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guishing faintness, begin to stand committed their laws to 'memory and to rest himself; if the moon “ with accompaniments of musical should wander from her beaten melody, in order that, by the encourse, the times and seasons of chantment of harmony, the sentithe year blend themselves by dis- ments might be more forcibly imordered and confused mixture, the pressed on their minds." I do winds breathe out their last gasp, not wonder then, that Plato in his the clouds yield no rain, the earth republick should commend musick, be defeated of heavenly influence, and that in his enthusiasm he the fruits of the earth pine away, should declare, “that education, as children at the withered breasts so far as it respected the mind, of their mother, no longer able to consisted in harmony." yield them relief; what would be. It was an elegant and just re: come of man himself, whom these mark of the Roman orator, that things do now all serve ?” Where the sciences are associated togethwould empires and communities er and delight in each other's comexist, and where would man find pany. Their harmonious interrest to his weary feet, if he should course resembles the dance of the forget, and they should cease to Muses round the altar of Jupiter. obey, those laws, which regulate The law claims kindred with the the condact of beings superiour noblest of the sciences, and even and subordinate? The principles aspires to an alliance with our diof these laws flow from the foun: vine religion. Both flow from the tains of nature and philosophy ; same source, and both promote and the study of them expands the the felicity of those beings, on powers of the intellect, while it which they jointly operate. They gives life and activity to the vir- unite to impose restraint on the intues of the heart,
justice of men, but in different Ancient lawgivers enlisted po- modes. : the one by the silent etry and musick in the civilization but powerful operations of conof society, and in extending the in- science ; the other by the machinfluence of the laws. In the early ery of the civil power. The laws stages of Grecian history the ju- of human society would confesseddicial codes were expressed in ly be imperfect without the aid of verse and adapted to musick. Let religion, whose voice, though it. us not however suppose, that the tered in whispers, is heard in the science of jurisprudence lost any morning and in the evening, by of its dignity by the use of verse day and by night, in the retireand song, since there was a ment of domestick life, and in the time, according to Plutarch, when intercourse of civil society. even history, philosophy, every ac- This favourite science must, tion and passion, which required like every other, sit at the feet of grave or serious discussion, was religion, and own its obligations to written in poetry and adapted to her sacred instruction. To the musick. The praises of their gods, votaries of christianity are we intheir prayers and thanksgivings af- debted for the preservation of what ter victory, were all composed in little science gleamed through the verse, some through the love of long night, in which the moral harmony, and some through cus- world was for centuries invelloped. tom." The laws of Charondas To them are we indebted for the were sung at the banquets of the discovery and preservation of the Athenians; and the youth of Crete Institutes of Justinian, and the works of the civil law, a more il. country, whoever has a soul, which lustrious monument to the glory of can discern and estimate the beau. that emperour, than titles of victo- ty of order in the conduct of afry. To christianity are we indebt fairs, of harmony among states ed for political knowledge and for and individuals, of right, of secu-.' settling upon a proper foundation rity, and truth, will duly respect the civil and religious rights of the system of jurisprudence, which subjects and rulers. While we is the bond of society, and from recognize our common obligations which all its happiness proceeds. to that system, which breathes Finally the professor of the law, « peace on earth,” and confess, while he drinks deeply of the that the science of jurisprudence fountains of his science, ought to owes to it all its perfection ; we purify and exalt his taste by the devoutly hope, that the child may diligent study of the models of never lift up its hand against its ancient genius in eloquence, poeparent, lest it should wither, nor try, and morals. Those writings dishonour its divine original. though now grown venerable by
Were I to be asked the qualifi- time, still retain the purple light cations of a professor of the law, I of beauty and genius. They deshould say, that, like the orator monstrate the sublime heights, to whom Cicero describes, he should which the intellect may aspire, and know the nature and powers of they exhibit the superiority of its language, and the great variety of glory to that of arts and arms. things. To elegance, wit, learn, In any community, that the ing, rapidity of thought, and ur, courts of law may be fountains of banity of manners, he should add justice, from which may issue the an intimate acquaintance with the healthful streams of equity, not heart, the source of human con only should the judges be men of duct. No man can converse well learning and virtue, having no fear on things, of which he is ignorant. but the fear of God, but the legis. The empty flourish of words will lator should be adorned with illussoon betray the puerility of the trious qualifications.' His intellisentiment, and the feebleness of gence must discover and apply the images in the speaker's mind, those principles of right and And therefore Sir Edward Coke, wrong, which are applicable to the whose authority may always be variety of things, on which laws quoted without a charge of pedan- must operate. He ought to know try, recommended to the students the history of nations and of his the study of all arts and sciences, own country, the forms of their « I cannot exclude," he says, “ the government, and the tendency of knowledge of the arts and scien- different political systems to proces from the professor of juris- mote human happiness. He prudence. “Since the knowledge should be endowed with a geneof them is necessary and profite rous nature, enriched with the able." In this science, ignorance treasures of learning, adding to a contracts the liberality of the mind, clear intellect and passions subdu. and is as closely connected with ed, not only innocence of life and litigiousness and the low and des- freedom from suspicion, but the picable arts of the pettifogger, as positive virtues and excellencies. in religion it is united with fanati, of the heart. In fine, if he is a: cism and spiritual pride. Who- man of honour, experience, integever glows with a pure love to his rity, disinterested, freely chosen,
EXTRACT FROM AIKIN'S REVIEW
and free from the chains of party precepts of his art, has just joined spirit, he is formed for the Law- the fraternity. But when, i ask, are giver, not of a single community wit, learning, richness of language, only, but of nations.
harmony of utterance and all the Since to know the laws, by which treasures of eloquence, most howe are gorerned, and to yield to nourably employed? Surely when them a free obedience, is an essen- defining the boundaries of right tist part of the science and duty and wrong, when defending innoof life ; I have thought, that their cence, when pursuing guilt, when, study ought to be in introduced in fine, they are subservient to that into our University, and and make science, “ which employs in its part of its liberal institutions. theory the noblest faculties of the Two of the learned professions re- soul, and exerts in its practice ceive there all the advantages the cardinal virtues of the heart." which can be derived from books, A new object presents itself for, and from Professors, who add the munificence of our fellow citito the knowledge of ancient zens. Can they render a more learning the embellishments of valuable service to their country, modern grace, and elegance. The than by contributing to the excelben factors, those names are men- lence of its laws, and to the purity tioned with due encomiums on its of their administration ? Soon annual solennity, have laid rich then may there be enrolled among foundations for the study of the the publick benefactors of that Uniother sciences. Private muni. versity some generous patron of Juficence has recently established risprudence, whose name shall be an institution for the culture of encircled with wreaths of perpetBotany. Eloquence likewise, un- ual honour, and from whom there der the auspices of the American may constantly flow rays of a diQuintilian, the ornament both of the vine quality for the ornament of senate and the chair, and able to es- the state and for the happiness of hibit a model as well as to give the the citizens.
From Aikri's Annual Review, vol. 4th, page 563 WE maintain that the poets, who bility. Accordingly, the poets of rude have flourished during the reign of ages, who are no more for less likely George III., hare produced as great a than others to have genius, commonly quantity of lasting poetry, as those who offend by want of taste : and this fre. flourished during the reign of Elizabeth, quently in so great a degree, as to conor any other half-century of the British demn their works to be refashioned ; annals. The tragedies of that age live ; in which case, the modernizer runs away SO will the comedies of ours. Our with the praise. Homer indeed originchorus dramas, and our ballads, are de- ated early, but was probably corrected cidedly superiour to those of our ances. by a good critick, in an age of taste, tors : so are our elegies, and songs, and Tasso, who has produced the next best odes. One good translation, Fairfax's poem to Homer, fourished in the auTasso, has been bequeathed to us from turn, not the spring, of Italian culture. the times of Elizabeth : we have Sothe.. Virgil bloomed in an age of refinement, by's Oberon, and several other master and Claudian was still a poet. The fu. pieces, whose collective weight makes neral song of Hacon is a one ode : but a counterpoise
so is the bard of Gray. The tragedies of Ani why should a rude age he fa. Schiller, the fabljaux of Wieland, were vourable to the production of good poe- composed at the very close of the eightry ? Rudeness implies a publick of bad teenth century ; just before the French criticks ; an ignorance of history of an revolution had blunted the acme of hutiquities, of the limits of nature, likely man refinement. The proportion of to tolerate the absurdest violations of good specimens of poetry produced in truti, costume, geography, and proba rude times is very small.
For the Monthly Anthology. .
A POEM, DELIVERED BEFORE THE OBK SOCIETY, AT CAMBRIDGE, AUG.
28, 1806. BY BENJAMIN WHITWELL. .
ARGUMENT. PROVIDENCE having directed that man should be ignorant of future events, he
is stimulated to proceed through life by the hope of enjoyment still to be ato tained. It is the moral of the poem to represent, if the same motives and passions actuate us which have governed others, that by observation of the course, which they have followed, we may learn where our own will terminate; that similar conduct will produce similar consequences ; that neglect and oblivion will be the fate of the indolent and profligate ; fame the reward of
industry and enterprise. These remarks are intended to be illustrated by an allegory. Life is represented
as the journey of a day; the traveller, man, having passed the stage of infancy, and arrived near the close of youth, just verging on manhood, we find him encircled by Health, Love, and Beauty, eager to distribute their blessings. Discontented with his situation, he rejects them all. Care persuades him that he is a slave to the restraint of parental authority, and Hope whispers that Time will bring release. Time arrives, leaves Esperience ; the traveller, still advancing, requests Experience to direct his course, who answers, It is only my duty to advise, by the decree of fate ; I must follow where you shall lead, and instruct you in your course, whether you shall yield to the persuasions of pleasure, or obey the dictates of wisdoin. Observe this mirrour, oppose it to the past, and the reflection exhibits the future. They differ more in name than
in reality, being alike to the eye of Omniscience. The traveller inspeets the mirrour, and discovers a concourse of people spread over a flowery plain and a rugged mouirtain ;. the beauty of the plain exclu. sively engrosses his attention, and, at his request, Experience explains the dif. ferent objects which it presents. It is inhabited by the proud and indolent, who usurp the honours and rewards due to virtue and industry. Among these are the votaries of wealth and of fashion. After describing the court of Fashion, still proceeding in their journey, they successively view various parts of the plain. The pretenders to science, the literary fop, the itinerant, the lawyer, and the apostate politician described. This last character contrasted with that of the upright statesman, terminating with a respectful tribute to
the late President Adams. When Experience ceases, the traveller again examines the objects which were
first presented; he discovers a path leading through the plain to the mountain, on which the temple of Fame is erected. He is eager to ascend the summit. Experience replies, You must now be undeceived; having spent the day with Fashion and Folly, your strength is exhausted, and Time, having nearly finished his course, the attempt would be fruitless. It was my duty to teach this lesson, that the future resembles the past. To impress this truth, your senses have been deceived by presenting to your view only the vacant frame of a mir. Tow; objects, which appeared reflected, were represented in distant prospect; you have not been an idle spectator, but an actor in those scenes of vice and plcasure. Had you chosen to have explored the mountain, which promised glory, and not to have wandered through the plain, which offered transient delight, my advice and instruction would have been as readily offered to have
xcquainted you with the various paths which lead to the summit. Farewell ; and remember, it is the fate of man, that Time flies too soon, and Experience
arrives too late. The traveller, having reviewed his course, observes before him Time, at a dis.
tance, on the edge of the horizon, descending with the western sun; not like him again to appear in the east ; for as Time recedes, the eternal night of Death approaches.
'TIS Heaven's decree, in mercy, that mankind
Is Life to man the journey of a day?
Now Health invites, behold the laughing hours
Whence is the stifled sigh of discontent?