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BANNOLPH, THOMAS, an English poet, who ance, applied chiefly to religions cere
died 1634, before his thirtieth year, 256. monies. Ravex, a large bird of a black color, hav- BI'val (Lat. rivus, a river). Rivals, in the
ing its name from ravenous, because of primary sense of the word, were dwellery its greedy disposition. The proverb (p. on the banks of the same river, contendery 65) is directed against those who would for its water privileges ; whence the word pull out the mote from a brother's eye came to be applied to any who were on before heeding the beam in their own.
any grounds in more or less unfriendly READING, Remarks on, 13, 52, 399.
competition with one another. RECORD. On page 320, Shakspeare places ROBERTSON, WM., a celebrated historian, b
the accent of the noun on the last syllable. in Scotland, 1721, d. 1793. It should be on the first, to distinguish it Discovery of America, 188. from the verb. To suit the measure of Mary, Queen of Scots, 244. the verse, however, an exception may here ROGERS, HENRY, a distinguished contributor be made.
to the Edinburgh Review in 1849—53. BECORD'ER, & species of flageolet, in Shak Vanity, &c., of Literature, 315. speare's time.
ROGERS, SAMUEL, a highly-esteemed EngRECTILIN'E-AR, right-lined, straight.
lish poet, b. 1760, and alive 1854. REDUNDANCE (lat. redundans, streaming In Rome, 307.
over, overflowing), superabundance. ROLAND (pronounced Rolang'; the a as in REEF, a range of rucks seeming to be reft father), Madame, the wife of a French or rift from the main land.
statesman, was born in Paris, in 1754. RE-ENFORCEMENT, an increase of strength She was remarkable for her beauty and or force by something added.
intellectual gifts. She was one of the vicRELIGION. This word is believed to be from tims of the French revolution. See an ac
the Latin rel'igo, I bind back or fast; count of her execution, p. 291. whence it means, an acknowledgment of ROME, a city of Italy, formerly the metrop'. our bond or obligation as created beings olis of the greater part of the world
to God, our Creator. See pp. 279, 313. known to the ancients. Its present popuRESERVOIR (rez-er-vwor), literally a place lation is estimated at one hundred and
where anything is reserved or kept ; a eighty thousand, including about nineteen tank or pond in which water is collected thousand foreigners, 307, 386. and preserved in order to be conveyed by ROM'ULUS, the reputed founder of the city pipes where it is needed.
of Rome. He is supposed to be a mythiRETRIBUTION (Lat. retribuo, I give back), cal personage.
repayment, requital. The proverb, “ the Root. The root of a word is the primary feet of retribation are shod with wool ” I signification to which it can be traced. (p. 66), indicates how silently and surely Ro'saRY (Lat. rosarium, a rose-garden). punishment must come to the transgress A Catholic devotional practice, consisting or. “Thy sin shall find thee out," - if in repeating certain prayers a certain not to-day, at some future time. Thou number of times. As the computation is mayest have long credit, but thou must made by beads, the string of beads used pay at length with interest.
for this purpose has acquired the popular REPUBLIC (Lat. respublica, public wealth, or name of a rosary.
cominonwealth), that form of government ROUEN (pronounced Roo-ang' ; the a as in in which the supreme power is vested in father), an ancient city of France on the the people.
river Seine. On the American Republic, 287. ROUTE (pronounced rout or root), the way RETROSPECTIVE (Lat. retro, back, and of a journey ; a course.
specto, I look at), looking back on past ROUTINE (roo-teen'), a round or course of events.
occupation. It is from the Lat. rota, a A Retrospective Review, 127.
wheel. REVOKE (Lat. révoco, I call back). In Ru'BICUND, inclining to redness.
card-playing a revoke is when a party Ruby, a crystallized gem of various shades does not follow suit, though in his power of red, found chiefly in the sand of rivers to do so.
in Ceylon, Pegu, and Mysore. REVENGE, BEST KIND OF, 213.
REDDER. “He who will not be ruled by RIIEIMS, an ancient city of France, where the rudder must be ruled by the rock
most of the French kings have been (p. 65). He who will not be guided by the crowned. Pronounced Rangz.
restraints of conscience, enlightened by RUINE, a celebrated river of Europe, which, the monitions of religion and experience,
rising in Switzerland, flows into the North is likely to make a wreck of his happi Sea. Its distance, following its windings, ness. is about six hundred miles. Lines on, RUSKIN, Jonx, an eloquent English writer, 359.
author of a work on “Modern Painters." RICHTER (pronounced Reehk'tur), a cele The Sky, 263. brated German novelist, b. 1763, d. 1825. RUSSELL, M., Hebrew Literature, 389.
The Two Roads, by, 92.
SAG'AMORE, a name for a chief among some RITE, a customary ceremony or observ- of the North American Indian tribes.
in Ceyhound chis, sem of
Two Roadsst, b. 1763", "Cele
Sr. PIERRE, BERNARDIN de, an ingenious SCHILLER (pronounced Shiller), John Chris
Frunch writer, author of the popular tale topher Frederic von, one of the most illus of “ Paul and Virginia ,” b. 1787, d. trious poets of Germany, was born and 1814.
Marbach, in Wirtemberg, in 1759 ; died Storm in the Indian Ocean, 200.
1805. The extract (p. 343) is from his BAL'AMIS, an island on the eastern coast of celebrated historical tragedy of Wallen
Greece, celebrated for a naval victory stein, admirably transiated by Coleridge. gained over the Persians by the Greeks, SCHOOL. The Greek word schöle, frum B. C. 480. The present name of the which this is derived, means leisure, island in Colouri.
spare time; that is, spare time for study ; SALT. The allusion (p. 385, line 5) is to an implying that the time must speedily
ancient custom. Salt, if used too abun come when our opportunity will be past, dantly, is destructive of vegetation, and and the engrossing occupations of life will causes a desert. Hence, as an emblem of leave us little leisure, comparatively, for their doom, destroyed cities were sown storing the mind. The word school is with salt, to intimate that they were de sometimes used by seamen as synonyvoted to perpetual desolation. There is mous with shoal: thus we hear of a an allusion to the practice in Judges 9: school of fishes, as on p. 400. In this 45.
sense the word seems to be derived from BAMARITANS, a mixed race of Israëlites and the Saxon sceol, a crowd.
Assyrian colonists, who, in the time of the On our Common Schools, 185. Saviour, were looked on with great dislike The Schoolmaster Abroad, 269. by the Jews. The Samaritaps took their | SCHOOLMEX, the teachers of that method of name from Samaria, their capital city. philosophizing which arose in the schools The race is now dwindled down to a few and universities of what are commonly families. The Saviour's parable of the called the middle ages embracing the “good Samaritan” (Luke 10: 30) has period from the reign of Constantine, A. made the phrase proverbial.
D. 325, to the era of the invention of printSAN'ATIVE (Lat. sano, I heal), having the ing, 1450-1455. The Schoolmen adopted power to cure or heal.
the principles of Aristotle, and spent much SAN FRANCISCO, a city on the bay of that time on points of nice and abstract specu
name on the west coast of North America. lation. Their works are now little read. The growth of this city has been unpre- SCHOTTEL, The Seasons, from the German cedented in the world's history. In 1847 of, translated by Charles T. Brooks, 83. it was an insignificant place; through SCHUBERT, a German writer, from whom the discovery of gold in California, it is the extracts on Telegraphs (p. 376) and now a great city. For a description of its on Photography p. 379) were translated local and maritime advantages, see p. by the Rev. W. Furness. 29.
SCHWANAU, pronounced Shuarino. SAND, GEORGE, the name assumed in her SCIENCE (Lat. sciens, knowing, prest ut
published writings by Madame Dudevant, i participle of scio, I know), in its moet a French novelist, of great but irregular comprehensive sense, knowledge, or cerand not always well-directed talents. tain knowledge. The knowledge of reaExtract from, p. 439.
sons and their conclusions constitutes SANIOUS så'nious), pertaining to sanies, abstract, that of causes and effects and
which is a thin, reddish discharge from of the laws of nature natural science wounds or sores.
The science of God must be perfect; the SANSCRIT (that is, the perfect), the present science of man may be fallible. See p.
dead language of the Hindoos, in which 419. the books of their religion and laws are SCOTT, SIR WALTER, eminent as a poet, a written. It is understood now by the novelist, and a historian, was born in Brahmins alone. The Hindoos are the Edinburgh, Scotland, in 1771, and died people of Hlindostan' in Asia.
1832. His death was accelerated by Loo SANTILLANE (pronounced San-teel-yah-ne great mental effort made to relieve him
in Spanish ; San-teel-yahn in French; self from pecuniary dilticulties incurred the a in both as in father). Santillana by the failure of his publishers. A few is the name of a town in Spain.
minutes before he sank into the state of SARMATIA, the ancient name of Poland.
unconsciousness which preceded his death, SATURDAY (in Latin, Saturni dies, Set he called his son-in law and biographer, urn's day), so called from the planet Lockhart, to his bed-side, and said, Saturn.
“ Lockhart, I may have but a minute to BATURNALIA (săt-ur-nå-li-a), a feast among speak to you. My dear, be a good man,
the Romans in honor of Saturn, an old -- be virtuous, be religious, - be a good Italian divinity. The Sa-turrian period man. Nothing else will give you any was the golden age, according to the comfort when you come to lie here." Toets.
Let every youth take the admonition to BAVOYARD (pronounced in French 80-104-1 heart, as if it had been addressed person
yar), a native of Savoy, a duchy burdering ally to himself by this good and gilled on France, Switzerland, and Piedmont. man. Scott an Early Riser, p. 226. Many of the organ-grinders and exhib Pibroch of Donuil Dhu, 46. Llors of shows in Paris are bavoyards.
Hymn of the Hebrew Maid, 164.
Hindoor laws ar
Humanity of Brace, 173.
of any age. Little is known of his life. Coronach, 258.
His means of education must bave been BORIPTURE (Lat. scriptum, past participle imperfect; but he must have supplied
of scrib-ere, to write), a writing. By the want by much solitary and intense. way of distinction, the word is applied to though, perhaps, desultory, study. On the books of the Old and New Testament, his Power of Expression, p. 312. as being the one Scripture needful; Adam and Orlando, 319. just as the term Bible (from the Greek Isabella and Angelo, 320. biblos, a book) is applied by way of em
Brutus and Cassius, 350. inence to the one book.
Scenes from Hamlet, 371. SCURRILOUS (Lat. scurra, a buffoon), using Passages from Shakspeare, 391. low, obscene, or abusive language.
Wolsey and Cromwell, 421. SEASONS, POETRY OF THE, in four parts, 83, Sue DIED IN BEAUTY, p. 178. 297, 337, 374, 433.
SHELLEY, PERCY BYSSHE, an English poet, SEGUR, COUNT DE, quoted, 329.
b. 1792 ; drowned by the upsetting of a SELECT PASSAGES, in Prose, 367.
boat on the Gulf of Lerici, near Leghorn, In Verse, 100, 113, 177, 256, 309, 410. 1822. He had great genius, unquestionSELF-KILLING, by Chambers, 171.
ably, but was conceited and presumptuSEMI, a Latin prefix, signifying half ; as ous, undertaking, while yet a boy, to semi-diameter, half a diameter.
settle questions in philosophy and reliSEM'INARY (Lat. seminare, to sow), liter gion, which, to grapple with fitly, requires
ally, a place where seeds or first princi a lifetime of study and meditation. His ples are implanted; hence, a school, a intimate friends were of opinion that, had place of education.
he lived, the goodness of his heart would SE-MIR'Amis, an Assyrian queen, wife of eventually have corrected the errors of
Ninus. Her history is much rpixed up his head, and that poetry would have with fabulous matter. She won great worked the cure of his irreligion. Adbattles, founded many cities, and erected dress to a Sky-lark, by, 415. buildings of rare magnificence; but she SHERIDAN, RICHARD BRINSLEY, distinguished was cruel, unscrupulous, and treacher as an orator and dramatist, was born in ous.
Dublin, in 1751 ; died 1816. He had SENTIMENT (Lat. sentio, I discern by the splendid abilities, but was wanting in that
senses, I feel), hence it is a thought high and steadfast moral principle which prompted rather by feeling and impulse could control his appetites, and keep him than elaborated by the judgment ; where from being immersed in debt. Anecdote fore sentiment should be under the of, p. 278. Extract from his speech check and control of principle.
against Hastings, 208. SEPTEMBER (lat. septem, seven), so called SHELL, an instrument of music ; the first
from its being the seventh month in the lyre being made, it is said, by drawing old Roman year, beginning with March. strings over a tortoise-shell. It is the ninth month of our year.
SHIP, THE, by Wilson, 228. SEQUACIONS (Lat. sequar), following, pur SHORE. This word is the old past participle suing. It is a poetical word.
of the verb to shear. * Shore" (says BERGEANT, John, an eminent American law Tooke), “as the sea-shore, shore of a yer and statesman, who died in 1853. river, is the place where the continuity of Declaration of Independence, 381.
the land is interrupted or separated by BETEN SAGES. The "seven sages” of the sea or the river." The word shore also
Greece (referred to p. 429) were Perian means a prop or support for a building. der, or, as some say, Epimen'ides, lit'. tácus, Thales, Solon, Bias, Chibo, and SICKLE (sik'1). This word is from the Cleobü'lus. All of them, except Thales, I Latin sec'ula, a sickle, which is from acquired their distinction by their prac seco, I cut. tical wisdom in regard to the affairs of SIDNEY, SIR PHILIP, was born in 1554, in life. They seem to have been the Frank Kent, England. Ile wrote “The Defence lins of their day. They flourished about of Poetry," and other works. He com600 B. C.
manded a detachment of forces sent to BEX'TANT (Lat. sertans, the sixth part, the assist the people of the Netherlands
limb of the instrument being the sixth against the Spanish, and fell in a victopart of a complete circle), an astronomical rious engagement near Zutphen (proinstrument, used principally at sea for nounced zootfen), in 1586. See anecmeasuring the altitudes of celestial objects, dotes of, 172, 278. by which the latitude in which a ship may SIEGE (seej). The word is derived from the be is ascertained.
Latin sedo, I sit ; and an armed force is BHAKSPEARE, WILLIAM, or Shakespeare, as sometimes said to sit down before &
his name is sometimes spelled, was born town. A siege is the act of besetting a in the little town of Stratford on the fortified place with an army. To raise a Avon, in Warwickshire, England, in siege is to relinquish a siege, or cause it April, 1564, and died in 1616, having just to be relinquished. completed his fifty-second year. By all SIERRA (si-érra) is the Spanish name for a who ran i 'ad the English language he is saw. Applied to a ridge of mountains, is accounted the greatest dramatic writer
The sickle, whic
suggests the resemblance of their outline of one of his dramas. Extract from,
translated by Lytton, 136.
Spanish señor, a title of respect, pro This word is from the Latin sorti'tor, .
caster of lots, and means a conjurer, .
miscellaneous writer, born 1806, in South SOUNDS AND LETTERS, 15.
SOUND AND SENSE, 236.
an office which yields profit, with little or left to ferment till it is sour, 181.
SOUTH, ROBERT, an eminent English divine,
word of reproach, probably derived from SOUTH EY, ROBERT, an English poet and mis-
died in 1843. He was appointed poet-
laureate (see Laureate) in 1813. He was
& very diligent writer, but overtasked his
The Cataract of Lodore, 36.
Comfort in Adversity, 113.
The Father's Return, 136.
Night in the Desert, 178.
man, and a contributor to the Edinburgh Spain. The kingdom of Spain comprises
in'sula, separated from France by the
Pyrenees. It is a thoroughly mountain-
ous country. Its chief articles of export
square member, whose breadth is greater olive-oil, corks, quicksilver, and a little
her most diligent and industrious inhab-
any age, was born in Greece, B. C. 470. both to her manufacturing and agricul-
purpose of enabling them to bear pain
cry during the scourging was disgraced.
See story of the Spartan boy, p. 77.
SPECIAL (spěcial), designating a species or
originally siguifying a wise person, but ing, in law, is the allegation of special or
SPIDER. The Apologue of “The Spider and
and those of modern learning. The Bee | STOMACH, COMPLAINT OF A, 157.
appointed in 1811.
Spin'age), a garden plant, the leaves of STREET, ALFRED B., an American poet (b.
1812) remarkable for the fidelity of his
primarily signified a breathing or gentle 297.
STUDY OF WORDS, Trench on the, 119.
SUCCESSIVE. To preserve the metrical har-
cent may here be placed on the first syl
raphers (dictionary-makers) had not
“Nicholas Nickleby ;" the exaggerated in Sbakspeare's day. Successive is now
Sur'FIX (Lat. sub, under, firi, I have
drops), a concretion of carbonate of lime, end of a word; a postfix.
land was divided.
The meteors, commonly called falling or SUMMER, POETRY OF, 337.
miscellaneous writer, born in Dublin,
ship, with the face towards the bowsprit, of irony and satire, but many of his writ-
coarseness. He was created a Dean (an
his intellect gave way, and he expired an
ings, Trench says, "They are all derived With all his failings, he was a very great
sord, which is the mode preferred by
called from the stoa (porch or portico), in other eminent philologists.