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should never exercise at any other results from its immense breadth, place, than Niagara. At the foot and perhaps half is always invisiof the ladder we find we have not ble, on account of the mist, rising descended half way to the water's from below. If from Table rock, edge ; and here and all the way or at the landing place by the ladup to the great falls, we have to der, or at any place between these, climb over crags of every variety we look down, or if from below we of shape and size.

view the precipice above, and reThe little falls are opposite to flect, that this awful rock is no the ladder, but we neither hear nor higher than the cataract, we besee any thing, but the immense come easy in a moment. In the horse shoe we are approaching. morning or evening I suppose the Between the two falls is Goat island, centre of the crescent, or horse presenting on the north side a per- shoe, cannot be seen for the spray, pendicular wall of equal height not even from Table rock ; but with the cataracts on each side. when the wind blows this away, we The bank on the west side of the behold at least half the height river, under which we now were, is A small part, perhaps fifteen feet perpendicular, but,as we approach in width, is separated from the the sheet of water, it becomes hol. Little fall, and adds much to the low, and thus, say the traveller's effect. We almost wish there were conjectures, is it continued the no horse shoe fall, as this is viewed whole width of the falls, making a from the head of the ladder ; but cavern, terrifick as incalculable ex- when a little higher up, the great tent, unilluminated vacuity, and e. fall, which is much the greater diternal roar can make it. The water vision of the river, opens upon us, above, having acquired a powerful the inferiour fall appears only like impetus, shoots in a curvilinear di- the puny infant of a vigorous sire. rection, and thus the hollow space After refreshing ourselves with is increased. Into this abyss we some port wine and bread, two of all attempt to penetrate. The spray our party were so wearied with is here condensed into large drops, magnificence and wet cloaths, as and the strong gusts of wind drive to depart for home. B-- and my: it like shot, so that we involuntarily self revisited Table rock with less bend our heads. We were nearly fear, and viewed more closely the wet through before, but are now tremendous fall. It was now about instantaneously. We can hardly one o'clock. Below us we saw a consent to leave this seemingly rainbow of transcendent splendour.. dangerous, and enchanting spot. The ends were nearly under our

On the rocks I find a skull of feet, and the top of the arch reach. some animal, and bones of others, ed more than half a mile, just enwhich have come over the fall; croaching on the foot of the little also something, which Weld calls falls. We then walked into the petrified spray or froth, adhering river, and stood just under a fall of to the rocks in various states of in- about three feet, drank of the duration. This substance is often stream, and washed on the top of no harder than lumps in West- this rock in water, ready to pour in India sugar, but is tasteless. half a minute over the precipice - When viewing the Horse shoe into the vast profound. fall, travellers are always dissatisfi Here we observed a small bird, ed at its apparent height ; but this perched on a rock in the stream,

nearer the fall than any human ed on it with unreasonable fear, for being would venture. We threw it cannot run deep. This famous stones at him, and remarked the rock projects nine or ten feet, and horrour, with which he looked to- is of uniform thickness. Its imwards the chasm. After several mense supporter is hollowed grad. flights in circles, he was obliged to ually, and a line dropped from the approach us to avoid greater dan- edge of the rock would be, I think, ger.

forty or fifty feet from the centre We returned and changed our of the concave. dress; and, after breathing, I can Once more we descend the ladnow relate a story or two, told by der and approach the horrid vaour guide. Below the rapids, in cuity behind the sheet of water. the middle of the stream, is form. Within eight rods of the cataract ed a shallow, part of which is core is a collection of sulphur, deposited ered with grass. To this deer on the side of the rock by a little sometimes swim with the current, stream, percolating this bed of but can never return. The poor limestone. This is nearly under creatures are swept away by the Table rock, which, if it should now stream, and their carcases are break off from its stock, would fall found at the foot of the falls. But without the path, and only endanevery thing is not lodged near the ger us by the pieces, into which it falls below. Only six weeks ago must fly on striking the bottom. an Indian squaw, drowned at Chip. But indeed there is no danger. The peway, was found at Queenstown, water once poured over this rock, seven or eight miles below the ca- and it should then have yielded to taract, with only her neck and thigh the immense pressure. broken.

Very strong and cold gusts of On returning to dinner, we found wind blow perpetually out of the that Chippeway bridge had broken cavern, accompanied with rain, so through during our absence. This thick, as, when a person is near, tove crossed yesterday ; but if we tally to intercept the sight. Here had fallen through, as there is no we all stop, and each runs as far current perceptible in this inferiour as possible into this vicwless and river, we might perhaps have ese horrible abyss. I almost despaired caped being shown at Queenstown.' of ever seeing T—- again, so vio

After dinner we tackled our lent was the beating of the wind waggon and drove towards the falls, and the rain ; yet he could not have stopping at a house, which ought been absent from where I stood to be a tavern. We did not visit more than two minutes. Table rock,as we wished not to wet We afterwards went to the shore our clean cloaths ; but we walked as near, where the water strikes down the fields to the head of the the rock after its fall, as possible. ladder, and T went down. We Here is a great spray, and the roar enjoyed very fine views, and re is really stupifying. But if we solved on a grand expedition to be look upwards, the view of the sun once more wet through to-morrow. beams, gleaming through the drops

broken off from the sheet of water, Tuesday.... Reviewed the scenes and these drops so near as to strike of yesterday. Our first visit was at last in our faces, is truly en. to Table rock, in which we observe chanting. We climbed a crag, ed a small crack, and we speculatbroken from above, on which it

seemed impossible to remain, for with your back towards the catarthe whole ocean seems falling on act, and look up at the top of it. our heads; but it does not quite There seems to be nothing above. reach us, and we are only refresh. It pours from the very battlements ed by the plentiful dashing of the of heaven, or resembles the rewater below. But here no one storation of chaos. Look again, feels uncomfortable from the wet, and you behold trees, which your and nobody ever here took a cold. amazement forbade you to see be

The Horse shoe fall resembles fore, growing out of the very edge rather a sickle, and in what seems of the cataract in the deepest part. the handle near Goat island, close The deception is admirable, and, to the very edge of the precipice, I think, unequalled by any vagary are several loose rocks, that must of nature. But these trees are come down in a few months. I nearly a mile distant on the high am very sure, that yesterday I banks of the river, whose course heard the crash of a rock, carried thence to the precipice is nearly over the falls, or a part of the pre-. crooked, as a semi-circle. Any cipice broken away. This was just one will easily believe what Gold on my arrival at the foot of the smith soberly says, that these falls ladder.

are a great interruption to navigaAt the distance of an eighth of tion, though it is doubtful whether a mile, on the shore of the river any would follow the Indians, who, below the falls, one may have a he says, have passed down safely very fine view. Stoop downwards, in their canoes.

CRITICISM.
Translated for the Anthology from the Cours de Literature of La Harpe.

[Continued from page 348.) NERO, now sure of the love Gards ! qu'on obeisse aux ordres de ma of Junia for Britannicus, meditates mere. nothing but vengeance and crimes. In this manner he prepares hima He orders his brother to be arrest self for a fratricide. ed; he places guards over his own

And this is that policy of cor. mother, and perceiving, by a con- rupt courts, of which Corneille af. versation with her, that the rights fected to treat so often ; but here of Britannicus to the empire may it is in action, and not in words ; be employed as an arm against that is to say, it is in theatrical re, him, he hesitates not a moment, presentation the same thing as it and gives orders to poison him.

is in reality ; it is the perfection of But how! With what odious cold

the art, Nero conducted no otherblood and what studied villany!

wise than Charles the Ninth. . A. It is by appearing to reconcile him

grippina had scarcely left him, self with Agrippina and Britanni

when his dissimulated rage could cus; by lavishing his caresses, sub

no longer contain itself: he thinks missions, and embraces ; and by

himself sure of Burrhus, because representing in his palace a scene

Agrippina is discontented with of filial tenderness.

him ; and it is before a virtuous Guards ! obey the orders of my mother. man, that he avows the project of

And

a crime, and that crime is poison- confidence without necessity, and ing

made from the fulness of the She is too much in haste, Burrhus, to

heart, would be, any where else, a triumph,

great fault : here it is a stroke of I embrace my rival, but it is to strangle the pencil of a great master. It is him.

evident that Nero does not believe ... It is too much : his ruin

himself committing a crime ; in Must deliver me forever from the furies

his eyes it is the most simple

hi of Agrippina. As long as he breathes, I live but by thing in the world to poison his halves ;

brother ; and that which proves She has disgusted me with the name of this is, that he is quite astonished my enemy,

when Burrhus disapproves ; and

in the following scene he says to surance In promising him a second time my Narcissus, as the only thing that place.

gives him any hesitation, Before the close of this day I will

" dread him no more.

They will represent my revenge, as a

parricide. Elle se hâte trop, Burrhus, de triumpher, Ils mettront ma vengeance au rang des I'embrasse mon rival, mais c'est pour

parricides. letouffer. ... C'en est trop : il faut que sa ruine These last words are not the words Me delivre à jamais des fureurs d'Agrip- of a tyrant, but of a monster. pine.

Here commences that grand Tant qu'il respirera, je ne vis qu'à demi ; Elle m'a fatigué de ce nom ennemi, spectacle, so moral and so dramatEt je ne pretend pas, que sa coupable au. ick ; that combat between vice and dace

virtue, under the names of NarUne seconde fois lui promette ma place. cissus and of Burrhus, contending Avant la fin du jour, je ne le craindrai

for the soul of Nero ; and here are

font plus.

developed these two characters, as To speak thus to Burrhus, is to perfectly traced as those of Nero shew the whole character of Nero. and of Agrippina. Burrhus is the None but a consummate villain model of the conduct, which may can, without blushing, shew him. be held by a virtuous man, placed self as he is, before an honest man; by the circumstances of the times it is a proof that he has surmount near a bad prince, and in a deprar. ed every thing, even his conscience. ed court. He is surrounded by Other villains take off the mask, passions, interests, and vices, and sometimes before confidants wor- contends with them all, on all thy of them : none but Nero can sides. He pronounces not a word unbosom himself before Burrhus. concerning virtue, no more than This example is singular on the Nero concerning crimes ; but he theatre, and it is a trait of genius. represents the former in all its puMahomet conceals not from Zopi- rity, as Nero represents the latter ra his policy or his ambition; but in all their horrours. He resists there is a grandeur in his projects, the restless ambition of Agrippina, criminal as they are ; he hopes to and the perversity of his master, gain Zopira, and he has her in his and speaks the truth to both, but power. Here is nothing of all this. without ostentation, without bravaNero avows the most cowardly of do, with a noble and modest firmall crimes, and yet has no need of ness, not seeking to offend, and Burrhus to execute them. This not fearing to displease. He speaks

to the one as his emperour, and to it tragical. Voltaire, in blaming the other as the mother of Cæsar. in this point of view the parts of He fulfils all his duties,and observes Felix, of Prusias, and of Maximus, every decorum. But when his in Corneille, quotes that of Narguilty pupil dares to discover his cissus, as a model to be followed, horrible project, this man, hereto. when we have occasion for personfore so serene, becomes all on fire: ages of this character. He adhis tranquillity made him great, his mires the scene of Narcissus with indignation renders him sublime. Nero; but remarking the little efEloquence in his mouth is like the fect which it always produces, he virtue in his soul, without affecta- thinks it would produce a greater, tion, without effort, but full of that if Narcissus had more interest in ardour which penetrates, that truth advising to the crime. I know not which overthrows, and that vehe- whether this reflection is very just. mence which hurries away. He No doubt, if Narcissus, to pursue affects even Nero, and comes out his course and his object, had to from his presence full of hope and overcome some of the sentiments of joy, to go and consummate with of nature, like Felix, who deterBritannicus a reconciliation, which mined to put to death his son-inhe thinks sure. At this moment law for fear of losing his governenters Narcissus : to the pathos, ment, the proportion of the means to the enthusiasm of a candid soul, would fail. But Narcissus, who succeeds all the art of turpitude endeavours to govern Nero as he ånd wickedness; and in these two had governed Claudius, by flatterpaintings, contrasted with each ing his passions, has no interest in other, the author is equally admir- saving Britannicus. According to able. But to place them thus, in his established character, all means opposition to each other, he must must be good in his estimation ; have been well assured of his ta. he does but follow his natural dislents. The greater and more in- position, which is base and perfallible the effect of the former, verse ; and if the scene between the more dangerous was the latter. him and Nero, notwithstanding the -The experience of the theatre perfection of it, is not nearly so teaches us how much danger there much applauded as that of Burris in the introduction of sentiments, hus, it is because it can, in no case, which the spectator hates and re- on no supposition, give the same pels, in too quick a succession to pleasure ; and I see the reason in those, which are delicious and dear the human heart. The soul has to him, and to which he loves to been expanding itself on hearing resign himself. This observation Burrhus ; it contracts and fades does not reply to the daring vil- on seeing Narcissus. The part lains who have a certain energy, he acts is one of those, which can and elevation, but to personages only be endured, but can never vile and contemptible, and Narcis- please. Let us not reproach mansus is of this number. These sorts kind, when assembled, with a sentiof characters, sometimes necessary ment which does them honour, in tragedies, are very difficult to their invincible repugnance to ev. manage. The spectator is willing ery thing that is vile. These to hate, but he dislikes that con- characters in the drama may be tempt should be added to hatred, employed as means, but never for because contempt has nothing in the effect. The greatest effort of

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