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FOR THE ANTHOLOGY.

SILVA.

No. 14.

* Si cui fortè nonnunquam tempus voluptasque erit lacubratinnculas istas cognosters, petitust

impetratumque volumus ; ut in legendo, que pridem scierint, non aspernentur quasi note invulgataque : nam et quid tam remotum in litteris est, quin id tamen cumpluscus stiant

A. Gellius, Præf. in Noct. Att.

MODERN SCHOLARS.

DEVOTIONAL POETRY. THERE is hardly a sarer IF I understand Dr. Johnson's mark of the degeneracy of modern remarks on this subject, in his life literature, than the inordinate at- of Water, he means only to say tention which is now paid to that the private exercises of a bibliography. The knowledge of pious mind are not susceptible of Utle pages has succeeded to the a poetical dress, because if they knowledge of subjects, and to asó are expressed at all they must be certain the year of an editio prin. expressed in language, which has ceps is now thought of as much been appropriated to passiops less importance and divides the learned sacred. Hence most of the sacred as seriously, as to settle the true poetry of Dr. Watts may,by the ocyear of the birth of Christ. Scire casional substitution of the names utbi aliquid posses invenire, magna of mortal beauties, be converted firs eruditionis est ; but to know into love songs and canzonettas. where a thing may be found is But when Johnson goes on to say, very consistent with ignorance of that the “ enlargement of our what may be found there. It is comprehension, or the elevation well worth inquiry whether the of our fancy is rarely to be hoped innumerable literary journals of from metrical devotion, because the present age have promoted whatever is great, desirable, or the cause of real learning. Cer: tremendous is comprised in the tain it is, that the race of laborious name of the Supreme Being," scholars is nearly extinct. Bo- surely he must have forgotten the chart may perhaps be said to have sacred poetry of David, and the su been revived in Bryant ; Walton bláme prayer of Habakkuk, which and Castell in Kennicott, Bent- you cannot read without breathing ley in Wakefield, and more than short with rapture. « Omnipoone scholar of the old school in tence, he says, cannot be exalted." Sir William Jones. But these men True ; but its operations may be are now dead! Where now are described, and our conceptions be the universal scholars, who can made to approximate toward what boast of being the legitimate we can never fully embrace. successors of Selden, Grotius, 'Le “ Infinity cannot be amplified.” Clerc, Vossius, and Bayle ? What Neither can it be in strictness com. wonderfully crowded and compre- prehended ; but the mind may be hensive minds ! Alas, we are filled with illustrations of a subject hardly competent to the republi. which it cannot completely grasp. cation of their works. Damnosa « Perfection cannot be improved." quid non imminuit dies !

But it may be contemplated, and admired, and this is all which devo

tional poetry aims at accomplish

DR. AIKIN. ing. Surely the morning hymn of It was said by Aikin of the late Adam and Eve in Milton, Thom- Dr. Enfield, that he was perfect son's hymn on the seasons, and the master of what may be called the devotional pieces of Mrs. Barbauld middle style. If any living author are sufficient to rescue English may claim the honour of succeedverse from the censure of Johnson, ing to this character it is Aikin when he says, “ that all attempts himself. His “ letters to his to animate devotion by pious poe- son” should be in the hands of try have miscarried.” The true every young man, upon his enreason of these miscarriages I sus- trance into the world, in preference pect is this ; that the finest poets to Little's poems ; and his " lethave not been the most devotional ters to a young lady upon a course christians, or the greatest saints of English poetry” are worth at have not been the best poets. least as much as any bonnet in

Cornhill. There is a chasteness LITERARY A NECDOTE. .

of sentiment, a susceptibility of

poetical beauty, a coolness of deci. It is curious to observe what

sion, and a liberality of mind disconfusion, uncertainty, and con covered in every line of this entradiction involve one of our

gaging writer, which show the most' noted literary anecdotes. influence of literature on a mind. Who has not heard the famous which perhaps bears no very ori story of the student at one of the ginal stamp, but is solid enough English universities, who was re to take a polish, and pure enough quired to write a theme upon the to reflect rays of genius, and of miracle at Cana, and having de- taste. layed his task till he was in danger of being punished for his negli

PORT FOL10. gence, rescued himself by the fol. The editor of this work de. lowing impromptu.

serves the thanks of his countryThe modest water saw its God and biushed. men for his perseverance in the

ungrateful task of disciplining the The truth is, that this is a literal taste of a money-getting age. I version of the last line of a latin will venture to say that the literary epigram of Crashaw, the first col- history of modern times does not lection of whose poems was pub- furnish a more honourable instance lished in 1646. The line alluded of a miscellany devoted exclusiveto is the following.

ly to elegant literature, and relying

for support on the intellectual Lympha pudica Deum vidit & erubuit.

sympathy and lettered generosity This very epigram was after- of a people, whose literary exports wards translated by Aaron Hill, are so few, and so unprofitable, one of the heroes of the Dunciad, and who will long find, I fear, and passed for an original.

that the balance of trade is against

them. We were glad to see this When Christ at Cana's feast by power divine popular work assume at the beginInspired cold water with the warmth of wine, ning of the year a more graceful See ! cried they, while in reddening tide it gush'd and convenient costume. If it The bashful stream hath seen its God and blushed. would retain the admiration of the

elegantium formarum spectatores, let it exhibit no wanton airs, no is indebted to him for an edition wicked looks, no Cyprian gestures. of Livy and of Aulus Gellius, Mille habet ornatus ; let us be al- printed at Rome, in folio, 1469 ways authorized to add, mille de- of Herodotus in 1475 ; and of center habet.

Strabo, printed at Venice, in folio,

in 1472 ; he also edited the episBISHOP OF ALERIA.

tles of Cyprian, and the works of I was long puzzled to know who St. Leo.” was the bishop of Aleria, mentioned in Johnson's preface to Shake

PUNNING EPIGRAM. speare, as the father of conjectural The following epigram was criticism. I have since found that written by Sannazarius, upon the his name was John Andrew, that erection of two bridges over the he was secretary of the Vatican li. Seine, by Jucundus or Giocondo, brary, and was employed, at the who was afterwards joined with first introduction of printing into Raphael and San Gallo, after the Rome, in revising manuscripts, death of Bramante, in superintendwriting prefaces and dedications, ing the erection of St. Peter's. The and correcting proofs. Pope Paul point cannot be preserved in EnII. appointed him to the bishop- glish. rick of Aleria in the island of Cor- Jurindus geminos fecit tibi, Sequana, sica, where he died in the year

pontes : 1493. « The republick of letters Jure tuum potes hunc dicere pontifcem.

ACCOUNT OF THE PRESENT STATE OF LITERATURE AND THE ARTS

IN ITALY.

Collected in a tour through that country in 1803, by M. Fernow.

From the Monthly Magazine.

THE lateness of the season and many of the first artists, are disother circumstances obliged me persed throughout all Italy. It to use greater expedition on my has likewise foreign associates in return through Italy, than I had France, England, and Germany, intended. I have not, therefore, whose number was at first fixed at been able to make all the inquiries forty, but which is now intended to I wished into the state of the liter- be augmented to an hundred. The ature and the arts in upper Italy. present president of the Academy The few notices which I shall now is Count Vargas, who is known to communicate compose my whole the publick by his Saggio sull' Epa collection.

pigramma Greco, and other literary I know not whether you have labours. He now resides at Naheard of the new Academia Ital. ples. I called, at Siena, upon the iana. It has existed about two secretary, Sachetti, who carries on years, and has this peculiarity, that the correspondence of the Acadeit has no fixed place of residence. my, and superintends the publicaIts members, among whom are tion of its Transactions, in order the most celebrated literati in ev- to inquire more minutely into the ery department of science, and constitution and objects of this

Vol. III. No. 4. Y

society, which, a short time pre- many good pieces by Sienese vious to my departure from Roine, masters, together with some capidid me the honour to elect me a tal productions of other schools. member.

At Leghorn I was most curious · I spent two days at Siena, and to see the library of Gaetano Pogwas employed the greatest part of giali, a man of letters, and the that time in viewing the Sienese proprietor himself. He is a memschool, with which I had before ber of the Academy of Florence, but an imperfect acquaintance. Its and one of the most zealous Crusfinest master-pieces have fortu- canti. He is solely occupied in nately been preserved from the endeavouring to add to the reputatempest of the revolution, proba- tion of the literature of his native bly because in France this school country, by editions of classick is less known than it deserves to works, combining elegance with be. I saw in the churches a great the utmost correctness. For this number of exquisite pictures by purpose he devotes two days in Balthasar, Peruzzi, Sodena, Caso- the week to the collation of manulani, and others, which, in colour scripts and early editions, for ing and expression, far excel the which he has four assistants. works of the Florentine school, of Poggiali's library, which contains the same period. The mannerists 10,000 volumes, is unrivalled by of this school, however, begin any in Italy, as well in the ancient with Beccasumi, and Vanni, and, and rare editions of Italian authors, since their time, it has furnished as in those which are more mod. no productions of merit. I could ern and elegant. There is not not procure a sight of the cele- a book in it which is not distinbrated Madona, painted, in 1221, guished either by its rarity or cor, by Guido di Siena, which enabled rectness, or by some other typothe Sienese to dispute with the graphical excellence. How little Florentines the merit of their it wants of being complete, appear's Cimabue in the restoration of from the catalogue of the books painting ; for the church of St. which are still wanting, and whose Domenico, where it formerly number amounts to about 800. hung, was destroyed by the late He besides possesses a consideraearthquake, and the pictures have ble collection of manuscripts,which, been removed from it to a place with the early editions, occupy to which I could not obtain admit- another apartment ; among these, tance. The paintings executed he shewed ine, as the most preby Pinturicchio, and by Rafael cious article in the collection, a d'Urbino in his early youth, which manuscript copy of Dante, on are placed in the library adjoining parchment, which he considers as the cathedral, were much more one of the most ancient, and prointeresting to me than the floor of bably contemporary with the authe latter figured by Beccafumi. thor. Poggiali has a design of If with these productions you printing this work, which contains compare those of Pinturicchio's a great number of passages that pencil alone, the superiority of vary considerably from the ordinaRafael's genius immediately ap- ry versions, and would clear up pears. The galleries of Span- many obscurities in Dante, togetlinocchi and Saracirvi are likewise er with the marginal commentary worthy of notice ; they contain with which it is accompanicd. Poggiali's bibliographick knowl- imagines himself transported into edge, acquired in thirty years another age, or into a country of spent in collection and study, is as the East. The deception was unique as his library. He men- heightened by the unexpected tioned that he had some idea of sight of a train of ten or twelve publishing, at one time or other, loaded camels, which passed just a bibliography of Italian literature. at the moment when we were leavPoggiali, in conjunction with four ing the cathedral to go to the Batother members of the Academy tisterio. About a league from of Florence, has, for several years, Siena a colony of these animals been collecting materials for a new has been established, where they edition of the great Dizioniario della propagate, and are employed in Crusca, and he shewed me a whole carrying burdens. In the cathechest full of papers, which con- dral of Siena, among the multitained spoils taken, for that pur- tude of large pictures which depose, from a multitude of authors corate the walls, I found only one both ancient and modern. He good piece, by Perin del Vaga ; himself was unable to say when all the rest are scarcely worth this new edition would appear looking at. The present state of affairs in Ita- The printing-establishment of ly is too unfavourable to large and the Typographical Society of Pisa expensive publications, but he is a recent, but apparently a sucthinks that the want of such a cessful institution. The works work, which is universally expe- printed at it are distinguished by rienced, would procure a consider the beauty of the letters, the goodable demand for it. The Parnasso ness of the paper, and the correctItaliona, which appeared at Leg ness of the impression. As a horn, twelve years ago, in fifty proof I need only mention the new pocket volumes ; the collection of edition of Cesarotti's Works, of the Novellieri lialiani, in twenty which nine volumes were printed five volumes octavo, and the works when I was at Pisa. The tenth of Machiavelli, in 6 volumes octae will contain the Academick Disvo, besides many other works of courses of the author, which were ancient Italian authorz, yery ele, never before published. Rosina, gantly printed at the same place, a man of letters, who conducts were ediled by Poggiali, and are this establishment, gave me the regarded as the most correct edis first sheets of the volume. The tions. With respect to Machia: discourses are written with great yelli, who is his favourite author, eloquence as well as elegance, he told me, that he intended to Among the living authors of Italy, publish another splendid edition, Cesarotti is, without dispute, onę inferiour in no respect to Didot's of those who possess the greatest or Bodoni's, and then he could die talents and the most polished taste. happy.

The Society has announced splenThe impression produced by, did folio editions of the four first the cathedral of Siena, together classick poets of Italy, Dante, Pe. with the Battisterio and the bang- trarca, Ariosto, and Tasso. . The ins tower, situated in a remote number of subscribers was come and solitary spot, where you scarce. plete, but they had not yet com ly meet a human creaturc, is sin- menced printing. I, however, say gular and striking. The spectator a proof-sheet of Dante, with whose

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