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Friendship of women. well described by an ancient phrase Women are more constant in “cor suum edens,” eating his own friendship than men, for these rea- heart. Absolute singleness is the sons: the temperament of women character of the Deity only ; but is more cold, and therefore less man is too feeble and dependent likely to change or fly off from an to subsist by himself. object, to which they are once attached. The same coolness of constitution renders them

Swift was invited by a rich

more subject to timidity; and so they adó

miser with a large party to dine ; here to objects of affection, be

being requested by the host to rea

turn thanks at the removal of the cause they are fearful of losing what they value.

cloth, uttered the following grace :

Thanks for this miracle !-this is no less,

Than to eat manna in the wilderness.

Where raging hunger reign'd we've found relief, Scaliger used to say, that he

And seen that wondrous thing a piece of beef.

Here chinneys smoke, that never smok'd before, of three things : the interval of And we've all ate, where we shall eat no more. al ague, the motion of the sea, and the nature of his own me Aristippus was very fond of mory.

· magnificent entertainments, and Medici.

loved a court life. Dionysius The family of the Medici, most asked him, in a sarcastick manner, probably, took their rise from the reason, why philosophers were some ancestor, who was an emi seen often at the gates of princes, nent physician, as they still bear in but princes never at the doors of their arms the device of five pills. philosophers? “ For the same

reason," replied the philosopher, Etymology of Decreptitude. “ that physicians are found at the

The comparison of human life doors of sick men, but sick men to the burning and going out of a never at the doors of physicians.” lamp was familiar with Latin authors, as we know by the terms Sonnet on a Sonnet, by Lopez de « senes decrefiiti.A lamp, just about to expire, was said decrepare, Capricious—a sonnet needs must have ; to cease to crackle. Hence met- i ne'er was put to't before-a sonnet! aphorically, persons on the verge, horically persons on the veroe Why fourteen verses must be sperit upon it,

*Tis good however t'have conquer'd the first of the grave were called decrepit

stave. men. Solitude.

Yet shall I ne'er find rhymes enough by half,

Said I, and found myself i' th' midst o' the It is an observation of Seneca,

second, that we should mix company and

If twice four verses were but fairly reckon'd, retirement, in order to make them

I should turn back on th'hardest part, and laugh.
Thus far with good success I think I've scribbled,

And of the twice seven linea clear got o'er ten; wish always to be alone shows the

Courage ! another'll finish the first triplet ; temper of a wild, ferocious ani- Thanks to the Muse, my work begins to shorten. inal, carrtes with it the dismal Sce thirteen lines got through, dribblet by darkness of the tomb. The effect


'Tis done, count how you will, I warrint there's of such a disposition of mind is






...THERE was not, on that day, a speck to stain The azure heaven; thé blessed Sun, alone; ln un approachable divinity, Careered, rejoicing in his fields of light. How beautiful, beneath the bright blue sky, The billows beave ! one glowing green expanse, Save where along the bending line of shore Such hue is thrown, as when the peacock neck Assumes its proudest tint of amethyst, Embathed'in emerald glory. All the flocka Of Ocean are abroad: like floating foam, The sea-gulls rise and fall upon the waves; With long protruded neck the cormorants Wing their far flight aloft, and round and round The plovers wheel, and give their note of joy. It was a day that sent into the heart A summer feeling : even the insect swarms From their dark nooks and coverts issued forth, For one day of existence more, and joy ; The solitary primrose, on the bank, Seemaod now as though it had no cause to mourn Its bleak autumnal birth ; the Rocks, and Shores And everlasting Mountains, had put on The smile of that glad sunshine,.. they partook The universal blessing.

And can we doubt that horrid ghosts ascend,
Which on the conscious murderer's steps attend !
Hear then, and let attested truth prevail ;
From faithful lips I learnt the dreadful tale.

Where Arden's forest spreads its limits wide,
Whose branching paths the doubtful road divides
A traveller took his solitary way,
When low beneath the hills was sunk the day.
And now the skies with gathering darkness lour,
The branches rustle with the threatened shower
With sudden blasts the forest murmurs, loud,
Indented lightnings cleave the sable cloud,
Thunder on thunder breaks, the tempest roars,
And heaven discharges all its watery stores.
The wandering traveller shelter seeks in vain,
And shrinks and shivers with the beating rain :
On his steed's neck the slackened bridle lay,
Who chose with cautious step th'uncertain way
And now he checks the rein, and halts to hear
If any noise foretold a village near.
At length from far a stream of light be sees
Extend its level ray beneath the trees ;
Thither he speeds, and, as he nearer came,
Joyful he knew the lamp's domestick flame
That trembled thro' the window ; cross the way
Darts forth the barking cur, and stands at bay.

It was an ancient lortely house, that stood Upon the borders of the spacious wood; Here towers and antique battlements arise, And there in heaps the mouldered ruin lies. Some lord this mansion held in days of yore, To chace the wolf, and pierce the foaming boarj How changed, alas, from what it once had been! "Tis now degraded to a publick inp. Straight he dismounts, tepeats his loud com

mands : Swift at the gate the ready landlord stands ; With frequent cringe he bows, and begs excuse, His house was full, and every bed in use. What, not a garret, and no straw to spare ? Why then the kitchen-fire and elbow.chair Shall serve for once to nod away the night. The kitchen ever is the servants' right, Replies the host ; there, all the fire around, The Count's tir'd footmen snore upon the grounds

The maid, who listend to this whole debate, With pity learnt the weary stranger's fate. Be brave, she cried, you still may be our guest; Our haunted toom was cver held the best : If then your valour can the fright sustain of rattling curtains, and the clinking chain ; If your courageous tongue have power to talk, When round your bed the horrid ghost shall walka If you dare ask it, why it leaves its tomb; I'll see your sheets well air'd, and shew the room, Soon as the frighted maid her tale had told, The stranger enter'd, for his heart was bold.


By Gay.
SCEPTICKS (whose strength of argument

makes out,
That wisdom's decp inquiries end in doubt)
Hold this assertion positive and clear,
That sprites are pure delusions, rals'd by fear.
Not that fam'd ghost, which in presaging sound
Calld Erutus to Philippi's fatal ground,
Nor can Tiberius Gracchus' goary shade
These ever-doubting disputants persuade.
Straight they with smiles reply, Those tales of old
By visionary priests were made and told.
Oh, might some ghost at dead of night appear,
And make you own conviction by your feat !
I know your sneefs my easy faith accuse,
Which with such idle legends scares the Muse;
But think not that I tell those vulgar sprites,
Which frighted boys relate on winter nights,
How cleanly milk-maids meet the fairy train,
How heedless horses drag the clinking chain,
Night-roaming ghosts, by saucer eye-balls knowili,
The common spectres of each country-town.
No, I such fables can like you despise,
And laugh to hear these nurse-invented lies.
Yet, has not oft' the fraudful guardian's fright
Compelled him to restoro an orphan's riglet?

Vol. III. No, 2, L

The damsel led him through a spacious hally Where ivy limang the half-demolished wall :


A fable. By Cowper.

she frequent look'd behind, and chang'd her hue, While fancy tipt the candle's fame with blue. And now they gain'd the winding stairs' ascent, And to the lonesome room of terrours went. When all was ready, swift retir'd the maid. The watch-lights burn, tuck'd warm in bed was

laid The hardy stranger, and attends the sprite Till his accustom'd walk at dead of night.

At first he hears the wind with hollow roar Shake the loose lock, and Iwing the creaking

door ; Nearer and nearer draws the dreadful sound Of rattling chains that dragg'd upon the ground: When to, the spectre came witli herrid stride, Approach'd the bed, and drew the curtains wide! In human form the ghast ful phantom stood, Expos'd his mangled bosom dy'd with blood. Then, silent pointing to his wounded brcast, Thrice wav'd his hand. bensath the frighted

guest The bed-cords trembled, and with shuddering

fear, Sweat chilld his limbs, high rose his bristled hair ; Then mattering hasty prayers, he mana'd his

heart, And cried aloud : Say, wherce and who thou art? The stalking ghost with holow voice replies, 'Three years are counted since with mortal eyes I saw the sun, and vital air respir'd. Like thee benighted, and with travel tir'd, Within these walls I slept. O thirst of gain ! Sce, still the plariks the bloody mark retzn. Stretched on this very bed, from sleep I start, And see the steel impending o'er my heart; The barbarous hostess held the lifted knife, The fivor ran purple with my pushing life. My treasure now they sieze, the golden spoil

They bury deep beneath the grass-grown soil, · Far in the common field. Be bold, arise, My steps shall lead thee to the secret prize; There dig and find ; let that thy care reward, Cali loud on justice, bid her not retard To punish murder ; lay my ghost at rest : So shall with peace secure thy nights be blest ; And, when beneath these boards my bones are

found, Decent inter them in some sacred ground. Here ceas'd the ghost. The stranger springs

from bed,
And boldly follows where the phantom led :
The half-worn stony stairs they now descend,
Where passages obscure their arches bend.
Silent they walk; and now through groyes they

Now through wet meads their steps Imprint the

grass. At length amidst a spacious field they came : There stops the spectre, and ascends in flame, Amaz'd he stood, no bush or brier was found, 'To teach his inorning search to find the ground. What could he do? the night was hideous dark, Fear shook his joints, and nature dropt the mark: With that he starting wak'd, and rais'd his head, But found the golden mark was left in bed.

I SHALL not ask Jean Jacques Rousseau,
If birds confabulate or no;

Tis clear that they were always able
To hold discourse, at least in fable;
And ev'n the child, who knows no better,
Than to interpret by the letter,
A story of a cock and bull,
Must have a most uncommon skull.

It chanc'd then, on a winter's day,
But warm and bright, and calm as May
The birds, conceiving a design
To forestal sweet St. Valentine,
In many an orchard, copse, and grove,
Assembled on atfairs of love,
And with much twitter, and much chatter,
Began to agitate the matter.
At length a Bulfinch, who could boast
More years and wisdoin than the most,
Entreated, opening wide his beak.
A moment's liberty to speak;
And, silence publickly enjoin'd,
Deliver'd briefly thus' his inind.

My friends! 'be cautious how ye treat
The subject upon which we meet;
I fear we shall have winter yet.

A Finch, whose tongue knew no control,
With golden wing and satin pole,
A last year's bird, who ne'er had tried
What marriage means, thus pert replied,

Methinks the gentleman, quoth she,
Opposite in the apple-tree,
By his good will would keep us single,
Till yonder heav'n and earth shall mingle,
Or (which is likelier to befal)
Till death exterminate us all.
I marry without more ado,
My dear Dick Redcap, what say you !

Dick heard and tucedling, ogling, bridling,
Turning short round, strutting and sideling,
Artested, glad, his approbation
of an immediate conjugation.
Their sentiments so well express'd,
Lufiuenc'd mightily the rest,
All pair'd, and each pair built a nest.

But though the birds were thus in haste, The leaves came on not quite so fast, And destiny, that sometimes Dears An aspect stern on men's affairs, Not altogether smil'd on theirs. The wind, of late breath'd gently forth, Now shifted cast and east by north; Bare trees and shrubs but ill, you know, Could sheker them from rain or snow, Stepping into their nests, they paddlcd, Theinselves were chill'd, their eggs were addled Soon ev'ry father bird and mother Grew quarrelsome, and peck'd each other, , Parted without the least regret, Except that they had ever met, And learn'd, in future, to be wiser, Tnan to neglect a good adviset.

Instruction. Missez ! the tale that I relate

This lesson seeins to carry Choose not alone a proper mate,

But proper time to marry.

What is the statesman's vast ambitious scheme, But a short vision and a golden dream? Power, wealth, and title, elevate his hope ; He wakes ; but, for a garter, finds a rope,

It was one of the whimsical speculatiods of this philosopher, that all fables which ascribe reason and speech to animals should be withheld from children, as being only vehicles of decep tion. But what child was ever deceived by them, or can be, against the cvidence of a senses


For FEBRUARY, 1806.

Libram tuum legi & quam diligentissime potui annotavi, quæ commutanda, quæ eximenda, ar

bitrarer. Nam ego dicere verum assuevi. Neque ulli patientius reprehenduntur, quam qui maxime laudari merentur. -Pliny.


us with those of some other genMemoirs of the American Academy

tlemen, who accompanied him in of Arts and Sciences. Vol. I.

attending to these phenomena. 1785. 4to. pp. 568.

And having corresponding obser

vations of the first of the said e[Continued.]

clipses at Bererly, Chelsea, Pe. V. Soye select astronomical ob nobscott-Bay,and Providence in the servations made at Chelsea, latitude state of Rhode-Island, he subjoins 42° 25', and 26" in time east of the their differences of longitude, which university at Cambridge. By the he had deduced, and consequently Rev. Phillips Payson, F.A.A.

their longitudes from Cambridge, The astronomical observations, that of Chelsea relatively to Came here selected, are those of several

bridge being known. Hence it emersions of Jupiter's first, sec

appears, that the longitude of Bevond, and third satellites in 1779 ; erly eastward from Cambridge is l' three solar eclipses, namely, in 11' in time ; that of PenobscottJune, 1778, October, 1780, and Bay gi 15" ; and that of Provi. April, 1782 ; two lunar eclipses, dence 1'7" westward. namely, in May, 1779, and Novem From the times of the contacts ber, 1780 ; and the transit of of Mercury at the said transit, Mercury in November, 1782. president Willard, using Mayer's VI. Observation of the transit

solar tables, and De La Lande's of Mercury over the sun, Nov. 12,

tables of Mercury, calculates the 1782, at Ipswich. By the Rev.

angle of Mercury's apparent way Manasseh Cutler, F.A.A.

with the ecliptick, the time of the The going of the clock was

ecliptick conjunction, the errour

of the tables in the latitude of Mercarefully examined, and the times of all the contacts, except the first

cury at that time, which appears

to be 55.98 in defect. He also deexternal, were determined.

duces the place of Mercury's asVII. A memoir, containing obe cending node, and calculates it servations of a solar eclipse, Octo from the tables ; whence it ap. ber, 27, 1780, made at Beverly : pears, that the latter differs from Also of a lunar eclipse, March 29, the former l' 34" in excess. 1782 ; of a solar eclipse, April 12, VIII. Observations of a solar and of the transit of Mercury over eclipse, October 27, 1780, made at the sun's disc, November 12, the St. John's Island, by Messrs. Clarke same year, made at the president's and Wright. In a letter from Mr. house in Cambridge. By the Rev. Joseph Peters to Caleb Gannett, Joseph Willard, firesident of the U. A.M. Rec. Sec. Amer. Acad. . niversity.

These observations were made Beside his own observations the at a place called Charlottestown, author of this memoir furnishes which, according to Mr. Wright's determination, is situated in 46° from the French, and communicat. 13' of north latitude, and 62° 50' ed by the Rev. President Willard, of west longitude from Greenwich. By these observations times are In this account it is stated on the determined, when limbs of the authority of a gentleman, belong- sun and moon, and the sun's horns ing to Yarmouth-Jebouge-Har- passed over the vertical and hori, bour, on the western coast of No- zontal wires of a telescope, and va-Scotia, that this eclipse, which when the eclipse ended, at a staexcited great attention in this part tion on Goat-Island in 41° 30' 30" of the country, was total there for of northern latitude. a moment.

M. de Granchain also observed

the lunar eclipse of the 11th of IX. Observations of a solar e. Nov

* November, 1780, at the same clipse, October 27, 1780, made at

place. And the memoir contains the university in Can: bridge. Com

hịs observed times of the begin. municated by Caleb Gannett, A.M.

ning, immersion, and emersion of The observers of this eclipse at

çertain spots, and the end. Cambridge were the Rev. Profes sor Wigglesworth, Mr. Gannett, XII. An account of the obsere and the Rev. John Mellen. They vations made in Providence, in the did not perceive the beginning of state of Rhode -Island, of the eclipse the eclipse, but noted very partic- of the sun, which happened the 23d ularly the disappearance and reap, day of April, 1781. By Benjamin pearance of various spots, which West, Esq. F.A.A. were then visible on the sun, and The quantity of the eclipse and the end of the eclipse. And these the time of its end were determinmay be compared with other cor- ed. And Mr. West calculated the responding observations; some at- moon's diameter from the magnis tention having been paid to the tude of the eclipse and the length passage of the moon's limbs over of the chord, joining the cusps at solar spots by most of the astron- the time of greatest obscuration. omers, who observed the eclipse. The quantity of the eclipse they

XIII, Account of the transit of

Mercury, observed at Cambridge, estimated at 11 digits..

November 12, 1782. By James X. An observation of a solar Winthrop, Esq. F.A.A. eclipse, October 27, 1780, at Prov. Observations of this transit by idence. By Joseph Browne, Esq. Judge Winthrop are contained in

The beginning of the eclipse Professor Williams' account of was not seen, but the times, when those, which were made by himthe moon's limb first touched cer, self and others. But, in the me, tain solar spots, were ascertained, moir before us, the author gives a and that of the end was noted by more particular relation, with some three observers. By measure additional facts and remarks. with a micrometer Mr. Brown de termined the quantity of the e. XIV. Observations of an eclipse clipse to be about 117's digits of the moon, March 29, 1782, and

of an eclipse of the sun, on the 12th XI. Observatians of the solar of April, following, at Ifisevich, lat, eclipse of the 27th of October, 1780, 42° 38' 30". By the Rev. Manas, made at Newport, Rhode-Island, by sch Cutler, F.A.A. Mons. de Granchain. Translated Relative to the lunar eclipsea

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