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SYLLABLES, Derivation of, &c., 24.

covered with tar to render it water.
BYMMES, JOnn, an American sea-captain,

who entertained a fanciful theory that the TAYLOR, HENRY, an Engish dramatic and
earth was a holiow sphere, which might ethical writer, b. about 1799. Quoted,
be entered by sailing to a point on the 384.
North Pole.

TAYLOR, JANE, the daughter of an artist in
SYNONYME (written also syn'onym, and so Loudon, was born iu 1783, died 1823.

pronounced) is from the Greek words She wrote much and well for the young.
syn, with, and on'óma, a name. A noun, The Scholar's Pilgrimage, 61.
or other word, having the same significa Contrasted Soliloquies, 80.
tion as another, is its synonyme.

Abuse of the Imagination, 369.
SYRACUSE (now Syragusa) was anciently | TEACHERS, THEIR CALLING, 156.

the chief city of Sicily, and one of the most TELEGRAPI (tele-graf). This word is from
maguiticent cities in the world.

the Greek tēlē, afar ofl, and grapho, I
SESTEM (Gr. syn, with, and istēmai, I write ; and applies to a machine for com-

stand) is, in astronomy, an hypoth'esis municating intelligence from a distance,
of a certain order and arrangernent of the either by signals or by electro-magnet-
celestial bodies, by which their apparent | ism. See pp. 376, 378.
motions are explained.

TEL'ESCOPE (Greek télē, afar off, sköpeo, I

look at), an optical instrument for views
TABBY, a term formerly applied to certain ing distant objects.

figured silks, on which an irregular pat- TEMPE (Tem'-pe), a beautiful and cele
tern had been stamped with an irregular brated valley of Thessaly, on the river
surface, so as to give rise to the appear Peneus, in the northern part of ancient
ance called watered. A tabby-cat is a Greece. It had Mount Olympus on the
cat of diversified color

north, and was much celebrated by the
TABLE-LAND, elevated flat land, with steep poets. Its woods have now disappeared,
acclivities on every side.

and there are cotton-works established on
TAD MOR, subsequently called Palmy'ra, its site.
which see.

TENNYSON, ALFRED, poet laureate of Eng-
TALENTS. In our use of the word " talents" land, was born about 1809. Quoted, p.

(ways Trench), as when we say " a man of 258.
talents” (not of “talent” for that, as we TERRA'QUEOUS (Lat. terra, earth, and aqua,
shall see presently, is nonsense), there is water), consisting of land and water, as
a clear recoguition of the responsibilities the earth.
which go along with the possession of intel- TERSE (Lat. tersus, rubbed oft). A terse
lectual gifts and endowments, whatsoever | style, or diction, is that in which there are
they may be. We draw, beyond a doubt, no more words than are necessary to ex-
the word from the parable in Scripture in press the thought.
which various talents, more and fewer, TESTER, the top covering of a bed.
are committed to the several servants by TECTONIC, pertaining to the Teutons, a peo
their lord, that they may trade with them ple of Germany. By the “Teutonic stock
in his absence, and give account of their of languages," the root of all the present
employment at his return. Men may German idioms is meant.
choose to forget the ends for which their THAMES (pronounced tēmz), a river of Eng-
talents were given them; they may turn I land, on which London is situated.
them to selfish ends; they may glorify | Tas Two PALACES, 219.
thernselves in them, instead of glorifying “ Discontented Miller, 222.
the Giver ; they may practically deny Two Roads, 92
that they were given at all ; yet in this 6 Present Time, 93.
word, till they can rid their vocabulary of Blind Street Fiddler, 93.
it, abides a continual memento that they " Wind and Rain, 208.
were so given, or rather lent, and that " Village Preacher, 218.
each man shall have to render an account « Free Mind, 277.
of their use.

THEATRE (Gr. theat'ron, from theaomai, I
TALFOURD, THOMAS Noon, an English author behold), a place for seeing ; in modern

and judge, b. 1795, d. 1854. He is most use, a place for dramatic representa-
favorably known as the author of the

tragedy of “ Ion." Extract from his ad TOEBES, an ancient city of Upper Egypt, on
dress before the Manchester Ly-ce'um, p. both sides of the Nile, about two hundred

and sixty miles south of Cairo. Thebes is
L'AM'ERLANE, called also Timour, one of the famous as "the city of a hundred gates."
most celebratei of Asiatic conquerors, was Its present ruins extend about eight miles
born about forty miles from Samarcand' | along the Nile; and yet its glory belongs
in Central Asia, in the year 1336. He to a period prior to the commencement of
conquered the Turkish Sultan Bajazet in authentic history. Theber was also the
1402, and the want of shipping alone name of a city in Greece, the capital of
preventid him from crossing into Europe. Baotia.
Civilization looked with terror to his ad THE-OD'OLITE, & surveyor's compass, fun
Vance. He died in 1105. See p. 254.

nished with a small telescope for the more
TAUPALLIN (tar-polin), a piece of canvas accurate measurement of angles.

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TEE-OLOGY (Gr. theos, God, and logos, | TRENCH, RICHARD CHEVENIX, formerly pro

liscourse), the science of Go, and divine fessor of Divinity in King's College, Lonthings.

don. THE--RETICAL (Gr. theireo, I behold, con Shortsightedness of Man, 113.

template), sper'ulative, not practical. On the Study of Words, 119. Theory is a doctrine or scheme of things, TRITON, in inythology, a fabled sea demiwithout reference to practice.

god, supposed to be the trumpeter of NepTHER-MOP'Y-LE, a narrow defile in Greece, tune.

celebrated for a desperate resistance TRIUM'VIRATE (Lat. tres, three, vir, a man), against the Persian army, made by three a union of three men.

hundred Spartans, under Le-on'idas. TROPE (Gr. trepo, I turn), in Rhetoric, a THIBXT or TIBET, a country of Asia, the word or expression turned from its primost lofty part of the continent. The mary and proper meaning. Himalaya Mountains, the highest in the TROYES (pronounced trwa, the a as in world, rise here. The name given to the water), an old city of France. region by the natives means "the north- | TU'BER, in Botany, a kind of fleshly stem, eru land of snow.”

formed under ground, and filled with THOMSON, JAMES, one of the most eminent starch.

of British poets, was born in Scotland in | TUESDAY, the third day of the week ; named 1700, died 1748. His “ Seasons" and after Tuisco, the Saxon gd of war. « Castle of Indolence" justify his claim to | TULLY, the Anglicized name for Tullius, bethe celebrity which he enjoyed while in longing to Cicero, whose entire name was this world.

Marcus Tullius Cicero. Extracts from “The Seasons," 177, | TUMBLER, a clown ; one who plays tricks of 298, 337.

tumbling. Extracts from “ Castle of Indolence," TUMULT (Lat. tumeo, I swell), a noisy ris114, 128.

ing ; & commotion. THOUGHTS TO DWELL Ox, 84.

TORNING THE GRINDSTONE, 103. THRALDOM (thrawldum), a Saxon word, | TY'RO (Lat. tiro, a raw soldier), a beginner meaning a state of bondage.

in learning. THURSDAY. This day derives its name from TYRRJENE SEA, the ancient name of that

Thor, the old Scandinavian god of thun portion of the Mediterranean south-west der.

from Tuscany. TIDE, to work in or out of a river by favor of the tide.

ULYSSES, one of the principal Greek heroes Titillation (lat. titillo, I tickle), a tick in the Trojan war, celebrated by Homer. ling, or being tickled.

He is also the hero of the Odyssey, Titus VESPANIA'NUS, & Roman emperor, b. Odysseus being merely another name

A. D. 40. He took Jerusalem (A. D. 70) for the hero. The story, p. 100, is told by after a terrible siege.

Homer. To. The pronunciation of this word, UM'PIRE. This word, according to Brande,

whether to or too, depends much on its appears to be derived from the Fr. imapplication and emphasis. In such pair, uneven in number ; an umpire phrases as go to, heave to, where to is being a third party, to whom a dispute is

used adverbially, it is pronounced too. referred. TOBACCO, A PAPER OF, 353.

U'SCRY, the taking of interest for money ; TOBIN, Jonx, author of " The Honey-Moon," from the Lat. word usu'ra, which is from

b. in England 1770, d. 1804. Quoted, utor, I use.

385. Toulon (Too-long), a seaport of France. | VADUTZ (pronounced Vah-dootz), a town of TOCR (toor), a journey in a circuit.

Gerinany on the Rhine. In the German TOWARD or TOWARDS ; pronounced td'ardz; phrase (p. 181, last line but 2), a is pro

sometimes towrdz, as if in one syllable. nounced like a in father ; e like e in pen ; As used p. 295, line 8, it is in two sylla ie like ce in meet; au like ou in house. bles, and an adverb meaning near at VAGABOND (Lat. vagor, I wander), a va hand.

grant ; one having no certain dwelling. TRADE-Winds. Explained, p. 209.

VALENCE (pronounced va-langse', thea as in TRADITION (lat. trado, I give up, deliver father), a town of France on the Rhone.

dowu), doctrines or facts transmitted by VALISE. Pronounced va-lees'. word of mouth from age to age.

VANE, SIR HENRY, the younger, an English Trag'bDY. The word is said by late Ger statesman, b. 1612. He was the fourth

man criting to be derived froin tragos, governor of the colony of Massachusetts an old Greek word, siguifying melan in 1636; returning to England, he opposed choly. In tragic compositions, the dic the royal government, and afterwards tion must be elevated and the ca-las'tro the sovereignty of Cromwell, and, through phe melancholy.

the perfidy of King Charles II., wag TRANSPORT (lat. trans, over, and porto, I finally bcheaded for high treason in 1662,

carry), the being carried beyond one's self ; 1 meeting his fate with Christian heroisin rapture, ecstasy.

and composure. Mention of, p. 283. FRANSIZRSE (Lat. trans, over, and versus, | VEN'ICE, a town of Italy, built on 136 islands

turneu), lying in a cruss direction. I joined together by 450 bridges, at the head

journey in a circuna d'ardz;

phrase like a in father ;

of the Gulf of Venice ; once a rich and, which a Mexican army were repulsed by powerful city, but which lost its commerce a greatly inferior American force, under in 1498, throngh the Portugese discovery Gen. Taylor. The Spanish words Buena of the way by sea to the E. Indies.

ista signify good view. VENTILATION (at. r'entus, wind, whence VIZIKR (viz yer), a Turkish minister of state.

ventilatin). See Remarks on, 362. VOLCANO, a mountain having an internal VENTS DE MEDICI (pronur.ced Venus deh fire, and at times emitting tire, sinohe, and Med'e-che, the ch as in chill), a cele lava. The word is derived from l'ulcan, brand ancient statue of Venus, which re the Roman name of the imaginary god ceives its nange from having been placed who presided over the forge and the in the gallery of the Medici family at working of inetals. Florence, after its discovery at Tivoli, VOLI'TION (Lat. volo, I will), the act of wille Italy, in 1695. It is of pure white marble, ing ; power of willing. four feet eleven inches in height. The VOLTA'IC. The Voltaic Pile or Battery sculptor's name is unknown, but he is was discovered by Volta, a native of supposed to have flourished before the Pavia, in Italy, about the year 1901. By Christian era.

its means the phenomena resulting from VER DICT (Lat. rerum, true, dictum, say the accumulation of the electric fluid, and ing), true declaration.

from the evolution of electricity by chemiVERSE. The Latin verb verto, I turn, and cal action, were manifested in a novel and

its derivative versus, gave origin to this surprising manner. word. The Roman farmers described the VOLUNTEER' (Lat. volun'tas, will), one swinging round of the plough at the end who enters into military or other service of a furrow for the purpose of commencing of his own free will ; & voluntary fighter. a new one by the word versus, a turning. VOWEL SOUNDS. See pp. 16, 17. Then the furrow itself, or the line of earth ploughed up, was called versus. Subse- Warx'acor, in architecture, the framed linquently, a written line, whether in prose ing in panels wherewith a wall is faced ; or verse, received this name. Then it the timber lining or covering of a room. was confined to a line of poetry ; and WALLENSTEIN (pronouncel in German Vot modern usage has enlarged the meaning lenstin), Duke of Friedland, a celebrated of the word so that it may apply to a German general, b. in Bohemia 1683 ; asstanza or to several lines of a poem or sassinated 1634. On the incidents of his hymn.

career Schiller has founded a noble VERTICAL (Lat. verter, the top), placed or drama, an extract from which see on p.

being in the zenith, or perpendicularly over the head.

War, Barbarism of, 303. See also pp. 271, VER-TI-GO (Lat. verto, I turn), giddiness, or 326, 343, 410. swimming of the head.

J WARD, WARDER. The primary meaning of VESUVICS, MOUNT, a volcano near Naples, in the verb to ward is to look at or after,

Italy, is three thousand nine hundred and and consequentially, to defend, to protect. thirty-two feet high. See Volcano.

A ward of a luck is that which guards or VI'A (Lat. a way), via Liverpool, by the secures it; in other words, that part way of Liverpool

which corresponds to its proper key. VIL'LICLE (Lat. villus, hair), in anatomy, I WARE, WM., Vesuvius, by, 251.

one of the minute fibrils of those internal WASHINGTON, GEORGE, the “ first in war," surfaces, which, minutely examined, look as well as “in peace," among the Amerilike the pile or nap of velvet.

cans, was born Feb. 22, 1732, near the VINCENNES (pronounced vang-senz), a town banks of the Potomac, in the county of

of France, about three miles east of Paris. Westmoreland, Va. That he was diligent VIOLET. Some philologists derive this word and studious in his youth his writings in

from the Latin via, because of the violet's mature years abundantly testified. He flourishing by the way-side ; whence an entered the military service of the colony in English poet hag called it way-ling, the 1751; was in Braddock's expedition asuinst

postfix ling in Saxon meaning offspring Fort du Quesne (pronounced Kane) in VIRGIL. l'ublius Virgilius Maro, the most 1755, and had two horses shot ander him;

distinguished epic poet of ancient Rome, was appointed commander-in-chief of the was b. near Mantua, 70 B. C., and d. 19 American army in 1775, was elected B. C. llis supposed tomb is still shown president of the Convention for forming at Naples.

the Constitution in 1787; was elected TIRGIN'Is, a centurion (military officer com President of the United States in 1789, manding a huniired men) of ancient again in 1793, and died in 1799. “Great Rome, whose daughter Virginia being he was," says Lord Brougham, "preclaimed as a slave by Appius Claudius, äminently great ; a perfect, just man, with the father, to save her from dishor or, a thoroughly firm resolution, never to be stabbed her with a knife snatched from a misled by others, any more than to be by butcher's stall.

others overawed. To his latest breath Vista. Buena Vista (pronounced boo-e'na did this great patriot maintain the noble vis'ta), 1 town of Mexico, thirty-two miles charu ter of a captain the patron of peace, south of Tampico, was the scene of an ac and statesman the friend of justice. tion, on the 22d and 23d Feb., 1847, in Dyin s, he bequeathed to his heirs the


sword which he had worn in the war for country. (See Philology.) In England liberty, and charged them Never to take his innovations have not been generally it from the scabbard but in self-defence, adopted. In the United States some of or in defence of their country and her the principal printing-offices have adfreedom.' Until time shall be no more, mitted them; so that considerable conwill a test of the progress which our race fusion in the spelling of various words exhas made in wisdom and in virtue be de ists in American publications. Of the rived from the veneration paid to the im propriety of several of his innovations Mortal name of Washington."

there seems to be little question. That in Eulogized by Webster, 147.

regard to doubling the last consonant The Youth of, by Everett, 249.

before ed or iny in words of more than Our Political System, by, 287.

one syllable, not accented on the last sylReligion Essential, by, 313.

lable, was recommended, though not W.TERLOO. The village of Waterloo, noted always adopted, by Lowth, Walker, and

for the great battle fought on the 18th of Perry. The arbitrary deviations from the Jane, 1815, between Napoleon and the usual rule, in such words as travelled, a lied forces, is in Belgium, about ten travelling, worshipped, equalled, jew miles southward from Brussels.

elled, libelled, modelled, &c., were rejectWATER, THE WORLD of, 206.

ed by Webster, who spells these words WATER-WRAITH (p. 276). Wraith is a Scot traveled, traveling, worshiped, &c.; and

tish word, signifying a spirit or appari public usage begins to favor this reform, tion.

not only in this country but in England. WAYLAND, Rev. Francis, President of As a defining dictionary of the English

Brown University, R.I., and distinguished language, Webster's is probably the best as a theologian and a writer on Moral in existence. Science and Political Economy, was born | WEDNESDAY (wenz'da) is so named from the in N. Y March 11, 1796. His writings Scandinavian deity Woden. His functions

are much esteemed. Quoted, 288, 369. corresponded to those of Mercury in the WEBER, CHARLES MARIA Vox, an eminent Greek and Roman mythology.

musical composer, born in Holstein, a de-WEL'KIX, the visible regions of the air ; the pendency of Denmark, in 1786 ; died 1826. vault of heaven. It is from the Saxon He composed the celebrated opera of Der welk, to roll. Freischutz (the Free-shooter). Mentioned WESTMINSTER, a city of England, now 80 p. 172.

united with London that they form one WEBSTER, DANIEL, highly distinguished as city, and, in ordinary speech, are men

a lawyer, orator, and statesman, was born | tioned as one, though they have separata in Salisbury, N. H., Jan. 18, 1782 , died jurisdictions. at his residence in Marshfield, Mass., Oct. What a Common Man may say, 293. 24th, 1852. His parents were poor ; but WHALE, CAPTURE OF A, 400. he was enabled to enter Dartmouth Col- / WHEN Í AM OLD, 238. lege in 1797. He first practised law in his WHEREFORE (composed of where and for). native state, and was in Congress in 1812. Both Walker and Webster pronounce this He removed to Boston in 1816, was sent | word hwär'-för. Sheridan pronounces it to Congress from that city in 1822, and hwer-for. from that time up to the period of his WHEWELL (pronounced Hu'el), WY., an death was in public life, distinguishing eminent English theologian and writer. himself by many remarkable efforts of Quoted, 407. eloquence, which place him in the front WHITTIER, JOHN G., an American poet and rank of great orators, with Demosthenes, prose writer, born 1808. Quoted, 178, Chatham, Mirabeau, and Patrick Henry. 207. On his death-hed, he prepared an inscrip- WIFB. This familiar word is from “to tion for his tomb stone, in which he says weave;" wife and woof are of one origin. that his heart has always assured and It is a title (says Trench) given to her reassured " him " that the Gospel of Jesus who is engaged at the web and woof, Christ must be a divine reality."

these having been the most ordinary Character of Washington, 147.

branches of wisely employment when the Education in the United States, 184. language was forming. See Husband, On Early Rising, 226.

WILD. See p. 125.
The American Union, 271.

WILLIS, NATHANIEL P., a popular AmeriLove of Home, 368.

can poet and essayist, b. 1807. Peculiarities of our Liberty, 424

The New Year, by, 434. WEBSTER, NOAH, was born in West Hart- WILNA, the name of a city and river of

ford, Connecticut, in 1759, dial 1843. He West or Polish Russia. The city is two is principally known for his elaborate hundred and fifty miles north-east of English dictionary. Into this work he Warsaw, has consideruble trade, and is introduced many innovations in orthog noted for several remarkable churches, raphy, which are still a subject of con for its literary institutions and medical troversy among authors and publishers, academy. and many of which are repudiated by WILSON, Joux, eminent as a poet and critio, philological scholars in England and this! was b. in Paisley, Scotland, in 1788. Ho

edited Backwood's Magazine, and was The Moral Law, 114. professor of Moral Philosophy in the Uni

Essential Knowledca 177 versity of Edinburgh. Died 1854. --- Eva Cosophy in the Uni-1

Address to Duty, 178. The Ship, by, 228

Heroism of Grace Darling, 201. This Life and the Next, 314.

The Okl Man by the Brewok, 257. Assurance of an Hereafter, 315.

WOUND. The preferred pronunciation of Wix'CHELSEA, COUSTESS OF.

Walker and Worcester is u oond, of A Wished-for Retreat, by, 334.

Webster, wound, rhyming with sound. WIND AND Rais, The, 205.

WRACK, synon'ymous with wreck, and an WIND'WARD, the point from which the wind | ancient form of that word.

blows. WINTER, POETRY OF, 90, 433.

YANG-TSE-KIANG', a large river of China. WINTHROP, JOHN, b. in England, in 1587; Its total course is about 2500 miles.

governor of Massachusetts in 1630 ; d. in Y-CLEPED (e-kiept), called, termed. It is 1819.

the perfect participle of the Saxon word WINTHROP, ROBERT O., of the family of ge-clypian, to call.

John, was born about 1808. Quoted pp. | YEA. Both Walker and Webster prefer to 275, 333.

pronounce this word like the pronoun WIRT, W ., an eloquent lawyer and grace ye; Worcester, Sheridan, and others,

ful writer, was b. in Maryland, in 1772; pronounce it ya. d. 1835. Quoted, 288, 332, 431.

YOUNG, EDWARD, author of " Night WISE, a manner, mode, fashion. It is Thoughts," was b. in Hants, England, in

often compounded in such words as 1681, d. 1755. It is impossible to open lengthwise, breadth wise, &c., incor any page of his " Night Thoughts" withrectly written lengthways, &c.

out finding something grand, true, and WOLSEY, THOMAS, Cardinal, an eminent striking.

English prelate, was the son of a butcher, Trust in God, 256.
and was b. 1471 ; d. 1630. Ile rose to Death, 309.
great power under Henry VIII. ; but Defiance, from “ Zanga," 102.
that treacherous king finally worked his
ruin. See p. 421.

ZEAL. The Greek is zalos, which is from WOMAN'S MISSION, 359.

zeo, I boil. WORDS, THE STUDY OF, 119.

ZENITH (from the Arabic). In Astronomy, * The Permanence of, 160.

the top of the heaven, or vertical point ; WORDSWORTH, Wm., a great and good Eng the point directly overhead.

lish poet, b. April 7th, 1770, d. 1850. His Zr'on or Siox, the name of one of the monn claims to a rank among the greatest poets tains on which Jerusalem was built. It of England were long contested, but at was sometimes called “the city of Dalength very generally admitted by those vid ;” also the holy hill." whose verdict is fame. He had a lofty ZONE (Gr. aone, a girdle). In Geography sense of the worth of his art, and, in him, the terrestrial zones are the five brvad poetry, which is but another name for | spaces or belts into which the surface of the reverent study of nature, embraces the earth is divided by the two tropics all knowledge, all sanctity, all truth, and and the two polar circles. is ever made subservient to the doctrines ZsCHOKKE, HENRY, a prolific German writer, of Christian revelation. In 1843 h. suc. b. at Magdeburg, in Prussia, 1771, d. ceeded Southey as poet-laureate. Q:

1848. He commenced life as a strolling 398.

player, but afterwards studied divinits, The Daffodils, by, 70.

and became a teacher of youth. The Blind Street Fiddler, 93.

The Snow of Winter, by, 90. Affectionate Remembrance, 102

ZUTPHEN (Zoot phen), a town of the Neth Friendship, 118.

erlands, with a population of 11,000.

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