that should he trample under-foot the blood even the sacrifice of Jesus Christ the righteof the covenant, there would remain to him It is from religion he is to obtain nothing but a certain fearful looking-for of much to smooth his path through the judgment and fiery indignation, which shall wilderness of this world,by means of devour the adversary. For if God spared this, his desponding fears may be allayed ; not his own Son, but freely delivered him his spiritual desires enlivened ; and his up for us all, to render our salvation pos ransomed soul elevated to God. sible, how shall he spare the wicked rebel, It is obvious, however, on even a curby whom his mercy is finally slighted, and sory review of the religious part of manhis justice defied?
kind, that two kinds of religion, distinFrom this comparative view of the diffe- guished by their difference of situation, rent systems which, under the existing cir- have obtained among them. I shall, no cumstances of mankind, are possible, we doubt, be anticipated as referring to that perceive that the system distinguished by which has its seat in the head only, and the atonement is the only one that gives a that which holds a place in the heart. full display of the Divine character, and These are of such a nature that they should that furnishes sufficient motives for the be concomitant in their progress and operaobedience of men. It is the only system tions; though nothing is more common in which the glory of God is not eclipsed, than to see them disunited, and speculathe only one in which his perfections appear tive religion, or that of the head, usurping in harmonious exercise. In every other we the place of the experimental. The cause discover something unworthy of some attri- of this disseveration is, perhaps, not very bute of Deity. But in this, each of his deeply concealed. Men, in general, aware perfections shines forth in all its splendour, of the truth of religion, give it, as far as and the commingling rays of the whole external circumstances are concerned, a form, around his character, a halo of glory, favourable reception. They profess to which cannot fail to strike with astonish- / obey its authority and dictates, to ac
knowledge its excellency and advantages, not only by reason, but also by experience, and to be under its influences and con a guide which“ opens wisdom's way;" trol. But they form to themselves mis and, in the prospect of his final dissolution, taken notions on the subject of that can triumphantly and delightfully exclaim: branch which is pure and undefiled: they “I know that my Redeemer liveth, and that build on an unsafe foundation ; they con he shall stand at the latter day upon the ceive that if they unite in acceding to the earth; and though, after my skin, worms importance and authority of religion, and destroy this body; yet in my flesh shall I attend to some of its outward and (if such see God; whom I shall see for myself, and an expression be proper on such a subject) mine eyes shall behold, and not another." least momentous particulars, they have ful- Thus his reason and his understanding corfilled its requisitions. They behold the dially unite with his affections in the deobject, but do not desire to possess it. lightful work of his salvation. They are in error as to the very essence of re The system of the Christian religion was ligion: they stumble at the very threshold; devised, and is adapted for other purand, like Chorazin and Bethsaida, will poses than those of speculation. Its ascome into greater condemnation ; since, tonishing and invaluable privileges were sinking with the light of the glorious intended really to be partaken of, as gospel of the blessed God" shining resplen- well as to be believed in ; to be subject dently around them, they refuse to be to practice and experience, as well as to cheered by its vital and vivifying in theory. The Christian religion is designed fuences.
to restore to man the long-lost image of The difference then, which exists be his Creator; to alleviate the toils and contween speculative and experimental reli- tingencies of life; to regulate his desires gion must certainly be great. While the and actions; and to inspire him with the speculatist and the formalist may go on hope of a future and incorruptible inheritday after day, to the appearance of their ance in eternity. And cloes it not most fellow-men, walking according to the truths unequivocally answer its design in the of religion, they are destitute of that in- heart of the true Christian ? Does it not ward witness which attests that it is not a display all its efficacy and beauty in such cunningly-devised fable, or a specious and a character ? The divine Spirit applies the fallacious imposition, which the wisdom of doctrines of truth with power to his soul. God has devised. The carnal nature If in prosperity,,he is preserved from exerts its powerful sway in their various pride and forgetfulness; and his breast is actions; and though the first appearance expanded with heavenly benevolence: if may deceive, a closer attention will mani- in adversity,—his reliance is on his Saviour, fest that they still lack" the one thing in the hopes and promises of the gospel ; needful.” Even that man who may de- though storms may beat around him, he is scant upon the blessings and privileges of securely fixed upon the rock of ages;" Christianity; who may illustrate it by his and in the midst of appalling darkness, expositions; and who may wade very far supernal light arises in his soul. “ He into the labyrinths of speculative truth, is a happy example of light and love. He may be as far from the kingdom_of perceives the excellency and suitability of heaven as the east is from the west. The spiritual objects, possesses an ardent attachpublicans and harlots, the vilest of the vile, ment to them, feels their divine energy transformed by renewing grace, will enter upon his soul, and hence it is that his rewith joy and gladness into the mansions of ligion is of an experimental nature.” Not eternal felicity, while the learned sinner, so the man whom a speculative religion with an unsoftened heart, will lift up his has unhappily possessed; all his hopes are fiery eyes in the lake that burns for uncertain and vain; all his reliances are ever and ever
falsely placed ; he has no comforts springThe experimentalist is in a certain and | ing from heartfelt experience; he grows happy state; he has embraced the gospel cold to religion ; neglects its requirements, with all his heart. His nature has been and, feeling not its power, loses all its renewed : he has been born of water and blessings. of the Spirit : he is in possession of that It is experience which is the true test of faith which purifies the heart, and “justifies the Christian, whereby he indeed finds the the ungodly.” He can lay his hand upon gospel to be “the power of God." The bis heart, and, with the most sincere and longer he lives, the more he becomes conindubitable satisfaction, point to the witness vinced of the corruption of his own heart, which he there feels of the truth and bless and of the vanity and instability of the world; edness of the gospel.
He is convinced while his desires after God, after holiness, 131.-VOL. XI.
ON DRUNKENNESS AND ITS EFFECTS.
after heaven, are continually increasing ; The great Erample of Judge Hale. and because he seeks and prays aright for
* Judge IIale, Lord Chief Justice of heavenly blessings, he fails not to obtain England, in his youth was fond of comthem. The man, on the contrary, who is
and fell into many levities and exnot possessed of this experimental religion,
travagancies. But this propensity and encourages no such sentiments and desires ; conduct were corrected by a circumstance he seeks only the pomps and vanities of that made a considerable impression on earth ; and falls at last a victim to his tri- his mind during the rest of his life. Being ple enemy-the WORLD- the FLESH -and
one day in company with other young the DEVIL !
men, one of the party, through excess of Oxford.
J. S. B.
wine, fell down apparently dead at their
feet. Young Hale was so affected on this An amiable and intelligent physician in another room, and, shutting the door, fell
occasion, that he immediately retired to Dublin has, on several occasions, through
on his knees, and prayed earnestly to God the Morning Post, drawn public attention
that his friend might be restored to life, to this demoralizing vice, with the pur- 1 and that he himself might he pardoned pose of dissuading the working classes in for having given countenance to so much particular from the practice of it.
excess; at the same time he made a solemn essays are rather long; but the following
vow that he would never again keep comextracts will, it is hoped, tend to direct pany in that manner, nor drink a health serious attention to the subject. The po
while he lived. His friend recovered, and lice reports prove that the pernicious effects
Hale religiously observed his vow. After of drinking are as extensively felt in this that event there was an entire change in part of the country as in Dublin; and, his disposition; he forsook all dissipated were a society established for the purpose company, and was careful to divide his of correcting the practice, it is very pro time between the duties of religion, and bable, that the happiest consequences might the studies of his profession. He became be produced. Perhaps those worthy indi
remarkable for his sober and grave deportviduals who have interested themselves ment, his inflexible regard to justice, and lately in endeavouring to prevent the pro
a religious tenderness of spirit, which apfanation of the Sabbath, would find it an
pear to have accompanied him through important auxiliary to their well-meant
life.” exertions, and they would not fail to meet with powerful co-operation.
Ertract from Judge Hale's Advice to his
Grandchildren. We would be very far from wishing to prevent or check unnecessarily, the few “I will not have you begin or pledge humble recreations and enjoyments of the any health, for it is become one of the working classes ; but by kindly advice, greatest artifices of drinking and occasions their indulgences might be so regulated, of quarrelling this day in the kingdom. as to prove a blessing to their families “Avoid that company and those cominstead of being a 'curse to society.' panions that are given to excessive drinkI shall commence with a remarkable
ing ; you shall thereby avoid infuite little narrative of an event which occurred inconveniency, that will necessarily arise to the great and good Sir Matthew Hale, from such company. For you must know, when he was a young man, together with that it is a principle among such people, an extract of a letter from him, when after-that they must draw' others into the same wards Lord Chief Justice of England. excess and disorder with themselves : they And I may here propose, if you should so cannot endure that any man in the comvalue this letter, that you read it yourselves, pany should be sober and in his wits, individually-read it for your families, when they make themselves drunk and read it for your acquaintances, keep it mad; for that they think to be a reproach safely by you, and read it for your children to themselves; and if they can bear drink when they are grown to that age, in which better than you, (which, you must know, they will have to mix with men, and be they take to be their glory and perfection,) otherwise exposed to bad company, bad if they can but drink you down, you beexamples, and deluding and cruel tempta come their laughing-stock and perpetual tions. I wish that you had always laid slave. out, and would henceforth always lay out “ Therefore, if you meet any person your pence as well. I shall say no more given to excess of drinkivg, remember that hereon, but proceed to Sir Matthew your grandfather tells you such a person Hale:'
is not fit for your company: you must
avoid him and his company, for he is of a kingdom: even they knew how to laying a snare for you, to betray you, to live above the brute,' by the practice of bereave you of your reputation, your es sobriety and temperance. How then shall tate, your innocence, to withdraw you any, under the present dispensation, to from your duty to God, to put you out of whom the glorious light of the gospel is his blessing and protection, and to make afforded for their guidance, disgrace their you a perpetual slave, to expose you to all Christian profession, desert the very prinkinds of enormities and mischiefs : he ciples of natural religion, nay, sink below solicits to unman yourself, and put the irrational animals, by indulging in the you into a baser rank of beings than the degrading vice of drunkenness? very brutes themselves. If you yield to “To mark exactly,” it has been judisuch solicitations, it is a thousand to one ciously 'observed, “the line which sepabut you are undone.
rates sobriety from excess, is not easy. “But if you have that resolution and While a man preserves bis eye and his courage to deny them at first, and to de- understanding clear, while he speaks withcline such companions and solicitations, out faltering, while his passions are undisthese vermin and pests will give you over, turbed, and his step firm, who shall accuse as not fit for their purpose : and if they him? Yet with all these favourable apdo persist in it, yet such a resolute denial
pearances, he may be guilty. There may by you against their company and prac- be excess, where there is no discovery of tices, will enable you with more and more it; it is well for those who abhor the courage and success to reject them there former as much as they would dread the after, and to make their attempts to per. latter. To them, conscience is a better vert you insignificant and ineffectual. guide than a thousand rules.
“ The places of judicature which I have “ There are some, whose fondness for long held in this kingdom, have given strong drink is kept under such exact reme an opportunity to observe the origi- straint, as scarcely to be perceived, even by nal cause of most of the enormities that their intimate acquaintance. Occasionally, have been committed for the space of the appetite is indulged; but, with so much near twenty years; and by a due observa- caution, and under the veil of circumtion, I have found that if the murders and stances so much, that, perhaps, for years, man-slaughters, the burglaries and rob- | little injury is felt by themselves ; no susberies, the riots and tumults, the adulte picion excited in others. By degrees, this ries, fornications, rapes, and other great lurking propensity grows in strength. The enormities, that have happened in that man rises up early, that he may go to his time, were divided into five parts, four of bottle. This takes place of every other them have been the issues and product object, in his waking thoughts. For a seaof excessive drinking, of tavern or ale son, he is satisfied, perhaps, with a morn. house meetings."
ing dram. Unsuspecting of danger, his “What now follows, is from a little com
relish increases by indulgence, till he is pilation which I could wish very widely Slow but steady progress, the habit be
given up to follow strong drink. With circulated. May you read it with advan
comes inwrought into the constitution ; tage equal to its importance!'
the man reels in the street-is callous to “Whoever attentively considers the shame and remorse-loses the use of his movements of his own mind, and the limbs—his tongue-his reason. temptations incident to our common na “Some fall under the influence of strong ture, must be convinced that his passions, drink by using it as a medicine. To far from needing any excitement, require remove some pain of the stomach, or to constant attention for their control ; restore exhausted strength, is their apology that, even with the aids derived from for the first stages of intemperance. religious principle, from a good education, “ With others, the habit commences by and from the sense of shame which ensues drinking at set times. Many, in early or on misconduct, a course of honest and middle life, adopt the practice of using virtuous action is not in general to be spirits at their meals, and, before they maintained without the utmost vigilance are aware, are drawn into confirmed against surrounding evils.
drunkenness. “ The better sort of heathens, who “ Others become followers of strong having not the law, were a law unto them- | drink by frequenting places of resort, where selves, could propose to themselves the they are peculiarly exposed to temptation. mastery of a single passion as a more There, by degrees, the warnings of conglorious achievement than the subjugation science are stifled, and the fear of God
is extinguished. To shun the reproach of It leads to profane swearing. The fools, or to be reputed social and liberal, folly and impiety of this practice admit of they sacrifice their sober judgment, resign no apology. No motive of appetite or theinselves as victims to worse than iron interest, no constitutional propensity, can be bondage, and part with their money, their pleaded as an excitement to this vice. It credit, and their senses, as the price of is, indeed, such an outrage on the first their own undoing.
principles of religion, reason, and decency, “Let us now consider some of the mise as ought not to be expected from any one rable effects which result from intemperate in the sober exercise of his mental faculties. drinking :
“ It leads to contention. Three-fourths “ It destroys industry. Our nature and of the vulgar quarrels which happen, procircumstances in this world render some ceed from ardent spirits, or other strong lawful occupation essential to our happiness. drink. “Wine is a mocker; strong drink The mischiefs which arise to individuals, is raging. Who hath woe? who hath sorand to the community, from habits of sloth, row? who hath contentions? who bath must be obvious to every one who has had babbling? who hath wounds without cause ! his eyes open on the world around him. who hath redness of eyes? They that tarry
“Now the fact is unquestionable, that long at the wine.' How often do men drunkenness and idleness are kindred vices. meet in good humour, then drink to excess, The man who becomes a follower of strong talk nonsense, fancy themselves insulted, drink, becomes, for the same reason, a neg- take fire within, blaze at the mouth, rave, lecter of all regular business. The hours that threaten, come to blows; and then the should be spent in the field or the shop, he dignity of the law must be prostituted to loiters away in vain company.
settle a quarrel of fools. Long ago, Seneca Drinking to ercess destroys health. spoke of those who 'let in a thief at the It is the more important to be explicit on mouth to steal away the brains. How this point, because many contract a love often does the drunken-revel end in the cry of spirits by supposing their effects to be of murder! How often does the hand of salutary to the constitution. An eminent the inebriate physician of our country enumerates a list
In one rash hour, of stubborn diseases as the common effects
Perform a deed that haunts him to the grave ! of spirits, and adds, “ It would take
up “ Following strong drink extinguishes volume to describe how much other dis the best sensib of the huma
heart. orders, natural to the human body, are in- | Did the proper limits of the subject allow creased and complicated by them.
a minute illustration of this point, I would “ Taking strong drink to ercess impairs offer myself an advocate for the poor brutes.
An intoxicated man is, for the I would plead the cause of the faithful horse, time, in a deliriuin. If he fall under the the ox, and the ass, so often worn out with power of intemperance, as a habit, the un starving and stripes, and subjected to intoderstanding naturally becomes torpid; the lerable hardships from drunken masters. memory and all other faculties of the mind, “Will these men say, if we suffer for sink into mopish inactivity, till at last he own_indiscretion, it is nothing to becomes exactly that useless and contemp- others ? Is it nothing to cast yourselves tible creature, described in one comprehen
as useless drones and burdens on the comsive syllable—a sot!-Would it be sin and munity? nothing to reduce them to the folly for one to destroy his own limbs ? painful alternative of seeing you starve, or How much more to destroy his reason! | feeding you with the hand of charity ? He that was born an idiot, or deprived of his nothing to blast the hopes of your dearest senses by sickness or disaster, is to be pitied; friends ?—Ye whose hearts are not past but he that makes himself a madman or an feeling, let me point you to the flowing idiot, can never be sufficiently censured. tears of an aged father and mother, whose
“ It leads to lying. When estate and gray hairs are brought down with sorrow to character are ruined, and conscience stran. the grave. Once they hailed the birth of a gled to death in strong drink, no regard to promising son. They nursed him in the truth is to be expected. In such a case, cradle of infancy. They watched over the promises are made and broken without pillow of sickness. Their affections grew ceremony; the tongue becomes the organ with his growing years, and anticipated the of imposition in business ; every principle time when he should become the solace of of integrity or honour is laid out of the their declining days, and a blessing to the question, when there is opportunity to take world. Now he is the follower of strong advantage of the ignorance, the credulity, drink. At midnight, corroding care preys or the necessity of a fellow-creature. on their hearts: their slumbers are invaded