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who has long resided on the spot, the which has fallen is almost without pas. character and other particulars rela- allel, in the same space of time. The tive to a people with whom our inter- winds have been principally from the course is already an object of great NE. and S.W. quarters. It is well to mercantile importance, and of whom remark, that the furious storm from the we know at present little more from north-east, which committed such haycorrect information than we do of the ock among the shipping along the whole inhabitants of Japan.

coast of the United States, was first felt Rural Economy-We are happy to in the southern latitudes. In Carolina, announce that I. Riley & Co. have just it commenced on the 21st of August. published in 1 vol. 8vo. a very valuable Along the coast of the middle states, it work upon a method of building, much raged on the 22d and 23d. In Boston, employed in Italy and France, known it was not noticed till the 24th, although by the name of Pisè, the materials of there was some rain on the day prewhich are earth, which promises to be vious. This interesting fact confirins an of great utility in the country, more observation, respecting the storms of particularly as applied to farm houses, this country, first made by Franklin, and cottages and out buildings. It is the after him by Williams and Volney. production of S. W. Johnson, Esq. of Phenomena of this nature should be Brunswick, New Jersey, a gentleman carefully noted, in order to assist who has long devoted his attention to in explaining the peculiarities of the improvements in husbandry and rural climate of the United States. The économy. This mode of building has weather has been cooler than common received the sanction of the Board of during great part of the month. agriculture in Great Britain by whom The cholera of children has probably it is highly recommended to the been the most common disease. It has government both for its cheapness, not been so frequent nor so fatal, as it healthiness, and security from fire. usually is at this season. Nearly the The author who appears to have paid same remark may be applied to the all that attention to the subject which common disease of adults, the autumnad its importance demands, has suggested fever. This has generally been of a some very material improvements upon mild character, and rarely fatal. the plan recommended by the Board of There have not been many cases of agriculture, together with such altera. cow-pock during the past month. tions as the difference of climate in this country may require. This publication contains also some general instructions relative to the site and ar,

Editors' Notea. rangement of buildings appertaining to the farm, strictures on the cultivation

IN our present number we have the pleasure of the vine, and an essay on the manner

of presenting for the petusal of our patrons the of making Turnpike Roads, with the Poem of Mr. Whitwell, wbich afforded so much advantages arising from them, accom delight to those who heard it and conferred panied with scales of elevation and de. honour on the Society of which he is a member. pression for convex and concave roads, The poem abounds with beautiful verses and pun. and a number of plates explanatory of

gent fatire. We congratulate the author that, the different subjects.

amid the buftle of the bar and the jargon of From the cursory examination which

clients, he can sweetly tune the lyre; and that,

after repeating the diffonant accents of Normanwe have been able to bestow upon this

French and Leonine Latin, he can fing harmowork, we hesitate not to recommend it

nious ftraigs. We hope the author will occasionto the publick as one that will probably

ally decorate our columns with wild Rowers from prove of the greatest utility particular

the banks of Kennebeck, and, in the words of ly to the agricultural interest.--Herald. Shenstone, we entre

& Though form'd for courts, vouchSafe to rove

Inglorious through the shepherd's grove, STATEMENT OF DISEASES, And ope the bashful springs,"

We regret that, in the hurry of copying, From Aug. 20 to Sept. 20.

fogic errours were committed, which we requeil ON the 22d of August, the spell, our readers to corred. In the Soth line read, which seemed to have bound the hea

" Lent to Saturnia to beguile ber Jove." yens, was broken : the rain fell in tor in the 21 9th line read, rents, and since that time the quantity

"Who spread Deluson like a mis around."

THE

MONTHLY ANTHOLOGY.

OCTOBER, 1806.

For the Anthology. A DISQUISITION UPON THE PHILOSOPHY OF THE ANCIENTS.

PRONOUNCED BEFORE THE SOCIETY OF O B K, AT THEIR ANNIVERSARY

MEETING IN CAMBRIDGE, 28TH AUGUST, 1806.

By Thomas Boylston ADAMS.

This anniversary festival again tuitous applause for well-meant invites the Brethren of the Q BK endeavours. to renew their vows of friendship By the mystery of our calling, and fraternity ; to revive the me- my brethren, we are naturally atmory of former intimacies, and tracted toward the fountains of consecrate to futurity habits of af- Science, and to raible without refection more recently begun. serve in the pleasant fields of

Greetings of cordiality await Philosophy. the attending members of our so- Philosophy! which ages of cial institution, mingled with re- superstition idolized as a Divinity, gret for those unavoidably absent. and which, though stripped of

We offer no incense to propitiate, attributes and attractions, worthy and immolate no victim to appease the homage, and challenging heathen Divinities. In our Fasti those false trappings, still retains this day is sacred to Candour and the love and admiration of man Philanthropy. Our only sacrifice in every age. The prolifick parent is, of the worst to the best feelings of the social virtues and moral of the heart ; and the fragments graces, it has been usual to persongathered at our feast, which cus- ify Philosophy as a female, and in tom enjoins it as a duty to carry that character has she been honhence, are, the grateful remem. oured with “ the glorious epithets brance of a mental repast, season of the Mistress of Manners, the ed with the salt of Charity.

Directress of Life, the Inventress Thus, in the principles of your of Laws and Culture, the Guide to Association, is found an excuse for Virtue and Happiness.” If these the imperfections of the speaker, be her appropriate titles, no wonwho, yielding to a sense of duty der that Socrates, her great high and your partial suffrage, rather priest, “who diverted the attention than the consciousness of his in- of his followers from abstruse sufficiency, for the task he has this speculations concerning the mateday assumed, anticipates only gra. rial world to the practice of virtue

Vol. III. No. 10. 30

and the uniform observance of the vents, which other eyes have vier duties of life,” is represented by Ci. ed, and history records, as the concero as having brought pbilosophy summation of calamity. The soldown from heaven. Thus descende diers of Jutius Cæsar and the ed, Pythagoras had already given Saracen caliph Omar, in league her " a name, whereby she inight with the elements, tried by this be known among men," having de- test, were the first philanthropists. fined those to be philosophers, The progress of authority could

who made light of all other pur- not have been more effectually suits,and assiduously applied thein- checked, than by the burning of seives to the study of nature, and those almost innumerable volumes, the search after wisdom.”

which the wealth of the Egyptian The history of philosophy and Ptolemies had amassed in the that of letters are so intimately blen- Alexandrian libraries. “Anamaded, that it is impossible to distin- zing repository of ancient science," guish between those causes, which the annihilation of which the achave retarded the progress of the complished author of the Observert one, without involving the fate of deplores, as the loss of the most the other. One event, indeed, valuable treasure upon earth. seems to have happened to them “ It was buried in ashes,” sars both. Like the Benfictors of this animated writer, “by the wellmankind, in all ages they have known quibbling edict of a barbashared largely of ingratitude ; by rous fanatick." “ If, said the em turns the sport of wantonness and “perour, these volumes contain the victims of savage cruelty ; « doctrines conformable to the Kosometimes in perils, like St. Paul, “ran, then is the Koran alone saffrom false brethren, and sometimes « ficient, without these volumes ; suffocated by the smoke or redu- “but if what they teach be repug. ced to cinders by the flames, which "nant to God's book, then is it casualty or design have enkindled in fitting they were destroyed.” the midst of their dwelling places. « Thus, with false reason for . The errours of the human mind their judge, and false religion for deserve consideration, not on their their executioner, perished angin. own account, but because we anav numerable company of Poets, use them as beacons to admonish Philosophers, and Historians, with, us of danger, and as they point almost every thing elegant in Art out the shoals, upon which others and edifying in Science, which the have made shipwreck.

most illuminated people on earth Shall we think with Hume* and had, in the luxuriance of their gePriestley,+ who concur in sentiment nius, produced. In vain did the that “ the devastations of barba- philosopher John, esurnamed the rians and the destruction of rec- Grammarian) intercede to save ords, with other monuments of them. Universal condemnation antiquity, have been rather favour- to the flames was the sentence, ig. able, than adverse to the arts and norance denounced against these sciences, by brcaking the progress literary martyrs. The flow of wit, of authority”? Then, indeed, may the flights of fancy, and the labours consolation spring from sonie e- of learning, alike contributed to

fecd the fires of those baths, in * Hume's Essays. † Priestley. Lec. Gen. Policy,

Cumberland's Observer, No. 19.

which the savage conquerors re- solitary and scattered remnants, created themselves after the toils which escaped these general conof the siege."

flagrations? These, together with « Need we inquire, when art the Scriptures of Truth, have reand science were extinct, if dark- built and repeopled the desolate ness overspread the nations ? It places of wisdom ; and, if we listen is a period too melancholy to re- to the self complacency of the flect upon and too vacant to re- present age, the light of Science eord. History passes over it, as now shines with brighter lustre over the chart of an ocean with- and more expanded rays, than at out a shore, with this cutting recol. any former period. As one proof, lection accompanying it, that in among many, of the prevalence of this ocean are buried many of this opinion, an appeal to French the brightest monuments of an authority may not be deemed uncient genius."

pardonable. A distinguished memThe furious zeal of this Maho- ber of the French Academy,* metan prince in favour of his re contrasting the merits of ancient ligion, which thus laid science in and modern researches into the ruins, has unhappily found a paral- arcana of nature, indulges in lel in the annals of the Christian the following strain.- No soon. Church. At a period, when philo- er had the first Philosophers sophy had incurred disgrace, by looked about them, than they bethe perverseness and treachery of lieved at once that they knew some unworthy professors, a Ro- everything. Their first im. man emperour waged war against pressions seem to have been-Ne the whole race of philosophers. see all things, and we are at no loss Instigated by an inveterate aver to account for the cause of all sion to those, who still practised things. As in a dream, they bepagan idolatry, Justinian shut up held the universe rising to view : the schools, which still remained they dreamt of the principles, the at Athens, and deprived the teach- properties, and the origin of things, ers of their revenues ; and a Ro- and they never awoke from their man pontiff, inflamed by a similar slumbers." hatred, under the pretext of con “ Thus the ancients, in other fining the attention of the clergy words, those who deserve prece, to the sacred scriptures, at another dence in ignorance, believed them. time, consigned to the flames the 'selves wise. Unfortunately, be. valuable collections of books, form

ons of books, form. cause they believed it themselves, ed by the Roman emperours.

nobody else doubted it. " ProfessThat learning should have sur. ing themselves to be wise they be. vived these accumulated disasters caine fools ;” but this fact was not is scarcely credible. As an epoch

v credible. As an epoch discovered for some ages. Senioriin the history of Philosophy, may ty was, in their estimation, the best it not be ranked with the general title to knowledge, and supplied all deluge of the world? And as the scientifick deficiences. The Egypgenealogy of princes, after the tians are a law to the Greeks, the flood, could be traced no higher Greeks to the Romans ; and in than the lead of a single family, by whom the world was renewed, So, for a genealogy of letters, are * M. L'Abbé Condillac. Cours we not compelled to look up to the d'Etudes. Tom. 6.

our day both Greeks and Romans power to avoid many errours. Let are a law to us."

us habituate ourselves to passing “ Empires are subverted, and judgment upon things, of which nations are buried under their we can attain true knowledge-let ruins, but opinions endure; they us be ignorant of the rest, and survive all ages, and never grow without fear avow it.” old. An ostensible change in In the same spirit, though more modes of thinking is often less a highly seasoned, is the opinion proof of novelty, than of an old which the Baron Montesquieu* fashion in disguise.”

has left behind him, of the small “ Formerly philosophers under- advances, made by the ancients, took to explain every thing, with- in several branches of learning. out previous experiment ; raising At the close of a preface to one doubts, without knowing whether of his sallies of levity (called the they were susceptible of solution ; Temple of Gnidus) he remarks, flattering themselves with hopes that, “ if grave people should deof new discoveries, without pos- sire of him a less frivolous work, sessing the means of investigation, he is ready to satisfy the demand ; and even when they knew not having laboured thirty years upon what they sought. Alone inquisi- a book of twelve pages, which tive respecting things above their will contain all our knowledge of reach or comprehension, they as: metaphysicks, politicks, and morals, sociated vague ideas, obscure or and every thing which the greatest fallacious. They framed hypo- authors have forgotten, in the voltheses, and because they took no umes they have written upon those note of them, they were constant. respective sciences." ly reproducing the same opinions The term philosophy admits and in a new shape ; so that nobody has received a very large interpreneed be surprised at the informa- tation. « At some periods its sig. tion, that all the opinions of the nification has been extended so far, ancient philosophers are comprized as to include, not only all specuin a small compass of ideas, where- lative science, but also skill in muin they are confounded with each nicipal law; the knowledge of other. No one has ever adven- medicine ; the art of criticism tured beyond it, and, as to a com- and the whole circle of polite lite. mon centre, all are attracted thi. rature. The Christian religion ther by ignorance, their guide.” was called sacred philosophy, and

“ Truc philosophy is but of ecclesiastical doctors and monks vesterday, and it is because expe- were styled philosophers.” riment bas lent her aid to genius, « The history of philosophy, that the sphere of knowledge is according to Dr. Enfield, * is the enlarged. Whatever may be the history of the human understandextent of this sphere, it is never- ing ; clearly shewing the extent theless bounded, and we cannot of its capacity, the causes of its overleap its limits. Being child- perversion, and the means, by ren of darkness rather than light,” which it may be recalled from its we are perpetually seeking that unprofitable wanderings, and suc: port, whence we departed on the voyage of discovery. But, if ma- .

* Le Temple de Gnide, par le Baron ny things are impenetrably hid Montesquieu. from our view, it is, at least, in our † Enfield's History of Philosophy.

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