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of trade and plantation and certain take notice of the apparel of any individuals in this country, who do of the inhabitants, and to assess not always give their names with such persons “ as they shall judge their letters, but who tell many to exceed their ranks and abilities, facts, and often express their opin- in the costliness or fashion of their jons. The late John Pownal, esq. apparel in any respect, especially had all these papers arranged, and as to the wearing of ribbands and numbered, and put into regular great boots,” at 2001. estates, accases for publick use and the ser. cording to the proportion which vice of individuals. Indeed every such men use to pay to whom such thing, appertaining to the various apparel is suitable and allowed. offices of Great-Britain, is in such An exception, however, is made in - complete order, as appears won- favour of publick officers and their derful to a person who is not ac- families, and of those “ whose eduquainted with their regular man- cation and employment have ner of doing business ; which is been above the ordinary degree, worthy the imitation of these U- and whose estates have been connited States. We know not whe- siderable, though now decayed.” ther there is not as much method We smile at the simplicity of our at Washington ; but we know that forefathers ; but the mother counin some of the states their records try had set an example of similar resemble an oyster bank, more measures, eflected in a more sumthan a cabinet for papers ; and mary manner. In the reign of that it would be bringing order out queen Elizabeth “ began in Eng: of confusion to make them fit for land long tucks and rapiers," use. There may be exceptions, which succeeded the sword and however, in some of the publick buckler ; « and he was held the offices.
greatest gallant, that had the deepIn 1654. A sumptuary law was est ruffe and longest rapier. The passed by the legislature of Mas- offence unto the eye of the one, sachusetts. Vide p. 354, margin- and the hurt unto the life of the al note. They “ acknowledge it subject that come by the other, to be a matter of much difficulty caused her majesty to make pro, in regard of the blindness of men's clamation against them both, and minds and the stubbornness of to place selected grave citizens at their wills, to set down exact rules every gate to cut the ruffes, and to confine all sorts of people"; yet break the rapier points, of all pas
cannot but account it their duty sengers that exceeded a yeard in to commend unto all, the sober length of their rapiers, and a nayle and moderate use of these bless of a yeard in depth of their ings," &c. The court proceed to ruffes." Stow. Chron. 869. order, that no person whose estate There are many references to shall not exceed the true and in- authorities in the American Annals. different sum of 2001. shall wear As far as we have been able to any gold or silver lace, or gold or look them over, they are very exsilver buttons, or any bone lace act, and there are very few typoabove 2 shillings per yard, or silk graphical errours. When the allhoods or scarves, on the penalty of thor depends upon hearsay, he 10 shillings for every such offence, sometimes is mistaken ; as for inThe law authorizes and requires stance, p. 371, speaking of Mr. the selectmen of every town to Hopkins's donation, in a marginal note. “ He gave 5001. out of his was taken is near New-London. estate in England to trustees in It is well to mention, that the New-England for the upholding American Academy of Arts and and promoting the kingdom of our Sciences are about giving an acLord Jesus Christ in those parts of count of this mineral. We are the earth ;" which donation was glad to learn that they are BUSILY considered as made to Harvard employed. College and the grammar-school In our review of the American in Cambridge, and by virtue of a Annals we mean to be equally decree in chancery was paid in candid and just. It is our opinion 1710, &c. &c.
that the work would appear more This account of the Hopkinton perfect, were there not such a profund is just, till he mentions the fusion of complimentsand acknowl. liberality of the general court. edgments to every one, who has But it is a great mistake to say, favoured the author with a book, that the court made any addition to manuscript, or observation. It dethe funds. There is a difference tracts from the worth of the praise, between an act, which enabled the when gratitude is expressed to trustees to receive their just dues, those who richly deserve it, if every which was the only thing done, and little trifling acquisition is made to give credit for a donation. The the subject of a note, or considered funds accumulated by the value of as an important literary docuthe estate; and an application being ment. made to the general court, they These hints may serve to benefit were put upon such a foundation, the author. We really think, he that the trustees can draw for so deserves much credit for his lamuch money as enables them to bours, and that these Annals will give very considerable encourage- be regarded by the judicious ament to young gentlemen, who mong the useful publications,which reside in Cambridge for the sake have issued from the American of pursuing their theological stu- press. dies. We certainly object against putting that upon the score of benevolence, which was only an act
ART. 32. of justice.
In page 356 a very unnecessary The Pleasures of the Imagination. compliment is introduced to a gen a poem in three books. By Dr. tleman, who is called F.R.S. Dr. Akenside. Portland, T. B. Wait. H. may recollect, that these letters 8vo. . mean the London Society ;....this is A very neat, not to say ele. a very different society from the gant, edition of one of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, which most beautiful poems in the Eng. is always distinguished by F.R.S.E. lish language ; and we believe Supposing the gentleman, howev. very correctly printed. We do er, to be a member of either socie- not altogether like the form, large ty, why is he brought forth to octavo, which, in so thin a volume, prove a thing, which no one looks awkwardly. - If printed in doubts? Many gentlemen have 12mo..or 18mo. it would have seen the Columbium, and it is well made, we think, a better appearknown that “it attracted much no. ance. In other respects it is a tice," and that the place where it handsome edition.
selves, and acts of violence and inART. 33.
jury are as rare in their societies, Democracy Unveiled, or tyranny
as in nations which keep the sword strihned of the carb of patriot. of the law in perpetual activity," ism. Bu Christopher Caustic, &c. Nonsense. LL.D. &c. &c. In 2 vols. 30
Redeunt Saturnia regna ; edition. New-York, for I. Riley
Jam nova progenies cælo dimittitur alto. and Co.
When the famous Locke formed
a paper constitution for a commuDid the author think it neces
nity, his schemes soon dishonoursary to subjoin to his third edition
ed his judgment; yet was his reaevery thing that any person in
soning generally conclusive, and England or America has ever said,
his acquaintance with the histonot only of the work now before
w before ry and state of man indisputaus, but of his other productions ? ble. But there are some politiHere are sixteen witnesses intro- cians who can find an excuse for duced to inform the publick, when the absurdity of their deductions they can decide as well without in their ignorance of facts. them, for the circumstances are
The printers of this work, honwithin their own knowledge.' Had
ourable and liberal as any our these recommendations been omit
country can boast among that class ted, would the author have feared
of men, always distinguished for censure ; and is not this an unfair
their honour and their liberality, mode of averting it? This is not
generally deserve credit for their the self-supported confidence,which
correct editions ; but errours withthe author, since his success, might in their department are sometimes have justly displayed.
discernible. In the list of errata Of the great additions in verse we do not find a correction of a and prose to the present edition, gross mistake in page 17th of the we can say, they are not inferiour introduction, where lines from to the rest of the work, nor unwor. Horace are quoted as prose. Can thy of their relation to the elder- this be the fault of the poet ? born. But two volumes ! Indeed, 'tis too much for our poor pockets to pay for. The most valuable remarks a.
ART. 34. mong the addenda will be found in the potes on page 26 and 195 The Anatomy of the Human Body. of the second volume. The ridic By William Cheselden. With cule upon a letter from one great
forty copper-plates. Second en man to another, containing some
dition. Published by David whimsical observations on general
West. 8vo. polity, might have been supported by reference to any really profound AS this work is perfectly known historians or philosophers. “We to the publick, and an edition of it see,” says the letter-writer, 6 pue has appeared in Boston before, we merous societies of men, the ab. need only remark, that this edition originals of this country, living to
is very handsomely executed, ungether without the acknowledg
commonly free from errours, and ment of either laws or magistracy,
will bear a comparison with the yet they live in peace among thein- London
They were also blessed with an excel
lent constitution of government. It is Sermon, preached in the audi
sometimes called a Theocracy; but ex
cepting some particular acts of royalty, ence of his Excellency Caleb
which God reserved immediately to him. Strong, Esq. Governour ; his self, it was in its visible form, and as Honour Edward H. Robbins, Esg. originally committed to the administraLieutenant-Governour ; the hon
tion of man, republican. Opposed to ourable the Council, Senate, and
every system of tyranny and oppreslion,
it was well adapted to secure and perHouse of Representatives of the petuate the rights and privileges of every Commonwealth of Massachusetts, member of the community. If the Ifraelon the anniversary election, May lites were not a free and independent 28, 1806. By Samuel Shepard, people, the fault was in themselves. To A.M. Congregational minister of
the distinction, freedom, and indepen
dence of each tribe, their agrarian law Lenor. Boston, Young & Minns,
was peculiarly favourable. In each printers to the State. 8vo. 1.p.31. province, all the freeholders must be not
only Ifraelites, but descendants of the THE passage of scripture, sery. same patriarch. The preservation of ing as the theme of this discourse,
their lineage was also necessary to the
tenure of their lands. The several is that in 1 Chron. xxix. 12. Both
tribes, while they were united as one riches and honour come of thee, and commonwealth, Nill retained their distincthou reignest over all ; and in thine tion and privileges, and were indepenhand is power and might ; and in dent of each other. Each tribe was in a thine hand it is to make great, and
sense, a distinct state, having its own to give strength unto all. We ac
prince, elders, and judges, and at the
same time was one of the wnited states of knowledge the propriety of the Ifrael. They had, also, a national countext for such an occasion ; but, cil. This which might with propriety for aught we can see of the wri. be called a general congress, was comter's design in selecting it, there posed of the princes, the elders, and heads
of families from all the tribes. It was are five hundred texts in the bible,
the business of this assembly to attend to which would have been equally fit all matters, which related to the common for his purpose. The capital de- interest; such as levying war, negociatfect of the performance is want of ing peace, providing for, and apportionpoint and want of order. The ing the necessary expenses of the nation,
and deciding in matters of difpute besermon contains many important
tween particular tribes. No one tribe remarks ; but it is difficult to dis- hada
had a right of dictating to, or exercising cern their particular object. The fuperiority over another. In this grand preacher has brought together sev- national aflembly, relided the highest eral just reflexions on the provi- delegated authority, and it was to be dence of God, on the people of Is- regar
regarded by all the tribes with the great
est reverence. A violation of the conrael, on our own country, on the stitution, in this respect, fubiected the christian religion, and on the du- offenders to the most severe penalty. ties of rulers ; but they neither This grand council of the nation had its come in as precedents, nor follow president, who was consicuted such as consequents : they hold in fact upon republican principles. 110 manifest connexion with any manifest design of the author. Yet
ART. 36. the sermon is not destitute of merit, and we willingly insert the en- Preparation for war the best see suing description of the Jewish curity for peace. Illustrated in theocracy, as the most favourable a scrmon delivered before the An. specimen of its style.
cient and Honourable Artillery Vol. III. No. 7. 22
Company, on the anniversary of ral History at Paris, Corres. their election of officers, Boston, pondent of the Agricultural SoJune 2, 1806. By James Kon ciety in the Department of the dall, 1.m. minister of the First Seine and Oise. 8vo. pp. 306. Church in Plymouth. Boston, printed at the Anthology Office, by Munroe and Francis. 1806. This is a work which steais on
the world without any splendid Of this discourse it is but jus- promises or pompous pretensions, tice to observe, that it is decidedly yet, at a future era, it may attract superiour to the majority of pro- the attention of the historian, as ductions of its class. It is partic- one of the intermediate links ularly free from the common-place which connect a prosperous emcant of our anniversary effusions, pire with the laborious efforts of and discovers occasionally some industrious emigrants and infant symptoms of eloquence. The his colonists. It is, indeed, of importory of Hezekiah, at the period that tance to mark the gradual, the he was invaded by the king of As- insensible progress of an entersyria, is a fortunate text-matter for prising population. The men the orator of 1806, and his manner who shot woodcocks in the forests of manauvering it for the edifica- where Philadelphia now stands, tion of his countrymen remarkably have been known by many yet alive; creditable to his understanding and and half a million of persons now heart. The only quarrel that we inhabit countries, where, twenty have with Mr. Kendall comes from years since, the foot only of the his making use of shakened instead wandering savage was heard. of shaker, and his introduction of Vast is the object that thus fills two rhetorical beings of the co- the mind ! immense the prospect Jossal order within the narrow offered to future ages! We can compass of his pages. Now, one only notice, in a few pages, this ciant, in all conscience, is sufficient link which connects the past with for a sermon, unless the preacher the future, which leads to events is desirable of reminding us of the most astonishing and importGog and his partner.
ant; in which the imagination can neither be guided or corrected by reason. It is now time to change
the language which partial views ART. 37.
and temporary information occa
sioned. What was styled the Travels to the west of the Alleghany northern portion of the American
Mountains, in the states of Ohio, continent, was not confined on the Kentucky, and Tennessee, and west by the chain of mountains back to Charleston, by the up- which pervades that vast mass of per Carolinas ; comprising the land, and which, resisting the most interesting details on the pre- ocean on either side, divides Amesent state of agriculiure, and the rica like an insect, at the Isthmus natural produce of those Coun- of Panama, but by the Alleghanies, trics, &c.; undertaken in the which separate the low alluvial year 1802, by F. 1. Michaux, lands left, apparently at a late pemember of the society of Natuto riod, by the ocean, from the higher