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largely from the excellent work of Mr. Trench, on the Study of Words. He shows that there is an interesting history attached to many of our commonest words; and should the reader find a reference to the index attached to such familiar words as mankind, odd, husband, wife, amuse, education, ficld, forest, neighbor, palace, parasite, parlor, and scores of other words, more or less common, he will learn, from a glance at them in the index, that there is a history in their derivation which ought to be known. The importance of this knowledge is well set forth by Mr. Trench in the extracts from his work beginning on page 119.

By acquainting himself with the origin of many words explained in the index, the reader will store his memory with a number of prefixes and postfixes, a knowledge of which will open to him the meaning of large classes of words to which they are the keys. The habit also, which he may thus acquire, of tracing verbal genealogies back to their primary stock, may be to him of incalculable service, in inspiring a taste that must open new sources of intellectual satisfaction and improvement; in leading to greater precision in the use of language; in simplifying and making luminous many a word that before seemed arbitrary, indefinite, and opaque; and, finally, in quickening his powers of penetration into the significance, or absence of significance, of all that he reads.

In conclusion, I may remark, that both in the introductory part and in the index I have freely availed myself of the labors of the best and most recent authorities. In most instances, credit has been given; should it have been occasionally with beld, this general acknowledgment will suffice.

CONTENTS.

** The names of authors and subjects, alphabetically arranged, will be found
mbraced in the Irplanatory Index at the end of the volume.

For an esplan ution of the marks of reference in Part II., see p. 55.

.. 13

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21. Thoughts to Dwell On.

Life - Influence of Actions – Now - Fidelity in Little Things

- Imperceptible Formation of Habits - Kindness its own Reward,

22. The Boastful Scholar, .....

23. Learning to Write, .........:.W. BURTON, .... 87

25. The Snow of Winter, .

.ZSCHOKKE, ..

26. The Two Roads, .. . . . .. .

..RICHTER, ..

29. Gladiatorial Coinbat with a Tiger, . . . . . . . . . . .

30. Government of the Thoughts, ...... Honxe, ..

97

32. Compression in Speech, ...............

102

33. Turning the Grindstone, ......... FRANKLIN, .

103

34. The Present in View of the Future,.. .. FOSTER, ...

37. Fall of a Mountain, . . . . .. . ... DUMAS, .

38. The Spider and Bee : an Apologue,.... SWIFT, .... .. 108

39. Climate of the Catskill Mountains, ....

. .111

41. John Pounds, the Cobbler,...

..115

44. On the Study of Words (Part I.), .... TRENCH, .. ..119

(Part II.).

...122

<

(Part III.),....

. . . . . 123

47. The Stream Made to Work, ....

50. The Teachings of Nature, ..... ... FROM THE GERMAN, .130

51. A Chase on the Ice, ...

.. 131

52. The Particular Lady,............ . . . . . . . . 133

56. Spirit the Motive Power, &o., ...... LARDNER, . ..... 138

57. The Lion and the Spaniel, ....... BROOKE, ......133

68. Imprisonment of Bonnivard, ...... Dumas, ....... 142

61. HISTORICAL CHARACTERS.

Alexander Severus — Gibbon. Queen Elizabeth — Hume. How-

ard – Burke. Milton -- Quarterly Review. Washington - Webster, 144

62. On the Abuse of Genius, ........ KNOWLES, ...... 147

64. Astronomy and Immortality (Part I.), .

. . ..........150

65. " " " (Part II.), ............ 151

69. The Complaint of a Stomach, ...... CHAMBERS, .....157

70 The Permanence of Words, .......J. MONTGOMERY, .. 160

71. The Puffers, .............. MACAULAY, ...162

74. A Pupil's Tribute, &c., ......... CoTTLE, ......167

75. Self-killing,..........

... CHAMBERS, .....171

76. Humanity of Robert Bruce, ... ... SCOTT, ....... 173

77. First Predictor of an Eclipse, ... ... MITCHELL, .....174

80. Inconvenient Ignorance, ........ Dumas, ......181

81. The Cavern by the Sea, ................... 183

82. THOUGHTS ON EDUCATION.

Air and Exercise - Quarterly Review. Education in the United

States --Webster. Our Common Schools - Everett. On Pamper-

ing the Body at the Soul's Expense - Ib. True Estimate of the

Teacher's Calling - Channing, ..... .......... 18/

83. Columbus and his Discovery, • •....

84. The Discovery of America, ....... ROBERTSON, .....188

86. Unity and Progress of Mankind, .... BANCROFT, .....193

87. On Kindness to Brute Animals, ..... CHAMBERS,......195

89. The Resolute Whale, ..................

. .197

90. A Storm in the Iridian Ocean,. .

... ST. PIERRE,...

200

92. The Prairies of the West, .... ...HALL, ..... .. 203

93 The Valley of Mexico, .....

..MAYER, . . . .

. 205

94 The World of Water, . . . .

..DICKENS, ..

. 206

95 The Wind and Rain, ......

97. The Best Kind of Revenge, . ...

.. CHAMBERS, .

..213

98. Labor and Genius,..

..SYDNEY SMITH, .

99. Permanence of the Useful, ....... Qu.

.. . 216

102. The Two Palaoes : an Allegory, ................ 21

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103. The Discontented Miller,........ GOLDSMITH, ...... 223

104. The Planets and Heavenly Bodies, ... CHALMERS, ......224

105. THOUGHTS ON EARLY RISING.

Habits of Great Men - Anon. The Morning Hour - Webster.

How to Rise Early — Anon., ................. 225

107. A Rill from the Town Pump (Part I.), .HAWTHORNE, .....231

108. " " " " " (Part II.), . " ..... 234

109. Sound and Sense, ... ...... CHAMBERS, ......236

112. Is Knowledge Power ?......... LYTTON -- Anon., . . . 240

114. HISTORICAL CHARACTERS.

Demosthenes - Creasy. Cicero and Demosthenes Compared-Fen-

elon. Alfred the Great - Dickens. Mary, Queen of Scots – Rob.

ertson, Last Moments of Addison - Macaulay, Lord Chatham

in Parliament - Hazlitt. As Secretary of State - Grattan. Ed.

mund Burke - Anon., . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 243

117. The Youth of Washington, ....... EVERETT, ....... 249

118. Vesuvius, ..............WY. WARE, ..... 251

119. The Sword and Press, ... . . . . . CARLYLE, ... . . . . 254

121. Joan of Aro, .............DE QUINCEY AND OTHERS, 259

122. The Sky, . ............. RUSKIN, ....... 263

125. ELOQUENCE OF STATESMEN.

Degeneracy of Athens- Demosthenes. Value of Literature-Cicero.

Ou Taxing the American Colonies - Chatham. Justice - Sher-

idan. Impeachment of Hastings – Burke. The Impracticable

Undesirable — lb. American Progress lb. The Schoolmaster

Abroad — Brougham. Reply to De Brézé — Mirabeau. Men and

Measures – Canning. Resistance to the British — Henry. The

Union - Webster. Civil War - Clay, ............. 266

127

Archimedes, ............. WINTHROP,...... 275

The Free Mind, ............ CHANNING, .....277

130. ANECDOTES AND INCIDENTS.

Know before you Speak - True Generosity - Moral and Physical

Courage - Religion the Cement of Society - Habits of Observa-

tion - Good Advice - Humorous Retaliation,......... 278

131. Ferdinand and Isabella, ........ IRVING, ....... 281

132. Cromwell's Expulsion of the Parliament, . LINGARD,. ...... 283

135. THE REPUBLIC.

Basis of our System - Washington. A Republic Strongest - Jef-

ferson. True Boud of Union - Jackson. Religious and Mental

Culture --- Wayland. Our Political Experiment - Wirt. Moral

Force of Example - McLean. Fabric of our Government-Webster, 287

136. The Ilarbor of San Francisco, ................ 290

137. Execution of Madame Roland, ..... LAMARTINE, ..... 291

138. What a Coinmon Man may say,........

. .... 293

142. The Nortu AMERICAN INDIANS.

Traits of Character - Flint. Indian Mounds -lb. Disappear-

ance of Indians from the Ohio - Audubon. Their Retreat West-

ward - Sprague, ...................... 293

143. War the Child of Barbarism,...... BREWSTER, ...... 303

144. Adventure in Calabria, ....... COURIER, .......30a

147. Sbakspeare's Power of Expression, ... QU. REVIEW,.....31]

148. MORAL AND RELIGIOUS ELOQUENCE.

Religion essential to Morality - Washington. Indebtedness to

Christianity - Park. This Life's Experiences point to Another -

Wilson. Joys of a Good Conscience - Syuth. Outward and In-

ward Riches - Talfourd. Effects of Infidelity - Hall. Knowl-

edge an Assurance of Immortality - Wilson. Demoralization of

Irreligion - Channing. Study of God's Works - Linnuus. Min-

istry of the Beautiful — Chalmers. The most Precious Possession

- Davy. Retlections in Westminster Abbey – Addison. Efficacy

of Prayer - Lammenais. Death - Dewey, ......... 313
151. The Mind its own Educator, ....... DeGERANDO, ....32%

152. Fulton's First Steamboat, ........ STORY,.......324

153. Passage of the Beresina, ..................326

15t. Duelling, ................DYMOND, ......330

155. Benjamin Franklin, . . . . . . . . . FOSTER, WIR

... Foster, Wirt, WINTHROP, 331

160. Progress of Civilization, ......... MACAULAY, ....338

163. Vanity, &c., of Literature,........ ROGERS, ......345

166. A Paper of Tobacco, .......... KARR,.......353

169. Complaint of a Pair of Lungs (Part I.), ............360

170. 16 “ “ “ (Part II.),............163

171. SELECT PASSAGES.

Indebtedness to Society - Mountford. Love of Home --Webster.

Resistance to Ridiculo - Sydney Smith. Of Veracity - Way.

land. Perseverance under Failure - Niebuhr. Abuse of the

Imagination - Jane Taylor. Idleness - Chambers. A Habit of

Jesting - Ib. Local Associations - Johnson, ..........367

174. Telegraphs, ...............SCHUBERT, .....316

176. Photography, or Light-drawing, ..... “ .....379

177. The Declaration of Independence, .... SERGEANT, .....381

178. The Indians among Themselves, ..... IRVING, ......382

180. The Colosseum by Moonlight, ......HILLARD, ..... 386

181. Literature of the Hebrews, ...... RUSSELL, ..... 359

183 Napoleon, ..............

. . . . . . . . LAMARTINE, . . . . 393

184 Napoleon as a Student, ................. .396

185. THOUGHTS ON Books.

Obligations to Literature - Hood. The Worth of Books -- Chan.

ning. Moral Influence of a Literary Taste -- Hillard. Desira-

bleness of a Taste for Reading - Herschel. The Habit may be

Abused, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

186. Capture of a Whale, .......... BROWNE,......400

188. THE ELOQUENCE OF SCIENCE

Extent of the Universe. The Atmosphere – Qu. Review. The

The Steain-engine - Jeffrey. Ignorance of Great Physical Truths

- Life.-- Light - Liebig. Wonders of the Created Universe -

Herschell On the Vastness of the Universe - Whewell, . ....404

189. Common Errors, ...... ...... CHAMBERS, ..... 108

196. Pizarro in Peru, ............ PRESCOTT,.....417

197. Iluman Science at Fault,............ . . . . . .

419

200. Peculiarities of our Liberty, ....... WEBSTER, ..... 121

202. What Labor has Done, .....

..CASS, . . .

4:27

23. Gil Blas and the Parasite,

. . LE SAGE, . . . .

604. False and True Energy,...... WIRT, . . . . .

.. 131

208. Advice to an Affected Speaker,...... LA BRUYERE, . ... 437

209. Laient over Lost Opportunities, ............... 438

210. The Good Goddess of Poverty, ...... SAND, ....... 439

211. Pleasures of Science,.......... BROUGHAM,.....11

212. Proverbs of Solomon, ....................443

POETRY.

3. Another Day, .............. KEBLE, ......

6. complaints of the Poor, . . . . .

6. Complaints of the Poor, ...

. . . SOUTIILY,....

8. The Ass and Lamb: a Fable, ...............

10. The Daffodils,....

WORDSWORTI, ...

11. Resignation to God's Will, ... .. SARAH F. ADAIS, ..

14. The Turf shall be, &o.,. .... . . MOORE, . . . . .

76

15. The Spartan Boy,..

.... Miss LAMB, . ..

19. The Seasons, ........

. . . SCHOTTEL, . . .

20. Thought and Doed, ......

24. The Life-boat, ........ .. .. .

. .

S)

27. The Present Time, ........

93
28. The Blind Streot-fiddler, ........ WORDS WORTI, ...

429

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