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Mr. Allen B. Mayruder, late of Ken- with Indian affairs. Mr. Magruder tucky, has for some time past been col. now holds an appointment under the golecting materials for a General Hiloryvernment of the United States at New of the Indians of North America-their Orleans ; and in consequence of his beNumbers, Wars,&c. for which purpose he ing necessarily absent from Kentucky, he has requested the asistance of ibore gen- authorized the Editor of the Kentucky tlemen whore situations in life have Gazette to receive all communications been such as to reader them acquainted on the aforementioned subject. This
Editor introduces an extract from one of hefe documents in the following manner. « Since the departure of Mr. Magruder
from this place, a communication was inclosed to the editor for him, from which the following is extracted. Some parts of the communication will, doubtless, be confidered interesting
'The Freoch were the first nation of white people that ever were known among the NorthWeftern Indians. When the British and French commenced a war against each other in North America, the North-Weftern Indians joined the French, and
of the Six Nations joined the British. My knowledge of the adioos that were fought between them, is derived from the old Indians, that I have conversed with on that fubjcct, and is not to be relied on.
After the British got poffeffion of this country from the French, a Tawway chief, by the naine of Potacock, renewed the war against the British, and took all the potts that were occupied by thein on the lakes and their waters, in one day, (Detroit excepted,) by ftratagem. After this, in 1774, the war broke out between the North-Weftern Indians and the Whites. The principal action that was fought between the parties, was at the mouth of the Great Kanhaway-there were 300 Shawa. nees and Delawares, and a few Miammies, Wy. andots and Mingoes, commanded by the cclcbra. ted Shawance chief, called Comttock. This was the war that ended at the treaty of Greenville. Although at different times, individual nations would treat, or pretend to do so, with the Americans ; it was only a temporary thing ; for it frequently happened, that while a party of Indians were treating with the Whites, some of their own people would be killing the very people that their own chiefs were treating with.
The Indians that opposed general Sullivan were the combined forces of the fix nations. Their numbers and by whom commanded, I do not know. The Indians that defeated general Crawford at Sandulky, were the Wyandots, Delawares, Shaw ances, and a few of the six nations, or Senacas-Powtowottomics and Ottoways, said to be 800 in number. I never heard who commanded them. As the Indians always keep the number of their killed and wounded as much a secret as pollible, I thall not undertake to say what numbers were killed and wounded at cither of the actions above mentioned.
Bowman's campaigo was againft the Shawanees on the Little Miami River. I am not acquainted with any of the particulars of the action that took place between him and thore Indians; also my knowledge of the different campaigns carried againft the Shawances, on Mad River and Big Mia mi, by general Clarke, is not to be depended on.
When general Harmar arrived at the Miami Tows, he fent Col. Joun Harden in search of the Indians, with a body of men, when he met 300 Miamies, on the head of Eel River, commanded by the celebrated Miami chief, the Little Turtle
an action took place the whites were defeat
ed-the Indians had one man killed and two wounded. The Indians that fought the troops under the command of Col. Harden, in the Miami town, were the 300 above mentioned, commanded by the fame chief. Allo a body of soo Indians, composed of Shawanees, Delawares, Chippeways, Pottowotomies and Ottowaysanthe Shawances commanded by their own chief, Blue Jacket; the Delawares by Buckingeheles; the Ottoways and Chippeways, by Agathewah, an Ottoway chief. The Indians say they had 15 killed, and 25 wounded. General Scott's campaign was againt! the Weas Town on the Wabash, where he met with little or no oppofition; as the warriors of the Weas expeacd that Geneeral Scott was going against the Miami Town, and had all left their own village to meet him. At that place 8 men and 2 women were killed by the troops under Gen. Scott. At the Weas, the number of women and children he took prisoners, I do not remember.
Gen. Wilkinson's campaign wag againft the Eel River Town, where there were but a few women and children, and ten old men and three young ones, who made no defence. Four men were killed, with one woman. The number of women and children taken, I do not recollect. In the autumn of 1790 an army of Indians, como posed of Miammies, Delawares, Shawanees, and a few Pottowottomics, 300 in number, commanded by the Little Turtle, attacked Dunlap's Station, on the Big Miammi River. This poit was commanded by lieutenant Kingsbury. 'The Indians had jo killed, and the same number wounded.
There were 1133 Indians that defeated Gen. St. Clair, in 1791. 'The number of different tribes is not remembered. It was composed of Miammies, Fottowottomies, Ottowics, Chippeways, Wyandots, Delawares, Shawanecs, and 2 few Mingoes and Cherokees. Each nation was commanded by their own chief, all of whom appeared to be governed by the Little Turtle, who made the arrangement for the actions, and commenced the attack with the Miammies, who were under his immediatc command. 'They had 30 killed, and died with their wounds, the day of the action, and it is believed 50 wounded.
In the autumn of 1792 an arıny of 300 indians, under the command of the Little Turtle, composed of Miammies, Delawares, Shawanees, and a few Pottowottomiss, attacked Col. John Adair, under the walls of Fort St. Clair, where they had two men killed.
'The 30th June, 1794, an army of 1450 Inn dians, counposed of Obroways, Chippeways, Miammies and Wyandots, Fottowottomies, Shawanees, Delawares, with a number of French and other white men, in the British interest, attacked Port Recovery. The Indians were commanded by the Bear chief, an Ottoway. The white men, attached to the Indian army, it is said, wers commanded by Flliot and M'Kee, both Britiib officers. The garrison was commanded by cap.
have told me repeatedly, that they had between 40 and 50 killed, and upwards of 100 wounded ; a number of whom dicdThis was the leveres
blow I ever knew the ladians to receive from prevalent disorder has been a mild the Whites.
typhoid fever. A few cases of The Indians that fought Gen. Wayne the zoth of August, 1794, were an army of 8oo, made up of Wyandots, Chippeways, Ottoways, Delawares,
Vaccination under the hands of Shawanees, Miammies and Pottowottomies, with a number of white traders from Detroit. The Indians were governed by British influence, and had no commander of their own; consequently
and the two preceding. From the they made but little refiftance. It is said they had 20 killed and is wounded. This battle was
data we can obtain, it seems prowhat may be called the finishing blow ; as no able that never before had there action of consequence has taken place between been so great a number of cases, the Whites and Indians since that time.
There was no separate cause for each campaign of the Indians againft the Whites. The accident has occurred to impede war that began in 1774, which was caused by
the progress of this practice. We the ill treatment the Indians received from the Whites, on the frontiers of the white fettlement,
would however hint the necessity was continued by the Indians, owing to the great of constant watchfulness, lest any influence the British had among them. This in imperfect cases should escape atfiuence was kept up by the large supplies of arms and ammunition the Indians received from the
tention. British government every year. From this it is evident, that if the United States liad have got. Statement of Diseases, from June ten poffeßion of the posts on the lakes, that the
20 to July 20. British government had agreed to deliver up to them in 1783, there would have been no Indian
The winds of the month past war after that time.
have been principally from the westward. The south-west has prevailed most : next, the north
west ; and the rire west more Statement of Diseases, from May than usual. Man, small showers 20 to June 20. .
of rain have fallen ; and the teni
perature of the atmosphere has The close of May was remark- been for the most part molerate. able for a cloudless atmosphere, Derangements of the stomach and regular east winds. Vegeta- and intestines have been more comtion began to suffer from want of mon than any other complaints. moisture. June commenced with They have generally appeared with pleasant showers, which have since the symptoms of colick, and yieldfallen every few days, though not ed readily to medicine. Some of in sufficient abundance to saturate them have been more obstinate, the soil. The winds have been and seemed to produce, or at least almost equally from the south-west to precede, an invasion of fever. and east, and sometimes from the This last, of which there has been north-east and north-west. No re- a number of cases, was of a mild markable atmospherick phenom- character. A very few instances ena succeeded the eclipse on the of typhus gravior have occurred. 16th, unless that the winds have This is the moment which debeen rather more violent than or- mands the vigilance of the police dinary.
to prevent, as far as their powers The month of June is common- can do so, the generation or introly considered here to be the health- duction of malignant diseases. iest month of the year ; and the Some instances of acute rheumapresent has so well verified that tism have been seen this month. opinion, as that we have scarcely Many cases of vaccination exist any disease to record ; for the only in Boston.
To the Editors of the Monthly Anthology. I OBSERVED in your publication,
the marsh, but there are only six
pits sunk. From these are made some months ago, a description of the falls of Niagara. Of the view
ninety-two thousand bushels of of that wonderful cataract, more
salt yearly, that pay a duty of four justly than of a perusal of Homer
cents per bushel, as the propriety or of Milton, may it be said, decies
of the soil is claimed by the state ; repetita placebit. If therefore you
but we may suppose, that no small think a second picture worth look
quantity is carried off, without sat
isfying that trifiing requisition. ing at, you may publish the following. But that you might not
Almost every thing here is conturn with disgust, as from an old
ducted without system ; for the subject, I have transcribed from
government of the state will dismy journal an account of two oth
pose of the soil only in leases, ner
er exceeding seven years. This er curiosities in the remote part of New-York.
may indeed prevent monopoly ;
but it also restrains the employ. Aug. 25. We had from our ment of capital, and diminishes host at Onondaga a very copious the utility of the gift of nature. description of the salt springs, dis- The water is raised from the pits tant only six miles from the Wes- by pumps, which have heretofore tern turnpike, and, altho’ the road been worked by men ; but this was unpleasant, we did not regret year has so far enlightened the following his advice to visit them. overseers, as to induce them to These springs are on the border construct machinery for raising the of Onondaga lake, and at present water to be moved by a horse. above its level ; but they are some. From these pumps spouts run to
times covered with the fresh wa- the boiling houses on the bank, ... ter of the lake. Yet the works are about seven or eight feet above the
not often retarded by the freshes, marsh ; but as the wcod in the imas the specifick gravity and strong mediate vicinity is nearly exhaustsaline virtue is not diminished, ed, an aqueduct carries this preunless the wind blows very hard, cious fluid two miles along the bor. We know, that in rivers, as the ders of this fresh water lake. tide rises, the fresh water often We were told that no Glauber floats above. These springs may salts could be obtained from the perhaps be found in any part of water ;- but this is the fault of the
Vol. III. No. 8. 3B