A Philosophical and Political History of the Settlements and Trade of the Europeans in the East and West Indies, Том 1
T. Caddel, London; and J. Balfour and C. Elliot, Edinburgh, 1776
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advantage Akebar Amboyna Arabia arts Asia attacked Aurengzebe B O O K Bassora Batavia Bengal BOOK Bramins brought Cape capital carried cent Ceylon Chandernagore China Chinese climate coast of Coromandel Cochinchina colony commerce conquerors conquest considerable Coromandel cottons cultivated Dupleix Dutch empire enemies engaged English established Europe Europeans expences exported fafe faid fale fame favour France French Gulph harbour hundred thoufand India Indies Indostan inhabitants interest island Java kind king labour land laws leagues liberty livres Madagascar Malabar Malacca manners manufactures masters ment merchandise merchants millions Mogul Molucca islands nabob nation nature navigation never nutmeg obliged oppression Ormus pepper Persia Pondicherry port Portugal Portuguese possession pound powersul present prevailed prince procure produce provinces religion resused rice riches river ruin settlements ships situation sols soon sovereign spices spirit subah Surat surnish surther tion trade univerfal usesul vessels
Стр. 165 - The company taking it into their heads that the inhabitants of Banda were favage, cruel, and treacherous, becaufe they were impatient under their yoke, refolved to exterminate them. Their...
Стр. 38 - Greeks afcribe to them the doctrine of the immortality of the foul, and certain notions concerning the nature of the Supreme Being and future rewards and punifhments. To this fpecie-s of knowledge the Brachmans added an infinite number of religious obfervances, which were adopted by Pythagoras in his fchool ; fuch as fading, prayer, filence, and contemplation.
Стр. x - Every thing," continues the same writer, " has changed, and must yet change more. But it is a question, whether the revolutions that are passed, or those which must hereafter take place, have been, or can be, of any utility to the human race. Will they add to the tranquillity, to the enjoyments, and to the happiness of mankind ? Can they improve our present state, or do they only change it...
Стр. 122 - Portuguefe preferved no more humanity or good faith with each other than with the natives. Almoft all the ftates, where they had the command, were divided into factions. THERE prevailed every where in their manners a mixture of avarice, debauchery, cruelty and devotion. They had moft of them feven or eight concubines, whom they kept to work with the utmoft rigour, and forced from them the money they gained by their labour. Such treatment of women was very different from the fpirit of chivalry.
Стр. 34 - The stratagem he made use of was to cause a boy, of the name of Feizi, to be committed to the care of these priests, as a poor orphan of the sacerdotal line, who alone could be initiated into the sacred rites of their theology.
Стр. 96 - It is one of their public functions to break up the ground in the fpring ; and the parade and magnificence that accompanies this ceremony, draws together all the farmers in the neighbourhood of the capital. They flock in crouds to fee their prince perform this folemnity in honour of the Jirft of all the arts.
Стр. 92 - ... watering of the land, which they confider, with reafon, as one of the greateft helps in agriculture. They have but few, even of the moft ufeful trees, as their fruits would rob the corn of its nourifhment. There are gardens, it is true, interfperfed with flowers, fine turf...
Стр. 95 - This grand fyftem of nature, which is fufialned by deftru&ion and re-production, is better underftood and attended to in China than in any other country in the world. A...
Стр. 183 - The old trees produce a coarse kind of cinnamon, and the spice is in perfection only, when the trees are not older than three or four years. When the trunk has been stripped of its bark, it receives no further nourishment; but the root is still alive, and continues to throw out fresh shoots.