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ducted. It does not appear that M. French Prefect, who is a friend of Soave has understood, or taken in Bodoni's, been indisposed. The a proper sense, a single sentence designs for the engravings of Boof his author ; and even what is doni's work were sketched by most intelligible is distorted and Vieyra, a Portuguese, in a few placed in a ludicrous light. I hours. Another artist, of the was informed, when too late, that name of Trevisani, is at present this Italian Anti-Kantist resides at employed by the French Prefect Modena, where he is teacher of in taking copies of them in oil. philosophy at the Collegio, or Liceo At the Academy, which now conNazionale, otherwise I should have tains nothing but the prize-pieces made a personal acquaintance with of young , artists, I heheld, on a him. Soave has long been esteem- small scale, the effects of French . ed in Italy as a man of talents. repacity, which we experienced at He is the author and translator of Rome in a much greater degree. several works, and has written a All the antique statues which forGrammatica Ragionata della Lin- merly stood in the hall of the Agua Italiana, which is accounted cademy, and those dug out of the the best Italian Grammar extant, subterraneous ruins of Velleji, though it is rather a sketch than stood packed up in chests, ready a complete work ; likewise a col. to be sent off to Paris. Among lection of Novelli Morali, in two them were some busts of Empervolumes, each containing eighteen ors, and figures with most exquitales which are narrated with great site draperies. ease, and are in high estimation Bodoni's printing-office at Parfor the elegance and purity of ma is a curiosity which no traveltheir style. He has likewise writ. ler ought to omit seeing. The ten a System of Logick and Meta- proprietor himself is a man of the physicks, after the manner of utmost politeness, cordiality, and Locke and Condillac. Among good-nature, with whom you his translations, that of Virgil's feel the same freedom in the first Georgics is much esteemed. He minute as with an old friend. His has likewise rendered into his na- acquaintances know perfectly well tive language the Idylls of Gesner, how to take advantage of his disand the Abstract of Locke on position to serve every one. When the Human Understanding, by any of them has produced a palWynne.
try poem, a discourse, or any At Parma I found, to my re- worthless trifle, the kind Bodoni is gret, that the beautiful Corregios casily prevailed upon to print it ; which I saw there ten years since, and thus a great quantity of trash were gone. I was unable to ob- passes through his presses, and is tain admission to the pieces by purchased at high prices, on acCorregio, which were found in an count of the beautiful type, by the apartment in a nunnery, and which collectors of works of his printing. Bodoni made known in a splendid His splendid editions of the Latin work, with a description by Ghe- Classicks are in less estimation rardo de Rossi, of Rome. Bodoni than the Italian, because they are would, however, have procured not very correct. Didot has deme access to them, had not the tected a number of very gross only person that can enter the con- errors in his Virgil. Of his Italvent whenever he plcases, the, ian authors, the works of Tasso,
Aminta, and the Gierusalemma undertaking a work of such magLiberata, edited by the Abate nitude, in six volumes, and various Serassi, are in high repute for sizes. He has an idea of comtheir correctness. His Petrarca mencing a Homer, in four voldeserves the same commenda- umes, in large folio. He intends tion. On the contrary, the admi- to print only the text, and was still rable Roman edition of Dante, by undecided what edition to select Padre Lombardi, is justly prefer- for the groundwork. My comred to Bodoni's, which was edited panion, M. Riemer, a worthy puby Monsignor Dionisi, of Verona. pil of Wolf, advised him to take Dionisi ought perhaps to have the edition by that author, which been more capable than any other is universally acknowledged to be person of producing a correct the best, both for the correctness edition of the Divina Commedia, of the text and of the impression. for he devoted about thirty years The two equestrian statues of of his life almost entirely to the the Dukes Alexander and Ranieri study of Dante, and there is not a Farnese, in the square at Placenza, manuscript in Italy, not an early deserves to be ranked among the or a rare edition, which he has not most distinguished productions of collated, for the sake of the dif- modern art, notwithstanding all ferent readings. But instead of the violations of good taste observtaking one of the best editions for able in their style. They are his ground work, and then judi- symbolical. The hero Alexanciously selecting the best readings, der is represented riding against he has, according to his caprice, the tempest, which blows back his composed a Pasticcio of them all, robe and the mane of his snorting and produced a text that has no charger. The whole group has other authority than the taste of an air of boldness, and appears to Monsignor Dionisi, which none be pushing forward with a resolucan certainly allow to be genuine. tion becoming a warrior. The Padre Lombardi, during the eigh- figure of Alexander is however teen years be was employed on his rather too mean for a hero. The Dante, likewise collated most of other, who is a statesman, rides at the MSS. and early editions ; but a more moderate pace, and in a posessing more judgment, he se- more cautious manner. The lected the Nidobeatina edition for forms of both the horses might be his groundwork. He gives his better ; but there is great spirit in reasons for rejecting or admitting their movements.How different certain readings, which are almost is the impression made by the always judicious, and, in conse- representation of a Cosmo de Mediquence of fortunate conjectures, ci, an Alexander Farnese in the which he afterwards found con- coat of mail of the middle ages, firmed by MSS., has amended the and mounted on a stately charger, text where it wanted correction. and by the figure of a naked BonOn this account Bodoni's Dante is aparte, striding forward with a in less request, while his Tasso globe in one hand, and a long stick and Petrarca are caught up with in the other, as Canova has reprea vidity. He defers his intended sented him, and for which, as may edition of Ariosto, which the ama- easily be conjectured, that artist teurs have long been anxiously has received unbounded applause. expecting ; he says he is afraid of The nearer the traveller ap
proaches to Milan, the more dusty, The celebrated poet Monti, who but likewise the more lively, the obtained such reputation by his roads become. The soil is also in Bassevilliade, is lecturer of the bel. a much higher state of cultivation. les-lettres at the academy of Brera. To discover here any traces of the The Academy of arts is under war would require a penetrating the direction of a young artist, of eye : that its effects are still felt twenty-five, called Bossi, who not. both by the inhabitants of the withstanding his youth, fills that country and of the city, I was in- post with ability and dignity. He formed by several : yet the gener- is an artist of extraordinary talent, al affluence and the native industry and an uncommonly cultivated of the people announce, that in a mind. By his means many an few years of peace they would important improvement has alreacease to be felt, if the mother re- dy been made in the academy, and publick did not continually send he hopes to effect others with the out new leeches. Milan is at pre- assistance of Melzi, whose confisent, beyond dispute, the most dence he possesses. The class of cheerful and lively town in Italy ; decorators and of the artisans in and though in the populous city general, who make architectonic of Naples there may be more ornaments, enjoys the benefit of noise and tumult, yet in the for the instruction and models of Almer there is more really useful bertolli, the most expert artist in activity and bustle. The exces, that line in all Italy. Nothing can sive luxury which now prevails at be more tasteful, more neat and Milan, indeed shews that a small ornamental, than his drawings and number are revelling at the ex- inventions, which are partly known pense of the majority. You, how. by three volumes of engravings ever, perceive no misery ; and of his embellishments. Appiani though the necessaries of life are is esteemed a capital portraitdear, yet there is a great quantity of painter, and indeed the first in specie in circulation. Every thing Italy, and he deserves that charis so Frenchified at Milan, that acter ; but he must not be comyou scarcely conceive yourself to pared with the ancient great porbe in Italy ; and to a person com- trait painters of Italy and other ing from the south of Italy, the countries. Our modern art has Milanese dialect sounds like a its peculiar character, and a parFrench Parois.
ticular point from which it must In this place you hear a great be viewed. Our present painters number of the literati speaking of are no more able to rival Titian, Kant's philosophy, but I did not Raphael, Dürer, and Holbein, than meet with one who was acquainted our sculptors can vie with those with it intimately, and through the of ancient times. The ancient original source. In general, an works are the fixed classick rule, inexpressible confusion and fer- the standard of unattainable excelmentation at present prevails in lence, and only to approach this the heads of the young literati at perfection is a great commenda Milan. Unfortunately it can nev- tion for a modern artist. A mod. er take a favourable turn as long as ern production of art possesses they are obliged to borrow the great merit if it but evince some light that is to illumine them from traces of resemblance to the works their neighbours on the Seine. of antiquity. I saw some portraits at Appiani's, which had do da Vinci, to which he attaches much nature and gracefulness in a very high value, but upon near. the disposition. His colouring is er examination it might perhaps charming, but not true ; rather be only a Luini. delicate than strong. I was par Such are the few observations I ticularly pleased with his treat had an opportunity of making on ment of inferiour objects, which literature and the arts during my appear to be, but actually are not, expeditious journey through Italy. neglected. They are merely sub- I now lasten to close my long let. ordinate to the principal subject. ter, while I cast a farewel look This artist has likewise made towards the enchanting land in some attempts in the historical which I have resided alınost ten way, but he will scarcely obtain years, which I love as my adopted any great reputation in that line. country, which has furnished me He is not destitute of inventive with a never-failing source of extalent, but his composition and de- quisite recollections, and which, in sign are deficient in style, and his the gloomy and inclement regions figures in character. Appiani of the North,will present my fancy possesses a Madonna in excellent with the images of a serener heapreservation, said to be by Leonar- ven and a more delightful earth.
Nil non mortale tenemus,
IN some such gloomy moment living thoughts and glowing words. as that of parting with a friend, or The ars omnium conservatrix arof wounding my body, I cannot tium still reflects the image of his but meditate on the evanescent heart and shows the imperishable nature of human life. These beauty of his mind. I learn inheavens, say I, are magnificent, struction from the fact. I too but I shall not always behold them: would leave some print of my this terrestrial scenery is luxuriant hand and some vestige of my foot. and beautiful, but it will not charm in the dust of this globe. I cheerme forever. I had a friend, in fully assist in planting this forest whose vigour I rejoiced, whose and forming this parterre, in the knowledge instructed, and whose hope that they will live in youthful bumbur delighted me ; but the efforescence, when he who now place that knew him knows him sees me at my labour, shall seek no more. If I repair to the well. me and I shall not be. known closet, its occupant is gone; if I visit the parlour circle, his PROGRESS OF THE ARTS. musical and facetious voice is not F IRST the necessary arts are heard. At club, on 'change, in practised, afterward those which the mall, I no longer meet his in- are convenient and pleasurable. telligent eye, nor grasp his benef- First hunting, then fowling, then icent hand. If I visit his tomb, I fishing. First pasturage, then ag. see nothing but a mass of offensive riculture, then gardening. First ashes. Yet he is immortal by his thatched houses, then log...framed
Vol. III, No. 5. 2F
....brick....stone.....marble. First times he praised the profligate fabesmearing the body, then skins.... vourites of a profligate court, and coarse cloths....dyed cloths... linens used his wit and learning by turns ....muslins....bleaching....washing... to provoke and to condemn the and all the tinkling ornaments of excesses of his time. But notwitha Parisian belle. .
standing the depravity of his man
pers and the obscenity of his pen, BLAIR
there are several editions of his is justly esteemed an elegant wri- works; and the ingenuity of christer ; but his labour is fully equal tian editors has been often exerto his success. Without a parti- cised to ascertain the meaning of cle of genius, he disputes the his funny puns, and indicate the ground with fame inch by inch. point of his wicked epigrams. The He fabricates his sentences as the following story will show the playweaver does his cloth, yet with ful elegance of his satire, though more toil, and less satisfaction. none will believe it as a matter of
fact. Matrona quædam Ephesi PETRONIUS ARBITER. tam notæ erat pudicitiæ, ut vicinaNone better deserves a page in 'rum quoque gentium feminas ad eccentrick biography than this ex- sui spectaculum evocaret. Hæc traordinary man. He seems to ergò cum virum extulissit, . non have possessed the learning, knowl- contenta vulgari more funus pasedge of the world, and the graces, sis prosequi crinibus, aut nudawhich lord Chesterfield so eagerly tum pectus in conspectu frequendesired for his son. He was a tiæ plangere, in conditorium etiam scholar, a courtier, and a debau- 'prosequuta est defunctum, posichee. In his consular office he tumane in hypogeo, graco more, emulated the patriotism of Brutus corpus custodire ac flere totis nocand the dignity of Scipio ; yet in tibus diebusque cæpit. Sic affiicprivate life he was an extravagant tantem se ac mortem inedia perepicure, and tolerated in his friends sequentem non parentes potuerunt the grossest impurities. He had abducere, non propinqui : magisan almost incredible versatility of tratus ultimò repulsi abierunt : temper and talents. As occasion complorataque ab omnibus singusuited, he could be grave with phi- laris exempli femina quintum jam losophers, a mimick with buffoons, diem sine alimento trahebat. Ascruel as Nero his master, or spor- sidebat ægræ fidissima ancilla, sitive as the lamb that frolicks on mulque et lacry mas commendabat the mountain's side.' He spent lugenti, et quoties defecerat, posithe day in sleep and negligence, tum in monumento lumen renovaand the night in loves, gaiety and bat. Una igitur in tota civitate song. He was serious in trifles, fabula erat ; et solum illud affuland he trifled with every thing se- sisse verum pudicitiæ amorisque rious. He even mocked the so- exemplum omnis ordinis homines lemnities of death, causing his confitebantur : cum interim inveins to be opened and closed al- perator provinicæ latrones jussit ternately, until nature refused to crucibus afrigi, secundum illam supply farther opportunity to his eandem casulam,in qua recens caindifference and pastime. He was daver matrona, deflebat. Proxima equally singular in his writings. ergò nocte cum miles, qui cruces Sometimes he scourged and some- servabat, ne quis ad sepulturam