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unexpectedly great, be regularly ter. It is in the domestick circler melted into tears.
in the family parlour, in his gown
and slippers, in giving orders to SOCIETY.
his servants, that a man is thorMan is inconsiderable by his oughly seen. Here he acts withsingle exertions : it is only by uni- out disguise or restraint. Here he ting his efforts with those of his assumes no unnatural airs of imspecies that he produces any thing portance, but calmly lays aside his of consequence. The bee is a foreign manners, and all his exsmall insect, and the ant still smal. travagant pretensions. Whether ler, yet by association they build accustomed to rule in the senate, themselyes a name and a monu to expound in the desk, or to conment more valuable, than the soli- tend in the field, he claims no pritary lion is able to boast.
vilege from his factitious conse
quence, when he enters his own ÇIGARRS.
mansion. The tenderness of a In face of a host of arguments wife instantly arches his brow, and our literary loungers contuma- he gladly exchanges the robe or ciously insist on being indulged the sword, the high-toned voice the gratification of tickling their and the stately port, for the prattle noses and burning their tongues. of his children, and the puerilities If you allege that the practice is and sports of the hearth. Here, vulgar and democratick, you are unpinioned by fashion, he acknowlanswered, Sir W. Raleigh is equal- edges the dominion of nature, and ly famous as a man of fashion and neither a stranger nor a bachelor philosopher, as for his habit of intermeddleth with his joy. smoking. Should you object to He will not blush that has a father's them the ladies' dislike to the prac heart, tice, they tell you, that queen
To take in childish play a childish part : Elizabeth, of glorious memory, That youth takes pleasure in, to please
But bends his sturdy neck to any toy, was fond of a pipe, and used hu
his boy. morously to say, that all the pleasures of the evening ended in
BEAUTY AND VIRTUE. smoke. If lastly you oppose to it kingly authority, urging that James
Not gardens, houses, dress, equi. I. wrote a treatise against the page, nor human faces, nor the smoking of base tobacco, the smok- finest exhibitions of nature or of ers will reply, we burn none but art, are alone entitled to be denomwhat is good.
inated beautiful, as the excellent
Francis Hutcheson has proved, in DOMESTICK PLEASURES.
his inquiry into the original of our Abroad men sometimes pass for ideas of beauty and virtue. But more, and sometimes for less, than
no where is the comparison bethey are worth. The politician tween the grandeur of natural obrolls himself up like a hedge-hog jects, and the superiour sublimity before strangers ; but in private
of moral actions, more boldly he shoots his quills. Tiberius was
drawn than in these lines of Akencelebrated by those who did not know him ; but his rhetorical tu. tor hesitated not to pronounce him Look then abroad through nature to the Luto et sanguine maceraium. Li. Of planets, guns, and adamantine
range berty and leisure develope charac spheres,
ART OF READING.
Wheeling, unshaken, through the void the inexorable steel, and bears to immense ;
the river Lethe ; into which, were And speak, o man ! does this capacious it not for certain birds, Aying about
scene, With half that kindling majesty dilate
its banks, it would be immediately Thy strong conception, as wiren Brutus immerged. But these seize he
medals ere they fall, and bear them Refulgent from the stroke of Cæsar's for a while up and down in their
fate, Amid the crowd of patriots ; and his
beaks with much noise and flutter;
but careless of their charge, or Aloft extending, like eternal Jove, unable to support it, they most of When gailt brings down the thunder, them soon drop their shining preý call'd aloud
one after another into the oblivious On Tully's name, and shook his crim.
stream. Nevertheless, among son steel, And bade the father of his country hail !
these heedless carriers of fame, are For lo ! the tyrant prostrate in the dust! a few swans, who, when they catch And Rome again is free, .
a medal, convey it carefully to the temple of Immortality, where it is consecrated.
These swans of late To read, says M. Reytaz, is not have been rara aves. What innus to collect letters and syllables ; it merable names have been dropped is not to pronounce words and sen- into the dark stream of Oblivion, tences ; it is to represent the for one that has been consecrated thoughts of a discourse in their in the temple of Immortality ! appropriate colours. It is to blend The name of Alexander Pope there the different passages in such a shines conspicuous. manner, as not to injure each other ; but, on the contrary, to give to each mutual strength and assis The swan never frequents the tance. It is to distinguish by the Padus, nor the banks of the Cayse accent, what is only argumentative, ter in Lydia,each of them a stream from what is pathetick and orator celebrated by the ancient poets for ical ; it is to discern any impor the resort of swans. Horace calls tant end in a sentence, in order to Pindar Dircæum Cignum, and, in detach it from the rest, and express another ode, supposes himself it without affectation, and without changed into a swan. the appearance of design ; it is to Virgil speaks of his poetical convey the idea, rather than the brethren in the same manner. expressions, the sentiments rather
Vere, tuum nomen. than the words ; it is to follow the
Cantantes sublime ferent ad sidera impulse of the discourse in such
cygni. a manner, that the delivery may be quick or slow, mild or impetu- When he speaks of them figura. ous, according to the emotions it tively, he gives to them a power should excite.
of melody ; but when he refers to them as a naturalist, he gives them
their natural uncouth sound. POPE. Attached to the thread of every Dant sonitum rauci per stagna loquacia man's life is a little medal, where cygni. on his name is inscribed, which T'ime, waiting on the shears of The swan seldom is heard except Pate, catches up, as it falls from when on the wing, and its notes
MILO OF CROTONA.
then have no inconsiderable affinity done thus, he will be convinced he to those of the owl.
might as well have read it backMilton's description of the swan ward. is as beautiful, as almost any found among the ancient writers, notwitstanding their great partiality to this bird.
The champion whờ most distint... The swan, with arched neck guished himself in the Olympick Between her white wings mantling, Games, in the Palé, at wrestling, proudly rows
according to Pausanias, was Milo Her state with wary feet.
of Crotona ; he gained no less than
six Olympick, and as many Pythian I find by an act of Edw. IV.c. 6.
There are so many in“ no one, possessing a freehold of
stances of the prodigious strength less clear yearly value than five of this famous wrestler, and most marks, shall be permitted to keep of them so well known, that it swans, other than the son of our
would be as endless as impertinent sovereign lord the king."
to cite them. But I cannot forbear And in such high estimation producing one, as remarkable for were they then had in England, the singularity, as the issue of the that by II. Henry VIII. c. 17. the experiment. Milo, to give a proof punishment for taking their eggs of his astonishing power, used to was “ imprisonment for a year and take a pomegranate, which,without a day, and to be fined at the king's squeezing or breaking, he held so good pleasure."- It seems they are
fast by the mere strength of his not quite so highly valued by those fingers, that no person was able to who resort to Hudson's Bay, and
take it from him nobody but his annually kill about three or four mistress,” says Elian. But howthousand, which are salted, pickled,
ever weak he may have been with and sold for “very good sea stores.” regard to the fair sex, his superi
our force was universally acknowledged by men, as will appear in
the following Amongst the false wit of the 17th century, the writing of billets doux, in the shape of shovels and
“When none adventur'd in th' Olymtongs, acrosticks, riddles, rebusses,
pick sand, &c. &c. &c. the Palindromus holds The might of mighty Milo to withstand ; as good a claim to ridicule as any. Th’ unrivall’d chief advanc'd to seize Camden, I think, refined upon this
the crown, species of literature, and made the But mid the triumph, slipt unwary
down. Palindromick muse go backward The people shouted, and forbade bestow as well as forward-for instance: The wreath on himn who fell without a
foe. “ Odo tenet mulum, madidam mapparn But, rising in the midst, he stood and tenet Anna.
cried, Anna tenet mappam madidam, mulum Do not three falls the victory decide ? tenet Odo." Fortune, indeed, hath giv'n me one,
who The ingenious reader may now Will undertake to throw me t'other read it forward, and when he has two?"
For the Anthology.
Scribimus indocti.......... Hor. EPIST. WE should do injustice to our
herald of her presence.
From country to deny, that she is pro- this corrupted source daily flow lifick in authors. Were we to those streams of false taste and lit. judge of the progress of the mind erary absurdity, which have inunby the number of works, which dated the republick of letters. daily issue from the press, we
Like the rich ornaments of a might congratulate ourselves on mausoleum, the splendid outside living in this enlightened age, of their works covers a mere cawhen the weakness of humanity put mortuum. Mistaking verbosity no longer presents obstacles to the of expression for fecundity of march of reason, and when authors thought, and the strainings of a compose with as much facility as witless brain for the deductions of they print their works. We can reason, we may say with the poet, not complain of want of novelty on any subject. Some quit the They write on all things, but on noth
ing well. loom and spindle to wield the historick pen; others wander from the But we leave these authors, and circle of domestick duties, or the cannot wish them a greater punroutine of mechanick lise, among ishment while in this world, than the illusions of a heated imagina- to be continually surrounded by tion, mistaking her distorted fea- their own works, the monuments tures for the scenery of nature ; of their ignorance and vanity. or are humbly contented to glean
Love of method is discoverable the sprigs of laurel, which have in all our actions. This principle fallen from the brow of genius. is even extended to works of the Even the stall of the cobbler is mind and imagination, and we anmetamorphosed into the workshop ticipate with as much pleasure the of the muses, and its inhabitant developement of it in a literary is occupied in the double employ- composition, as we expect it illusment of manufacturing leather trated in a piece of mechanism. and fabricating verses. Conver- Fine writing therefore, to produce sation, one would imagine, would a permanent interest,must discover afford a convenient channel to this that, in the conduct of the whole, superfluity of wit ; and that these order as well as beauty has been ininds, contented with the homage consulted. The mind is often of a circle of sycophants,
more igno- amused by the vagaries of the rant than themselves, who echo all imagination, or hurried along by their thoughts and imitate all their the aberrations of genius, but she actions, would never burthen the returns with pleasure to dwell on publick with their crude ideas, nor the works of those authors, who seek to gain a height, which their gratify the taste without offending feeble pinions were never meant to the judgment. The art of fine reach. But it is the prerogative writing is acquired by degrees. of folly to proclaim her character Avec quelque talent, says Rouse, to the world ; and, unfortunately, seau, qu'on puisse être né, l'art the press is too often made the d'écrire ne s'apprend pas tout d'eu
Vol. III. No. 10. 3T
coup. Literary excellence is not riodes, dans ma tête,avec des peines the effect of an accidental ray of incroyables. His works are comgenius, nor of a momentary glow posed with such spirit and enthuof enthusiasm ; the former must siasm, that we are disposed to imbe tempered by industry, the latter agine he never took up the pen, by judgment. The mind must but when he glowed with those struggle with her new ideas, and, transports, with which he agitates by reiterated efforts, reduce then the bosoms of his readers. It to order and arrange them with was, however, only by preserving taste. Man is born with an un a free and tranquil mind, that he wrought mine within him ; and, was able so successfully to come while he extracts the golden ore bine in his works every circumand refines the precious metal, he stance, which could add strength gives acumen to the very instru- to his ideas, or elegance to his ments, with which he works. composition. In the imitative
No maxim perhaps has done and mechanical arts we find that, more injury to the cause of letters, independent of peculiar talents, than that, by which a writer is di- success is generally płoportional rected to feel bis subject, before he to the degree of labour bestowed attempts its expression. We are on their objects; and may not the led to believe, that if the sacred observation be extended to the art flame can once be produced, the of writing? Is the exertion of whole composition will glow with mind in the latter less, because its an equal warmth, and that this ex powers are differently directed ? citement of mind will naturally be or does it require less genius and followed by a correct view of the industry to perfect a literary work, subject, a just arrangement of than is developed in the production parts, and a perspicuous and ele- of a painting, or a statue ? A gegant language. Instead therefore nius like Raphael, before he com of suffering the mind tranquilly to mits his images to the canvas, pursue her train of ideas, and by selects from the materials, which patience and perseverance to ar- his imagination had collected from range them in a lucid order and the works of nature ; he contrasts, clothe them in a just expression, combines, disposes of his light and an artificial warmth is excited, by shade ; he varies with judgment, which they are expanded into and groups with taste, till having bombast, or dissipated into “ thin breath'd over the whole the charm air.” The mind of a writer must of ideal beauty, he seizes the penever be at ease and, like the Alps, cil and with patient industry tower sublime and unmoved amid gradually gives to the fleeting vi. the conflict of the passions. No sions of his imagination the permodern writer perhaps discovers manence of real existence. But more warmth of imagination or this is not the effect of mere imrapidity of conception than Rous- pulse. It is the creation of genius, seau. His success in letters how- aided by study and developed by ever was the consequence of the industry. Hence also the writer, unwearied exertion of a superiour ambitious of literary fame, is cona mind. Je les consacrais, says vinced with Pope, that he in speaking of his works, les True ease in writing comes from art, insomnies de mes nuits. Je me not chance, ditais dans mon lit, à yeux fermés Like the painter, he attends to what et je tournois et rétournois mes pe- may be termed the mechanical part