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not capable of containing more This circular valley ,in the centre than half a dozen people. The of which is situated the lake ofAgna. bottom is. muddy, covered with a no, is without doubt the crater of an vapour, destructive to animal lifeextinguished volcano. The appearThe guide prepares hirnself with ance of the sides evidently denotes two lighted torches to shew the this, and these vapoors are remeffuct; the moment that one of nants of its ancient volcanick state. them is brought within a few in- The æra must be very remote ches of the bottom it is instantly when this crater was in a burning extinguished. The vapour does state, as no record of it is found not rise above a foot from the in history, and the sides of it are surface, and is confined to a part now covered with a fertile soil ; of the cave. The experiment of and to effect this process, nature the torch is sufficient to exemplify requires the aid of many centuries. the effects, but a number of dogs On my return from visiting the are kept to gratify the miserable lake, as it was a fine afternoon, I curiosity of those who choose to did not return immediately to the sec their sufferings. The animal, city, but rode down to the shore, after being held a minute in the which is about two miles from the cave, is thrown into strong con-' grotto. On the left was the provulsions, and would soon expire if montory of Posilipo, and to the suffered to remain ; but as his right the beach extends towardstorture must be repeated to gratify Pozzuoliv In front, and but a short the next traveiler who comes, he distance from the shore, is the is taken out before he is quite dead island of Nisida ; this is a mere and thrown into the lake, where rock, of small circumference, rising he soon recovers. From this ef- almost perpendicularly out of the fect upon dog's, the hole, for it is water; it contains a small fort. It nothing else, receives its name. is a place where vessels perform

A little distant from the grotto quarantine and unlade their cara del Cane, and on the border of the goes, when they come from any lake, are the sweating baths of St. country where contagious diseases Gerinain. These are some low prevail. The directors of the buildings constructed over crevi- health office will not permit them ces in the earth, through which to come within the mole of Naples, hot sniplureous vapours arise, and they are obliged to remain which are considered of great ser- here forty or sixty days, and some.“ vice in many disorders. The sick times for a longer period. from some of the hospitals at Na- It is a pleasing ride from the ples are occasionally brought here, beach to the grotto, and a common and placed for some hours in these excursion in the afternoon. On rooms. The walls and floors are returning through the grotto tocovered with sulphur, nitre, de-- wards evening, if the servant is not posited by the vapour in the most provided with a torch, it is the cusbeautiful forms. The vapour is tom to purchase at a house close continually flying out in different by the entrance a little bunch of places, and some of the rooms are bark stripped from the grape vines, so hot as to occasion immediate which burns long enough to light perspiration.

you through the grotto.



No. 6.

IN my last number, as may be ing us to talk, but also by hurry: remembered by a few, I admitted ing us to act. We must do somethat gentlemen of the faculty are thing, at least so the Doctors comtoo fond of indulging in theoretical monly think, or we shall be disspeculations. After remarking placed, not by the more knowing, that all mankind were prone to the but by the more daring. Under the same lazy habit, I stated some such circumstances the medical causes which particularly led phy- man discovers that his reputation sicians into it. The reasons there depends not so much on his real stated were founded upon a pre- acquisitions, as evidenced in his sumption that the Doctors knew practice, as upon keeping up a the truth, but could not make it good face, and talking well. intelligible to others. But we are But it is asked, what all this still more strongly induced to talk leads to ? Must the patient detail nonsense, when we are unable to his complaints and then receive make an explanation satisfactory his orders without any explanation to ourselves. For how shall we of bis situation, without any intiavow this to the patient, and thus mation of the importance of his authorize him to doubt our omnis- disease, or of the probable course cience. Explain we must ; and of it? Must no good lady follow here again if others are satisfied the Doctor to the door to ask what with our sophistry, which they he really thinks, and kindly to sug. may easily be made to be, we are gest her own remarks ? I answer apt to feel contented with it like that I propose not such severe wise.

restrictions. If principles are Let it not be supposed that I straight lines, as practice is never am making a precious confession governed by one principle alone, of the ignorance of the faculty. so the line of practice is variously Doubt not, gentle reader, that we inflected. The anxiety of the sick are stored with science. But our and their friends must be attended knowledge is still progressive. to, and even their curiosity grati. We shall not for a century to fied when it can easily be done. come know what plants will But if a physician is employed, in spring up in a garden, when we whom a proper confidence is re. know not what seed has been posed, he should be allowed his sown in it ; nor shall we sooner own time to form and to express than that be able to assign to his sentiments, or, at least, the every vegetable its true place by patient and his friends should only seeing its first germination, or by give him occasional opportunities viewing a single leaf. The sci- of making explanations, without imence of physicks is embarrassed by posing on him an absolute necessity its relation to facts ; it has not of so doing. The physician at the yet approached so near to pure in same time should feel bound to telligence as mathematicks. state every thing within his know

Our patients lead us to adopt ledge, of which the communicafalse doctrine not only by oblig- tion can benefit the patient. C. FOR THE MONTHLY ANTHOLOGY.


Nemore verò, et luci, et secretum ipsum, tantam mihi afferunt voluptatem, ut inter pracipuos carminum fructus numerem, quod nec in strepitu ...................

Tacitus Dial de Crat. 12,

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But woods and groves and solitary places to me afford sensations of a pure delight. It is there

I enjoy the pleasures of a poetick imagination ; and among those pleasures it is not the least that they are pursued far from the noise and bustle of the world.

Murphy's Trans.

THE silent recesses of poetry contemplation, he has his pleasing are the residence of pure hearts visions. He treads on consecrated and cultivated minds. Folly and ground.” vice do not disturb by their intem- Tacitus, in the Dialogus de perance or criminality the distant Oratoribus, has in the person of retreat of the poet ; and leisure is Maternus described in finished always to be found for strengthen- composition the beauties and the ing the foundations of piety, and charms of poetry. He has exbib. invigorating the germinations of ited them in the strength of truth genius. Nature affords continual and in the elegance of fiction ; and subjects for the experiments of he has added new power to his fancy, and her admirer always de picture by contrasting them with lights to exercise his mind in such the disgust and deformity of the pleasant recreations. He is sur practice of law and publick decla. rounded by scenes, which may mation. This however was not gratify the fullest exuberance of the particular object of Tacitus. imagination ; and before him are It only serves as a most beautiful scattered thousands of objects, introduction to the general subwhich by some peculiar attribute ject to be afterwards fully disgive new incitement to the play- cussed, the causes of corrupt elosomeness of fancy. Remoteness quence. We are indeed highly from noise and dissipation is to the indebted to the Roman historian pure lover of poetry approxima- for such a dialogue, and perhaps tion to beauty and truth. As he we ought not to regret, that he has has receded from vice, he has ad- discoursed more upon oratory, vanced towards purity; and if he than poetry. Yet Tacitus might has left the pomp and prodigality have entered farther into the des of a Roman metropolis, he lives scription of the elegance of verse in the coolness and greenness of and the felicity of the poet. He the valley, communing with his might also have opposed the seown spirit, or conversing with those renity of silence and the attractions illustrious intelligences, who are of retreat to other causes of disiminortal in their writings. Se- quietude, than the perplexity of law cedit animus in loca pura atque and the tumults of eloquence. An innocentia, fruiturque sedibus sa. orator, whose heart is bursting cris. “ Free from those distrac- with ambition, and whose cheek is tions, the poet retires to scenes of bloated with declamation, and a solitude, where peace and inno- lawyer besieged with complaining cence reside. In those haunts of clients and tormçnted with con. tradictory statements and testi- ing every day what my heart conmony, are indeed far removed from demns." the tranquillity and cheerful devo. No one will deny the felicity of tion of the worshipper of nature; the poet thus situated, for his cher, but the avaricious merchant, the ished recess is far from the tu. wily speculator, and the idle gen mults and strife of the world, and tleman are also the fit subjects for yet if inclination prompt, he may the experiments of spleen and the taste in full luxuriance the various tortures of disappointment. The blessings of society. Virgil somemiserable beings, who haunt the times left his retreat and honoured publick and private places of dissi, the capital of the world with his pation, like thin ghosts of departe presence ; he was welcomed at ed reality, are far from the sweet the banquets of Augustus, and at compiacency of rural scenery and the theatre he received the apthe endless delights of varying na- plauses of the Roman people. ture. Look at the sad counte- Testes Augusti epistolæ, testes nances of some, and remark the ipse populus, qui auditis in theatro malignant joyfulness of others, versibus Virgilii, surrexit univere who are occupied in schemes, in sus, et fortè præsentem specfolly, in riot, in nonsense, and wick. tantemque Virgilium veneratus edness,...and then wonder at their es, sic quasi Augustum. " To wishes and pursuits. With such prove this, the letters of Augustus beings the poet has no sympathy. are still extant ; and the people, He hates their melancholy and we know, hearing in the theatre their turbulence. He flies from some verses of Virgil, when he their contact, as the traveller from himself was present, rose in a body a storm, and is glad that he knows and paid him every mark of homa their folly only by instinctive aver, age, with a degree of veneration, sion ; and he rejoices that the silent nothing short of what they usually contagion of their complaints nev, offered to the emperour.” Yet er affects the salubrity of his such scenes were not congenial to groves, and that he hears their tri- the purity and elevation of his umphs and huzzas only by the mind. He rather loved his green gentle undulations of distant noise, shades and sequestered walks ; he which softly flow to his retreat. admired loneliness and cool trans. If from necessity he is sometimes quillity, where the heart may find obliged to be present at scenes, utterance for devotion, and poetry which his poetry and purity reject, may soften the passions to mel: he sighs for his clear sky or shady lowness. woodwalk, and exclaims in the language of Maternus, Me verò dul- Rura mihi et riqui placeant in vallibus ces, ut Virgilius ait, Musa, remo

amnes, tum a sollicitudinibus, et curis, et Flumina amem silvasque inglorias...... necessitate quotidie aliquid contra ......0 qui me gelidis in vallibus Hæmi animum faciendi in illa sacra illos

Sistat, et ingenti ramorum protegat umbrâ !

Geor. 2. 485, que fontes ferant. « But, as Virgil sweetly sings, me let the sacred Oh may I yet, by fame forgotten, dwell Muses lead to their soft retreats, By gushing founts, wild wood, and shad, their living fountains and melodi- .owy dell ous groves, where I may dwell. Hide me, some God, where Hæmus' vales

extend remote from care, master of my

nye And boundless shade and solitude des self, and under no necessity of doo



. In his villa near Naples, Virgil the purity and innocence of nature enjoyed all the quiet and silence were fitted necessarily to excite he loved. He was tired of the feelings of goodness and senti. brawls and civil contentions, which ments of piety. Virgil, from his had so long agitated the Roman single objects or his landscapes, commonwealth. Poetry he ador- loves to glide gently into morals; ed, and with the fullest inspiration the tale is told, and the application of the Muses he composed his is known ; the picture is complete Georgics and part of the Æncid ed, and its virtue is irresistible ; in the pleasantness of retirement. the poet has instructed like a He there loved to muse on the preacher, and the preacher has mellowness of the landscape, to charmed like a poet. study the curious economy of his Such sublime effects were part, bees, and to revel in the ransack ly owing to his retirement from of Troy, and luxuriate in the fun the nonsense and business of the ture splendour of lulus. Such world. He fled from the stupid was the lovely mind of the poet, admiration of the crowd, and the that, though he was equal to the incessant din of parasites and fools, most dignified elevation in heroick to the tranquillity of his villa and poetry, he continually adverts to the pure musick of nature. Here nature and her analogies. We, be passed his hours as his verses accompany Eneas to hell with su: have celebrated, and enjoyed such blime feelings, and with great in- felicity as Maternus has eulogized, terest are we present at his com Ac ne fortunam quidem vatum, et bat with Turnus, yet how do we illud felix contubernium,comparare love to linger on the tranquil inlet, timuerim cum inquietâ et anxiâ retreating from the boisterous o- oratorum vitâ : licet illos certamina cean on the African shore ; and is et pericula sua ad consulatus evexit not most pleasant, like Meli- erint, malo securum et secretum bæus, to talk of liberty and rural Virgilii secessum, in quo tamen life with fortunate old Tityrus, re, neque apud divum Augustum graa! cubans sub tegmine fagi. Study the tiâ caruit, neque apud populum biography of Virgil, read his Ec- Romanum notitiâ. “ If we now logues and Georgics, and you will consider the happy condition of find how much his mind was des the true poet, and that easy comvoted to the poetry of nature and merce in which he passes his time, its consequent felicity. He is con- need we fear to compare his situaținually delighted with the fruits tion with that of the boasted oraof his own farm, the shady beech, tor, who leads a life of anxiety, the curling vines, the hour of even- oppressed by business and over, ing, the high rock, the young whelmed with care? But it is said, sheep, and the wood pigeon. With his contention, his toil, and danger, such scenes and objects before are steps to the consulship. How him, his fancy was fertile and his much more eligible was the soft pictures were true. His reflec-' retreat in which Virgil passed his tions and remarks are perfectly days, beloved by the prince, and correspondent. They have all the honoured by the people !" beauty of truth and all the loveli

QUIXTILIAN ness of morals. It seems as if

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