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all judiciary proceedings; I fear I man's person or property. My shall be so little capable of speak- days were honestly laborious, my ing with propriety in this place, nights intensely studious. And, Í that it exceeds my hope if I shall humbly conceive, my notice of this, be able to speak at all.
especially at this time, will not be I have heard, my lord, the in- thought impertinent, or unseasondictment read, wherein I find my- able ; but, at least, deserving some self charged with the highest attention : because, my lord, that crime ; with an enormity I am al- any person, after a temperate use together incapable of; a fact, to of life, a series of thinking and actthe commission of which there ing regularly, and without one singoes far more insensibility of heart, gle deviation from sobriety, should more profligacy of morals, than plunge into the very depth of proever fell to my lot. And nothing sigacy, precipitately and at once; possibly could have admitted a pre is altogether improbable and unsumption of this nature but a de- precedented, and absolutely inconpravity, not inferiour to that impu- sistent with the course of things. ted to me. However, as I stand Mankind is never corrupted at indicted at your lordship's bar, and once ; villainy is always progreshave heard what is called eyidence sive, and declines from right, step induced in support of such a after step, till every regard of procharge, I very humbly solicitbity is lost, and every sense of all your lordship's patience, and beg moral obligations totally perishes. the hearing of this respectable au- . " Again, my lord, a suspicion of dience, while I, single and unskil. this kind, which nothing but maful, destitute of friends, and unas, levolence could entertain, and ig. sisted by counsel, say something, norance propagate, is violently opperhaps, like argument, in my de- posed by my very situation at that fence. I shall consume but little time, with respect to health : for, of your lordship's time ; what I but a little space before, I had been have to say will be short, and this confined to my bed, and suffered brevity, probably, will be the best under a very long and severe dispart of it ; however, it is offered order, and was not able, for half a with all possible regard, and the year together, so much as to walk. greatest submission to your lord- The distemper left me indeed, ship’s consideration, and that of yet slowly and in part ; but so mathis honourable court.
çerated, so enfeebled, that I was • First, my lord, the whole tenor reduced to cructhes ; and was so of my conduct in life contradicts far from being well about the time every particular of this indictment. I am charged with tbis fact, that I Yet I had never said this, did not never to this day perfectly recormy present circumstances extort ered. Could then a person in this it from me, and seem to make it condicion take any thing into his necessary. Permit me here, my head so unlikely, so extravagant ; lord, to call upon malignity itself, I, past the vigour of my age, feeso long and cruelly busied in this ble and valetudinary, with no inprosecution, to charge upon me, ducement to engage, no ability to any immorality, of which prejudice accomplish, no weapon wherewith was not the author. No, my lord, to perpetrate such a fact; without I concerted no schemes of fraudy interest, without poirer, without projected no violence, injured no motive, without mçans ..
• Besides, it must needs occur bly distinguishes the sex in huto every one, that an action of this man bones ? Let it be considered, atrocious nature is never heard of, my lord, whether the ascertaining but, when its springs are laid open, of this point ought not to precede it appears that it was to support any attempt to identify them. some indolence, or supply some - The place of their depositum luxury, to satisfy some avarice, or too claims much more attention oblige some malice ; to prevent than is commonly bestowed upon some real, or some imaginary it : for, of all places in the world, want : yet I lay not under the in: none could have mentioned any fluence of any one of these. Surely, one, wherein there was greater my lord, I may, consistent with certainty of finding human bones, both truth and modesty, affirm than a hermitage ; except he thus much ; and none who have should point out a church-yard : any veracity, and knew me, will hermitages, in time past, being not ever question this.
only places of religious retirement, In the second place, the disap. but of burial too. And it has pearance of Clark is suggested as scarce or never been heard of, but an argument of his being dead : that every cell, now known, conbut the uncertainty of such an in- tains, or contained, these relicks ference from that, and the fallibil- of humanity ; some mutilated, and ity of all conclusions of such a sort, some entire. I do not inform, but from such a circumstance, are too give me leave to remind your lordobvious, and too notorious, to re- ship, that here sat solitary sanctity, quire instances : yet, superseding and here the hermit, or the anmany, permit me to produce a very choress, hoped that repose for recent one, and that afforded by their bones, when dead, they here this castle.
enjoyed when living. " In June, 1757, William i All this while, my lord, I am Thompson, for all the vigilance of sensible this is known to your lordthis place, in open day-light, and ship, and many in this court, bet. double-ironed, made his escape ; ter than I. But it seems necessaand, notwithstanding an immedi- ry to my case, that others, who ate inquiry set on foot, the strict- have not at all, perhaps, adverted est search, and all advertisement, to things of this nature, and may was never seen or heard of since. have concern in my trial, should If then Thompson got off unseen, be made acquainted with it. Suf. through all these difficulties, how fer me then, my lord, to produce very easy was it for Clark, when a few of many evidences, that these tione of them opposed him ? But cells were used as repositories of what would be thought of a pros. the dead, and to enumerate a few, ecution commenced against any in which human bones have been one seen last with Thompson? found, as it happened in this in ... Permit me next, my lord, to question ; lest, to some, that acciobserve a little upon the bones dent might seem extraordinary, which have been discovered. It and, consequently, occasion prejuis said, which perhaps is saying dice. very far, that these are the skele 11. The bones, as was supposton of a man. It is possible indeed ed, of the Saxon, St. Dubritius, it may : but is there any certain were discovered buried in his cell known criterion, which incontestaat Guy's cliff, near Warwick, as · appears from the authority of Sir man skeleton ; but the piety of William Dugdale.
the same worthy gentleman order12. The bones, thought to be ed both the pits to be filled up those of the anchoress Rosia, were again, commendably unwilling to but lately discovered in a cell at disturb the dead. Royston, entire, fair, and unde- is the invention of these cayed, though they must have lain bones forgotten, then, or industriinterred for several centuries, as is ously concealed, that the discovery proved by Dr. Stukely.
of those in question may appear 3. But our own country, nay, the more singular and extraordialmost this neighbourhood, sup- Dary? Whereas, in fact, there is plies another instance: for, in Jan- nothing extraordinary in it. My uary, 1747, was found by Mr. Sto- Lord, almost every place convin, accompanied by a reverend ceals such remains. În fields, in gentleman, the bones, in part; hills, in highway sides, in comof some recluse, in the cell at mons, lie frequent and unsuspectLindholm, near Hatfield. They ed bones. And our present allotwere believed to be those of Wil- ments for rest for the departed, is liam of Lindholm, a hermit, who but of some centuries. had long made this cave his habit- Another particular seems not ation.
to claim a little of your lordship's 4. In February, 1744, part of notice, and that of the gentlemen Woburn abbey being pulled down, of the jury; which is, that perhaps a large portion of a corpse appear- no example occurs of more than ed, even with the flesh on, and one skeleton being found in one which bore cutting with a knife ; cell ; and in the cell in question though it is certain this had lain was found but one ; agreeable, in above 200 years, and how much this, to the peculiarity of every longer is doubtful; for this abbey other known cell in Britain. Not was founded in 1145, and dissolved the invention of one skeleton, then, in 1538 or 9.
but of two, would have appeared - What would have been said, suspicious and uncommon. what believed, if this had been an But then, my lord, to attempt accident to the bones in question ? to identify these, when even to i
. Further, my lord, it is not dentify living men sometimes has yet out of living memory, that a. proved so difficult, as in the case little distance from Knaresba of Perkin Warbeck and Lambert rough, in a field, part of the ma- Symnel at home, and of Don Senor of the worthy and patriot bastian abroad, will be looked up.Baronet, who does that borough on perhaps as an attempt to deterthe honour to represent it in par- nine what is indeterminable. liament, were found, in digging And I hope too it will not pass unfor gravel, not one human skele- considered here, where gentlemen ton only, but five or six, deposited believe with caution, think with side by side, with each an urn reason, and decide with humanity, placed at its head, as your lordship what interest the endeavours to do knows was usual in ancient inter- this is calculated to serve in assignments.
ing proper personality to those • About the same time, and in bones, whose particular appropriaanother field, almost close to this tion can only appear to eternal . borough, was discovered also, in Omniscience. searching for gravel, another hu- “Permit me, my lord, also
very humbly to remonstrate, that, coffins were broken up, graves and as human bones appear to have vauits dug open, monuments ranbeen the inseparable adjuncts of sack'd, and shrines deinolished ; every cell, even any person's nam- your Lordship knows that these ing such a place at randon as con- violations proceeded 'so far, as to taining them, in this case, shews occasion parliamentary authority him rather unfortunate than con- to restrain them; and it did, about scious prescient, and that these at the beginning of the reign of tendants on every hermitage only Queen Elizabeth. I entreat your uccidentally concurred with this Lordship suffer not the violences, conjecture. A mere casual coin- 'the depredations, and the iniquities cidence of words and things. of those times to be imputed to this.
* But it seems another skeleton. Moreover, what gentleman has been discovered by some la here is ignorant that Knaresborbourer, which was full as confi- ough had a castle ; which, though dently averred to be Clark's as now a ruin, was once considerable this. My Lord, must some of the both for its strength and garrison. living, if it promotes some interest, All know it was vigorously besiegbe made answerable for all the ed by the arms of the parliament; bones that earth has concealed, and at which siege, in sallies, conflicts, chance exposed ? And might not flights, pursuits, many fell in all a place where bones lay be men- the places round it : and where tioned by a person by chance, as they fell were buried; for every well as found by a labourer by place, my lord, is burial earth in chance? Or, is it more criminal war ; and many, questionless, of accidentally to name where bones these rest yet unknown, whose li:, than accidentally to find where bones futurity shall discover. they lie?
I hope, with all imaginable Here too is a human skull pro- submission, that what has been duced, which is fractured ; but said will not be thought impertiwas this the cause, or was it the con- nent to this indictment ; and that sequence of death ; was it owing it will be far from the wisdom, the to violence, or was it the effect of learning, and the integrity of this natural decay ? If it was violence, place, to impute to the living what was that violence before or after zeal in its fury may have done ; death ? My lord, in May 1732, what nature may have taken off, the remains of William Lord Arch- and piety interred ; or what war bishop of this province were taken alone may have destroyed, alone up, by permission, in this cathe deposited. dral, and the bones of the skull1 As to the circumstances that Vere found broken ; yet certainly have been raked together, I have he died by no violence offered to nothing to observe ; but that all hiin alive, that could occasion that circumstances whatsoever are prefracture there.
carious, and have been but too freLet it be considered, my lord, quently found lamentably fallible ; that upon the dissolution of relig- even the strongest have failed. They ious houses, and the commence may rise to the utmost degree of ment of the Reformation, the ra- probability ; yet are they but provages of those times both affected bability still. Why need I name the living and the dead. In to your lordship the two Harrisearch after imaginary treasures, sons recorded in Dr. Howel, who both suffered on circumstances, "Now, my lord, having endeave because of the sudden disappear- oured to shew that the whole of ance of their lodger, who was in this process is altogether repugcredit, had contracted debts, bor. nant to every part of my life ; rowed money and went off unseen, that it is inconsistent with my conand returned again a great many dition of health about that time ; years after their execution ? Why that no rational inference can be name the intricate affair of Jacques drawn, that a person is dead who du Moulin, under King Charles II. suddenly disappears ; that hermi. related by a gentleman who was tages were the constant reposito. council for the crown ? and why ries of the bones of the recluse ; the unhappy Coleman, who suffer- that the proofs of this are well aued innocent, though convicted up- thenticated ; that the revolutions on positive evidence, and whose in religion, or the fortúne of war, children perished for want, be- has mangled, or buried, the dead ; cause the world uncharitably be the cunclusion remains, perhaps, lieved the father guilty. Why no less reasonably than impatiently mention the perjury of Smith, in- wished for. I, last, after a year's cautiously admitted King's evi- confinement,equal to either fortune, dence ; who, to screen himself, put myself upon the candour, the equally accused Faircloth and justice and the humanity of your Loveday of the murder of Dunn ; lordship, and upon yours, my the first of whom, in 1749, was countrymen,gentlemen of the jury.' executed at Wincester; and Love. The Judge declared that the day was about to suffer at Read- reasoning of Aram was the stronging, had not Smith been proved est he had ever met with, but that perjured, to the satisfaction of it could not avail against direct and the court, by the surgeon of the positive evidence. He was tried Gosport hospital.
on the 3d of August, 1759.
For the Anthology:
No. 13. Omnibus, qui patriam conservarint, adjuverint, auxerint, certum esse in cælo definitum
locum, ubi beati avo sempiterno fruantur. Nihil est enim illi principi Deo, qui omnem hunc mundum regit, quod quidem in terris fiat, acceptius, quam concilia cetusque hominum, jure sociati.-Cic. SOMNIUM SCIPIONIS.
I shall not be suspected of in the language of a writer on Echaving borrowed the lesson from clesiastical Polity, “ nature should antiquity, when I say, that to live intermit her course ; if the frame according to the law of his being of that heavenly arch, erected over is the glory of every rational mind. our heads, should loosen and disIndeed, we are taught this lesson solve itself ; if celestial spheres by our own experience, as well as should forget their wonted moby volumes of philosophy. If we tions, and by irregular volubility look around us, and survey the sub- turn themselves any way as it lime objects of nature, we shall might happen ; if the prince of find that they all obey that primi- the lights of heaven, which now as tive rule, which was imparted to a giant doth run his unwearied them by their divine author. “If;'! course, should as it were by a lan
Vol. III. No.9. 3M